Modernity and Crisis in the Thought of Michel Foucault

Author: Matan Oram
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317284526
Format: PDF, Docs
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Few studies of Foucault have examined his thought from a sustained interdisciplinary perspective. Through the interpretative prism of the concept of the ‘Totality of Reason’, this book suggests an original analytical reading of Foucault's thought. This book addresses Foucault’s characterizations of the Enlightenment, asking whether the developmental history of the modern conception of knowledge – from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment – warrants the conclusion he draws. From the perspective of a critical evaluation of Foucault's thesis on ‘the crisis of modernity’, the book examines whether Foucault, the philosophical and social critic, truly belongs to those intellectual trends known as a ‘deconstruction’ and ‘post-modernism’ that advocate a wholesale rejection of the project of modernity, demonstrating how a classification of this kind contributes to an impoverishment of our understanding of Foucault's thought. This book will attract the attention of readers interested in Foucault, and what is broadly perceived to be the ‘crisis of modernity’. It will appeal to scholars and advanced students of sociology, political philosophy and political science, psychology, philosophy, interdisciplinary studies and cultural studies.

Imaginaries of Modernity

Author: John Rundell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317118715
Format: PDF
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This book offers a new perspective on the issue of modernity through a series of interconnected essays. Drawing centrally on the works of Castoriadis, Luhmann, Heller and Lefort, and in critical discussion with Weber, Durkheim, Simmel, Adorno, Habermas and Taylor, the author argues that modernity is not only a unique historical creation but also a multiple one. With a focus on five broad themes - the problem of understanding of modernity after the decline of grand narratives; the complexity of the modern condition; politics, especially with reference to freedom and totalitarian regimes; the variety and density of modern life; and the centrality of a concept of culture to social and critical theory - John Rundell advances the view that modernity is not the outcome of an evolutionary process or historical development, but is unique and indeterminate, as are the constitutive dimensions that can be identified as 'modern'. There are, then, different modernities. A rigorous engagement with a range of prominent and contemporary social theorists, Imaginaries of Modernity casts new light on the significance of understanding the multidimensional character of modernity and the plurality of its forms beyond the conventional paradigms associated with only the West. As such, it will appeal to scholars of social theory, critical theory, sociology and philosophy concerned with questions of culture, politics and modernity.

Elementary Forms of Social Relations

Author: Theodore D. Kemper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131552435X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Elementary Forms of Social Relations introduces the reader to social life as a perpetual quest by individuals to gain attention, respect and regard (status) accompanied by an effort to marshal defensive and offensive means (power) to overcome the reluctance of others to grant status. This work is based on empirical evidence from many research settings showing that status and power are the main relational modes and that to understand our own and others' social behaviour, we need to understand how status and power operate in relational conduct. The status-power and reference group approach is applied to enumerate the relatively few ways in which social interaction can occur. Chapters compare the analytic value of the concept of the self with the value of reference groups that create the self. Threads of investigation include: considering the fallacy of abandoning reference groups as sources of cultural information in favour of approaches derived from cognitive neuroscience; examining a multi-person conversation from a status-power-and-reference-group stance as against a view of the same conversation based on principles of Conversation Analysis; and asserting the universality of personal status-power interests even among national leaders to name a few. By applying the author’s main theory to a range of specific cases, the author reaffirms the importance of the social to our understanding of a variety of phenomena, including the self, cultural transmission, the conduct of leaders and economic activity. This book provides readers with transparent instances of the theory in action and thus will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in theory and social interaction.

Theories of the Stranger

Author: Vince P. Marotta
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317011015
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In our global, multicultural world, how we understand and relate to those who are different from us has become central to the politics of immigration in western societies. Who we are and how we perceive ourselves is closely associated with those who are different and strange. This book explores the pivotal role played by ‘the stranger’ in social theory, examining the different conceptualisations of the stranger found in the social sciences and shedding light on the ways in which these discourses can contribute to an analysis of cross-cultural interaction and cultural hybridity. Engaging with the work of Simmel, Park and Bauman and arguing for the need for greater theoretical clarity, Theories of the Stranger connects conceptual questions with debates surrounding identity politics, multiculturalism, online ethnicities and cross-cultural dialogue. As such, this rigorous, conceptual re-examination of the stranger will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in social theory and the theoretical foundations of discourses relating to migration, cosmopolitanism, globalisation and multiculturalism.

Wissen im Diskurs

Author: Laura Kajetzke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531907816
Format: PDF
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In dieser Arbeit werden die theoretischen Perspektiven Pierre Bourdieus und Michel Foucaults einer wissenssoziologischen Lesart unterzogen: Wie verhalten sich Foucaults Konzepte Wissen, Macht, Subjekt, Diskurs und Dispositiv zu Bourdieus Konzepten von Wissen, Habitus, Feld und den Kapitalarten? Die Autorin zeigt anhand einer Analyse der printmedialen PISA-Berichterstattung, wie man mithilfe eines solchen Vergleichs Leitfragen und ein diskursanalytisches Vorgehen entwickeln kann.

Die Macht der Psychiatrie

Author: Michel Foucault
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783518297520
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Die Macht der Psychiatrie präsentiert Michel Foucault eine Genealogie der modernen Psychiatrie und der spezifischen Wissensformen, die sie hervorgebracht hat. Man kann, so seine These, den Erkenntnissen der Psychiatrie über den Wahnsinn nur dann Rechnung tragen, wenn man sie ausgehend von den Dispositiven und Wissenstechniken analysiert, die die Behandlung der Kranken bestimmen. Foucaults brillante Untersuchung konzentriert sich vor allem auf die Frühzeit der Psychiatrie von Pinel bis Charcot und schließt mit einer Betrachtung der ”Depsychiatrisierung“ des Wahnsinns in den Neurowissenschaften und der Psychoanalyse, die über die Bewegung der Antipsychiatrie bis in die Gegenwart wirkt.