Minicomputer Research and Applications

Author: Helen K. Brown
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483190250
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Minicomputer Research and Applications covers the proceedings of the First Conference of the HP/1000 International Users Group, held on August 25-27, 1980 in San Jose, California. The book focuses on the operations, applications, and functions of the HP/1000 computer driver. The selection first underscores an interactive color display station for IC layout and computer aided design in automatic control and logical automata. Discussions focus on automatic control, logical automata, organization of sirena, hardware and software configurations, interactive input support, and display processing. The text then examines a mini-based sculptured surface system and real-time performance analysis system for computers. The publication ponders on variations on a theme (RTE) by Hewlett-Packard, circumventing RTE system memory and disc restrictions, and the Gerber data management system. Topics include user interface, system security, command file, implementation of shared-EMA, and real-time executive modifications. The manuscript also elaborates on ultra low level programming using a high level language and future directions of the HP/1000. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the HP/1000 computer driver.

A Handbook on Biotelemetry and Radio Tracking

Author: Charles J. Amlaner
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483189317
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A Handbook on Biotelemetry and Radio Tracking presents the proceedings of an International Conference on Telemetry and Radio Tracking in Biology and Medicine, held in The University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K. on March 20–22, 1979. This book illustrates the advances connected with every aspect of biotelemetry and radio tracking. Organized into five parts encompassing 101 chapters, this compilation of papers begins with an overview of the method that allows assessment or control of biological parameters from animals, subjects, and patients with comparatively little disturbance and restraint. This text then examines radio telemetry as a system for telemetry or communications over great distances. Other chapters consider better transmitter design and construction of radio tracking. This book discusses as well telemetric measurements of hemodynamic response to driving in coronary patients. The final chapter deals with the study of the coastal movements of Atlantic salmon tagged with ultrasonic transmitters. This book is a valuable resource for biological researchers and ecologists.

History of Nordic Computing 2

Author: John Impagliazzo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642037569
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The First Conference on the History of Nordic Computing (HiNC1) was organized in Trondheim, in June 2003. The HiNC1 event focused on the early years of computing, that is the years from the 1940s through the 1960s, although it formally extended to year 1985. In the preface of the proceedings of HiNC1, Janis Bubenko, Jr. , John Impagliazzo, and Arne Sølvberg describe well the peculiarities of early Nordic c- puting [1]. While developing hardware was a necessity for the first professionals, quite soon the computer became an industrial product. Computer scientists, among others, grew increasingly interested in programming and application software. P- gress in these areas from the 1960s to the 1980s was experienced as astonishing. The developments during these decades were taken as the focus of HiNC2. During those decades computers arrived to every branch of large and medium-sized businesses and the users of the computer systems were no longer only computer s- cialists but also people with other main duties. Compared to the early years of comp- ing before 1960, where the number of computer projects and applications was small, capturing a holistic view of the history between the 1960s and the 1980s is conside- bly more difficult. The HiNC2 conference attempted to help in this endeavor.

The HP Way

Author: David Packard
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062326554
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the fall of 1930, David Packard left his hometown of Pueblo, Colorado, to enroll at Stanford University, where he befriended another freshman, Bill Hewlett. After graduation, Hewlett and Packard decided to throw their lots in together. They tossed a coin to decide whose name should go first on the notice of incorporation, then cast about in search of products to sell. Today, the one-car garage in Palo Alto that housed their first workshop is a California historic landmark: the birthplace of Silicon Valley. And Hewlett-Packard has produced thousands of innovative products for millions of customers throughout the world. Their little company employs 98,400 people and boasts constantly increasing sales that reached $25 billion in 1994. While there are many successful companies, there is only one Hewlett-Packard, because from the very beginning, Hewlett and Packard had a way of doing things that was contrary to the prevailing management strategies. In defining the objectives for their company, Packard and Hewlett wanted more than profits, revenue growth and a constant stream of new, happy customers. Hewlett-Packard's success owes a great deal to many factors, including openness to change, an unrelenting will to win, the virtue of sustained hard work and a company-wide commitment to community involvement. As a result, HP now is universally acclaimed as the world's most admired technology company; its wildly successful approach to business has been immortalized as The HP Way. In this book, David Packard tells the simple yet extraordinary story of his life's work and of the truly exceptional company that he and Bill Hewlett started in a garage 55 years ago.

History of Nordic Computing

Author: Janis Bubenko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 038724168X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Computing in the Nordic countries started in late 1940s mainly as an engineering activity to build computing devices to perform mathematical calculations and assist mathematicians and engineers in scientific problem solving. The early computers of the Nordic countries emerged during the 1950s and had names like BARK, BESK, DASK, SMIL, SARA, ESKO, and NUSSE. Each of them became a nucleus in institutes and centres for mathematical computations programmed and used by highly qualified professionals. However, one should not forget the punched-card machine technology at this time that had existed for several decades. In addition, we have a Nordic name, namely Frederik Rosing Bull, contributing to the fundaments of punched card technology and forming the French company Bull. Commercial products such as FACIT EDB and SAAB D20-series computers in Sweden, the Danish GIER computer, the Nokia MIKKO computer in Finland, as well as the computers of Norsk Data in Norway followed the early computers. In many cases, however, companies and institutions did not further develop or exploit Nordic computing hardware, even though it exhibited technical advantages. Consequently, in the 1970s, US computers, primarily from IBM, flooded the Nordic market.

Knowledge Information and Creativity Support Systems

Author: Thanaruk Theeramunkong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642247881
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Knowledge, Information, and Creativity Support Systems, KCIS 2010, held in Chang Mai, Thailand, in November 2010. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 72 submissions. The papers cover a broad range of topics related to all knowledge science-related areas including creativity support, decision science, knowledge science, data mining, machine learning, databases, statistics, knowledge acquisition, automatic scientific discovery, data/knowledge visualization, and knowledge-based systems.

Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture Volume I

Author: Daoliang Li
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387772510
Format: PDF
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The papers in this volume comprise the refereed proceedings of the the First International Conference on Computer and Computing Technologies in Ag- culture (CCTA 2007), in Wuyishan, China, 2007. This conference is organized by China Agricultural University, Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering and the Beijing Society for Information Technology in Agriculture. The purpose of this conference is to facilitate the communication and cooperation between institutions and researchers on theories, methods and implementation of computer science and information technology. By researching information technology development and the - sources integration in rural areas in China, an innovative and effective approach is expected to be explored to promote the technology application to the development of modern agriculture and contribute to the construction of new countryside. The rapid development of information technology has induced substantial changes and impact on the development of China’s rural areas. Western thoughts have exerted great impact on studies of Chinese information technology devel- ment and it helps more Chinese and western scholars to expand their studies in this academic and application area. Thus, this conference, with works by many prominent scholars, has covered computer science and technology and information development in China’s rural areas; and probed into all the important issues and the newest research topics, such as Agricultural Decision Support System and Expert System, GIS, GPS, RS and Precision Farming, CT applications in Rural Area, Agricultural System Simulation, Evolutionary Computing, etc.

Frontiers of Human Centered Computing Online Communities and Virtual Environments

Author: Rae Earnshaw
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781852332389
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume presents the results of a joint National Science Foundation and European Commission Workshop which was set up to identify the future key strategic research directions in the areas of human-centred interaction, online communities and virtual environments. A research agenda is proposed for each area. There is an urgent need to make interaction more centred around human needs and capabilities, and to consider the human environment in virtual environments and in other contextual information-processing activities. The overall goal is to make users more effective in their information or communication tasks by reducing learning times, speeding up performance, lowering error rates, facilitating retention, and increasing subjective satisfaction. Online communities is an area of rapid and dynamic growth with new kinds of interaction, behaviours, communication, and relationship to the world of users and information. Guidelines for basic user interface design need to be extended to accommodate these new technologies and interfaces to users. Fruitful lines of research investigation in all these areas are set out in this book.

RAND and the Information Evolution

Author: Willis H. Ware
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833048163
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This professional memoir describes RAND's contributions to the evolution of computer science, particularly during the first decades following World War II, when digital computers succeeded slide rules, mechanical desk calculators, electric accounting machines, and analog computers. The memoir includes photographs and vignettes that reveal the collegial, creative, and often playful spirit in which the groundbreaking research was conducted at RAND.