Micromechanics Modelling of Ductile Fracture

Author: Zengtao Chen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400760981
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book summarizes research advances in micromechanics modeling of ductile fractures made in the past two decades. The ultimate goal of this book is to reach manufacturing frontline designers and materials engineers by providing a user-oriented, theoretical background of micromechanics modeling. Accordingly, the book is organized in a unique way, first presenting a vigorous damage percolation model developed by the authors over the last ten years. This model overcomes almost all difficulties of the existing models and can be used to completely accommodate ductile damage developments within a single-measure microstructure frame. Related void damage criteria including nucleation, growth and coalescence are then discussed in detail: how they are improved, when and where they are used in the model, and how the model performs in comparison with the existing models. Sample forming simulations are provided to illustrate the model’s performance.

Comprehensive Structural Integrity

Author: Ian Milne
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080490735
Format: PDF
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The aim of this major reference work is to provide a first point of entry to the literature for the researchers in any field relating to structural integrity in the form of a definitive research/reference tool which links the various sub-disciplines that comprise the whole of structural integrity. Special emphasis will be given to the interaction between mechanics and materials and structural integrity applications. Because of the interdisciplinary and applied nature of the work, it will be of interest to mechanical engineers and materials scientists from both academic and industrial backgrounds including bioengineering, interface engineering and nanotechnology. The scope of this work encompasses, but is not restricted to: fracture mechanics, fatigue, creep, materials, dynamics, environmental degradation, numerical methods, failure mechanisms and damage mechanics, interfacial fracture and nano-technology, structural analysis, surface behaviour and heart valves. The structures under consideration include: pressure vessels and piping, off-shore structures, gas installations and pipelines, chemical plants, aircraft, railways, bridges, plates and shells, electronic circuits, interfaces, nanotechnology, artificial organs, biomaterial prostheses, cast structures, mining... and more. Case studies will form an integral part of the work.

Applications of Continuum Damage Mechanics to Fatigue and Fracture

Author: David L. McDowell
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 9780803124738
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Contains papers from the May 1996 Symposium on Applications of Continuum Damage Mechanics (CDM) to Fatigue and Fracture. Papers in Section I deal with various aspects of modeling damage in composite materials, such as high temperature environmental degradation, fatigue, and viscous damage in metal a

Toughening Mechanisms in Quasi Brittle Materials

Author: S.P. Shah
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401133883
Format: PDF, ePub
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A variety of ceramic materials has been recently shown to exhibit nonlinear stress strain behavior. These materials include transformation-toughened zirconia which undergoes a stress-induced crystallographic transformation in the vicinity of a propagating crack, microcracking ceramics, and ceramic-fiber reinforced ceramic matrices. Since many of these materials are under consideration for structural applications, understanding fracture in these quasi-brittle materials is essential. Portland cement concrete is a relatively brittle material. As a result mechanical behavior of concrete, conventionally reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and fiber reinforced concrete is critically influenced by crack propagation. Crack propagation in concrete is characterized by a fracture process zone, microcracking, and aggregate bridging. Such phenomena give concrete toughening mechanisms, and as a result, the macroscopic response of concrete can be characterized as that of a quasi-brittle material. To design super high performance cement composites, it is essential to understand the complex fracture processes in concrete. A wide range of concern in design involves fracture in rock masses and rock structures. For example, prediction of the extension or initiation of fracture is important in: 1) the design of caverns (such as underground nuclear waste isolation) subjected to earthquake shaking or explosions, 2) the production of geothermal and petroleum energy, and 3) predicting and monitoring earthquakes. Depending upon the grain size and mineralogical composition, rock may also exhibit characteristics of quasi-brittle materials.

Fracture Mechanics

Author: E.E. Gdoutos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140203153X
Format: PDF, Docs
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New developments in the applications of fracture mechanics to engineering problems have taken place in the last years. Composite materials have extensively been used in engineering problems. Quasi-brittle materials including concrete, cement pastes, rock, soil, etc. all benefit from these developments. Layered materials and especially thin film/substrate systems are becoming important in small volume systems used in micro and nanoelectromechancial systems (MEMS and NEMS). Nanostructured materials are being introduced in our every day life. In all these problems fracture mechanics plays a major role for the prediction of failure and safe design of materials and structures. These new challenges motivated the author to proceed with the second edition of the book. The second edition of the book contains four new chapters in addition to the ten chapters of the first edition. The fourteen chapters of the book cover the basic principles and traditional applications, as well as the latest developments of fracture mechanics as applied to problems of composite materials, thin films, nanoindentation and cementitious materials. Thus the book provides an introductory coverage of the traditional and contemporary applications of fracture mechanics in problems of utmost technological importance. With the addition of the four new chapters the book presents a comprehensive treatment of fracture mechanics. It includes the basic principles and traditional applications as well as the new frontiers of research of fracture mechanics during the last three decades in topics of contemporary importance, like composites, thin films, nanoindentation and cementitious materials. The book contains fifty example problems and more than two hundred unsolved problems. A "Solutions Manual" is available upon request for course instructors from the author.

Fracture mechanics of piezoelectric materials

Author: Qing-Hua Qin
Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics
ISBN: 9781853128561
Format: PDF
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A comprehensive treatment of crack problems arising in piezoelectric materials under coupled thermal, mechanical and electric loads, this volume summarizes the current state of practice and presents the most recent research outcomes. Emphasis is placed on fundamental concepts, the development of mathematical models and their computational approaches, while the mathematical models used are stated in an accessible and self-contained manner. The book is a stimulating guide to a field that provides fascinating and technically important challenges to postgraduate students, research scientists and engineers.

Micromechanics of Materials with Applications

Author: Mark Kachanov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319762044
Format: PDF
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This book on micromechanics explores both traditional aspects and the advances made in the last 10–15 years. The viewpoint it assumes is that the rapidly developing field of micromechanics, apart from being of fundamental scientific importance, is motivated by materials science applications. The introductory chapter provides the necessary background together with some less traditional material, examining e.g. approximate elastic symmetries, Rice’s technique of internal variables and multipole expansions. The remainder of the book is divided into the following parts: (A) classic results, which consist of Rift Valley Energy (RVE), Hill’s results, Eshelby’s results for ellipsoidal inhomogeneities, and approximate schemes for the effective properties; (B) results aimed at overcoming these limitations, such as volumes smaller than RVE, quantitative characterization of “irregular” microstructures, non-ellipsoidal inhomogeneities, and cross-property connections; (C) local fields and effects of interactions on them; and lastly (D) – the largest section – which explores applications to eight classes of materials that illustrate how to apply the micromechanics methodology to specific materials.

Fracture Mechanics

Author: Dietmar Gross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642192401
Format: PDF
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- self-contained and well illustrated - complete and comprehensive derivation of mechanical/mathematical results with enphasis on issues of practical importance - combines classical subjects of fracture mechanics with modern topics such as microheterogeneous materials, piezoelectric materials, thin films, damage - mechanically and mathematically clear and complete derivations of results