The Archaeology of Portable Art

Author: Michelle Langley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315299097
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The development of complex cultural behaviour in our own species is perhaps the most significant research issue in modern archaeology. Until recently, it was believed that our capacity for language and art only developed after some of our ancestors reached Europe around 40,000 years ago. Archaeological discoveries in Africa now show that modern humans were practicing symbolic behaviours prior to their dispersal from that continent, and more recent discoveries in Indonesia and Australia are once again challenging ideas about human cultural development.? Despite these significant discoveries and exciting potentials, there is a curious absence of published information about Asia-Pacific region, and consequently, global narratives of our most celebrated cognitive accomplishment — art — has consistently underrepresented the contribution of Southeast Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. This volume provides the first outline of what this region has to offer to the world of art in archaeology.? Readers undertaking tertiary archaeology courses interested in the art of the Asia-Pacific region or human behavioural evolution, along with anyone who is fascinated by the development of our modern ability to decorate ourselves and our world, should find this book a good addition to their library.?

Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage

Author: Gilberto Artioli
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199548269
Format: PDF
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Artioli provides an introduction to the methods and rationales of the scientific investigation of cultural heritage materials, with an emphasis placed on the analytical strategies, modes of operation and resulting information rather than on technicalities.

The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization

Author: Tamar Hodos
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315448998
Format: PDF
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This unique collection applies globalization concepts to the discipline of archaeology, using a wide range of global case studies from a group of international specialists. The volume spans from as early as 10,000 cal. BP to the modern era, analysing the relationship between material culture, complex connectivities between communities and groups, and cultural change. Each contributor considers globalization ideas explicitly to explore the socio-cultural connectivities of the past. In considering social practices shared between different historic groups, and also the expression of their respective identities, the papers in this volume illustrate the potential of globalization thinking to bridge the local and global in material culture analysis. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeology and Globalization is the first such volume to take a world archaeology approach, on a multi-period basis, in order to bring together the scope of evidence for the significance of material culture in the processes of globalization. This work thus also provides a means to understand how material culture can be used to assess the impact of global engagement in our contemporary world. As such, it will appeal to archaeologists and historians as well as social science researchers interested in the origins of globalization.

Recent Advances in the Scientific Research on Ancient Glass and Glaze

Author: Fuxi Gan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814630306
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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' The aim of the book is to report the recent research development of ancient glass and glazing technology and the historical–cultural exchange of the East and West along the Silk and Steppe Roads. The contents of this book are dedicated to promote the exchanges between researchers in both social and scientific fields. The scope of this book includes the new archaeological findings of ancient glass and faience in the world, the relationship of glassmaking with glazing technology, the development and application of modern techniques used for the characterization of ancient glass and glaze, compound colorants/opacifiers among ancient glass, the early exchanges of culture and techniques used between China and elsewhere along the Silk and Steppe Roads, and so on. Contents:The Ancient Glass Road: The Cultural and Technical Exchange of Chinese Glass and Faience with Outside China before the Han Dynasty (200 B.C.) (Fuxi Gan)Glass Provenance along the Silk Road: The Use of Trace Element Analysis (J Henderson, S Chenery, J Kröger and E W Faber)Travels of Glass Vessels along the Maritime Silk Road (Brigitte Borell)Chemical Composition of Glass Beads Excavated from Kofun (ca. AD 2nd to 7th c.) in Western Japan by Portable XRF Showing Glass Trade among Asian Countries (Izumi Nakai and Junko Shirataki)Potash Glass: A View from South and Southeast Asia (Laure Dussubieux)Archaeological and Technical Study of Western Han Dynasty Lead Barium Glass Chimes (Bian Qing) Unearthed from the Jiangdu King''s Mausoleum (Qinghui Li, Zebin Li and Donghong Gu)Study of Byodoin Temple Glass: Discoveries in Japan of Small, Free-Blown Glass Vessels with Lids from the Byodoin Temple and Other Sites from the Heian Period (794–1192) (Akiko Inoue, Junko Shirataki and Izumi Nakai)Chemical Analysis of Tang Dynasty Glass Vessels Unearthed from the Underground Palace of the Famen Temple Using a Portable XRF Spectrometer (Qinghui Li, Jie Jiang, Xinling Li, Song Liu, Donghong Gu, Julian Henderson and Junqing Dong)Chemical and Lead Isotope Analysis of Glass Wares Found in Lijiaba Site, Yunyang County, Chongqing City (Jianfeng Cui, Deyun Zhao, Wei Huang and Yuanhong He)Scientific Analysis of a Glass Vessel and an Eye Bead from the Zhagunluke and the Shanpula Sites from the Overland Southern Line of the Silk Road (Qian Cheng, Jinlong Guo, Bo Wang and Jianfeng Cui)Early Byzantine Glass Supply and Consumption: The Case of Dichin, Bulgaria (Thomas Smith, Julian Henderson and Edward W Faber)Glass Corrosion: Issues and Approaches for Archaeological Science (Nikolaos Zacharias and Eleni Palamara)Raman Identification of Glassy Matrices in Ancient Glasses from China (Hongxia Zhao and Qinghui Li)Scientific Analysis of Ancient Glass: Answering the Questions and Questioning the Answers (J W Lankton, B Gratuze, K Tantrakarn, Q H Li and S Liu)Scientific Research on the Earliest Chinese Glazed Pottery (Junqing Dong, Fuxi Gan, Xiaowei Xia, Qinghui Li, Song Liu and Donghong Gu)A Study of the Diverse Origins and Primary Development of Chinese High Temperature Porcelain Glazes (Juan Wu, Maolin Zhang, Junming Wu, Qijiang Li, Jiazhi Li and Zequn Deng)Tracing the Origin and Evolution of White Porcelain in Ancient China (Weidong Li, Xiaoke Lu,, Hongjie Luo, Zhiwen Zhao and Xinmin Sun)A New Method of Identifying the Flux in Ancient Chinese High Fired Glaze — Sr Isotopic Composition Analysis (Hongjiao Ma, Julian Henderson and Jane Evans)Research on Glaze-Coloring Mechanism of the Light Sky-blue Series of Ancient Jun Guan Porcelains using Modern Analysis Techniques (Guoxia Li, H W Sun, R W Li, X L Zhang, W J Zhao, W J Zhao, Y Yang, W Li and M M Cai)Preliminary Studies Based on the Chemical Analysis of Colorful Glazed Pottery Unearthed from Tombs of Yue State at Hongshan Site (Xiaowei Xia, Qing Wang, Qinghui Li, Song Liu and Donghong Gu)Characterization of the Ancient Glaze Used in Different Types of Ceramics from the Huangye Kiln Site in Gongyi County Using OCT Technique (Junqing Dong, Xin Yan, Qinghui Li, Musen Guo and Yongqing Hu)Chemical Analysis of Ceramics Unearthed from the Huangye Kiln Site in Henan Province Using a Portable XRF Spectrometer (Song Liu, Yongqing Hu, Musen Guo, Dong Junqing and Qinghui Li)Microstructure and Composition of Ancient Chinese Octagonal Sticks from the Warring States Period (475–221 B.C.) (Qinglin Ma, Zhiguo Zhang, David A Scott, Heinz Berke and Detlef Günther) Chinese Blue and Chinese Purple in Copper Tinted Lead Barium Glass Produced During Firing Experiments (Ying Qin, Shicai Li, Xi Chen and Huang Huang)A Study of Simulation of the Production Technology of Ancient Chinese Blue and Purple Faience During the Warring States, Qin and Han Dynasties (Mo Li, Julin Wang and Qinglin Ma)Production Technology of Faience Beads from Peng State Cemetery, Shanxi Province, China (Zhou Gu, Jian Zhu, Yaoting Xie, Tiqiao Xiao, Changsui Wang and Yimin Yang)Scientific Analysis of Natural Glasses (Fuxi Gan Hongxia Zhao and Zhenqi Xu) Readership: Student and professional. Key Features:This book presents the recent research results through interdisciplinary collaboration in the field of ancient glass and glazeThe contributors from different countries are all the active researchers in relative fieldsThe carefully presented details of this book will be of great value to the understanding of the role of ancient glass and glaze in the development of human civilizationsKeywords:Archaeology;Archaeometry;Ancient;Glass;Glaze;Multidisciplinary;Research on Glassmaking;Silk Road;Modern Techniques'

Glass Making in the Greco Roman World

Author: Patrick Degryse
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9462700079
Format: PDF
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New insights into the trade and processing of mineral raw materials for glass making - Free ebook at OAPEN Library (www.oapen.org) This book presents a reconstruction of the Hellenistic-Roman glass industry from the point of view of raw material procurement. Within the ERC funded ARCHGLASS project, the authors of this work developed new geochemical techniques to provenance primary glass making. They investigated both production and consumer sites of glass, and identified suitable mineral resources for glass making through geological prospecting. Because the source of the raw materials used in the manufacturing of natron glass can be determined, new insights in the trade of this material are revealed. While eastern Mediterranean glass factories were active throughout the Hellenistic to early Islamic period, western Mediterranean and possibly Italian and North African sources also supplied the Mediterranean world with raw glass in early Roman times. By combining archaeological and scientific data, the authors develop new interdisciplinary techniques for an innovative archaeological interpretation of glass trade in the Hellenistic-Roman world, highlighting the development of glass as an economic material. Contributors Annelore Blomme (KU Leuven), Sara Boyen (KU Leuven), Dieter Brems (KU Leuven), Florence Cattin (Université de Bourgogne), Mike Carremans (KU Leuven), Veerle Devulder (KU Leuven, UGent), Thomas Fenn (Yale University), Monica Ganio (Northwestern University), Johan Honings (KU Leuven), Rebecca Scott (KU Leuven)

Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology

Author: Aaron N. Shugar
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9058679071
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume focuses specifically on the applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld X-ray fluorescence devices in art conservation and archaeology.

Glass of the Roman World

Author: Justine Bayley
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782977775
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Glass of the Roman World illustrates the arrival of new cultural systems, mechanisms of trade and an expanded economic base in the early 1st millennium AD which, in combination, allowed the further development of the existing glass industry. Glass became something which encompassed more than simply a novel and highly decorative material. Glass production grew and its consumption increased until it was assimilated into all levels of society, used for display and luxury items but equally for utilitarian containers, windows and even tools. These 18 papers by renowned international scholars include studies of glass from Europe and the Near East. The authors write on a variety of topics where their work is at the forefront of new approaches to the subject. They both extend and consolidate aspects of our understanding of how glass was produced, traded and used throughout the Empire and the wider world drawing on chronology, typology, patterns of distribution, and other methodologies, including the incorporation of new scientific methods. Though focusing on a single material the papers are firmly based in its archaeological context in the wider economy of the Roman world, and consider glass as part of a complex material culture controlled by the expansion and contraction of the Empire. The volume is presented in honor of Jenny Price, a foremost scholar of Roman glass.

Things that Travelled

Author: Daniela Rosenow
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 1787351173
Format: PDF, Docs
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Recent research has demonstrated that, in the Roman, Late Antique, Early Islamic and Medieval worlds, glass was traded over long distances, from the Eastern Mediterranean, mainly Egypt and Israel, to Northern Africa, the Western Mediterranean and Northern Europe. Things that Travelled, a collaboration between the UCL Early Glass Technology Research Network, the Association for the History of Glass and the British Museum, aims to build on this knowledge. Covering all aspects of glass production, technology, distribution and trade in Roman, Byzantine and Early Medieval/Early Islamic times, including studies from Britain, Egypt, Cyprus, Italy and many others, the volume combines the strengths of the sciences and cultural studies to offer a new approach to research on ancient glass. By bringing together such a varied mix of contributors, specialising in a range of geographical areas and chronological time frames, this volume also offers a valuable contribution to broader discussions on glass within political, economic, cultural and historical arenas.