Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science

Author: Takaaki Tsurumi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143980060X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Although there are many books available on the preparation, properties, and characterization of nanomaterials, few provide an interdisciplinary account of the physical phenomena that govern the novel properties of nanomaterials. Addressing this shortfall, Nanoscale Physics for Materials Science covers fundamental cross-disciplinary concepts in materials science and engineering. It presents a comprehensive description of the physical phenomena and changes that can be expected when macroscopically sized materials are reduced to the nanometer level. The text is divided according to physical phenomena and interactions. After reviewing the necessary theoretical background, the authors address the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties as functions of size and distance. They discuss the energy spectrum, the charging effect, tunneling phenomena, electronically induced stable nanostructures, absorption and scattering, electromagnetic interactions, magnetism, ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena, and spin transport in magnetic nanostructures. Problem sets are included at the end of each chapter. Providing an excellent treatment of physical phenomena not covered in similar books, this text explores the electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of materials at the nanoscale level. It delves into the dramatic physical changes that occur on scales where the quantum nature of objects starts dominating their properties.

Nanoscience

Author: Hans-Eckhardt Schaefer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642105593
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nanoscience stands out for its interdisciplinarity. Barriers between disciplines disappear and the fields tend to converge at the very smallest scale, where basic principles and tools are universal. Novel properties are inherent to nanosized systems due to quantum effects and a reduction in dimensionality: nanoscience is likely to continue to revolutionize many areas of human activity, such as materials science, nanoelectronics, information processing, biotechnology and medicine. This textbook spans all fields of nanoscience, covering its basics and broad applications. After an introduction to the physical and chemical principles of nanoscience, coverage moves on to the adjacent fields of microscopy, nanoanalysis, synthesis, nanocrystals, nanowires, nanolayers, carbon nanostructures, bulk nanomaterials, nanomechanics, nanophotonics, nanofluidics, nanomagnetism, nanotechnology for computers, nanochemistry, nanobiology, and nanomedicine. Consequently, this broad yet unified coverage addresses research in academia and industry across the natural scientists. Didactically structured and replete with hundreds of illustrations, the textbook is aimed primarily at graduate and advanced-undergraduate students of natural sciences and medicine, and their lecturers.

Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education

Author: Lim, Hwee Ling
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466681845
Format: PDF, Docs
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The latest research innovations and enhanced technologies have altered the discipline of materials science and engineering. As a direct result of these developments, new trends in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) pedagogy have emerged that require attention. The Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education brings together innovative and current advances in the curriculum design and course content of MSE education programs. Focusing on the application of instructional strategies, pedagogical frameworks, and career preparation techniques, this book is an essential reference source for academicians, engineering practitioners, researchers, and industry professionals interested in emerging and future trends in MSE training and education.

Nanostructures and Nanotechnology

Author: Douglas Natelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521877008
Format: PDF, Docs
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A carefully developed textbook focusing on the fundamental principles of nanoscale science and nanotechnology.

Nanoscale Science and Technology

Author: Robert Kelsall
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470020865
Format: PDF
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Nanotechnology is a vital new area of research and development addressing the control, modification and fabrication of materials, structures and devices with nanometre precision and the synthesis of such structures into systems of micro- and macroscopic dimensions. Future applications of nanoscale science and technology include motors smaller than the diameter of a human hair and single-celled organisms programmed to fabricate materials with nanometer precision. Miniaturisation has revolutionised the semiconductor industry by making possible inexpensive integrated electronic circuits comprised of devices and wires with sub-micrometer dimensions. These integrated circuits are now ubiquitous, controlling everything from cars to toasters. The next level of miniaturisation, beyond sub-micrometer dimensions into nanoscale dimensions (invisible to the unaided human eye) is a booming area of research and development. This is a very hot area of research with large amounts of venture capital and government funding being invested worldwide, as such Nanoscale Science and Technology has a broad appeal based upon an interdisciplinary approach, covering aspects of physics, chemistry, biology, materials science and electronic engineering. Kelsall et al present a coherent approach to nanoscale sciences, which will be invaluable to graduate level students and researchers and practising engineers and product designers.

Science at the Nanoscale

Author: Chin Wee Shong
Publisher: Pan Stanford Publishing
ISBN: 9814241032
Format: PDF, Docs
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Exploring nanoscience—the science underpinning nanotechnology—as a multidisciplinary subject covering atomic, molecular and solid state physics, as well as much of chemistry, this book aims to introduce the various basic principles and knowledge needed for students to understand science at the nanoscale. Based upon the authors' own teaching experiences at tertiary institutions, this textbook is targeted at the junior undergraduate level or as a reference text for advanced learners at pre-university and senior high school.

Self Organized Nanoscale Materials

Author: Motonari Adachi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038727975X
Format: PDF, ePub
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First to review nanoscale self-assembly employing such a wide variety of methods Covers a wide variety physical, chemical and biological systems, phenomena, and applications First overviews of nanotube biotechnology and bimetallic nanoparticles

Introduction to Nanoscale Science and Technology

Author: Massimiliano Ventra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402077572
Format: PDF, Kindle
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From the reviews: "...A class in nanoscale science and technology is daunting for the educator, who must organize a large collection of materials to cover the field, and for the student, who must absorb all the new concepts. This textbook is an excellent resource that allows students from any engineering background to quickly understand the foundations and exciting advances of the field. The example problems with answers and the long list of references in each chapter are a big plus for course tutors. The book is organized into seven sections. The first, nanoscale fabrication and characterization, covers nanolithography, self-assembly, and scanning probe microscopy. Of these, we enjoyed the section on nanolithography most, as it includes many interesting details from industrial manufacturing processes. The chapter on self-assembly also provides an excellent overview by introducing six types of intermolecular interactions and the ways these can be employed to fabricate nanostructures. The second section covers nanomaterials and nanostructures. Out of its 110 pages, 45 are devoted to carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes and quantum dots each have their own chapter that focuses on the properties and applications of these nanostructures. Nanolayer, nanowire, and nanoparticle composites of metals and semiconductors are briefly covered (just 12 pages), with slightly more discussion of specific applications. The section on nanoscale electronics begins with a history of microelectronics before discussing the difficulties in shrinking transistor size further. The discussion of problems (leakage current, hot electrons, doping fluctuations, etc.) and possible solutions (high- k dielectrics, double-gate devices) could easily motivate deeper discussions of nanoscale electrical transport. A chapter on molecular electronics considers transport through alkanes, molecular transistors, and DNA in a simple, qualitative manner we found highly instructive. Nanoscale magnetic systems are examined in the fourth section. The concept of quantum computation is nicely presented, although the discussion of how this can be achieved with controlled spin states is (perhaps necessarily) not clear. We found the chapter on magnetic storage to be one of the most lucid in the book. The giant magnetoresistive effect, operation of spin valves, and issues in magnetic scaling are easier to understand when placed in the context of the modern magnetic hard disk drive. Micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems are covered with an emphasis on the integration of sensing, computation, and communication. Here, the student can see advanced applications of lithography. The sixth section, nanoscale optoelectronics, describes quantum dots, organic optoelectronics, and photonic crystals. The chapter on organic optoelectronics is especially clear in its discussion of the fundamentals of this complicated field. The book concludes with an overview of nanobiotechnology that covers biomimetics, biomolecular motors, and nanofluidics. Because so many authors have contributed to this textbook, it suffers a bit from repetition. However, this also allows sections to be omitted without any adverse effect on student comprehension. We would have liked to see more technology to balance the science; apart from the chapters on lithography and magnetic storage, little more than an acknowledgment is given to commercial applications. Overall, this book serves as an excellent starting point for the study of nanoscale science and technology, and we recommend it to anyone with a modest scientific background. It is also a great vehicle to motivate the study of science at a time when interest is waning. Nanotechnology educators should look no further." (MATERIALS TODAY, June 2005)

Basic Physics of Nanoscience

Author: Wolfram Schommers
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128137193
Format: PDF
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Basic Physics of Nanoscience: Traditional Approaches and New Aspects at the Ultimate Level deals with the description of properties at the Nano level and self-organizing quantum processes of Nano systems. The book presents the state of the art as well as theoretical discussions of future developments, beginning with simple Nano systems’ sensitivity to small variations in interaction potential compared to bulk cases, and continuing with a discussion of the structure and dynamics of Nano systems as a function of temperature. Additionally, the book analyzes self-organizing quantum processes—which are essential in the design of new Nano systems—in detail, and explores new aspects related to the quantum theoretical nature of time, leading to an expansion of the basic laws through nanotechnology. Finally, the book explores the effect of nanotechnological manipulations of brain functions and the need for the development of reliable models for the matter-mind complex. This innovative approach to understanding Nano systems makes Basic Physics of Nanoscience a vital resource for advanced students and researchers of physics, materials science, and neuroscience. • Discusses nanoscience at the ultimate level where the properties of molecular (atomic) matter emerge • Presents classical approaches in nanoscience as well as new aspects such as the quantum-physical nature of time • Features an interdisciplinary approach, including physics, behavior research, brain research, the matter–mind–problem, and philosophical implications

Societal Implications of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Author: William S. Bainbridge
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780792371786
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A revolution is occurring in science and technology, based on the recently developed ability to measure, manipulate and organize matter on the nanoscale - 1 to 100 billionths of a meter. At the nanoscale, physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering converge toward the same principles and tools. As a result, progress in nanoscience will have very far-reaching impact. The nanoscale is not just another step toward miniaturization, but a qualitatively new scale. The new behavior is dominated by quantum mechanics, material confinement in small structures, large interfacial volume fraction, and other unique properties, phenomena and processes. Many current theories of matter at the microscale have critical lengths of nanometer dimensions. These theories will be inadequate to describe the new phenomena at the nanoscale. As knowledge in nanoscience increases worldwide, there will likely be fundamental scientific advances. In tum, this will lead to dramatic changes in the ways materials, devices, and systems are understood and created. Innovative nanoscale properties and functions will be achieved through the control of matter at its building blocks: atom-by-atom, molecule-by molecule, and nanostructure-by-nanostructure. Nanotechnology will include the integration of these nanoscale structures into larger material components, systems, and architectures. However, within these larger scale systems the control and construction will remain at the nanoscale.