Microwave Non Destructive Testing and Evaluation Principles

Author: R. Zoughi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401513031
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Microwave and millimeter-wave non-destructive testing and evaluation (NDT&E) is generally understood to mean using high-frequency electromagnetic energy to inspect and characterize materials and structures. In spite of possessing some distinct advantages in certain applications to other NDT&E techniques, microwave NDT&E has only found compared limited practical application during the past 45 years. These advantages include lack of a need for contact between the sensor and the object being inspected, the ability to penetrate dielectric materials, and superior sensitivity to certain material constituents and flaws. One factor contributing to this minimal acceptance by the NDT &E community has been a generally poor understanding in this community of the theory and practice that underlie the technology. This situation exists partly because of a paucity of microwave NDT&E textbook and reference material. Some chapters, reviews, and books aimed at filling this need have been published in the past but, for the most part, this material is based on the use of older microwave technology. However, during the past ten years great strides have been made in ternlS of the cost, size, and ease of use of microwave components. In addition, recent advances in modeling and measurement techniques have expanded the range of applications for microwave NDT&E. Such applications include inspecting modern materials such as composites, detecting and characterizing surface flaws, and evaluating the compressive strength of cement structures. These advances have created an urgent need for up-to-date textbook material on this subject.

Non Destructive Evaluation NDE of Polymer Matrix Composites

Author: Vistasp M. Karbhari
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 085709355X
Format: PDF
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The increased use of polymer matrix composites in structural applications has led to the growing need for a very high level of quality control and testing of products to ensure and monitor performance over time. Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of polymer matrix composites explores a range of NDE techniques and the use of these techniques in a variety of application areas. Part one provides an overview of a range of NDE and NDT techniques including eddy current testing, shearography, ultrasonics, acoustic emission, and dielectrics. Part two highlights the use of NDE techniques for adhesively bonded applications. Part three focuses on NDE techniques for aerospace applications including the evaluation of aerospace composites for impact damage and flaw characterisation. Finally, the use of traditional and emerging NDE techniques in civil and marine applications is explored in part four. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of polymer matrix composites is a technical resource for researchers and engineers using polymer matrix composites, professionals requiring an understanding of non-destructive evaluation techniques, and academics interested in this field. Explores a range of NDE and NDT techniques and considers future trends Examines in detail NDE techniques for adhesively bonded applications Discusses NDE techniques in aerospace applications including detecting impact damage, ultrasonic techniques and structural health monitoring

Electrical and Magnetic Methods of Non destructive Testing

Author: J. Blitz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401158185
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book is intended to help satisfy an urgent requirement for up-to date comprehensive texts at graduate and senior undergraduate levels on the subjects in non-destructive testing (NDT). The subject matter here is confined to electrical and magnetic methods, with emphasis on the widely used eddy current and magnetic flux leakage methods (including particle inspection), but proper attention is paid to other techniques, such as microwave and AC field applications, which are rapidly growing in importance. Theoretical analyses relating to the various methods are discussed and the depths of presentation are often governed by whether or not the information is readily available elsewhere. Thus, for example, a considerable amount of space is devoted to eddy current theory at what the author considers to be a reasonable standard and not, as usually experienced, in either a too elementary manner or at a level appreciated only by a postgraduate theoretical physicist. The inclusion of the introductory chapter is intended to acquaint the reader with some of the philosophy of NDT and to compare, briefly, the relative performances of the more important methods of testing.

Microwave NDT

Author: N. Ida
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401127395
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Microwave testing has been paid only scant attention in the literature as a method for nondestructive testing of materials, yet it offers some attractive features, especially for the testing of composite and other non-metallic materials. Microwave techniques have been used in a large number of applications that can be classified as nondestructive testing applications, ranging from large scale remote sensing to detection of tumors in the body. This volume describes a unified approach to microwave nondestructive testing by presenting the three essential components of testing: theory, practice, and modelling. While recognizing that each of these subjects is wide enough to justify a volume of its own, the presentation of the three topics together shows that these are interrelated and should be practiced together. While few will argue against a good theoretical background, modelling and simulation of the testing environment is seldom part of the NDT training in any method, but particularly so in microwave testing. The text is devided in four parts. The first part presents the field theory background necessary for understanding the microwave domain. The second part treats microwave measurements as well as devices and sources and the third part discusses practical tests applicable to a variety of materials and geometries. The fourth part discusses modelling of microwave testing. Each chapter contains a bibliography intended to expand on the material given and, in particular, to point to subjects which could not be covered either as not appropriate or for lack of space. For engineers, applied physicsts, material scientists.

Theory and practice of infrared technology for nondestructive testing

Author: Xavier Maldague
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471181903
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book includes fundamental concepts of theory, instrumentation, and experimental practice as well as practical applications. An important chapter setting the book apart from other publications describes the properties of materials and presents case studies from industry. In addition, a program called IRNDT accompanies the book and is available on the Wiley ftp site. The program includes an image bank that can be used to test the principles covered in the book. * All chapters end with summaries, problems, and questions. * Authored by an acknowledged expert in the field. * Material draws on case studies to illustrate major points.

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods

Author: Gerhard Huebschen
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 008100057X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures. Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries. Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress. Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials

Nondestructive Evaluation

Author: Peter J. Shull
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203911068
Format: PDF, ePub
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Describing NDE issues associated with real-world applications, this comprehensive book details conventional and forthcoming NDE technologies. It instructs on current practices, common techniques and equipment applications, and the potentials and limitations of current NDE methods. Each chapter details a different method, providing an overview, an explanation of the fundamental physical laws governing the method, the inspection techniques and typical equipment used in it's application, final system integration of transducers, supporting instrumentation, commonly practiced procedures necessary for viable NDE inspection, examples of how the method can be applied, and end-of-chapter problems.

Electromagnetic Non Destructive Evaluation XXI

Author: D. Lesselier
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614998361
Format: PDF, ePub
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Electromagnetic Nondestructive Evaluation (ENDE) is a technique crucial to a great many engineering activities, as well as to environmental evaluation and protection issues. It is a discipline recognized for its theoretical insight, efficient models and simulations, robust data interpretation, and accurate instrumentation. This book presents contributions from the 22nd ENDE International Workshop, held in Saclay, France, in September 2017. It includes 1 of the 3 keynotes and 34 peer-reviewed and extended versions of the 47 oral contributions delivered during the workshop. Topics covered include static to THz electromagnetic; smart models and high-performance computations; advanced sensors; adaptive databases; model selection and the qualification of uncertainty; multi-sensor data fusion; the monitoring and diagnosis of mechanical structures; and innovative industrial applications. The book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the development or use of electromagnetic non-destructive evaluation.

Transient Electromagnetic Thermal Nondestructive Testing

Author: Yunze He
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128128364
Format: PDF
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Transient Electromagnetic-Thermal Nondestructive Testing: Pulsed Eddy Current and Transient Eddy Current Thermography covers three key areas of theories, methods and applications, primarily the multi-physics field, including eddy current, heat conduction and Infrared radiation for defect evaluation, lateral heat conduction, which is analyzed to detect parallel cracks, and longitudinal heat conduction, which is analyzed to detect depth defect, or that which is beyond skin depth. In addition, the book explores methods, such as time domain, frequency domain and logarithm domain, also comparing A-scan , B-scan and C-scan. Sections on defect identification, classification and quantification are covered, as are advanced algorithms, principal components analysis (PCA), independent components analysis (ICA) and support vector machine (SVM). The book uses a lot of experimental studies on multi-layer aluminum structures, honeycomb structure, CFRP in the aerospace field, and steel and coating in the marine rail and transportation fields. Presents two kinds of transient NDT testing, from theory and methodology, to applications Includes time domain frequency domain and logarithm domain, which are all analyzed Introduces A-scan , B-scan and C-scan, which are compared Provides experimental studies for real damages, including corrosion and blister in steel, stress in aluminum, impact and delamination in CFRP laminates and RCF cracks are abundant