Monte Carlo Methods for Particle Transport

Author: Alireza Haghighat
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466592540
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Monte Carlo method has become the de facto standard in radiation transport. Although powerful, if not understood and used appropriately, the method can give misleading results. Monte Carlo Methods for Particle Transport teaches appropriate use of the Monte Carlo method, explaining the method’s fundamental concepts as well as its limitations. Concise yet comprehensive, this well-organized text: Introduces the particle importance equation and its use for variance reduction Describes general and particle-transport-specific variance reduction techniques Presents particle transport eigenvalue issues and methodologies to address these issues Explores advanced formulations based on the author’s research activities Discusses parallel processing concepts and factors affecting parallel performance Featuring illustrative examples, mathematical derivations, computer algorithms, and homework problems, Monte Carlo Methods for Particle Transport provides nuclear engineers and scientists with a practical guide to the application of the Monte Carlo method.

Monte Carlo Particle Transport Methods

Author: I. Lux
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351091735
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With this book we try to reach several more-or-less unattainable goals namely: To compromise in a single book all the most important achievements of Monte Carlo calculations for solving neutron and photon transport problems. To present a book which discusses the same topics in the three levels known from the literature and gives us useful information for both beginners and experienced readers. It lists both well-established old techniques and also newest findings.

Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport

Author: Oleg N. Vassiliev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319441418
Format: PDF
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This book is a guide to the use of Monte Carlo techniques in radiation transport. This topic is of great interest for medical physicists. Praised as a "gold standard" for accurate radiotherapy dose calculations, Monte Carlo has stimulated a high level of research activity that has produced thousands of papers within the past few years. The book is designed primarily to address the needs of an academically inclined medical physicist who wishes to learn the technique, as well as experienced users of standard Monte Carlo codes who wish to gain insight into the underlying mathematics of Monte Carlo algorithms. The book focuses on the fundamentals—giving full attention to and explaining the very basic concepts. It also includes advanced topics and covers recent advances such as transport of charged particles in magnetic fields and the grid-based solvers of the Boltzmann equation.

Computational Many Particle Physics

Author: Holger Fehske
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540746854
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Looking for the real state of play in computational many-particle physics? Look no further. This book presents an overview of state-of-the-art numerical methods for studying interacting classical and quantum many-particle systems. A broad range of techniques and algorithms are covered, and emphasis is placed on their implementation on modern high-performance computers. This excellent book comes complete with online files and updates allowing readers to stay right up to date.

Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy

Author: Joao Seco
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1466507942
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modern cancer treatment relies on Monte Carlo simulations to help radiotherapists and clinical physicists better understand and compute radiation dose from imaging devices as well as exploit four-dimensional imaging data. With Monte Carlo-based treatment planning tools now available from commercial vendors, a complete transition to Monte Carlo-based dose calculation methods in radiotherapy could likely take place in the next decade. Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy explores the use of Monte Carlo methods for modeling various features of internal and external radiation sources, including light ion beams. The book—the first of its kind—world examples, it illustrates the use of Monte Carlo modeling and simulations in dose calculation, beam delivery, kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging, proton radiography, device design, and much more.

Exploring Monte Carlo Methods

Author: William L. Dunn
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080930619
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Exploring Monte Carlo Methods is a basic text that describes the numerical methods that have come to be known as "Monte Carlo." The book treats the subject generically through the first eight chapters and, thus, should be of use to anyone who wants to learn to use Monte Carlo. The next two chapters focus on applications in nuclear engineering, which are illustrative of uses in other fields. Five appendices are included, which provide useful information on probability distributions, general-purpose Monte Carlo codes for radiation transport, and other matters. The famous "Buffon’s needle problem" provides a unifying theme as it is repeatedly used to illustrate many features of Monte Carlo methods. This book provides the basic detail necessary to learn how to apply Monte Carlo methods and thus should be useful as a text book for undergraduate or graduate courses in numerical methods. It is written so that interested readers with only an understanding of calculus and differential equations can learn Monte Carlo on their own. Coverage of topics such as variance reduction, pseudo-random number generation, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inverse Monte Carlo, and linear operator equations will make the book useful even to experienced Monte Carlo practitioners. Provides a concise treatment of generic Monte Carlo methods Proofs for each chapter Appendixes include Certain mathematical functions; Bose Einstein functions, Fermi Dirac functions, Watson functions

The Wigner Monte Carlo Method for Nanoelectronic Devices

Author: Damien Querlioz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118618440
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book gives an overview of the quantum transport approaches for nanodevices and focuses on the Wigner formalism. It details the implementation of a particle-based Monte Carlo solution of the Wigner transport equation and how the technique is applied to typical devices exhibiting quantum phenomena, such as the resonant tunnelling diode, the ultra-short silicon MOSFET and the carbon nanotube transistor. In the final part, decoherence theory is used to explain the emergence of the semi-classical transport in nanodevices.

U Introduction to Monte Carlo Methods

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Monte Carlo methods are very valuable for representing solutions to particle transport problems. Here we describe a "cook book" approach to handling the terms in a transport equation using Monte Carlo methods. Focus is on the mechanics of a numerical Monte Carlo code, rather than the mathematical foundations of the method.

Rare Event Simulation using Monte Carlo Methods

Author: Gerardo Rubino
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470745410
Format: PDF
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In a probabilistic model, a rare event is an event with a very small probability of occurrence. The forecasting of rare events is a formidable task but is important in many areas. For instance a catastrophic failure in a transport system or in a nuclear power plant, the failure of an information processing system in a bank, or in the communication network of a group of banks, leading to financial losses. Being able to evaluate the probability of rare events is therefore a critical issue. Monte Carlo Methods, the simulation of corresponding models, are used to analyze rare events. This book sets out to present the mathematical tools available for the efficient simulation of rare events. Importance sampling and splitting are presented along with an exposition of how to apply these tools to a variety of fields ranging from performance and dependability evaluation of complex systems, typically in computer science or in telecommunications, to chemical reaction analysis in biology or particle transport in physics. Graduate students, researchers and practitioners who wish to learn and apply rare event simulation techniques will find this book beneficial.