Murder Most Russian

Author: Louise McReynolds
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 080146546X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How a society defines crimes and prosecutes criminals illuminates its cultural values, social norms, and political expectations. In Murder Most Russian, Louise McReynolds uses a fascinating series of murders and subsequent trials that took place in the wake of the 1864 legal reforms enacted by Tsar Alexander II to understand the impact of these reforms on Russian society before the Revolution of 1917. For the first time in Russian history, the accused were placed in the hands of juries of common citizens in courtrooms that were open to the press. Drawing on a wide array of sources, McReynolds reconstructs murders that gripped Russian society, from the case of Andrei Gilevich, who advertised for a personal secretary and beheaded the respondent as a way of perpetrating insurance fraud, to the beating death of Marianna Time at the hands of two young aristocrats who hoped to steal her diamond earrings. As McReynolds shows, newspapers covered such trials extensively, transforming the courtroom into the most public site in Russia for deliberation about legality and justice. To understand the cultural and social consequences of murder in late imperial Russia, she analyzes the discussions that arose among the emergent professional criminologists, defense attorneys, and expert forensic witnesses about what made a defendant's behavior "criminal." She also deftly connects real criminal trials to the burgeoning literary genre of crime fiction and fruitfully compares the Russian case to examples of crimes both from Western Europe and the United States in this period. Murder Most Russian will appeal not only to readers interested in Russian culture and true crime but also to historians who study criminology, urbanization, the role of the social sciences in forging the modern state, evolving notions of the self and the psyche, the instability of gender norms, and sensationalism in the modern media.

Crime and Punishment in Russia

Author: Jonathan Daly
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474224377
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Crime and Punishment in Russia surveys the evolution of criminal justice in Russia during a span of more than 300 years, from the early modern era to the present day. Maps, organizational charts, a list of important dates, and a glossary help the reader to navigate key institutional, legal, political, and cultural developments in this evolution. The book approaches Russia both on its own terms and in light of changes in Europe and the wider West, to which Russia's rulers and educated elites continuously looked for legal models and inspiration. It examines the weak advancement of the rule of the law over the period and analyzes the contrasts and seeming contradictions of a society in which capital punishment was sharply restricted in the mid-1700s, while penal and administrative exile remained heavily applied until 1917 and even beyond. Daly also provides concise political, social, and economic contextual detail, showing how the story of crime and punishment fits into the broader narrative of modern Russian history. This is an important and useful book for all students of modern Russian history as well as of the history of crime and punishment in modern Europe.

The Gentle Axe

Author: R. N. Morris
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101221291
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Fresh off the case of a deranged student who murdered his landlady, noted police investigator Porfiry Petrovich barely takes a breath before a bizarre and very grisly double murder lands him back on the streets of the tsarist St. Petersburg he knows all too well. The sardonic sleuth follows a trail from the drinking dens of the Haymarket district to an altogether more genteel stratum of society-a hunt that leads him to a conclusion even he will find shocking. In the tradition of such first-rate historical novels such as The Alienist and The Dante Club, The Gentle Axe is atmospheric and tense storytelling from its dramatic opening to its stunning climax.

Crime and Punishment

Author: Fyodor Dostoevsky
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198709706
Format: PDF
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Crime and Punishment is the story of a murder committed on principle, of a killer who wishes to set himself outside and above society. It is marked by Dostoevsky's own harrowing experience, and yet there are moments of wild humour. This authoritative translation comes with a challenging new introduction and helpful annotation.

The Bar and the Old Bailey 1750 1850

Author: Allyson Nancy May
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9780807828069
Format: PDF, ePub
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Allyson May chronicles the history of the English criminal trial and the development of a criminal bar in London between 1750 and 1850. She charts the transformation of the legal process and the evolution of professional standards of conduct for the crimi

Russian Conservatism and Its Critics

Author: Richard Pipes
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300122695
Format: PDF
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Why have Russians chosen unlimited autocracy throughout their history? Why is democracy unable to flourish in Russia?

Western Crime Fiction Goes East

Author: Boris Dralyuk
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004233105
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume examines the staggering popularity of early-20th-century Russian detective serials, traditionally maligned as 'Pinkertonovshchina,' and posits the 'red Pinkerton' as a vital 'missing link' between pre- and post-Revolutionary popular literature.

The Odd Man Karakozov

Author: Claudia Verhoeven
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801446528
Format: PDF
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Verhoeven demonstrates that Karakozov's attempt on the life of Alexander II inaugurated a new form of modern terrorist political violence—the murder of a crowned ruler, conceived as a form of action and communication intended to catalyze revolution.

Yankees in Petrograd Bolsheviks in New York

Author: Milla Fedorova
ISBN: 9780875804705
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Nikolai Chernyshevsky's What Is to Be Done?, one of the protagonists feigns suicide and goes to America. In Fedor Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment, Svidrigailov, announces: “I'm going to America,” then commits suicide. When in America—“on the other shore,” as Russians sometimes put it—Russian émigré characters and writers often feel that, although they have now acquired a new life, this life approximates a posthumous experience. Although the country across the ocean had already begun to acquire concrete historical features in the Russian mind by the last quarter of the eighteenth century, connotations of the Other World, the land on the other side of earthly existence, still lurk in the background of literary texts about the New World. This mythological perception of the New World is not exclusively Russian, but in Russia the mythological concept gained a specificity and a concrete form that persisted through many eras and appeared in the works of very different authors.Yankees in Petrograd, Bosheviks in New York examines the myth of America as the Other World at the moment of transition from the Russian to the Soviet version. The material on which Milla Fedorova bases her study comprises a curious phenomenon of the waning nineteenth and early twentieth centuries—pilgrimages to America by prominent Russian writers who then created travelogues. The writers' missions usually consisted of two parts: the physical journey, which most of the writers considered as ideologically significant, and the literary fruit of the pilgrimages. Until now, the American travelogue has not been recognized and studied as a particular kind of narration with its own canons.Fedorova posits three major stages in the development of the narrative of early twentieth-century American travelogues. First are the early, pre-Revolutionary travelogues characterized by the disillusionment of the socialist-oriented travellers in the forms that American democracy took in daily life. Second are the American travelogues written immediately following the 1917 October Revolution that are inspired by attempts to establish a new Soviet identity through the image of America as the Other and by the search for what could be borrowed from America to build the new Soviet state. Third are the travelogues written during the 1930s that are more documentary and less rhetorical, because Soviet ideology had already been established at home in the Soviet Union.Arguing that the primary cultural model for Russian writers' journey to America is Dante's descent into Hell, Federova ultimately reveals how America is represented as the country of “dead souls” where objects and machines have exchanged places with people, where relations between the living and the dead are inverted.