Molecular Forces and Self Assembly

Author: Barry W. Ninham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521896002
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Describes new developments in the field, the predictive theory now evolving, and the practical ramifications for a range of applications.

Biomateriomics

Author: Steven W. Cranford
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400716109
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Biomateriomics is the holistic study of biological material systems. While such systems are undoubtedly complex, we frequently encounter similar components -- universal building blocks and hierarchical structure motifs -- which result in a diverse set of functionalities. Similar to the way music or language arises from a limited set of music notes and words, we exploit the relationships between form and function in a meaningful way by recognizing the similarities between Beethoven and bone, or Shakespeare and silk. Through the investigation of material properties, examining fundamental links between processes, structures, and properties at multiple scales and their interactions, materiomics explains system functionality from the level of building blocks. Biomateriomics specifically focuses the analysis of the role of materials in the context of biological processes, the transfer of biological material principles towards biomimetic and bioinspired applications, and the study of interfaces between living and non-living systems. The challenges of biological materials are vast, but the convergence of biology, mathematics and engineering as well as computational and experimental techniques have resulted in the toolset necessary to describe complex material systems, from nano to macro. Applying biomateriomics can unlock Nature’s secret to high performance materials such as spider silk, bone, and nacre, and elucidate the progression and diagnosis or the treatment of diseases. Similarly, it contributes to develop a de novo understanding of biological material processes and to the potential of exploiting novel concepts in innovation, material synthesis and design.

Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Author: Jacob N. Israelachvili
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080923635
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This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Food Emulsions

Author: David Julian McClements
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498726690
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Continuing the mission of the first two editions, Food Emulsions: Principles, Practices, and Techniques, Third Edition covers the fundamentals of emulsion science and demonstrates how this knowledge can be applied to control the appearance, stability, and texture of emulsion-based foods. Initially developed to fill the need for a single resource covering all areas of food emulsion formation, stability, characterization, and application, the first two editions raised the bar for references in this field. This third edition is poised to do the same. See What’s New in the Third Edition: New chapters have been added on Emulsion-Based Delivery Systems and the Gastrointestinal Fate of Emulsions All chapters have been revised and updated, including new methods of fabricating and characterizing emulsions New figures have been included, and previous ones have been redrawn As in previous editions, the main focus of this book is on presenting the fundamental principles of emulsion science and technology that underlie all types of emulsion-based food products. It highlights practical applications and provides an overview of modern areas of research. Figures and diagrams add emphasis to important concepts and present the underlying theory in a clear and approachable manner. These features and more give you a firm grounding in basic principles that will aid in the rational design of new products, the improvement of existing products, and the more rapid solution of processing problems.

The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

Author: Anthony Stone
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191652954
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The theory of intermolecular forces has advanced very greatly in recent years. It has become possible to carry out accurate calculations of intermolecular forces for molecules of useful size, and to apply the results to important practical applications such as understanding protein structure and function, and predicting the structures of molecular crystals. The Theory of Intermolecular Forces sets out the mathematical techniques that are needed to describe and calculate intermolecular interactions and to handle the more elaborate mathematical models. It describes the methods that are used to calculate them, including recent developments in the use of density functional theory and symmetry-adapted perturbation theory. The use of higher-rank multipole moments to describe electrostatic interactions is explained in both Cartesian and spherical tensor formalism, and methods that avoid the multipole expansion are also discussed. Modern ab initio perturbation theory methods for the calculation of intermolecular interactions are discussed in detail, and methods for calculating properties of molecular clusters and condensed matter for comparison with experiment are surveyed.

Surface Chemistry of Surfactants and Polymers

Author: Bengt Kronberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118695984
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This book gives the reader an introduction to the field of surfactants in solution as well as polymers in solution. Starting with an introduction to surfactants the book then discusses their environmental and health aspects. Chapter 3 looks at fundamental forces in surface and colloid chemistry. Chapter 4 covers self-assembly and 5 phase diagrams. Chapter 6 reviews advanced self-assembly while chapter 7 looks at complex behaviour. Chapters 8 to 10 cover polymer adsorption at solid surfaces, polymers in solution and surface active polymers, respectively. Chapters 11 and 12 discuss adsorption and surface and interfacial tension, while Chapters 13- 16 deal with mixed surfactant systems. Chapter 17, 18 and 19 address microemulsions, colloidal stability and the rheology of polymer and surfactant solutions. Wetting and wetting agents, hydrophobization and hydrophobizing agents, solid dispersions, surfactant assemblies, foaming, emulsions and emulsifiers and microemulsions for soil and oil removal complete the coverage in chapters 20-25.

Cohesion

Author: J. S. Rowlinson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139435888
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Why does matter stick together? Why do gases condense to liquids, and liquids to solids? This book provides a detailed historical account of how some of the leading scientists of the past three centuries have tried to answer these questions. The topic of cohesion and the study of intermolecular forces has been an important component of physical science research for hundreds of years. This book is organised into four broad periods of advances in our understanding. The first three are associated with Newton, Laplace and van der Waals. The final section gives an account of the successful use in the twentieth century of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics to resolve most of the remaining problems. The book will be of primary interest to physical chemists and physicists, as well as historians of science interested in the historical origins of our modern day understanding of cohesion.

Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics

Author: Akbar Salam
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470259302
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The theory of molecular quantum electrodynamics and itsapplication to a number of intermolecular interactions Considerable advances have taken place in quantumelectrodynamical theory of intermolecular forces. Virtuallyimpacting all areas of science, molecular quantum electrodynamics(MQED) has been successfully applied to numerous radiation-moleculeand molecule-molecule processes. Molecular QuantumElectrodynamics delves in depth into the MQED theory oflong-range intermolecular forces, offering a variety of physicalviewpoints and calculational techniques. The text provides an introduction and background on: Field theoretic treatments, including the second quantizedMaxwell field formulation Intermolecular potential and a semi-classical perturbationtheory treatment of short- and long-range forces Retarded dispersion interactions including discriminatoryforces Intermolecular interactions in a radiation field Energy shift and transfer rate in relation to specific two- andmany-body forces Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics provides an essentialresource for chemists, physicists, biophysicists, materialsscientists, and nanochemists interested in exploring the theory andapplication of MQED.

Self Assembly

Author: John A. Pelesko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781584886884
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Hailed as one of the key areas of nanoscience likely to shape future scientific research, self-assembly offers the most promising route to true molecular nanotechnology. Focusing on this dynamic new field, Self Assembly: The Science of Things That Put Themselves Together explores nature's self-assembly of structures, the use of it to build engineered systems, and the latest advances in the field. Reflecting the inherent progress of the science of self-assembly, this definitive book first delves into natural self-assembling systems. It addresses crystal growth, soap films, and micelles; examines how nature builds viruses, proteins, and ribosomes; and introduces the protein folding problem. The author then discusses how physicists, chemists, biologists, and engineers are applying nature's principles to self-assemble everything from DNA cubes to millimeter-scale electronic circuits. The final chapters cover theoretical and experimental approaches to understand the phenomenon of self-assembly and overcome its various challenges. With practical activities, profiles of leading experts, chapter highlights, exercises, and references, Self Assembly provides the most current authoritative information on this exciting branch of nanoscience.

Physics in Molecular Biology

Author: Kim Sneppen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521844192
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This book, first published in 2005, is a discussion for advanced physics students of how to use physics to model biological systems.