Modern Motherhood

Author: Jodi Vandenberg-Daves
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813573130
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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How did mothers transform from parents of secondary importance in the colonies to having their multiple and complex roles connected to the well-being of the nation? In the first comprehensive history of motherhood in the United States, Jodi Vandenberg-Daves explores how tensions over the maternal role have been part and parcel of the development of American society. Modern Motherhood travels through redefinitions of motherhood over time, as mothers encountered a growing cadre of medical and psychological experts, increased their labor force participation, gained the right to vote, agitated for more resources to perform their maternal duties, and demonstrated their vast resourcefulness in providing for and nurturing their families. Navigating rigid gender role prescriptions and a crescendo of mother-blame by the middle of the twentieth century, mothers continued to innovate new ways to combine labor force participation and domestic responsibilities. By the 1960s, they were poised to challenge male expertise, in areas ranging from welfare and abortion rights to childbirth practices and the confinement of women to maternal roles. In the twenty-first century, Americans continue to struggle with maternal contradictions, as we pit an idealized role for mothers in children’s development against the social and economic realities of privatized caregiving, a paltry public policy structure, and mothers’ extensive employment outside the home. Building on decades of scholarship and spanning a wide range of topics, Vandenberg-Daves tells an inclusive tale of African American, Native American, Asian American, working class, rural, and other hitherto ignored families, exploring sources ranging from sermons, medical advice, diaries and letters to the speeches of impassioned maternal activists. Chapter topics include: inventing a new role for mothers; contradictions of moral motherhood; medicalizing the maternal body; science, expertise, and advice to mothers; uplifting and controlling mothers; modern reproduction; mothers’ resilience and adaptation; the middle-class wife and mother; mother power and mother angst; and mothers’ changing lives and continuous caregiving. While the discussion has been part of all eras of American history, the discussion of the meaning of modern motherhood is far from over.

Mother

Author: Sarah Knott
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241972752
Format: PDF, Docs
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What was mothering like in the past? When acclaimed historian Sarah Knott became pregnant, she asked herself this question. But accounts of motherhood are hard to find. For centuries, historians have concerned themselves with wars, politics and revolutions, not the everyday details of carrying and caring for a baby. These details matter: they shape our feelings and give structure to our hours. But they leave little historical trace. Much to do with becoming a mother, past or present, is lost or forgotten. Using the arc of her own experience, from miscarriage to the birth and early babyhood of her two children, Sarah Knott explores the ever-changing habits and experiences of motherhood across the ages. Drawing on a disparate collection of fascinating material - interrupted letters, hastily written diary entries, a line from a court record or a figure in a painting - Mother vividly brings to life the lost stories of ordinary women. From the labour pains felt by a South Carolina field slave to the triumphant smile of a royal mistress pregnant with a king's first son; from a 1950s suburban housewife to a working-class East Ender taking her baby to the factory; from a pioneer with eight children to a 1970s feminist debating whether to have any; these remarkable tales of mothering create a moving depiction of a universal and endlessly various human experience. 'A stunning book. Mother: An Unconventional History is a dextrous blend of autobiography and anthropology and social history, but above all love and a woman's desire to be a mother. It is riveting from beginning to end' Diane Atkinson, author of Rise Up Women!: The Remarkable Lives of the Suffragettes

Blessed Among Women

Author: Alicia D. Myers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190677090
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Mothers appear throughout the New Testament. Called "blessed among women" by Elizabeth in the Gospel of Luke, Mary, the mother of Jesus, is the most obvious example. But she is far from the only mother in this canon. She is joined by Elizabeth, a chorus of unnamed mothers seeking healing or promotions for their children, as well as male mothers, including Paul (Gal 4:19-20) and Jesus. Although interpreters of the New Testament have explored these maternal characters and metaphors, many have only recently begun to take seriously their theological aspects. This book builds on previous studies by arguing maternal language is not only theological, but also indebted to ancient gender constructions and their reshaping by early Christians. Especially significant are the physiological, anatomical, and social constructions of female bodies that permeate the ancient world where ancient Christianity was birthed. This book examines ancient generative theories, physiological understandings of breast milk and breastfeeding, and presentations of prominent mothers in literature and art to analyze the use of these themes in the New Testament and several, additional early Christian writings. In a context that aligned perfection with "masculinity," motherhood was the ideal goal for women-a justification for deficient, female existence. Proclaiming a new age ushered in by God's Christ, however, ancient Christians debated the place of women, mothers, and motherhood as a part of their reframing of gender expectations. Rather than a homogenous approval of literal motherhood, ancient Christian writings depict a spectrum of ideals for women disciples even as they retain the assumption of masculine superiority. Identifying themselves as members of God's household, ancient Christians utilized motherhood as a theological category and a contested ideal for women disciples.

Modern Motherhood and Women s Dual Identities

Author: Petra Bueskens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317195450
Format: PDF, Docs
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Why do women in contemporary western societies experience contradiction between their autonomous and maternal selves? What are the origins of this contradiction and the associated ‘double shift’ that result in widespread calls to either ‘lean in’ or ‘opt out’? How are some mothers subverting these contradictions and finding meaningful ways of reconciling their autonomous and maternal selves? In Modern Motherhood and Women’s Dual Identities, Petra Bueskens argues that western modernisation consigned women to the home and released them from it in historically unprecedented, yet interconnected, ways. Her ground-breaking formulation is that western women are free as ‘individuals’ and constrained as mothers, with the twist that it is the former that produces the latter. Bueskens’ theoretical contribution consists of the identification and analysis of modern women’s duality, drawing on political philosophy, feminist theory and sociology tracking the changing nature of discourses of women, freedom and motherhood across three centuries. While the current literature points to the pervasiveness of contradiction and double-shifts for mothers, very little attention has been paid to how (some) women are subverting contradiction and ‘rewriting the sexual contract’. Bridging this gap, Bueskens’ interviews ten ‘revolving mothers’ to reveal how periodic absence, exceeding the standard work-day, disrupts the default position assigned to mothers in the home, and in turn disrupts the gendered dynamics of household work. A provocative and original work, Modern Motherhood and Women’s Dual Identities will appeal to graduate students and researchers interested in fields such as Women and Gender Studies, Sociology of Motherhood and Social and Political Theory.

Mom

Author: Rebecca Jo Plant
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226670236
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In the early twentieth century, Americans often waxed lyrical about “Mother Love,” signaling a conception of motherhood as an all-encompassing identity, rooted in self-sacrifice and infused with social and political meaning. By the 1940s, the idealization of motherhood had waned, and the nation’s mothers found themselves blamed for a host of societal and psychological ills. In Mom, Rebecca Jo Plant traces this important shift by exploring the evolution of maternalist politics, changing perceptions of the mother-child bond, and the rise of new approaches to childbirth pain and suffering. Plant argues that the assault on sentimental motherhood came from numerous quarters. Male critics who railed against female moral authority, psychological experts who hoped to expand their influence, and women who strove to be more than wives and mothers—all for their own distinct reasons—sought to discredit the longstanding maternal ideal. By showing how motherhood ultimately came to be redefined as a more private and partial component of female identity, Plant illuminates a major reorientation in American civic, social, and familial life that still reverberates today.

BECOMING

Author: Michelle Obama
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641227321
Format: PDF, ePub
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Die kraftvolle und inspirierende Autobiografie der ehemaligen First Lady der USA Michelle Obama ist eine der überzeugendsten und beeindruckendsten Frauen der Gegenwart. Als erste afro-amerikanische First Lady der USA trug sie maßgeblich dazu bei, das gastfreundlichste und offenste Weiße Haus zu schaffen, das es je gab. Sie wurde zu einer energischen Fürsprecherin für die Rechte von Frauen und Mädchen in der ganzen Welt, setzte sich für einen dringend notwendigen gesellschaftlichen Wandel hin zu einem gesünderen und aktiveren Leben ein und stärkte außerdem ihrem Ehemann den Rücken, während dieser die USA durch einige der schmerzlichsten Momente des Landes führte. Ganz nebenbei zeigte sie uns noch ein paar lässige Dance-Moves, glänzte beim „Carpool Karaoke“ und schaffte es obendrein auch, zwei bodenständige Töchter zu erziehen – mitten im gnadenlosen Blitzlichtgewitter der Medien. In diesem Buch erzählt sie nun erstmals ihre Geschichte – in ihren eigenen Worten und auf ihre ganz eigene Art. Sie nimmt uns mit in ihre Welt und berichtet von all den Erfahrungen, die sie zu der starken Frau gemacht haben, die sie heute ist. Warmherzig, weise und unverblümt erzählt sie von ihrer Kindheit an der Chicagoer South Side, von den Jahren als Anwältin und leitende Angestellte, von der nicht immer einfachen Zeit als berufstätige Mutter sowie von ihrem Leben an Baracks Seite und dem Leben ihrer Familie im Weißen Haus. Gnadenlos ehrlich und voller Esprit schreibt sie sowohl über große Erfolge als auch über bittere Enttäuschungen, den privaten wie den öffentlichen. Dieses Buch ist mehr als eine Autobiografie. Es enthält die ungewöhnlich intimen Erinnerungen einer Frau mit Herz und Substanz, deren Geschichte uns zeigt, wie wichtig es ist, seiner eigenen Stimme zu folgen.

Die M tter

Author: Brit Bennett
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644001243
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Brit Bennett gilt als das Wunderkind der neuesten US-Literatur. Aus dem Stand sprang die 26-jährige Afroamerikanerin mit ihrem ersten Roman an die Spitze der Bestsellerliste. Sie wurde für den PEN-Award nominiert und erntete begeisterte Kritiken; zuletzt kündigte Warner Bros. die Verfilmung an. «Die Mütter», so nennen sich die alten Frauen in der kleinen kalifornischen Gemeinde Oceanside. Sie sind Zeugen des Skandals, mit dem dieser Roman beginnt. Ein Skandal ist es, wenigstens aus ihrer Perspektive: Dass Nadia Turner, deren Mutter sich das Leben genommen hat, mit Luke, dem Sohn des Pastors ... Dass Nadia Turner ein Baby bekommt ... Oder vielmehr beschließt, es nicht zu bekommen. Und das ist erst der Anfang der Geschichte, der Anfang einer Geschichte voller Zuneigung und Komplikationen. Nadia kehrt der Kleinstadtenge bald den Rücken, sie geht aufs College, bereist die Welt. Aubrey, ihre beste Freundin, bleibt und stellt sich auf ihre Weise gegen den Chor der alten Frauen, deren Stimmen über die Jahre merklich auseinandergehen. Es dauert nicht lange und sie feiern ein neues Paar in Oceanside: Aubrey und Luke Sheppard. Und das beschäftigt die heimgekehrte Nadia mehr, als sie vor der besten Freundin zugeben kann. Brit Bennett fragt nach dem, was uns hält und was uns bindet, mit allem Respekt und der nötigen Respektlosigkeit. Und sie erzählt von Herkunft, Hautfarbe, Geschlecht in einer Gelassenheit, die staunen macht: ein lebenskluger Roman über das Amerika von heute und das Amerika von morgen.

Hei e Milch

Author: Deborah Levy
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462317245
Format: PDF
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Shortlist des Man Booker Prize – die psychologisch faszinierende Geschichte einer Mutter-Tochter-Beziehung.Eine junge Frau begleitet ihre Mutter nach Spanien, wo diese in einer Spezialklinik behandelt werden soll, da die Beine ihr den Dienst versagen. Doch ist das Leiden der Mutter wirklich physischer Natur, oder versucht sie, ihre Tochter an sich zu binden? Dr. Gomez gilt als Koryphäe, deshalb reisen die beiden Engländerinnen nach Andalusien, wo sich Rose in Behandlung begibt. Sofia, deren griechischer Vater die Familie vor Jahren verließ, versucht zu ergründen, woran ihre Mutter erkrankt ist und wo sie selbst steht. Beim Schwimmen im Meer, das voller Medusen ist, in Gesprächen mit Dr. Gomez oder dessen Tochter wird ihr immer klarer, dass sie sich von ihrer Mutter befreien muss. Als sie die Deutsche Ingrid kennenlernt, die selbstbewusst und unkonventionell ihr Leben lebt, trifft Sofia Entscheidungen. Ein Roman über eine allzu enge Mutter-Tochter-Beziehung, über Abhängigkeit und Emanzipation und über die Suche nach Identität, ein Buch, das wie ein Quallenbiss brennt und noch lange nachwirkt. Deborah Levy, die Autorin von »Heim schwimmen«, wurde für diesen Roman mehrfach ausgezeichnet und für den Man Booker Prize nominiert. »Ein Roman, der in seiner Klarheit an Virginia Woolf erinnert« The Guardian

Confronting Change Challenging Tradition

Author: Gertrude Matyoka Yeager
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780842024808
Format: PDF
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Understanding the role of women in Latin American history demands a full examination of their activities in the region's political, economic, and domestic spheres. Toward this end, historian Gertrude M. Yeager has assembled the multidisciplinary collection Confronting Change, Challenging Tradition. The essays in this volume explore the ways in which Latin American women have shaped-and have been shaped by-the traditional practices and ideologies of their cultures. The selections are arranged in two sections: Culture and the Status of Women, and Reconstructing the Past.

Perfect Motherhood

Author: Rima Apple
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813539986
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Parenting today is virtually synonymous with worry. We want to ensure that our children are healthy, that they get a good education, and that they grow up to be able to cope with the challenges of modern life. In our anxiety, we are keenly aware of our inability to know what is best for our children. When should we toilet train? What is the best way to encourage a fussy child to eat? How should we protect our children from disease and injury? Before the nineteenth century, maternal instinct—a mother’s “natural know-how”—was considered the only tool necessary for effective childrearing. Over the past two hundred years, however, science has entered the realm of motherhood in increasingly significant ways. In Perfect Motherhood, Rima D. Apple shows how the growing belief that mothers need to be savvy about the latest scientific directives has shifted the role of expert away from the mother and toward the professional establishment. Apple, however, argues that most women today are finding ways to negotiate among the abundance of scientific recommendations, their own knowledge, and the reality of their daily lives.