Money in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: David Cobham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136864156
Format: PDF, Docs
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Monetary policy in the Middle East and North African (MENA) countries remains an understudied area; this book fills an important gap by examining monetary policy frameworks and monetary policy strategies in the region. Building on the editors’ earlier book, Monetary Policy and Central Banking in the Middle East and North Africa, which focused on central bank independence issues and on exchange rate regimes, this book emphasises monetary policy strategies. Part I contains an overview of the financial markets and institutions which condition the choice of monetary policy strategy in the countries of the region, followed by single-country studies on aspects of the monetary policy frameworks of Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan, the Palestinian Territory and Turkey. Part II includes analyses of the prospects for inflation targeting in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, of the monetary transmission mechanism in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, of the relative advantages of inflation targeting and exchange rate fixity with reference to Egypt, of the problem of fiscal dominance in Egypt, and of the inflationary implications of exchange rate fixity for Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The contributors are experts from universities inside and outside the MENA region, from central banks in the region and from outside institutions such as the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

Fiscal Determinants of Inflation A Primer for the Middle East and North Africa EPub

Author: Mr. Ludvig Söderling
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1452775362
Format: PDF
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Many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have recently experienced surges in money growth that apparently have not generated significant inflationary pressures. Moreover, several MENA countries have followed monetary policy rules that according to standard monetary theory should have produced macroeconomic instability and possibly hyperinflation. We argue that the Fiscal Theory of the Price Level could usefully provide insights on these developments. Our main conclusion is that a sound fiscal position constitutes a necessary condition for macroeconomic stability whereas "sound" monetary policy is neither sufficient nor necessary. Hence, fiscal policy and public debt deserve particular attention for maintaining macroeconomic stability, by and large consistent with Fund policy advice to MENA countries.

Commodity Prices and Inflation in the Middle East North Africa and Central Asia

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1455200395
Format: PDF
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Inflation followed a strikingly uniform pattern in all countries of the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia during the period 1996-2009, falling until about 2000 and then rising. International fuel prices do not help explain this pattern. This conclusion is robust even when different cross sections of countries are tested or when different regression variables are included. The pattern of inflation is explained mainly by past inflation, the strength of the US dollar, US inflation, and—depending on the subset of countries analyzed—monetary and exchange rate policies and nonfuel commodity prices.

Money Laundering Asset Forfeiture and Recovery and Compliance A Global Guide

Author: William H. Byrnes
Publisher: LexisNexis
ISBN: 0327170840
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This eBook is designed to provide the reader with accurate analyses of the AML/CTF Financial and Legal Intelligence, law and practice in the nations of the world with the most current references and resources. The eBook is organized around five main themes: 1. Money Laundering Risk and Compliance; 2. The Law of Anti-Money Laundering and Compliance; 3. Criminal and Civil Forfeiture; 4. Compliance and 5. International Cooperation. Each chapter is made up of five parts. Part I, "Introduction," begins with the analysis of money laundering risks and compliance with the recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), and then concludes with the country's rating based on the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) of the U.S. State Department. Part II, "Anti-Money Laundering and Combating Terrorist Financing (AML/CTF)" and Part III, "Criminal and Civil Forfeiture," evaluate the judicial and legislative structures of the country. Given the increasing global dimension of AML/CTF activities, these sections give special attention to how a country has created statutes, decisions, policies and the judicial enforcement procedures needed to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. Part IV, "Compliance," examines the most critical processes for the prevention and detection of money laundering and terrorist financing. This section reflects on the practical elements that should be in place so that financial institutions can comply with AML/CTF requirements; these are categorized into the development and implementation of internal controls, policies and procedures. Part V, "International Cooperation," reviews the compilation of international laws and treaties between countries working together to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. As these unlawful activities can occur in any given country, it is important to identify the international participants who are cooperating to develop methods to obstruct these criminal activities.

Choosing Exchange Regimes in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Abdelali Jbili
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 9781589062306
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This paper reviews the exchange regimes of five emerging market countries in the Middle East and North Africa region--Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia--and one oil-exporting country--Iran--to see whether they need to consider adopting more flexible arrangements as they further open their economies to trade and capital flows.

Financial Development and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Susan Creane
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1463919417
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this study, the authors assess financial sector development in the MENA regionand propose several policy measures, which include reinforcing the institutional environment and promoting nonbank financial sector development, to enhance this sector's performance.

An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Charles Issawi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134560583
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The economic history of the Middle East and North Africa is quite extraordinary. This is an axiomatic statement, but the very nature of the economic changes that have stemmed directly from the effects of oil resources in these areas has tended to obscure longterm patterns of economic change and the fundamental transformation of Middle Eastern and North African economies and societies over the past two hundred years. In this study Professor Issawi examines and explains the development of these economies since 1800, focusing particularly on the challenge posed by the use and subsequent decline of Western economic and political domination and the Middle Eastern response to it. The book beg ins with an analysis of the effects of foreign intervention in the area: the expansion of trade, the development of transport networks, the influx of foreign capital and resulting integration into international commercial and financial networks. It goes on to examine the local response to these external forces: migration within, to and from the region, population growth, urbanization and changes in living standards, shifts in agricultural production and land tenure and the development of an industrial sector. Professor Issawi discusses the crucial effects of the growth of oil and oil-related industries in a separate chapter, and finally assesses the likely gains and losses in this long period for both the countries in the area and the Western powers. He has drawn on long experience and an immense amount of material in surveying the period, and provides a clear and penetrating survey of an extraordinarily complex area.

Public Financial Management Reform in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Robert P. Beschel, Jr.
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821395300
Format: PDF, ePub
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This report combines a comparative cross-country analysis using Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) data along with individual country case studies to examine the relative strengths and weaknesses of public financial management practices in the Middle East and North

The Middle East and North Africa 2004

Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781857431841
Format: PDF, ePub
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Now in its 50th edition, this title continues to provide the most up-to-date geo-political and economic information for this important world area.

Financial Sector Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451918968
Format: PDF, ePub
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Based on data collected on a wide range of financial sector indicators, new indices of financial development for countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are constructed, encompassing six themes: development of the monetary sector and monetary policy, banking sector development, nonbank financial development, regulation and supervision, financial openness, and institutional quality. The paper finds that the degree of financial development varies across the region. Some countries have relatively well-developed banking sectors and regulatory and supervisory regimes. However, across the region, more needs to be done to reinforce the institutional environment and promote nonbank financial sector development. Based on a subset of indicators, the MENA region is found to compare favorably with a few other regions, but it ranks far behind the industrialized countries and East Asia.