Modern Polyesters

Author: John Scheirs
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470090677
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Provides an overview of the family of polyester polymers which comprise an important group of plastics that span the range of commodity polymers to engineering resins. It describes the preparation, properties and applications of polyesters. Readers will also find details on polyester-based elastomers, biodegradable aliphatic polyester, liquid crystal polyesters and unsaturated polyesters for glass-reinforced composites. Presents an overview of the most recent developments. Explores synthesis, catalysts, processes, properties and applications. Looks at emerging polyester materials as well as existing ones. Written by foremost experts from both academia and industry, ensuring that both fundamentals and practical applications are covered.

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Author: Stephen M. Burkinshaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118725697
Format: PDF, ePub
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The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Solid State Polymerization

Author: Constantine D. Papaspyrides
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470451823
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The most current guide to solid state polymerization Solid State Polymerization (SSP)is an indispensable tool in the design, manufacture, and study of polymers, plastics, and fibers. SSP presents significant advantages over other polymerization techniques due to low operating temperatures, inexpensive equipment, and simple and environmentally sound procedures. Combining fundamentals of polymer science, chemistry, physical chemistry, and engineering, SSP also offers many research applications for a wide range of students and investigators. Gathering and filtering the latest literature on SSP, Solid Solid State Polymerization offers a unique, one-stop resource on this important process. With chapters contributed by leaders in the field, this text summarizes SSP, and provides essential coverage that includes: An introduction to SSP, with chemical and physical steps, apparatus, advantages, and parameters SSP physical chemistry and mechanisms Kinetic aspects of polyesters and polyamides SSP Catalysis in SSP processes Application of SSP under high pressure conditions in the laboratory Engineering aspects regarding process modeling and industrial application Recent developments and future possibilities Solid State Polymerization provides the most up-to-date coverage of this constantly developing field to academic and industry professionals, as well as graduate and postgraduate-level students in chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, polymer chemistry, polymer processing and polymer engineering.

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition

Author: Olagoke Olabisi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466577231
Format: PDF, ePub
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This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Reactive Polymer Blending

Author: Warren E. Baker
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783446210684
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Major advancement has occurred in preparing useful polymer blends, in most cases using some form of compatibilization. While physical compatibilization using block copolymers was the technique of choice in the past, increasingly reactive approaches have been used. Much enabling technology is required to produce commercially viable blends including compatibilization chemistry, blend rheology, process equipment and morphology control. This volume is particularly suitable for students as a graduate level textbook and for practitioners trying to optimize these products and processes.

Scale up

Author: Marko Zlokarnik
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527660461
Format: PDF, Docs
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Das Thema dieses Buches ist die ?bertragung von Verfahren aus dem Labor- bzw. dem Technikumsma?stab in den industriellen Ma?stab einer Produktionsanlage. Die einzige zuverl?ssige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensionsanalytischen Raum, der sich als ma?stabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert. In der ersten H?lfte werden die theoretischen Grundlagen detailliert vorgestellt, um auch Lesern ohne vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet n?herzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabh?ngigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modell?bertragung bei nicht-Verf?gbarkeit von Modell-Stoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller ?hnlichkeit. All dies wird dem Leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischen Praxis illustriert und mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen ?bungsaufgaben aktiv erarbeitet und anhand der L?sungen kontrolliert. Im zweiten Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik von der Warte der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modell?bertragung beispielhaft behandelt und es werden f?r jede Operation die Ma?stabs?bertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem Gebiet t?tige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.