Montesquieu s Science of Politics

Author: David Wallace Carrithers
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742511811
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Montesquieu's The Spirit of Laws is one of a handful of classic works of political philosophy deserving a fresh reading every generation. The product of immense erudition, Montesquieu's treatise has captured since its first printing (1748) the imagination of an impressive array of intellectuals including Rousseau, Voltaire, Beccaria, Madison, Hamilton, Jefferson, Herder, Sieyes, Condorcet, Robespierre, Bentham, Burke, Constant, Hegel, Tocqueville, Emile Durkheim, Raymond Aron, and Hannah Arendt. In what constitutes the only English-language collection of essays ever dedicated to the analysis of Montesquieu's contributions to political science, the contributors review some of the most vexing controversies that have arisen in the interpretation of Montesquieu's thought. By paying careful attention to the historical, political, and philosophical contexts of Montesquieu's ideas, the contributors provide fresh readings of The Spirit of Laws, clarify the goals and ambitions of its author, and point out the pertinence of his thinking to the problems of our world today."

Mysterium Venedig

Author: Martin Fröhlich
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9783034300346
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Un�bertroffen war die Markusrepublik darin, sich selbst in Wort und Bild immer wieder neu in aller Pracht und Herrlichkeit zu erschaffen. Der entstandene Mythos zeigte Wirkung – im positiven wie im negativen Sinne. Wer im 16. und 17. Jh. in der Kontroverse um die beste Staatsform �ber Republiken schrieb, meinte Venedig. Wie kein anderer Staat vermochte die Markusrepublik Bewunderung, Neid, ja Abscheu hervorzurufen. Gleich der klassischen Trias von Entstehung, Aufstieg und Fall verlief auch Venedigs �Karriere� in der politischen Literatur. Ankn�pfend an grosse Namen wie Gasparo Contarini, Niccolo Machiavelli, James Harrington und Montesquieu beschreibt die Forschung Aufstieg und H�hepunkt im 16. sowie den Fall im 18. Jahrhundert. Die vorliegende Studie er�ffnet mit bislang nicht gestellten Fragen eine neue Sichtweise auf den Mythos Venedig: Anstatt wie bisher die Venedig-Bilder der einzelnen Staatsdenker zu vergleichen, r�cken nun die Argumentationsketten der besagten Autoren ins Zentrum der Analyse. Die akribisch herausgearbeiteten Widerspr�che und Paradoxien innerhalb der jeweiligen Staatstheorien lassen die Rolle Venedigs als Argumentationsst�tze in neuem Lichte erscheinen.

Life History Evolution

Author: Steven C. Hertler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319901257
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The social sciences share a mission to shed light on human nature and society. However, there is no widely accepted meta-theory; no foundation from which variables can be linked, causally sequenced, or ultimately explained. This book advances “life history evolution” as the missing meta-theory for the social sciences. Originally a biological theory for the variation between species, research on life history evolution now encompasses psychological and sociological variation within the human species that has long been the stock and trade of social scientific study. The eighteen chapters of this book review six disciplines, eighteen authors, and eighty-two volumes published between 1734 and 2015—re-reading the texts in the light of life history evolution.

The Theological Basis of Liberal Modernity in Montesquieu s Spirit of the Laws

Author: Thomas L. Pangle
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226645525
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Spirit of the Laws—Montesquieu’s huge, complex, and enormously influential work—is considered one of the central texts of the Enlightenment, laying the foundation for the liberally democratic political regimes that were to embody its values. In his penetrating analysis, Thomas L. Pangle brilliantly argues that the inherently theological project of Enlightenment liberalism is made more clearly—and more consequentially— in Spirit than in any other work. In a probing and careful reading, Pangle shows how Montesquieu believed that rationalism, through the influence of liberal institutions and the spread of commercial culture, would secularize human affairs. At the same time, Pangle uncovers Montesquieu’s views about the origins of humanity’s religious impulse and his confidence that political and economic security would make people less likely to sacrifice worldly well-being for otherworldly hopes. With the interest in the theological aspects of political theory and practice showing no signs of diminishing, this book is a timely and insightful contribution to one of the key achievements of Enlightenment thought.

The Spirit of Laws

Author: Charles de Secondat Montesquieu, baron de
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520034556
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Montesquieu's The Spirit of Laws is an enduring classic of social and political theory deserving a fresh reading every generation. The modern reader, however, is likely to find a work that ran to over a thousand pages in its two-volume first edition a bit overwhelming. Presented here, therefore, is the first English-language compendium of The Spirit of Laws, together with the first English translation of the posthumously published treatise containing the physiological theory underlying Montesquieu's theory of climate.

Montesquieu and His Legacy

Author: Rebecca Kingston
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791477436
Format: PDF
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Essays on Montesquieu and the influence of his thought from the eighteenth century to today.

States of War

Author: David William Bates
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231528663
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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We fear that the growing threat of violent attack has upset the balance between existential concepts of political power, which emphasize security, and traditional notions of constitutional limits meant to protect civil liberties. We worry that constitutional states cannot, during a time of war, terror, and extreme crisis, maintain legality and preserve civil rights and freedoms. David Williams Bates allays these concerns by revisiting the theoretical origins of the modern constitutional state, which, he argues, recognized and made room for tensions among law, war, and the social order. We traditionally associate the Enlightenment with the taming of absolutist sovereign power through the establishment of a legal state based on the rights of individuals. In his critical rereading, Bates shows instead that Enlightenment thinkers conceived of political autonomy in a systematic, theoretical way. Focusing on the nature of foundational violence, war, and existential crises, eighteenth-century thinkers understood law and constitutional order not as constraints on political power but as the logical implication of that primordial force. Returning to the origin stories that informed the beginnings of political community, Bates reclaims the idea of law, warfare, and the social order as intertwining elements subject to complex historical development. Following an analysis of seminal works by seventeenth-century natural-law theorists, Bates reviews the major canonical thinkers of constitutional theory (Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau) from the perspective of existential security and sovereign power. Countering Carl Schmitt's influential notion of the autonomy of the political, Bates demonstrates that Enlightenment thinkers understood the autonomous political sphere as a space of law protecting individuals according to their political status, not as mere members of a historically contingent social order.

Rousseau and Hobbes

Author: Robin Douglass
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191038032
Format: PDF, Docs
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Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's engagement with Thomas Hobbes. He reconstructs the intellectual context of this engagement to reveal the deeply polemical character of Rousseau's critique of Hobbes and to show how Rousseau sought to expose that much modern natural law and doux commerce theory was, despite its protestations to the contrary, indebted to a Hobbesian account of human nature and the origins of society. Throughout the book Douglass explores the reasons why Rousseau both followed and departed from Hobbes in different places, while resisting the temptation to present him as either a straightforwardly Hobbesian or anti-Hobbesian thinker. On the one hand, Douglass reveals the extent to which Rousseau was occupied with problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature and the importance, to both thinkers, of appealing to the citizens' passions in order to secure political unity. On the other hand, Douglass argues that certain ideas at the heart of Rousseau's philosophy—free will and the natural goodness of man—were set out to distance him from positions associated with Hobbes. Douglass advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy, emerging from this encounter with Hobbesian ideas, which focuses on the interrelated themes of nature, free will, and the passions. Douglass distances his interpretation from those who have read Rousseau as a proto-Kantian and instead argues that his vision of a well-ordered republic was based on cultivating man's naturally good passions to render the life of the virtuous citizen in accordance with nature.

Politique R publique R publicanisme R publicain

Author: Raymonde Monnier
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486840665
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Das Handbuch behandelt in über 150 eigenständigen Artikeln den grundlegenden Wortschatz des französischen Ancien Régime und der Französischen Revolution. Gestützt auf eine reichhaltige Quellenbasis erarbeiten mehr als 50 Forscher aus Deutschland, Frankreich und den USA ein Grundlagenwerk zur Geistes- und Mentalitätsgeschichte.