Meteorological Measurement Systems

Author: Fred V. Brock
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198030744
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book treats instrumentation used in meteorological surface systems, both on the synoptic scale and the mesoscale, and the instrumentation used in upper air soundings. The text includes material on first- and second-order differential equations as applied to instrument dynamic performance, and required solutions are developed. Sensor physics are emphasized in order to explain how sensors work and to explore the strengths and weaknesses of each design type. The book is organized according to sensor type and function (temperature, humidity, and wind sensors, for example), though several unifying themes are developed for each sensor. Functional diagrams are used to portray sensors as a set of logical functions, and static sensitivity is derived from a sensor's transfer equation, focusing attention on sensor physics and on ways in which particular designs might be improved. Sensor performance specifications are explored, helping to compare various instruments and to tell users what to expect as a reasonable level of performance. Finally, the text examines the critical area of environmental exposure of instruments. In a well-designed, properly installed, and well-maintained meteorological measurement system, exposure problems are usually the largest source of error, making this chapter one of the most useful sections of the book.

Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation

Author: Giles Harrison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118745809
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book describes the fundamental scientific principles underlying high quality instrumentation used for environmental measurements. It discusses a wide range of in situ sensors employed in practical environmental monitoring and, in particular, those used in surface based measurement systems. It also considers the use of weather balloons to provide a wealth of upper atmosphere data. To illustrate the technologies in use it includes many examples of real atmospheric measurements in typical and unusual circumstances, with a discussion of the electronic signal conditioning, data acquisition considerations and data processing principles necessary for reliable measurements. This also allows the long history of atmospheric measurements to be placed in the context of the requirements of modern climate science, by building the physical science appreciation of the instrumental record and looking forward to new and emerging sensor and recording technologies.

Floods and Landslides Integrated Risk Assessment

Author: Riccardo Casale
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642586090
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A review of such natural disasters as floods and landslides, highlighting the possibility of safe and correct land planning and management by means of a global approach to territory. Since the events deriving from slope and fluvial dynamics are commonly triggered by the same factor, occur at the same time and are closely related, this book analyses floods and slope stability phenomena as different aspects of the same dynamic system: the drainage basin.

Knowledge Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

Author: Rajiv Khosla
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540288945
Format: PDF
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The four volume set LNAI 3681, LNAI 3682, LNAI 3683, and LNAI 3684 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, KES 2005, held in Melbourne, Australia in September 2005. The 716 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from nearly 1400 submissions. The papers present a wealth of original research results from the field of intelligent information processing in the broadest sense; topics covered in the first volume are intelligent design support systems, data engineering, knowledge engineering and ontologies, knowledge discovery and data mining, advanced network application, approaches and methods of security engineering, chance discovery, information hiding and multimedia signal processing, soft computing techniques and their applications, intelligent agent technology and applications, smart systems, knowledge - based interface systems, intelligent information processing for remote sensing, intelligent human computer interaction systems, experience management and knowledge management, network (security) real-time and fault tolerant systems, advanced network application and real-time systems, and intelligent watermarking algorithms.