Metaphysics of Science

Author: Markus Schrenk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317273052
Format: PDF, ePub
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Metaphysics and science have a long but troubled relationship. In the twentieth century the Logical Positivists argued metaphysics was irrelevant and that philosophy should be guided by science. However, metaphysics and science attempt to answer many of the same, fundamental questions: What are laws of nature? What is causation? What are natural kinds? In this book, Markus Schrenk examines and explains the central questions and problems in the metaphysics of science. He reviews the development of the field from the early modern period through to the latest research, systematically assessing key topics including: dispositions counterfactual conditionals laws of nature causation properties natural kinds essence necessity. With the addition of chapter summaries and annotated further reading, Metaphysics of Science is a much-needed, clear and informative survey of this exciting area of philosophical research. It is essential reading for students and scholars of philosophy of science and metaphysics.

Handbuch Metaphysik

Author: Markus Schrenk
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476053652
Format: PDF
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Metaphysik als die zentrale Disziplin der Philosophie befasst sich mit den grundsätzlichen Fragen nach dem Sein, dem Wesen der Dinge in der Welt und ihren Relationen zueinander. Ihre Einsichten bilden die Grundlage für zahlreiche andere, nicht nur philosophische Disziplinen. Das Handbuch umfasst ausgehend von der Frage, was es überhaupt gibt, sämtliche Teilbereiche der Metaphysik, vom Problem der Existenz über Raum und Zeit, Wissenschaftsmetaphysik, Logik und Semantik bis hin zur Frage nach dem Status der Metaphysik selbst. Es enthält zudem einen ausführlichen Überblick über die Geschichte und die Methoden metaphysischen Denkens.

A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: John Losee
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0198700555
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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John Losee provides a balanced and engaging survey of the development of views about scientific method. Ideal for those coming to the subject for the first time, this fully updated new edition incorporates discussion on contemporary debates, including philosophy of biology, normative naturalism, theory appraisal, experimental practice, and scientific realism. Concise profiles of the major philosophers discussed within the text are provided, including Aristotle, Galileo, Newton, Whewell, Hempel, and Kuhn.

The Metaphysics of Evolution

Author: David L. Hull
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438407246
Format: PDF, ePub
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This critical collection of essays represents the best of the best when it comes to philosophy of biology. Many chapters treat evolution as a biological phenomenon, but the author is more generally concerned with science itself. Present-day science, particularly current views on systematics and biological evolution are investigated. The aspects of these sciences that are relevant to the general analysis of selection processes are presented, and they also serve to exemplify the general characteristics exhibited by science since its inception.

Hegel and Whitehead

Author: George R. Lucas
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780887061448
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Hegel and Whitehead presents a careful exploration of the similarities between these two formidable representatives of systematic philosophy. Some of the most distinguished scholars in European and American philosophy converge herein to explore the similarities in Hegel's and Whitehead's contemporary influence, as well as in the content of their respective systems and in their philosophical styles. This volume begins with important critical, comparative, and historical assessments of the contemporary problems in metaphysics, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, ethics, social thought, and philosophy of religion, of history, and of culture against the background of the important contributions made to these discussions by both Hegel and Whitehead. The result is a collection of vigorous new essays in systematic philosophy that reflect the enduring contributions of these two philosophers to the contemporary philosophical climate on two continents.

Cengage Advantage Series Voyage of Discovery A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

Author: William F. Lawhead
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1285195930
Format: PDF, ePub
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Highly praised for its clarity and rich exposition, this history of philosophy text illustrates philosophy as a process and not just a collection of opinions or conclusions. Rather than simply reporting the positions of a given philosopher, Lawhead's prose assists students in retracing the thinker's intellectual journey. Students are invited to engage with each philosopher's intellectual process, drawing connections with their own lives and cultures. Metaphors, analogies, vivid images, concrete examples, common experiences, and diagrams demonstrate the concrete relevance of abstract arguments and their practical implications for contemporary society. This fourth edition of VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY: A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY features new historical profiles and/or works representing such philosophers as Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas, Simone de Beauvoir, and Martha Nussbaum, among others. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Selected Writings of Richard McKeon

Author: Richard P. McKeon
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226560366
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Richard McKeon (1900-1985) taught philosophy at the University of Chicago from 1935 to 1973, and at the time of his death had published eleven books and 158 articles on an extraordinary array of topics and cultures. This first volume of an ambitious three-volume work covers philosophic theory through McKeon's writings on first philosophy (metaphysics) and the methods and principles of the sciences.

Introduction to the Human Sciences

Author: Wilhelm Dilthey
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 9780814318980
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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For some two centuries, scholars have wrestled with questions regarding the nature and logic of history as a discipline and, more broadly, with the entire complex of the "human sciences, " with include theology, philosophy, history, literature, the fine arts, and languages. The fundamental issue is whether the human sciences are a special class of studies with a specifically distinct object and method or whether they must be subsumed under the natural sciences. German philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey dedicated the bulk of his long career to there and related questions. His Introduction to the Human Sciences is a pioneering effort to elaborate a general theory of the human sciences, especially history, and to distinguish these sciences radically from the field of natural sciences. Though the Introduction was never completed, it remains one of the major statements of the topic. Together with other works by Dilthey, it has had a substantial influence on the recognition and human sciences as a fundamental division of human knowledge and on their separation from the natural sciences in origin, nature, and method. As a contribution to the issue of the methodologies of the humanities and social sciences, the Introduction rightly claims a place. This is the first time the entire work is available in English. In his introductory essay, translator Ramon J. Betanzos surveys Dilthey’s life and thought and hails his efforts to create a foundational science for the particular human sciences, and at the same time, takes serious issue with Dilthey’s historical/critical evaluation of metaphysics.