Recent Advances in the Scientific Research on Ancient Glass and Glaze

Author: Fuxi Gan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814630306
Format: PDF, Mobi
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' The aim of the book is to report the recent research development of ancient glass and glazing technology and the historical–cultural exchange of the East and West along the Silk and Steppe Roads. The contents of this book are dedicated to promote the exchanges between researchers in both social and scientific fields. The scope of this book includes the new archaeological findings of ancient glass and faience in the world, the relationship of glassmaking with glazing technology, the development and application of modern techniques used for the characterization of ancient glass and glaze, compound colorants/opacifiers among ancient glass, the early exchanges of culture and techniques used between China and elsewhere along the Silk and Steppe Roads, and so on. Contents:The Ancient Glass Road: The Cultural and Technical Exchange of Chinese Glass and Faience with Outside China before the Han Dynasty (200 B.C.) (Fuxi Gan)Glass Provenance along the Silk Road: The Use of Trace Element Analysis (J Henderson, S Chenery, J Kröger and E W Faber)Travels of Glass Vessels along the Maritime Silk Road (Brigitte Borell)Chemical Composition of Glass Beads Excavated from Kofun (ca. AD 2nd to 7th c.) in Western Japan by Portable XRF Showing Glass Trade among Asian Countries (Izumi Nakai and Junko Shirataki)Potash Glass: A View from South and Southeast Asia (Laure Dussubieux)Archaeological and Technical Study of Western Han Dynasty Lead Barium Glass Chimes (Bian Qing) Unearthed from the Jiangdu King''s Mausoleum (Qinghui Li, Zebin Li and Donghong Gu)Study of Byodoin Temple Glass: Discoveries in Japan of Small, Free-Blown Glass Vessels with Lids from the Byodoin Temple and Other Sites from the Heian Period (794–1192) (Akiko Inoue, Junko Shirataki and Izumi Nakai)Chemical Analysis of Tang Dynasty Glass Vessels Unearthed from the Underground Palace of the Famen Temple Using a Portable XRF Spectrometer (Qinghui Li, Jie Jiang, Xinling Li, Song Liu, Donghong Gu, Julian Henderson and Junqing Dong)Chemical and Lead Isotope Analysis of Glass Wares Found in Lijiaba Site, Yunyang County, Chongqing City (Jianfeng Cui, Deyun Zhao, Wei Huang and Yuanhong He)Scientific Analysis of a Glass Vessel and an Eye Bead from the Zhagunluke and the Shanpula Sites from the Overland Southern Line of the Silk Road (Qian Cheng, Jinlong Guo, Bo Wang and Jianfeng Cui)Early Byzantine Glass Supply and Consumption: The Case of Dichin, Bulgaria (Thomas Smith, Julian Henderson and Edward W Faber)Glass Corrosion: Issues and Approaches for Archaeological Science (Nikolaos Zacharias and Eleni Palamara)Raman Identification of Glassy Matrices in Ancient Glasses from China (Hongxia Zhao and Qinghui Li)Scientific Analysis of Ancient Glass: Answering the Questions and Questioning the Answers (J W Lankton, B Gratuze, K Tantrakarn, Q H Li and S Liu)Scientific Research on the Earliest Chinese Glazed Pottery (Junqing Dong, Fuxi Gan, Xiaowei Xia, Qinghui Li, Song Liu and Donghong Gu)A Study of the Diverse Origins and Primary Development of Chinese High Temperature Porcelain Glazes (Juan Wu, Maolin Zhang, Junming Wu, Qijiang Li, Jiazhi Li and Zequn Deng)Tracing the Origin and Evolution of White Porcelain in Ancient China (Weidong Li, Xiaoke Lu,, Hongjie Luo, Zhiwen Zhao and Xinmin Sun)A New Method of Identifying the Flux in Ancient Chinese High Fired Glaze — Sr Isotopic Composition Analysis (Hongjiao Ma, Julian Henderson and Jane Evans)Research on Glaze-Coloring Mechanism of the Light Sky-blue Series of Ancient Jun Guan Porcelains using Modern Analysis Techniques (Guoxia Li, H W Sun, R W Li, X L Zhang, W J Zhao, W J Zhao, Y Yang, W Li and M M Cai)Preliminary Studies Based on the Chemical Analysis of Colorful Glazed Pottery Unearthed from Tombs of Yue State at Hongshan Site (Xiaowei Xia, Qing Wang, Qinghui Li, Song Liu and Donghong Gu)Characterization of the Ancient Glaze Used in Different Types of Ceramics from the Huangye Kiln Site in Gongyi County Using OCT Technique (Junqing Dong, Xin Yan, Qinghui Li, Musen Guo and Yongqing Hu)Chemical Analysis of Ceramics Unearthed from the Huangye Kiln Site in Henan Province Using a Portable XRF Spectrometer (Song Liu, Yongqing Hu, Musen Guo, Dong Junqing and Qinghui Li)Microstructure and Composition of Ancient Chinese Octagonal Sticks from the Warring States Period (475–221 B.C.) (Qinglin Ma, Zhiguo Zhang, David A Scott, Heinz Berke and Detlef Günther) Chinese Blue and Chinese Purple in Copper Tinted Lead Barium Glass Produced During Firing Experiments (Ying Qin, Shicai Li, Xi Chen and Huang Huang)A Study of Simulation of the Production Technology of Ancient Chinese Blue and Purple Faience During the Warring States, Qin and Han Dynasties (Mo Li, Julin Wang and Qinglin Ma)Production Technology of Faience Beads from Peng State Cemetery, Shanxi Province, China (Zhou Gu, Jian Zhu, Yaoting Xie, Tiqiao Xiao, Changsui Wang and Yimin Yang)Scientific Analysis of Natural Glasses (Fuxi Gan Hongxia Zhao and Zhenqi Xu) Readership: Student and professional. Key Features:This book presents the recent research results through interdisciplinary collaboration in the field of ancient glass and glazeThe contributors from different countries are all the active researchers in relative fieldsThe carefully presented details of this book will be of great value to the understanding of the role of ancient glass and glaze in the development of human civilizationsKeywords:Archaeology;Archaeometry;Ancient;Glass;Glaze;Multidisciplinary;Research on Glassmaking;Silk Road;Modern Techniques'

Glass Making in the Greco Roman World

Author: Patrick Degryse
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9462700079
Format: PDF, Kindle
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New insights into the trade and processing of mineral raw materials for glass making - Free ebook at OAPEN Library (www.oapen.org) This book presents a reconstruction of the Hellenistic-Roman glass industry from the point of view of raw material procurement. Within the ERC funded ARCHGLASS project, the authors of this work developed new geochemical techniques to provenance primary glass making. They investigated both production and consumer sites of glass, and identified suitable mineral resources for glass making through geological prospecting. Because the source of the raw materials used in the manufacturing of natron glass can be determined, new insights in the trade of this material are revealed. While eastern Mediterranean glass factories were active throughout the Hellenistic to early Islamic period, western Mediterranean and possibly Italian and North African sources also supplied the Mediterranean world with raw glass in early Roman times. By combining archaeological and scientific data, the authors develop new interdisciplinary techniques for an innovative archaeological interpretation of glass trade in the Hellenistic-Roman world, highlighting the development of glass as an economic material. Contributors Annelore Blomme (KU Leuven), Sara Boyen (KU Leuven), Dieter Brems (KU Leuven), Florence Cattin (Université de Bourgogne), Mike Carremans (KU Leuven), Veerle Devulder (KU Leuven, UGent), Thomas Fenn (Yale University), Monica Ganio (Northwestern University), Johan Honings (KU Leuven), Rebecca Scott (KU Leuven)

Crossing Borders

Author: Dominik Bonatz
Publisher: NUS Press
ISBN: 9971696428
Format: PDF
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Based on recent field research and excavation finds, the contributions in this volume focus on cultural practices and materials which reflect processes of integration, specification and diversification in the prehistory and early history of Southeast Asia. With chapters on the variability and distribution of lithic assemblages, funerary practices, the spread of Neolithic cultures and field agriculture, and the development of Metal Age remains, different approaches are presented to interpret these phenomena in their specific environmental context. Crossing Borders contains 25 papers presented at the 13th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists (EurASEAA). Held in Berlin in 2010, the conference was jointly organized by the Institute of Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology at the Freie Universitat Berlin and the German Archaeological Institute. The peer-reviewed proceedings bring together archaeologists, art historians and philologists who share a common interest in Southeast Asia's early past.

Urban Pollution and Changes to Materials and Building Surfaces

Author: Peter Brimblecombe
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783268875
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Pollution damages materials, but it has changed dramatically in the past century, with a reduction in the concentration of corrosive primary pollutants in urban atmospheres. At the same time, architectural styles and types of materials have changed, as we have moved to more organically rich, photochemically active atmospheres. Contemporary pollutants have a greater potential to degrade organic coatings and polymers, which are of great importance to modern structures. Urban Pollution and Changes to Materials and Building Surfaces examines a range of materials, discussing the ways in which they are likely to be damaged by contemporary urban pollutants, with an emphasis on the effects of air pollution. A chapter on graffiti is also included. The wide scope covered means that this volume is suitable for readers from a broad background. It should be of interest to scientists and policymakers dealing with the effects of urban pollution, as well as undergraduate and graduate students working in this area. This book, with its wealth of information, is of exceedingly good value for readers who seek to understand more on the changes of materials and building surfaces by urban pollution. Contents:Past, Present and Future Damage to Materials and Building Surfaces in the Polluted Urban EnvironmentWeathering of Building MaterialsAir Pollution Damage to StoneComposition and Chemistry of Crusts on StoneSoiling and DiscolourationAir Pollution Damage to MetalsAir Pollution Damage to GlassAir Pollution and Changes to the Biology of Urban FabricThe Whole Building and Patterns of DegradationThe Historic and Archaeological Heritage: Pollution and Non-Urban SitesEvaluation of Cleaning Methods for Graffiti Removal Readership: Scientists and policymakers dealing with the effects of urban pollution, as well as undergraduate and graduate students working in this area. Key Features:There are very few books that treat the problem in general although there are some on materials such as stone, glass and metals, which have chapters on air pollutantsKeywords:Damage to Materials;Building Surfaces;Stone;Metal;Glass

Bloody Old Britain

Author: Kitty Hauser
Publisher: Granta Books
ISBN: 1783782471
Format: PDF, Mobi
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O. G. S. Crawford (1886-1957) thought history held the answers to everything. A field archaeologist, he later became a photographer flying over the Western Front during the First World War - an experience that made him a pioneer of aerial archaeology. An impassioned Marxist, it seemed to him that 1930s Britain would soon disappear, conquered by history's inevitable march to world socialism, and he made a photographic study of everyday things - churches and advertising hoardings - as future evidence of how unenlightened British society had once been. Later there came angry disillusionment and a book, too bitter to be published, called Bloody Old Britain. In recounting Crawford's extraordinary story, Kitty Hauser uses many of his photographs and penetrates neglected but fascinating aspects of British life and belief that have themselves become history.

Recent Advances in Laser Ablation ICP MS for Archaeology

Author: Laure Dussubieux
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662498944
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book explores different aspects of LA-ICP-MS (laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry). It presents a large array of new analytical protocols for elemental or isotope analysis. LA-ICP-MS is a powerful tool that combines a sampling device able to remove very small quantities of material without leaving visible damage at the surface of an object. Furthermore, it functions as a sensitive analytical instrument that measures, within a few seconds, a wide range of isotopes in inorganic samples. Determining the elemental or the isotopic composition of ancient material is essential to address questions related to ancient technology or provenance and therefore aids archaeologists in reconstructing exchange networks for goods, people and ideas. Recent improvements of LA-ICP-MS have opened new avenues of research that are explored in this volume.

Singing Archaeology

Author: John Richardson
Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
ISBN: 9780819563422
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Illuminates the aesthetics of a major American composer.

Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology

Author: Aaron N. Shugar
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9058679071
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume focuses specifically on the applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld X-ray fluorescence devices in art conservation and archaeology.