Molecular Forces and Self Assembly

Author: Barry W. Ninham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521896002
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Describes new developments in the field, the predictive theory now evolving, and the practical ramifications for a range of applications.

Biomateriomics

Author: Steven W. Cranford
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400716109
Format: PDF
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Biomateriomics is the holistic study of biological material systems. While such systems are undoubtedly complex, we frequently encounter similar components -- universal building blocks and hierarchical structure motifs -- which result in a diverse set of functionalities. Similar to the way music or language arises from a limited set of music notes and words, we exploit the relationships between form and function in a meaningful way by recognizing the similarities between Beethoven and bone, or Shakespeare and silk. Through the investigation of material properties, examining fundamental links between processes, structures, and properties at multiple scales and their interactions, materiomics explains system functionality from the level of building blocks. Biomateriomics specifically focuses the analysis of the role of materials in the context of biological processes, the transfer of biological material principles towards biomimetic and bioinspired applications, and the study of interfaces between living and non-living systems. The challenges of biological materials are vast, but the convergence of biology, mathematics and engineering as well as computational and experimental techniques have resulted in the toolset necessary to describe complex material systems, from nano to macro. Applying biomateriomics can unlock Nature’s secret to high performance materials such as spider silk, bone, and nacre, and elucidate the progression and diagnosis or the treatment of diseases. Similarly, it contributes to develop a de novo understanding of biological material processes and to the potential of exploiting novel concepts in innovation, material synthesis and design.

Food Emulsions

Author: David Julian McClements
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498726690
Format: PDF, Docs
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Continuing the mission of the first two editions, Food Emulsions: Principles, Practices, and Techniques, Third Edition covers the fundamentals of emulsion science and demonstrates how this knowledge can be applied to control the appearance, stability, and texture of emulsion-based foods. Initially developed to fill the need for a single resource covering all areas of food emulsion formation, stability, characterization, and application, the first two editions raised the bar for references in this field. This third edition is poised to do the same. See What’s New in the Third Edition: New chapters have been added on Emulsion-Based Delivery Systems and the Gastrointestinal Fate of Emulsions All chapters have been revised and updated, including new methods of fabricating and characterizing emulsions New figures have been included, and previous ones have been redrawn As in previous editions, the main focus of this book is on presenting the fundamental principles of emulsion science and technology that underlie all types of emulsion-based food products. It highlights practical applications and provides an overview of modern areas of research. Figures and diagrams add emphasis to important concepts and present the underlying theory in a clear and approachable manner. These features and more give you a firm grounding in basic principles that will aid in the rational design of new products, the improvement of existing products, and the more rapid solution of processing problems.

The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

Author: Anthony Stone
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191652954
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The theory of intermolecular forces has advanced very greatly in recent years. It has become possible to carry out accurate calculations of intermolecular forces for molecules of useful size, and to apply the results to important practical applications such as understanding protein structure and function, and predicting the structures of molecular crystals. The Theory of Intermolecular Forces sets out the mathematical techniques that are needed to describe and calculate intermolecular interactions and to handle the more elaborate mathematical models. It describes the methods that are used to calculate them, including recent developments in the use of density functional theory and symmetry-adapted perturbation theory. The use of higher-rank multipole moments to describe electrostatic interactions is explained in both Cartesian and spherical tensor formalism, and methods that avoid the multipole expansion are also discussed. Modern ab initio perturbation theory methods for the calculation of intermolecular interactions are discussed in detail, and methods for calculating properties of molecular clusters and condensed matter for comparison with experiment are surveyed.

Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Author: Jacob N. Israelachvili
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080923635
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Surface Chemistry of Surfactants and Polymers

Author: Bengt Kronberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118695984
Format: PDF
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This book gives the reader an introduction to the field of surfactants in solution as well as polymers in solution. Starting with an introduction to surfactants the book then discusses their environmental and health aspects. Chapter 3 looks at fundamental forces in surface and colloid chemistry. Chapter 4 covers self-assembly and 5 phase diagrams. Chapter 6 reviews advanced self-assembly while chapter 7 looks at complex behaviour. Chapters 8 to 10 cover polymer adsorption at solid surfaces, polymers in solution and surface active polymers, respectively. Chapters 11 and 12 discuss adsorption and surface and interfacial tension, while Chapters 13- 16 deal with mixed surfactant systems. Chapter 17, 18 and 19 address microemulsions, colloidal stability and the rheology of polymer and surfactant solutions. Wetting and wetting agents, hydrophobization and hydrophobizing agents, solid dispersions, surfactant assemblies, foaming, emulsions and emulsifiers and microemulsions for soil and oil removal complete the coverage in chapters 20-25.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1317563743
Format: PDF
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Self Assembly

Author: John A. Pelesko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584886884
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hailed as one of the key areas of nanoscience likely to shape future scientific research, self-assembly offers the most promising route to true molecular nanotechnology. Focusing on this dynamic new field, Self Assembly: The Science of Things That Put Themselves Together explores nature's self-assembly of structures, the use of it to build engineered systems, and the latest advances in the field. Reflecting the inherent progress of the science of self-assembly, this definitive book first delves into natural self-assembling systems. It addresses crystal growth, soap films, and micelles; examines how nature builds viruses, proteins, and ribosomes; and introduces the protein folding problem. The author then discusses how physicists, chemists, biologists, and engineers are applying nature's principles to self-assemble everything from DNA cubes to millimeter-scale electronic circuits. The final chapters cover theoretical and experimental approaches to understand the phenomenon of self-assembly and overcome its various challenges. With practical activities, profiles of leading experts, chapter highlights, exercises, and references, Self Assembly provides the most current authoritative information on this exciting branch of nanoscience.

Rotational Spectroscopy of Diatomic Molecules

Author: John M. Brown
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521530781
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Diatomic molecules are important across the whole of the physical sciences. They are the basic building blocks of large molecules and many of the principles which underlie our understanding of chemical bonds in molecules were first developed by studying diatomic systems. Starting from fundamental principles, this book develops the theory behind the energy levels of diatomic molecules and then summarises the many experimental methods used to study the spectra of these molecules in the gaseous state. This book will be the definitive text in the field.

Molecular Crystals

Author: J. D. Wright
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521477307
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There has been an explosion of interest in the study of molecular crystals, and their applications in optics and electronics. This advanced 1994 textbook describes their chemical and physical structure, their optical and electronic properties and the reactions between neighbouring molecules in crystals. The author has taken into account research areas which have undergone extremely rapid development since the first edition was published in 1987. For instance, this edition features the applications of molecular materials in high-technology devices. There is also an additional chapter on C60 and organic non-linear optic materials. The level of treatment is aimed at first-year postgraduates or workers in industrial research laboratories wishing to gain insights into organic solid state materials. Molecular Crystals is also suitable for special topics in final year undergraduate courses in chemistry, physics and electronic engineering.