Modeling Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems

Author: F. Carl Knopf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118121147
Format: PDF
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Energy costs impact the profitability of virtually all industrial processes. Stressing how plants use power, and how that power is actually generated, this book provides a clear and simple way to understand the energy usage in various processes, as well as methods for optimizing these processes using practical hands-on simulations and a unique approach that details solved problems utilizing actual plant data. Invaluable information offers a complete energy-saving approach essential for both the chemical and mechanical engineering curricula, as well as for practicing engineers.

Optimization of Energy Systems

Author: Ibrahim Dincer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111889443X
Format: PDF, ePub
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An essential resource for optimizing energy systems to enhance design capability, performance and sustainability Optimization of Energy Systems comprehensively describes the thermodynamic modelling, analysis and optimization of numerous types of energy systems in various applications. It provides a new understanding of the system and the process of defining proper objective functions for determination of the most suitable design parameters for achieving enhanced efficiency, cost effectiveness and sustainability. Beginning with a general summary of thermodynamics, optimization techniques and optimization methods for thermal components, the book goes on to describe how to determine the most appropriate design parameters for more complex energy systems using various optimization methods. The results of each chapter provide potential tools for design, analysis, performance improvement, and greenhouse gas emissions reduction. Key features: Comprehensive coverage of the modelling, analysis and optimization of many energy systems for a variety of applications. Examples, practical applications and case studies to put theory into practice. Study problems at the end of each chapter that foster critical thinking and skill development. Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting with simple systems and moving to advanced energy systems and their complexities. A unique resource for understanding cutting-edge research in the thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a wide range of energy systems, Optimization of Energy Systems is suitable for graduate and senior undergraduate students, researchers, engineers, practitioners, and scientists in the area of energy systems.

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Author: Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081025580
Format: PDF
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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Third Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and the increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This third edition contains substantial revisions and modifications, with new material on catalytic reactors, sorption systems, sorbent or catalyst regenerators, dryers, and more. Presents a unified approach to the optimization and integration of energy systems Includes a large number of examples treating dynamical systems Provides exposition showing the power of thermodynamics Contains a large number of maximum power analyses and their extensions

Exergy Energy System Analysis and Optimization Volume III

Author: Christos A. Frangopoulos
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 1848261667
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Exergy, Energy System Analysis, and Optimization theme is a component of the Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These three volumes are organized into five different topics which represent the main scientific areas of the theme: 1. Exergy and Thermodynamic Analysis; 2. Thermoeconomic Analysis; 3. Modeling, Simulation and Optimization in Energy Systems; 4. Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Energy Systems Analysis; 5. Sustainability Considerations in the Modeling of Energy Systems. Fundamentals and applications of characteristic methods are presented in these volumes. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Modelling Optimization and Control of Biomedical Systems

Author: Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118965590
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Shows the newest developments in the field of multi-parametric model predictive control and optimization and their application for drug delivery systems This book is based on the Modelling, Control and Optimization of Biomedical Systems (MOBILE) project, which was created to derive intelligent computer model-based systems for optimization of biomedical drug delivery systems in the cases of diabetes, anaesthesia, and blood cancer. These systems can ensure reliable and fast calculation of the optimal drug dosage without the need for an online computer—while taking into account the specifics and constraints of the patient model, flexibility to adapt to changing patient characteristics and incorporation of the physician’s performance criteria, and maintaining the safety of the patients. Modelling Optimization and Control of Biomedical Systems covers: mathematical modelling of drug delivery systems; model analysis, parameter estimation, and approximation; optimization and control; sensitivity analysis & model reduction; multi-parametric programming and model predictive control; estimation techniques; physiologically-based patient model; control design for volatile anaesthesia; multiparametric model based approach to intravenous anaesthesia; hybrid model predictive control strategies; Type I Diabetes Mellitus; in vitro and in silico block of the integrated platform for the study of leukaemia; chemotherapy treatment as a process systems application; and more. Introduces readers to the Modelling, Control and Optimization of Biomedical Systems (MOBILE) project Presents in detail the theoretical background, computational tools, and methods that are used in all the different biomedical systems Teaches the theory for multi-parametric mixed-integer programming and explicit optimal control of volatile anaesthesia Provides an overview of the framework for modelling, optimization, and control of biomedical systems This book will appeal to students, researchers, and scientists working on the modelling, control, and optimization of biomedical systems and to those involved in cancer treatment, anaesthsia, and drug delivery systems.

Thermal Energy Systems

Author: Steven G. Penoncello
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482246007
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Model a Thermal System without Lengthy Hand Calculations Before components are purchased and a thermal energy system is built, the effective engineer must first solve the equations representing the mathematical model of the system. Having a working mathematical model based on physics and equipment performance information is crucial to finding a system’s operating point. Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis offers a fundamental working knowledge of the analysis and design of thermal-fluid energy systems, enabling users to effectively formulate, optimize, and test their own design projects. Providing an understanding of the basic concepts of simulation and optimization, and introducing simulation and optimization techniques that can be applied to a system model, this text covers the basic foundations of thermal-fluid system analysis and design. It addresses hydraulic systems, energy systems, system simulation, and system optimization. In addition, it incorporates both SI and English units, and builds current state-of-the-art computer modeling skills throughout the book. Topics covered include: Review of thermal engineering concepts Engineering economics principles Application of conservation and balance laws Review of fluid flow fundamentals Minor losses Series and parallel pipe networks Economic pipe diameter Pump performance and selection Cavitation Series and parallel pump systems The affinity laws for pumps Heat exchangers, LMTD, and e-NTU methods Regenerative HX, condensers, evaporators, and boilers Double-pipe heat exchangers Shell and tube heat exchangers Plate and frame heat exchangers Cross-flow heat exchangers Thermal energy system simulation Fitting component performance data Optimization using Lagrange multipliers Optimization using software Thermal Energy Systems: Design and Analysis covers the concepts and the skills needed to plan, model, create, test, and optimize thermal systems; and to use computer simulation software through its use of Engineering Equation Solver (EES).

Modeling Design and Optimization of Net Zero Energy Buildings

Author: Andreas Athienitis
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3433604630
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Building energy design is currently going through a period of major changes. One key factor of this is the adoption of net-zero energy as a long term goal for new buildings in most developed countries. To achieve this goal a lot of research is needed to accumulate knowledge and to utilize it in practical applications. In this book, accomplished international experts present advanced modeling techniques as well as in-depth case studies in order to aid designers in optimally using simulation tools for net-zero energy building design. The strategies and technologies discussed in this book are, however, also applicable for the design of energy-plus buildings. This book was facilitated by International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) Programs and the Energy in Buildings and Communities (EBC) Programs through the joint SHC Task 40/EBC Annex 52: Towards Net Zero Energy Solar Buildings R&D collaboration. After presenting the fundamental concepts, design strategies, and technologies required to achieve net-zero energy in buildings, the book discusses different design processes and tools to support the design of net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs). A substantial chapter reports on four diverse NZEBs that have been operating for at least two years. These case studies are extremely high quality because they all have high resolution measured data and the authors were intimately involved in all of them from conception to operating. By comparing the projections made using the respective design tools with the actual performance data, successful (and unsuccessful) design techniques and processes, design and simulation tools, and technologies are identified. Written by both academics and practitioners (building designers) and by North Americans as well as Europeans, this book provides a very broad perspective. It includes a detailed description of design processes and a list of appropriate tools for each design phase, plus methods for parametric analysis and mathematical optimization. It is a guideline for building designers that draws from both the profound theoretical background and the vast practical experience of the authors.

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2012

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444595082
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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While the PSE community continues its focus on understanding, synthesizing, modeling, designing, simulating, analyzing, diagnosing, operating, controlling, managing, and optimizing a host of chemical and related industries using the systems approach, the boundaries of PSE research have expanded considerably over the years. While early PSE research was largely concerned with individual units and plants, the current research spans wide ranges of scales in size (molecules to processing units to plants to global multinational enterprises to global supply chain networks; biological cells to ecological webs) and time (instantaneous molecular interactions to months of plant operation to years of strategic planning). The changes and challenges brought about by increasing globalization and the the common global issues of energy, sustainability, and environment provide the motivation for the theme of PSE2012: Process Systems Engineering and Decision Support for the Flat World. Each theme includes an invited chapter based on the plenary presentation by an eminent academic or industrial researcher Reports on the state-of-the-art advances in the various fields of process systems engineering Addresses common global problems and the research being done to solve them

Thermodynamic Optimization of Complex Energy Systems

Author: Adrian Bejan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792357261
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive assessment of the methodologies of thermodynamic optimization, exergy analysis and thermoeconomics, and their application to the design of efficient and environmentally sound energy systems. The chapters are organized in a sequence that begins with pure thermodynamics and progresses towards the blending of thermodynamics with other disciplines, such as heat transfer and cost accounting. Three methods of analysis stand out: entropy generation minimization, exergy (or availability) analysis, and thermoeconomics. The book reviews current directions in a field that is both extremely important and intellectually alive. Additionally, new directions for research on thermodynamics and optimization are revealed.

Modelling Analysis and Optimization of Biosystems

Author: Werner Krabs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540714537
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In general, several mathematical models can be designed in order to describe a biological or medical process and there is no unique criterion which model gives the best description. This book presents several of these models and shows applications of them to different biological and medical problems. The book shows that operations research expertise is necessary in respect to modeling, analysis and optimization of biosystems.