Motivation

Author: Roderick Wong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521567275
Format: PDF
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Analysis of motivated behaviour from a biological perspective.

Motivation and Emotion

Author: Philip Gorman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134587414
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Motivation and Emotion provides an explanation of emotional experience and aspects of human behaviour using psychological, physiological and alternative approaches. The brain mechanisms that govern motivations are discussed and questions such as 'Why don't we eat ourselves to death?' and 'How do we know we are thirsty?' are answered. Phil Gorman is an A-Level teacher at Stafford College, UK, and a chief examiner for the Edexcel A Level Examination Board. The Routledge Modular Psychology series is a completely new approach to introductory level psychology, tailor-made for the new modular style of teaching. Each book covers a topic in more detail than any large textbook can, allowing teacher and student to select material exactly to suit any particular course or project. Especially written for those students new to higher-level study, whether at school, college or university, the books include the following designed features to help with technique: practise essays with specialist commentary to show how to achieve a higher grade chapter summaries and summaries of key research glossary and further reading progress and review exercises. Series editors: Cara Flanagan is a Reviser for AS and A2 level Psychology and an experienced teacher and examiner. Philip Banyard is Associate Senior Lecturer in Psychology at Nottingham Trent University and a Chief Examiner for AS and A2 level Psychology.

Handbook of Biobehavioral Approaches to Self Regulation

Author: Guido H.E. Gendolla
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493912364
Format: PDF, Mobi
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​How can people master their own thoughts, feelings, and actions? This question is central to the scientific study of self-regulation. The behavioral side of self-regulation has been extensively investigated over the last decades, but the biological machinery that allows people to self-regulate has mostly remained vague and unspecified. Handbook of Biobehavioral Approaches to Self-Regulation corrects this imbalance. Moving beyond traditional mind-body dualities, the various contributions in the book examine how self-regulation becomes established in cardiovascular, hormonal, and central nervous systems. Particular attention is given to the dynamic interplay between affect and cognition in self-regulation. The book also addresses the psychobiology of effort, the impact of depression on self-regulation, the development of self-regulation, and the question what causes self-regulation to succeed or fail. These novel perspectives provide readers with a new, biologically informed understanding of self-awareness and self-agency. Among the topics being covered are: Self-regulation in an evolutionary perspective. The muscle metaphor in self-regulation in the light of current theorizing on muscle physiology. From distraction to mindfulness: psychological and neural mechanisms of attention strategies in self-regulation. Self-regulation in social decision-making: a neurobiological perspective. Mental effort: brain and autonomic correlates in health and disease. A basic and applied model of the body-mind system. Handbook of Biobehavioral Approaches to Self-Regulation provides a wealth of theoretical insights into self-regulation, with great potential for future applications for improving self-regulation in everyday life settings, including education, work, health, and interpersonal relationships. The book highlights a host of exciting new ideas and directions and is sure to provoke a great deal of thought and discussion among researchers, practitioners, and graduate-level students in psychology, education, neuroscience, medicine, and behavioral economics.

Motivation and Emotion

Author: Denys DeCatanzaro
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780138491598
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This unique book provides a comprehensive study of emotion within a modern evolutionary perspective. Motivation and emotion are presented within an integrated approach that assumes biological and psychological causes, including evolution, neuroscience, endocrinology, human development, and culture. Motivation and Emotion Presents a wealth of modern evidence integrating neuroscience and endocrinology into the study of motivation and emotion. The book provides a variety of photographs of facial expressions showing emotions from people of diverse cultures as well as nonhuman primates. It also discusses modern interactive explanations for specific behaviors, rather than dull, historical perspectives. For example, human affect is explained as a response to social events and stress, resulting in psychophysiological consequences. An essential reference for any professional in sociology or psychology.

Handbook of Approach and Avoidance Motivation

Author: Andrew J. Elliot
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135703655
Format: PDF, Docs
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Of the many conceptual distinctions present in psychology today, the approach-avoidance distinction stands out as one of, if not the, most fundamental and basic. The distinction between approach and avoidance motivation has a venerable history, not only within but beyond scientific psychology, and the deep utility of this distinction is clearly evident across theoretical traditions, disciplines, and content areas. This volume is designed to illustrate and highlight the central importance of this distinction, to serve as a one-stop resource for scholars working in this area, and to facilitate integration among researchers and theorists with an explicit or implicit interest in approach and avoidance motivation. The main body of this volume is organized according to seven broad sections that represent core areas of interest in the study of approach and avoidance motivation, including neurophysiology and neurobiology, and evaluative processes. Each section contains a minimum of four chapters that cover a specific aspect of approach and avoidance motivation. The broad applicability of the approach-avoidance distinction makes this Handbook an essential resource for researchers, theorists, and students of social psychology and related disciplines.

Biobehavioral Approaches to Pain

Author: Rhonda J. Moore
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387783239
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Pain is a common symptom, yet it is frequently underevaluated and undertreated. It is difficult to define, describe—and sometimes to prove. It’s pain, and suspicions of exaggerations often add further insult to a patients’ injuries. Biobehavioral Approaches to Pain translates this highly subjective experience—and its physical, psychological, social, and cultural dimensions—into practical insights key to transforming the field of pain management. This pathbreaking volume synthesizes a rich knowledge base from across disciplines, including neurobiologic, genetic, biobehavioral, clinical, narrative, substance abuse, health services,ethical and policy perspectives, for a deeper understanding of the impact of pain on individual lives and the larger society. Its international panel of contributors highlights special issues and review best practice guidelines, from placebo effects to cancer, Whiplash Associated Disorders to pain imaging to complementary medicine, phantom limb pain to gene therapies to AIDS. Among the topics covered: The distinction between acute and chronic pain: is it clinically useful? Improving clinical assessment of patients with pain. Age and sex differences in pain. The what, how and why of the placebo and nocebo effect Psychosocial and partner-assisted biopsychosocial interventions for disease-related pain Substance abuse issues in pain treatment. The personal, social and economic costs of chronic pain. Biobehavioral Approaches to Pain offers clinical and health professionals, psychologists, as well as specialists in pain management or palliative care, new directions in their ongoing dialogue with patients. Given the prevalence of pain in the general population, it should also interest researchers and students in the field of public health.

Handbook of Approach and Avoidance Motivation

Author: Andrew J. Elliot
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135703663
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Of the many conceptual distinctions present in psychology today, the approach-avoidance distinction stands out as one of, if not the, most fundamental and basic. The distinction between approach and avoidance motivation has a venerable history, not only within but beyond scientific psychology, and the deep utility of this distinction is clearly evident across theoretical traditions, disciplines, and content areas. This volume is designed to illustrate and highlight the central importance of this distinction, to serve as a one-stop resource for scholars working in this area, and to facilitate integration among researchers and theorists with an explicit or implicit interest in approach and avoidance motivation. The main body of this volume is organized according to seven broad sections that represent core areas of interest in the study of approach and avoidance motivation, including neurophysiology and neurobiology, and evaluative processes. Each section contains a minimum of four chapters that cover a specific aspect of approach and avoidance motivation. The broad applicability of the approach-avoidance distinction makes this Handbook an essential resource for researchers, theorists, and students of social psychology and related disciplines.

Magill s Encyclopedia of Social Science

Author: Nancy A. Piotrowski
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781587651335
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Contains articles that provide information about the history of psychology, the core aspects of behaviorism, cognitive and psychoanalytic psychology, diagnoses, disorders, treatments, tests, notable people, and issues related to the field; arranged alphabetically from Mem to Sep.

The Psychology of Nutrition

Author: David Allenby Booth
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780748401581
Format: PDF, Docs
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Psychology of Nutrition is the first book to take a consistent psychological approach to all aspects of the selection and consumption of foods and drinks. This approach is based on the author's ground-breaking theory of the cognitive integration of influences on ingestion, which brings together research evidence on the sensory physiological, cultural and interpersonal factors in the desire to eat and drink. The basis of the theory is that ingestive appetite is a learned response to a complex of cues from foodstuffs, the body and the social and physical environment. The volume starts with infant/caregiver interactions in feeding, and then moves on to consider how physical and social maturation in western culture affects attitudes to foods, concentrating on the phenomena of ordinary dieting and the extremes of disordered eating. The concluding chapters deal with the processes within the lives of individual consumers which can cause the same eating habits to form in different segments of society, and consider the potential of psychology in effective food technology, marketing, and governmental regulation. In a lucid and absorbing style, the author tackles questions concerning what goes on in eaters' and drinkers' minds about the foods and beverages they are consuming and explores the cultural meaning of the eating occasion in industrialized cultures. Psychology of Nutrition illustrates and integrates the diversity of behavioural nutrition and thereby consolidates a new field of fundamental and practical research in one unique resource.