Moral Aspects of Legal Theory

Author: David Lyons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521438353
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this volume, Professor Lyons outlines his fundamental views about the nature of law and its relation to morality and justice.

Liability and Responsibility

Author: Raymond Gillespie Frey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521392167
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This collection not only presents some of the most challenging work in legal philosophy, but it also demonstrates the interdisciplinary character of the field of philosophy of law, with contributors taking into account developments in economics, political science and rational choice theory.

Framing Democracy

Author: Jamie Terence Kelly
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691155194
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The past thirty years have seen a surge of empirical research into political decision making and the influence of framing effects--the phenomenon that occurs when different but equivalent presentations of a decision problem elicit different judgments or preferences. During the same period, political philosophers have become increasingly interested in democratic theory, particularly in deliberative theories of democracy. Unfortunately, the empirical and philosophical studies of democracy have largely proceeded in isolation from each other. As a result, philosophical treatments of democracy have overlooked recent developments in psychology, while the empirical study of framing effects has ignored much contemporary work in political philosophy. In Framing Democracy, Jamie Terence Kelly bridges this divide by explaining the relevance of framing effects for normative theories of democracy. Employing a behavioral approach, Kelly argues for rejecting the rational actor model of decision making and replacing it with an understanding of choice imported from psychology and social science. After surveying the wide array of theories that go under the name of democratic theory, he argues that a behavioral approach enables a focus on three important concerns: moral reasons for endorsing democracy, feasibility considerations governing particular theories, and implications for institutional design. Finally, Kelly assesses a number of methods for addressing framing effects, including proposals to increase the amount of political speech, mechanisms designed to insulate democratic outcomes from flawed decision making, and programs of public education. The first book to develop a behavioral theory of democracy, Framing Democracy has important insights for democratic theory, the social scientific understanding of political decision making, economics, and legal theory.

Einf hrung in die utilitaristische Ethik

Author: Otfried Höffe
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825239853
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Der Utilitarismus ist seit Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) und John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) eine der einflussreichen und lebhaft diskutierten ethischen Theorien. Seine Bedeutung für die Moralphilosophie und für die philosophische Grundlegung der Rechts, Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften reicht weit über den englischen Sprachraum hinaus. Die wichtigsten klassischen und zeitgenössischen Texte des Utilitarismus werden dem deutschsprachigen Leser hier zugänglich gemacht. Zusammen mit der instruktiven und kritischen Einleitung des Herausgebers, die auch neue Entwicklungen berücksichtigt, bietet die Textsammlung Philosophen, Theologen, Politologen, Nationalökonomen, Juristen und allen an moralphilosophischen Fragen Interessierten eine umfassende Einführung.

The Concept of Ideals in Legal Theory

Author: Sanne Taekema
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789041119711
Format: PDF, ePub
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Talk about law often includes reference to ideals of justice, equality or freedom. But what do we refer to when we speak about ideals in the context of law? This book explores the concept of ideals by combining an investigation of different theories of ideals with a discussion of the role of ideals in law. A comparison of the theories of Gustav Radbruch and Philip Selznick leads up to a pragmatist theory of legal ideals, which provides an interesting new position in the debate about values in law between legal positivists and natural law thinkers. Attention for law's central ideals enables us to understand law's autonomous character, while at the same time tracing its connection to societal values. Essential reading for anyone interested in the role of values or ideals in law.

Common Law Judging

Author: Douglas E Edlin
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472130021
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Moving beyond the subjectivity-objectivity debate, Edlin presents a case for intersubjectivity

Problems at the Roots of Law

Author: Joel Feinberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195155262
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Collects articles, on what the author terms "basic questions" about the law, particularly in regard to the relationship to morality. This volume reflects the diverse nature of his own interests: scholars in philosophy of law, legal theory, and ethical and moral theory.

Natural Law Theory

Author: Robert P. George
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198235521
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.

Law and interpretation

Author: Andrei Marmor
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Format: PDF, Docs
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Interest in interpretation has emerged in recent years as one of the main intellectual paradigms of legal scholarship. This collection of new essays in law and interpretation provides the reader with an overview of this important topic, written by some of the most distinguished scholars in the field. The book begins with interpretation as a general method of legal theorizing, and thus provides critical assessment of the recent "interpretative turn" in jurisprudence. Further chapters include essays on the nature of interpretation, its objectivity, the possible determinacy of legal standards, and their nature. Concluding with a series of articles on the role of legislative intent in the interpretation of statutes, this work offers new and refreshing insights into this old controversy.