MicroRNA Targeted Cancer Therapy

Author: Fazlul H. Sarkar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business
ISBN: 3319051342
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Since the discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) some twenty years ago by Victor Ambros, David Baulcombe and Gary Ruvkun, these three scientists worked to uncover the mystery of miRNA, the small segments of nucleotides that silence genes. While studying the development of the nematode worm, Ambros and Ruvkun discovered miRNA in animals, while Baulcombe discovered it in plants. Since their discovery, it took more than two decade to fully appreciate the value of miRNA in human health and diseases. Emerging evidence suggest that the activation of oncogenes and/or the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes contribute to the development and progression of tumors. The regulation of genes is by far controlled by many transcription factors which are often deregulated during the development and progression of cancer. In addition, emerging evidence clearly suggests that the deregulation of miRNAs or small non-coding RNAs could also regulate the expression of genes and likewise, miRNA genes are also regulated by transcription factors. The most attractive feature of miRNAs is that one miRNA can regulate many target genes (mRNAs) and thus miRNA targeted therapy is highly promising because multiple genes could be regulated by targeting a single miRNA, which becomes very important for the killing of highly heterogeneous populations of cancer cells within a tumor mass. Therefore, miRNA targeted therapy is an attractive attribute of miRNA research, which is covered through eighteen chapters complied in this book “MicroRNA targeted Cancer therapy” and it is hoped that the field of miRNA research will be appreciated through critical reading of these chapters on the cutting-edge research on miRNAs.

Cancer Gene Therapy

Author: David T. Curiel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592597858
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A complete introduction and guide to the latest developments in cancer gene therapy-from bench to bedside. The authors comprehensively review the anticancer genes and gene delivery methods currently available for cancer gene therapy, including the transfer of genetic material into the cancer cells, stimulation of the immune system to recognize and eliminate cancer cells, and the targeting of the nonmalignant stromal cells that support their growth. They also thoroughly examine the advantages and limitations of the different therapies and detail strategies to overcome obstacles to their clinical implementation. Topics of special interest include vector-targeting techniques, the lessons learned to date from clinical trials of cancer gene therapy, and the regulatory guidelines for future trials. Noninvasive techniques to monitor the extent of gene transfer and disease regression during the course of treatment are also discussed.

Therapeutic Strategies in Cancer Biology and Pathology

Author: Gajanan V. Sherbet
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124165907
Format: PDF, ePub
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Currently, intensive effort is being directed toward the identification of molecular targets that can provide approaches to the development of novel therapeutic strategies in cancer management. This book focuses on metastasis-associated genes, metastasis promoter and suppressor genes, which relate specifically to behavioral alterations of cancer cells in epithelial mesenchymal transition, cancer stem cell maintenance and propagation, and to the acquisition of invasive and metastasis faculty. The function of these genes has implications for cell cycle regulation and cell proliferation and so constitute an essential element in cancer growth and dissemination. The emphasis in this book is on how appropriate these genes are as molecular targets and how practicable are the constituents of their signal transduction systems as potential candidates and how accessible they are to targeted therapy. Written in a straightforward and clear style with background information supporting the new research, this book will be useful for students and researchers in cancer therapies. Identifies molecular targets and their accessibility for therapeutic intervention Provides information on biological features of tumor development and dissemination Background information provided for each topic

Translating MicroRNAs to the Clinic

Author: Jeffrey Laurence
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128005548
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Translating microRNA to the Clinic reviews the possibilities of current methodological tools and experimental approaches used by leading translational researchers. The book features the uses of micro ribonucleic acid as deployed in cancer targeting in biomarkers, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration, among many others. Pedagogically, the work concentrates on the latest knowledge, laboratory techniques, and experimental approaches used by translational research leaders in this field, promoting a cross-disciplinary communication between the sub-specialities of medicine, but in common with other books on the topic. In addition, the book emphasizes recent innovations, critical barriers to progress, the new tools that are being used to overcome them, and specific areas of research that require additional study to advance the field as a whole. Encompasses the latest innovations and tools being used to apply microRNA from lab to clinic“/li> Extensive pedagogical updates aiming to improve the education of translational researchers in this field Transdisciplinary approach aims to support cross-fertilization between different sub-specialties of medicine

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Author: Steven Gray
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128002247
Format: PDF
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Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine

Author: Chandan K. Sen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124058582
Format: PDF
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This work encapsulates the uses of miRNA across stem cells, developmental biology, tissue injury and tissue regeneration. In particular contributors provide focused coverage of methodologies, intervention and tissue engineering. Regulating virtually all biological processes, the genome’s 1048 encoded microRNAs appear to hold considerable promise for the potential repair and regeneration of tissues and organs in future therapies. In this work, 50 experts address key topics of this fast-emerging field. Concisely summarizing and evaluating key findings emerging from fundamental research into translational application, they point to the current and future significance of clinical research in the miRNA area. Coverage encompasses all major aspects of fundamental stem cell and developmental biology, including the uses of miRNA across repair and regeneration, and special coverage of methodologies and interventions as they point towards organ and tissue engineering Multi-colour text layout with 150 colour figures to illustrate important findings Take home messages encapsulate key lessons throughout text Short chapters offer focused discussion and clear ‘voice’

Molecular Diagnostics and Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer

Author: Asfar Azmi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124079466
Format: PDF
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Molecular Diagnostics and Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer describes the different emerging applications of systems biology and how it is shaping modern pancreatic cancer research. This book begins by introducing the current state of the art knowledge, trends in diagnostics, progress in disease model systems as well as new treatment and palliative care strategies in pancreatic cancer. Specific sections are dedicated to enlighten the readers to newer discoveries that have emerged from gene expression profiling, proteomics, metabolomics and systems level analyses of pancreatic cancer datasets. First of a kind and novel network strategies to understand oncogenic Kras signaling in pancreatic tumors are presented. The attempts to computationally model and prioritize microRNAs that cause pancreatic cancer resistance are also highlighted. Addressing this important area, Molecular Diagnostics and Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer provides insights into important network evaluation methodologies related to pancreatic cancer related microRNAs targetome. There are dedicated chapters on critical aspects of the evolving yet controversial field of pancreatic cancer stems cells. The work concludes by discussing the applications of network sciences in pancreatic cancer drug discovery and clinical trial design. Encompasses discussion of innovative tools including expression signatures in cell lines, 3D models, animal xenograft models, primary models and patient derived samples, aiding subversion of traditional biology paradigms, and enhancing comprehension across conventional length and temporal scales Coverage includes novel applications in targeted drugs, polypharmacology, network pharmacology and other related drug development arenas – helping researchers in pancreatic cancer drug discovery Summarizes many relevant computational and clinical references from fast-evolving literature Comprehensive glossary helps newer readers understand technical terms and specialized nomenclature

Lung Cancer and Personalized Medicine Novel Therapies and Clinical Management

Author: Aamir Ahmad
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319249320
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This, the second of two volumes on personalized medicine in lung cancer, touches upon the recent progress in targeted drug development based on genomics; emerging biomarkers and therapeutic targets such as EMT, cancer stem cells, and the tumor microenvironment; current personalized clinical management and radiation therapy for lung cancers; and the promise of epigenetics and next-generation sequencing for the advancements towards personalized therapy of lung cancer patients. With chapters on state-of-the-art therapies and technologies written by leading experts working to develop novel companion diagnosis tools for the personalized treatment of lung cancer patients, this volume brings readers up-to-date by presenting the current knowledge on the efforts to make personalized management of lung cancer patients a reality.

Anti Angiogenesis Strategies in Cancer Therapies

Author: Shaker Mousa
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128026731
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Anti-angiogenesis Strategies in Cancer Therapeutics provides a detailed look at the current status and future directions in the discovery and development of novel anti-angiogenesis strategies in oncology. This book highlights the different mechanisms involved in the modulation of angiogenesis, including inflammation, thrombosis, and microRNA, and shows how nanotechnology can further enhance the potential of existing and new anti-angiogenesis approaches. Written for industry scientists, researchers, oncologists, hematologists, and professors and students in the field, this comprehensive book covers all aspects of anti-angiogenesis strategies and their differences. Covers important preclinical models and clinical trials in the discovery and development of novel anti-angiogenesis agents Reviews FDA-approved anti-angiogenesis agents Illustrates the value of nanotechnology in improving the utility of anti-angiogenesis agents Offers insight into the development of novel anti-angiogenesis agents and future direction in this area

MicroRNAs in Medicine

Author: Charles H. Lawrie
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118300343
Format: PDF, Mobi
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MicroRNAs in Medicine provides an access point into the current literature on microRNA for both scientists and clinicians, with an up-to-date look at what is happening in the emerging field of microRNAs and their relevance to medicine. Each chapter is a comprehensive review, with descriptions of the latest microRNA research written by international leaders in their field. Opening with an introduction to what microRNAs are and how they function, the book goes on to explore the role of microRNAs in normal physiological functions, infectious diseases, non-infectious diseases, cancer, circulating microRNAs as non-invasive biomarkers, and finally their potential as novel therapeutics. Including background information on the field as well as reviews of the latest research breakthroughs, MicroRNAs in Medicine is a one-stop source of information to satisfy the specialists and non-specialists alike, appealing to students, researchers, and clinicians interested in understanding the potential of microRNAs in medicine and research.