Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Author: Guozhong Cao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814322504
Format: PDF, ePub
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Author: Guozhong Cao
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 981310077X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is the 2nd edition of the original “Nanostructures and Nanomaterials” written by Guozhong Cao and published by Imperial College Press in 2004. This important book focuses not only on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructures and nanomaterials, but also includes properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Both chemical processing and lithographic techniques are presented in a systematic and coherent manner for the synthesis and fabrication of 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D nanostructures, as well as special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and ordered mesoporous oxides. The book will serve as a general introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology for teaching and self-study purposes.

Nanomaterials

Author: A.S Edelstein
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750305785
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to nanomaterials, from how to make them to example properties, processing techniques, and applications. Contributions by leading international researchers and teachers in academic, government, and industrial institutions in nanomaterials provide an accessible guide for newcomers to the field. The coverage ranges from isolated clusters and small particles to nanostructured materials, multilayers, and nanoelectronics. The book contains a wealth of references for further reading. Individual chapters deal with relevant aspects of the underlying physics, materials science, and physical chemistry.

Polyoxometalate Chemistry

Author: Francis Secheresse
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814458988
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book highlights recent prominent results in the domain of the synthesis of new polyoxometalates with a specific attention to polyoxothioanions, and provides some novelties and perspectives in selected domains such as magnetism, luminescence and nanochemistry, and macroions self-assembly in solutions. The case of OC one-potOCO syntheses often used and reported in POMs synthesis is studied in terms of more complex solution speciation processes related to highly dynamical situation connected to factors such as pH, ionic strength, reaction time, temperature, counterion nature, concentration of starting materials, presence of electron donors and redox potentials. The behavior of macroions (2nm-6nm size range) in solution is shown to be quite different from the simple ionic solution or colloidal systems (DebyeOCoHuckel model). Their self-assembling into a single-layered, spherical, hollow vesicle structure, namely the OC blackberryOCO structure, is clearly described. Examples of spin clusters with tunable interactions are given and single molecule magnets based on POMs are specifically tackled. Besides paramagnetic transition metal centres and lanthanoid ions encapsulated in archetypal lacunary polyoxoanions, magnetically functionalized Kleperates are described, their discovery tracing back nearly 15 years.

Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Materials

Author: Alireza Khataee
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814374733
Format: PDF, Mobi
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During the past decade, research and development in the area of synthesis and applications of different nanostructured titanium dioxide have become tremendous. This book briefly describes properties, production, modification and applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide focusing in particular on photocatalytic activity. The physicochemical properties of nanostructured titanium dioxide are highlighted and the links between properties and applications are emphasized. The preparation of TiO2 nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, nanosheets, nanofibers, and nanotubes are primarily categorized by their preparation method (sol-gel and hydrothermal processes). Examples of early applications of nanostructured titanium dioxide in dye-sensitized solar cells, hydrogen production and storage, sensors, rechargeable batteries, electrocatalysis, self-cleaning and antibacterial surfaces and photocatalytic cancer treatment are reviewed. The review of modifications of TiO2 nanomaterials is mainly focused on the research related to the modifications of the optical properties of TiO2 nanomaterials, since many applications of TiO2 nanomaterials are closely related to their optical properties. Photocatalytic removal of various pollutants using pure TiO2 nanomaterials, TiO2-based nanoclays and non-metal doped nanostructured TiO2 are also discussed.

Plasmon Resonances in Nanoparticles

Author: Isaak D. Mayergoyz
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814350656
Format: PDF, Docs
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This unique volume provides a broad introduction to plasmon resonances in nanoparticles and their novel applications. Here, plasmon resonances are treated as an eigenvalue problem for specific boundary integral equations and general physical properties of plasmon spectrum are studied in detail. The coupling of incident radiation to specific plasmon modes, the time dynamics of their excitation and dephasing are also analytically treated. Finally, the applications of plasmon resonances to SERS, light controllability (gating) of plasmon resonances in semiconductor nanoparticles, the use of plasmon resonances in thermally assisted magnetic recording (TAMR), as well as in all-optical magnetic recording and for enhancement of magneto-optic effects are presented.

Biobased Smart Polyurethane Nanocomposites

Author: Niranjan Karak
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1788011805
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Polyurethane nanocomposites present an attractive and sustainable way for designing smart materials that can be used in packaging, health and energy applications. Biobased Smart Polyurethane Nanocomposites brings together the most recent research in the field from the basic concepts through to their applications. Special emphasis is given to sustainable biodegradable polyurethane nanocomposites with hyperbranched architecture. The book introduces biobased polyurethanes and the nanomaterials that can be used as nanocomposites followed by the resulting polyurethane nanocomposites. The second part then explores important applications in paints and surface coatings, shape memory, self-healing, self-cleaning, biomaterials and packaging materials. Written by a leading expert on polyurethane nanocomposites, the book is a great introduction to this smart material and its applications.

Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials

Author: Glen E Fryxell
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 190897706X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book is concerned with functional nanomaterials, materials containing specific, predictable nanostructures whose chemical composition, or interfacial structure enables them to perform a specific job: to destroy, sequester, or detect some material that constitutes an environmental threat. Nanomaterials have a number of features that make them ideally suited for this job: they have a high surface area, high reactivity, easy dispersability, and rapid diffusion, to name a few. The purpose of this book is to showcase how these features can be tailored to address some of the environmental remediation and sensing/detection problems faced by mankind today. A number of leading researchers have contributed to this volume, painting a picture of diverse synthetic strategies, structures, materials, and methods. The intent of this book is to showcase the current state of environmental nanomaterials in such a way as to be useful both as a research resource and as a graduate level textbook. We have organized this book into sections on nanoparticle-based remediation strategies, nanostructured inorganic materials (e.g. layered materials like the apatites), nanostructured organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of sensors. Contents:Nanoparticle-based Approaches:Nanoparticle Metal Oxides for Chlorocarbon and Organophosphonate Remediation (Olga B Koper, Shyamala Rajagopalan, Slawomir Winecki and Kenneth J Klabunde)Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron (nZVI) for Site Remediation (Daniel W Elliott, Hsing-Lung Lien and Wei-xian Zhang)Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles (Donald R Baer, Paul G Tratnyek, You Qiang, James E Amonette, John Linehan, Vaishnavi Sarathy, James T Nurmi, Chongmin Wang and J Antony)Nanostructured Inorganic Materials:Formation of Nanosized Apatite Crystals in Sediment for Containment and Stabilization of Contaminants (Robert C Moore, Jim Szecsody, Michael J Truex, Katheryn B Helean, Ranko Bontchev and Calvin Ainsworth)Functionalized Nanoporous Sorbents for Adsorption of Radioiodine from Groundwater and Waste Glass Leachates (Shas V Mattigod, Glen E Fryxell and Kent E Parker)Nanoporous Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials:Nature's Nanoparticles: Group IV Phosphonates (Abraham Clearfield)Twenty-five Years of Nuclear Waste Remediation Studies (Abraham Clearfield)Synthesis of Nanostructured Hybrid Sorbent Materials Using Organosilane Self-assembly on Mesoporous Ceramic Oxides (Glen E Fryxell)Chemically Modified Mesoporous Silicas and Organosilicas for Adsorption and Detection of Heavy Metal Ions (Oksana Olkhovyk and Mietek Jaroniec)Hierarchically Imprinted Adsorbents (Hyunjung Kim, Chengdu Liang and Sheng Dai)Functionalization of Periodic Mesoporous Silica and Its Application to the Adsorption of Toxic Anions (Hideaki Yoshitake)Layered Semi-crystalline Polysilsesquioxane: A Mesostructured and Stoichiometric Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Solid for the Removal of Environmentally Hazardous Ions (Hideaki Yoshitake)A Thiol-functionalized Nanoporous Silica Sorbent for Removal of Mercury from Actual Industrial Waste (Shas V Mattigod, Glen E Fryxell and Kent E Parker)Functionalized Nanoporous Silica for Oral Chelation Therapy of a Broad Range of Radionuclides (Wassana Yantasee, Wilaiwan Chouyyok, Robert J Wiacek, Jeffrey A Creim, R Shane Addleman, Glen E Fryxell and Charles Timchalk)Amine-functionalized Nanoporous Materials for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture (Feng Zheng, R Shane Addleman, Christopher L Aardahl, Glen E Fryxell, Daryl R Brown and Thomas S Zemanian)Carbon Dioxide Capture from Post-combustion Streams Using Amine-functionalized Nanoporous Materials (Rodrigo Serna-Guerrero and Abdelhamid Sayari)Nanomaterials that Enhance Sensing/Detection of Environmental Contaminants:Nanostructured ZnO Gas Sensors (Huamei Shang and Guozhong Cao)Synthesis and Properties of Mesoporous-based Materials for Environmental Applications (Jianlin Shi, Hangrong Chen, Zile Hua and Lingxia Zhang)Electrochemical Sensors Based on Nanomaterials for Environmental Monitoring (Wassana Yantasee, Yuehe Lin and Glen E Fryxell)Nanomaterial-based Environmental Sensors (Dosi Dosev, Mikaela Nichkova and Ian M Kennedy)Carbon Nanotube- and Graphene-based Sensors for Environmental Applications (Dan Du)One-dimensional Hollow Oxide Nanostructures: A Highly Sensitive Gas-sensing Platform (Jong-Heun Lee)Preparation and Electrochemical Application of Titania Nanotube Arrays (Peng Xiao, Guozhong Cao and Yunhuai Zhang) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in nanomaterials and nanostructures. Keywords:Nanomaterials;Nanoporous Sorbents;Chemical Separations;Environmental Clean-Up;Heavy Metals;Radionuclides;Nanoparticles;SensorsKey Features:The materials and methods described herein offer exciting new possibilities in the remediation and/or detection of a wide variety of environmental concerns, including chemical warfare agents, dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs), heavy metals, radionuclides, biological threats, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and more. The approaches described run the gamut from laboratory design and synthesis of the nanomaterial, to final application/deployment of the technology to clean up hazardous wasteThe contributing authors are leading experts in the field of environmental nanomaterialsStrategies cover a wide variety of chemistries and structural morphologies, including nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanoporous materials, thereby providing a valuable overview of the state-of-the-art

Scotland s Heritage

Author: Richard Haight
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814322806
Format: PDF, Docs
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'... These volumes provide the very latest in this critical technology and are an invaluable resource for scientists in both academia and industry concerned with the semiconductor future and all of science.'Foreword by Leonard C Feldman (Director Institute for Advanced Materials, Devices and Nanotechnology, Rutgers University, USA)Highlights. As we delve more deeply into the physics and chemistry of functional materials and processes, we are inexorably driven to the nanoscale. And nowhere is the development of instrumentation and associated techniques more important to scientific progress than in the area of nanoscience. The dramatic expansion of efforts to peer into nanoscale materials and processes has made it critical to capture and summarize the cutting-edge instrumentation and techniques that have become indispensable for scientific investigation in this arena. This Handbook is a key resource developed for scientists, engineers and advanced graduate students in which eminent scientists present the forefront of instrumentation and techniques for the study of structural, optical and electronic properties of semiconductor nanostructures.

Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

Author: R Saito
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783262419
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is an introductory textbook for graduate students and researchers from various fields of science who wish to learn about carbon nanotubes. The field is still at an early stage, and progress continues at a rapid rate. This book focuses on the basic principles behind the physical properties and gives the background necessary to understand the recent developments. Some useful computational source codes which generate coordinates for carbon nanotubes are also included in the appendix. Contents:Carbon MaterialsTight Binding Calculation of Molecules and SolidsStructure of a Single-Wall Carbon NanotubeElectronic Structure of Single-Wall NanotubesSynthesis of Carbon NanotubesLandau Energy Bands of Carbon NanotubesConnecting Carbon NanotubesTransport Properties of Carbon NanotubesPhonon Modes of Carbon NanotubesRaman Spectra of Carbon NanotubesElastic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Readership: Researchers and graduate students in condensed matter and solid state physics. Keywords:Carbon Nanotube;Physics;Graphite;Structure;Electronic Properties;Raman;Phonon;Synthesis;Carbon;ChiralityReviews: “The book is a well organized systematic treatise that should be enjoyed by any researcher in the field as well as by graduate students. Theories and experiments are truly organically linked in the text and this is its unique feature.” Fullerene Science & Technology “Those involved in the research of carbon nanotubes will find this book useful for understanding the basic properties of carbon tube materials.” IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine