Merchants and Trade Networks in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean 1550 1800

Author: Manuel Herrero Sánchez
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317282132
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This collective volume explores the ways merchants managed to connect different spaces all over the globe in the early modern period by organizing the movement of goods, capital, information and cultural objects between different commercial maritime systems in the Mediterranean and Atlantic basin. Merchants and Trade Networks in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, 1550-1800 consists of four thematic blocs: theoretical considerations, the social composition of networks, connected spaces, networks between formal and informal exchange, as well as possible failures of ties. This edited volume features eleven contributions who deal with theoretical concepts such as social network analysis, globalization, social capital and trust. In addition, several chapters analyze the coexistence of mono-cultural and transnational networks, deal with network failure and shifting network geographies, and assess the impact of kinship for building up international networks between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. This work evaluates the use of specific network types for building up connections across the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Basin stretching out to Central Europe, the Northern Sea and the Pacific. This book is of interest to those who study history of economics and maritime economics, as well as historians and scholars from other disciplines working on maritime shipping, port studies, migration, foreign mercantile communities, trade policies and mercantilism.

Small and Medium Powers in Global History

Author: Jari Eloranta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351720848
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume brings together a leading group of scholars to offer a new perspective on the history of conflicts and trade, focusing on the role of small and medium, or "weak", and often neutral states. Existing historiography has often downplayed the importance of such states in world trade, during armed conflicts, and as important agents in the expanding trade and global connections of the last 250 years. The country studies demonstrate that these states played a much bigger role in world and bilateral trade than has previously been assumed, and that this role was augmented by the emergence of truly global conflicts and total war. In addition to careful country or comparative studies, this book provides new data on trade and shipping during wars and examines the impact of this trade on the individual states’ economies. It spans the period from the late 18th century to the First and Second World Wars and the Cold War of the 20th century, a crucial period of change in the concept and practice of neutrality and trade, as well as periods of transition in the nature and technology of warfare. This book will be of great interest to scholars of economic history, comparative history, international relations, and political science.

The Economic and Business History of Occupied Japan

Author: Thomas French
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317270088
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Occupation era (1945-1952) witnessed major change in Japan and the beginnings of its growth from of the ashes of defeat towards its status as a developmental model for much of the world. The period arguably saw the sowing of the seeds of the post-war flowering of what some term the ‘postwar Japanese economic miracle’. However, some scholars dispute this position and argue that the Occupation's policies and impacts actually hindered Japan's recovery. This volume addresses this question and others surrounding the business and economic history of this crucial period. The chapters presented in The Economic and Business History of Occupied Japan are authored by major scholars of the Occupation from the U.S., Japan, and Europe. The chapters are divided into three sections: 'Planning, reform and recovery', 'Industries under the Occupation', and 'Legacies of the Occupation era'. Following an introduction focusing on the historiographical background, the first section examines zaibatsu dissolution and its significance, the role of Japanese businessmen within the Occupation's reforms, the crucial impact of Japan's postwar Materials Crisis, and the impact of reform at the local level in Hokkaid?. Part two looks at a number of individual industries and their development during the era, including the fishing, automotive, and cotton spinning industries. The final section looks at the human impact of the changes of the initial postwar years, including the reintegration of repatriates into the Japanese labour force and the impact of changing working patterns on society and family life. This book covers a key period of the economic and business history of Japan and presents numerous new approaches and original contributions to the scholarship of the Occupation era. It will be of interest to scholars of modern Japan, economic history, business history, development studies and postwar U.S.-Japan relations.

An Urban History of The Plague

Author: Karen Jillings
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317274709
Format: PDF, Docs
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As a medical, economic, spiritual and demographic crisis, plague affected practically every aspect of an early modern community whether on a local, regional or national scale. Its study therefore affords opportunities for the reassessment of many aspects of the pre-modern world. This book examines the incidence and effects of plague in an early modern Scottish community by analysing civic, medical and social responses to epidemics in the north-east port of Aberdeen, focusing on the period 1500–1650. While Aberdeen’s experience of plague was in many ways similar to that of other towns throughout Europe, certain idiosyncrasies in the city make it a particularly interesting case study, which challenges several assumptions about early modern mentalities.

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Author: Christopher A. Bayly
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593404885
Format: PDF
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Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"

Eine Geschichte der Welt in 100 Objekten

Author: Neil MacGregor
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406621481
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"In diesem Buch machen wir uns auf zu einer Reise zurück in die Vergangenheit und quer über den Globus, um zu erfahren, wie die Menschen in den letzten zwei Millionen Jahren unsere Welt geprägt haben und ihrerseits von ihr geprägt wurden. Diese Geschichte wird ausschließlich erzählt durch Dinge, die Menschen gemacht haben Objekete, die mit großer Sorgfalt hergestellt und dann entweder bewundert und bewahrt oder benutzt, beschädigt und weggeworfen wurden. Ich habe einfach hundert Objekte von verschiedenen Punkten unserer Reise ausgewählt die Bandbreite reicht vom Kochtopf bis zur goldenen Galeone, vom steinzeitlichen Werkzeug bis zur Kreditkarte." Neil MacGregor "Dieses Buch ist so schön, so klug und so richtungweisend, dass es eigentlich in jede Bibliothek gehört." Tim Sommer, art Das Kunstmagazin "MacGregors Geschichte der Welt in 100 Objekten ist eines der wundervollsten Sachbücher der letzten Jahrzehnte." Alexander Cammann, Literaturen "Diese Geschichten sollten nie aufhören." Elisabeth von Thadden, DIE ZEIT "Macht süchtig." Tilman Spreckelsen, Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung