Method and Theory in American Archaeology

Author: Gordon Willey
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817310886
Format: PDF, ePub
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A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication This invaluable classic provides the framework for the development of American archaeology during the last half of the 20th century. In 1958 Gordon R. Willey and Philip Phillips first published Method and Theory in American Archaeology— a volume that went through five printings, the last in 1967 at the height of what became known as the new, or processual, archaeology. The advent of processual archaeology, according to Willey and Phillips, represented a "theoretical debate . . . a question of whether archaeology should be the study of cultural history or the study of cultural process." Willey and Phillips suggested that little interpretation had taken place in American archaeology, and their book offered an analytical perspective; the methods they described and the structural framework they used for synthesizing American prehistory were all geared toward interpretation. Method and Theory served as the catalyst and primary reader on the topic for over a decade. This facsimile reprint edition of the original University of Chicago Press volume includes a new foreword by Gordon R. Willey, which outlines the state of American archaeology at the time of the original publication, and a new introduction by the editors to place the book in historical context. The bibliography is exhaustive. Academic libraries, students, professionals, and knowledgeable amateurs will welcome this new edition of a standard-maker among texts on American archaeology.

Settlement Archaeology at Quirigua Guatemala

Author: Wendy Ashmore
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 1934536415
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This monograph reports the results of the Quiriguá Project Site Periphery Program, five seasons (1975-1979) of archaeological survey and excavation in the 96 km2 immediately adjoining the classic Maya site of Quiriguá. Ashmore identifies and helps us understand where and how the people of Quiriguá lived. She presents detailed material evidence in two data catalogues, for the floodplain settlement adjoining Quiriguá and for sites in the wider periphery. The work situates Quiriguá settlement firmly in a regional context, benefiting from the extraordinary abundance of information amassed in southeastern Mesoamerica since 1979. It sheds new light on the political, economic, and social dynamics of the region including the sometimes-fractious interactions between Quiriguá, its overlords at Copan, and people elsewhere in the Lower Motagua Valley and beyond. Quiriguá Reports, IV

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Author: Michael B Schiffer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483214850
Format: PDF, ePub
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Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 11 is a collection of papers that discusses world systems theory, modeling interregional interaction in prehistory, and the archaeological analysis of ceramics. Some papers review dating and weathering of inorganic materials, strategies for paleo-environmental reconstruction, as well as deposits and depositional events. One paper reviews the Old World state formation that occurred in West Asia during the fourth and third millennia B.C. Another paper examines the role of interactions among societies in the process of local social change, and the need for archaeologists to develop a framework in which to analyze intersocietal interaction processes. The presence of items such as ceramics is associated directly to factors of availability, functions, economic values, or ethnic affiliation. As an example, one paper cites the use and misuse of English and American ceramics in archaeological analysis in identifying cultural patterns and human behavior. Another paper notes that each biological or mechanical agent of transport and deposition has its own respective attributes on a deposit where the attributes of sedimentary particles on the deposit can be defined. From such definitions, the archaeologists can make observations and inferences. Sociologists, anthropologist, ethnographers, museum curators, professional or amateur archaeologists, and academicians studying historical antiquities will find the collection very useful.

Handbook of North American Indians Volume 14 Southeast

Author: Raymond Fogelson
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
ISBN: 9780160723001
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Smithsonian Institution’s Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 14, Southeast The Southeast Indians were sophisticated farmers, hunters, gatherers, and fishers occupying a diverse region extending from the Blue Ridge Mountains of the Southern Appalachians, the Carolina Piedmont, the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains, Florida, and west of the mountains to the rich valley of the southern Mississippi River. The complexity and uniqueness of the Southeast culture area is detailed in The Smithsonian Institution’s Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 14, Southeast. Its 64 chapters, written by 63 leading authorities, both anthropologists and historians, describe and illustrate the culture of each major tribe and tribal group, their history, transformation, and evolution over time. Regional and sub-regional overviews frame these and summarize the long prehistory of the area. Special topic chapters examine broad aspects of culture that characterize the Southeast and cross tribal lines. Introductory chapters explore the history of research in the area, languages spoken, and environment, and synthesize information on many small groups inadequately described in the historical literature. 508 illustrations--maps, drawings, paintings, engravings, photographs. Essays on sources, extensive bibliography, detailed index.

Histories of Southeastern Archaeology

Author: Shannon Tushingham
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817311394
Format: PDF
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These twenty papers are taken from the 56th International Southeastern Archaeological Conference held in 1999 in honour of Charles H McNutt. They comprise memoirs and personal histories of the progress of southeastern archaeology with insider's views on fieldwork techniques, research strategies, location, funding, legislation, and theoretical aspects of their work.

Guide

Author: American Anthropological Association
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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W C McKern and the Midwestern Taxonomic Method

Author: R. Lee Lyman
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 0817312226
Format: PDF
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This book explains the deep influence of biological methods and theories on the practice of Americanist archaeology by exploring W. C. McKern's use of Linnaean taxonomy as the model for development of a pottery classification system. By the early 20th century, North American archaeologists had found evidence of a plethora of prehistoric cultures displaying disparate geographic and chronological distributions. But there were no standards or algorithms for specifying when a culture was distinct or identical to another in a nearby or distant region. Will Carleton McKern of the Milwaukee Public Museum addressed this fundamental problem of cultural classification beginning in 1929. He modeled his solution—known as the Midwestern Taxonomic Method—on the Linnaean biological taxonomy because he wanted the ability to draw historical and cultural "relationships" among cultures. McKern was assisted during development of the method by Carl E. Guthe, Thorne Deuel, James B. Griffin, and William Ritchie. This book studies the 1930s correspondence between McKern and his contemporaries as they hashed out the method's nuances. It compares the several different versions of the method and examines the Linnaean biological taxonomy as it was understood and used at the time McKern adapted it to archaeological problems. Finally, this volume reveals how and why the method failed to provide the analytical solution envisioned by McKern and his colleagues and how it influenced the later development of Americanist archaeology.

Archaeology Discovering Our Past

Author: Wendy Ashmore
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780767427272
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is the only textbook which is organized to follow the steps of the actual process of archaeological research in order to present the methods and theoretical frameworks of archaeology, from the planning and actual conduct of field research, to the different ways archaeological data is interpreted to produce an understanding of the past. It is also the only such textbook to give the reader a series of firsthand accounts of what its like to do archaeology, written by a variety of practicing archaeologists.