Nanotechnology for Environmental Decontamination

Author: Manoj Ram
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071702806
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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CUTTING-EDGE NANOTECHNOLOGY TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DECONTAMINATION Written by a team of global experts, Nanotechnology for Environmental Contamination covers the latest methods for using nanomaterials, processes, and tools to remediate toxin-contaminated water, air, soil, groundwater, and wastewater. This groundbreaking work discusses the use of nanotechnology to neutralize microbes, pesticides, heavy metals, industrial chemicals, chemical and biological warfare agents, and other toxic substances. In-depth details on the physics, chemistry, and technology of nanomaterials, nanostructures, and nanotechnology for decontamination are included in this authoritative resource. Preparation and application of inner skin hollow fiber nanoporous membrane Photocatalytic inactivation of water and air pollution Application of nano TiO, catalyst in wastewater treatment Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants at nanosemiconductor film electrodes under visible light irradiation Disinfection of microbes by nanoparticles Water disinfection and wastewater decontamination by solar photocatalysis using nanomaterials The role of nanotechnology for decontamination of chemical warfare agents Nanostructured bioassemblies for environmental bioremediation Reactive nanoparticles for the treatment of chlorinated dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPL) in soil and groundwater Persistent pesticides: detection and control using nanotechnology Decontaminating chemical and biological warfare agents and related toxins with nanomaterials

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science

Author: Prof. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527808841
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Author: Anita Street
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731854
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Advanced Environmental Analysis

Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782629130
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation

Author: Giusy Lofrano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331953162X
Format: PDF, ePub
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In this book discussing the principles of green chemistry and green engineering an international team of investigators present significant recent developments in applying nanoscience, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology to the area of environmental remediation. The opening chapters introduce candidate nanomaterials, properties, mechanisms that enable the applications, the advantages and limitations compared to existing processes and commercial research requirements. It then explores the detection and application of nanomaterials in photocatalytic processes and as adsorbents, and also covers the effect of nanoparticles in the activated sludge process. Later chapters focus on the effects of nanoparticles on crops, the risks associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the environment, and lastly the environmental effects of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) on land remediation. This timely, multi-author contributed volume is aimed at students, technicians, and academics interested in the role, risks and benefits of nanotechnology in modern environmental contexts.

Advanced Environmental Analysis

Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782623620
Format: PDF
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Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Nanotechnology to Aid Chemical and Biological Defense

Author: Terri A. Camesano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401772185
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents research into chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) defense and environmental security, exploring practical implications of the research. Contributions from a diverse group of international civilian researchers present the latest work on nanotechnology problems in this area, looking at detection, protective technologies, decontamination and threats to environmental security due to bacteriophages and nanomaterials. Highlights include the potential of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to characterize the nanoscale properties of microbial pathogens, the development of bacteriophage-based therapeutics, prophylactic and diagnostic preparations and their uses in different fields, such as medicine, veterinary, agriculture, food and water safety, amongst others. Readers may also consider an inexpensive bioassay suited for assessing chemical poisoning in the environment such as the presence of pesticides, sensors to detect ultra-trace quantities of the explosive Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) using nanotubes and electrochemical sensors to simultaneously detect and reduce the explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT) to 2,4,6-triaminotoluene (TAT) in solution. This book shows how cooperative research among NATO countries and NATO partners can make a critical contribution to meeting the opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology problems relevant to chemical and biological defense needs. The papers presented here are representative of contributions made to the Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on September 22-26, 2014 in Antalya, Turkey, to address the NATO SPS Key Priority of Defense against CBRN Agents and Environmental Security.

MES 24 Electrochemical Applications to Biology Nanotechnology and Environmental Engineering and Materials

Author: Manuel Eduardo Palomar Pardavé
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566777763
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This issue of ECS Transactions (ECST) comprises a selection of papers presented at the 24th national meeting of the Mexican Electrochemical Society (MES) and the second meeting of the Mexican Section of The Electrochemical Society (ECS), carried out in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, from May 31 to June 5, 2009.

Remediation of Heavy Metals in the Environment

Author: Jiaping Paul Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315356929
Format: PDF
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This book provides in-depth coverage of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends in waste treatment processes. It delineates methodologies, technologies, and the regional and global effects of important pollution control practices. It focuses on toxic heavy metals in the environment, various heavy metal decontamination technologies, brownfield restoration, and industrial, agricultural, and radioactive waste management. It discusses the importance of metals such as lead, chromium, cadmium, zinc, copper, nickel, iron, and mercury.

Nanotechnology in Eco Efficient Construction

Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098837
Format: PDF, ePub
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As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency