Nanotechnology for Environmental Decontamination

Author: Manoj Ram
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071702806
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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CUTTING-EDGE NANOTECHNOLOGY TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DECONTAMINATION Written by a team of global experts, Nanotechnology for Environmental Contamination covers the latest methods for using nanomaterials, processes, and tools to remediate toxin-contaminated water, air, soil, groundwater, and wastewater. This groundbreaking work discusses the use of nanotechnology to neutralize microbes, pesticides, heavy metals, industrial chemicals, chemical and biological warfare agents, and other toxic substances. In-depth details on the physics, chemistry, and technology of nanomaterials, nanostructures, and nanotechnology for decontamination are included in this authoritative resource. Preparation and application of inner skin hollow fiber nanoporous membrane Photocatalytic inactivation of water and air pollution Application of nano TiO, catalyst in wastewater treatment Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants at nanosemiconductor film electrodes under visible light irradiation Disinfection of microbes by nanoparticles Water disinfection and wastewater decontamination by solar photocatalysis using nanomaterials The role of nanotechnology for decontamination of chemical warfare agents Nanostructured bioassemblies for environmental bioremediation Reactive nanoparticles for the treatment of chlorinated dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPL) in soil and groundwater Persistent pesticides: detection and control using nanotechnology Decontaminating chemical and biological warfare agents and related toxins with nanomaterials

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science

Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527808868
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Advanced Environmental Analysis

Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782629130
Format: PDF
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Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Nanotechnology Safety

Author: Waseem S. Khan
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128083069
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nanotechnology is the fastest-growing technology in the world, and it is also called the Industrial Revolution of the twenty-first century. Many research, development, and manufacturing methods have been used globally to develop better and safer nanomaterials for various applications. Nanotechnology teaches us the critical properties of day-to-day materials and structures. The invention of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and fullerenes (or buckyballs) laid a path toward nanotechnology because atomic- and molecular-level studies could be performed using the STM and nanomaterials. Today this technology is employed in various fields such as engineering, technology, applied sciences, biomedical, pharmaceuticals, food and agriculture, and construction industries. The number of technical articles and patents related to nanotechnology and nanoproducts has been continuously increasing for nearly two decades. Within 10 or 15 years, it is expected that the industrial production of nanotechnology will be worth over $1 trillion. Thus, this technology will drastically change science, education, manufacturing, and the lifestyles of people around the world.

Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications and their Fascinating Attributes

Author: S. B. Khan
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers
ISBN: 168108645X
Format: PDF
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Nanotechnology is a diverse science that has brought about new applications in fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supra molecular chemistry. Environmental pollution treatment by nanomaterials is an emerging application of nanotechnology. It is gaining importance because of the increased environmental challenges due to the impact of modern industrial activities. Industrial activity involves the production and use of various toxic organic and inorganic chemicals which pollute nearby water streams, indirectly influencing aquatic and human life. Thus, there is a need to protect the environment through the development of new technologies and by enacting awareness drives for environmental sustainability. This volume summarizes cutting-edge research on nanomaterial utilization for environmental challenges. Chapters introduce readers to the concepts of environmental protection, sustainability and monitoring. Readers will also learn about technologies used for keeping the environment safer, including ion exchangers, metallic oxide complexes, nanocomposite materials, porous membranes and nanocatalysts. This volume is intended to be an introductory reference for students and researchers undertaking advanced courses in materials science, environmental science and engineering, giving readers a glimpse into the fascinating world of nanotechnology.

Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water

Author: Anita Street
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1455731854
Format: PDF, Docs
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Nanobiomaterials

Author: Dong Kee Yi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143987641X
Format: PDF, ePub
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There is a continuous exchange of ideas taking place at the border of the biological and physical sciences in many areas of nanoscience. Nanotechnology uses biomimetic or bio-inspired processes to produce nanosized materials for applications in biology and other fields. In return, the fruits of nanotechnology are applied to expanding areas of biomedical and therapeutic processes, such as new nanostructures and scaffolds for tissue engineering or targeted drug delivery. In this way, nanobiotechnology serves as a bridge between nano and bio, with nanoscale materials providing the building blocks for the construction of the "bridge." Nanobiomaterials: Development and Applications gives you a broad, interdisciplinary view of current developments as well as new findings and applications in bionanomaterials. The book brings together the work of international contributors who are actively engaged at the forefront of research in their respective disciplines. Organized into four parts, this book explores the preparation and characterization of nanomaterials, new preparation routes of soft nanomaterials using biomolecules, nano- and microscale hybridization of materials, and nanotoxicity. The contributors cover a diverse set of topics, including: Biomimetic synthesis Bioimaging and cancer diagnosis Photodynamic therapy Bioconjugated carbon nanotube DNA transfection and tumor targeting Magnetically induced hyperthermia Cytotoxity mechanisms and their potential use in therapy Virus-enabled manufacturing of functional nanomaterials Biocatalitic nanosystems and enzyme immobilization Tissue engineering The fabrication of hybrid microswimmers Bionanomaterial applications in environmental remediation Each chapter is richly illustrated and includes an extensive list of references to guide you toward further research. Combining bionanomaterial development and applications, the book clearly demonstrates the importance of these materials to biotechnology, biomedicine, and environmental remediation. It offers an accessible overview for students, industrial researchers, pharmaceutical innovators, medical and public health personnel, environmental scientists and engineers, and anyone interested in this interdisciplinary field.

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation

Author: Giusy Lofrano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331953162X
Format: PDF
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In this book discussing the principles of green chemistry and green engineering an international team of investigators present significant recent developments in applying nanoscience, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology to the area of environmental remediation. The opening chapters introduce candidate nanomaterials, properties, mechanisms that enable the applications, the advantages and limitations compared to existing processes and commercial research requirements. It then explores the detection and application of nanomaterials in photocatalytic processes and as adsorbents, and also covers the effect of nanoparticles in the activated sludge process. Later chapters focus on the effects of nanoparticles on crops, the risks associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the environment, and lastly the environmental effects of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) on land remediation. This timely, multi-author contributed volume is aimed at students, technicians, and academics interested in the role, risks and benefits of nanotechnology in modern environmental contexts.

Nanotechnology to Aid Chemical and Biological Defense

Author: Terri A. Camesano
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401772185
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book presents research into chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) defense and environmental security, exploring practical implications of the research. Contributions from a diverse group of international civilian researchers present the latest work on nanotechnology problems in this area, looking at detection, protective technologies, decontamination and threats to environmental security due to bacteriophages and nanomaterials. Highlights include the potential of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to characterize the nanoscale properties of microbial pathogens, the development of bacteriophage-based therapeutics, prophylactic and diagnostic preparations and their uses in different fields, such as medicine, veterinary, agriculture, food and water safety, amongst others. Readers may also consider an inexpensive bioassay suited for assessing chemical poisoning in the environment such as the presence of pesticides, sensors to detect ultra-trace quantities of the explosive Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) using nanotubes and electrochemical sensors to simultaneously detect and reduce the explosive trinitrotoluene (TNT) to 2,4,6-triaminotoluene (TAT) in solution. This book shows how cooperative research among NATO countries and NATO partners can make a critical contribution to meeting the opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology problems relevant to chemical and biological defense needs. The papers presented here are representative of contributions made to the Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on September 22-26, 2014 in Antalya, Turkey, to address the NATO SPS Key Priority of Defense against CBRN Agents and Environmental Security.

MES 24 Electrochemical Applications to Biology Nanotechnology and Environmental Engineering and Materials

Author: Manuel Eduardo Palomar Pardavé
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society
ISBN: 1566777763
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This issue of ECS Transactions (ECST) comprises a selection of papers presented at the 24th national meeting of the Mexican Electrochemical Society (MES) and the second meeting of the Mexican Section of The Electrochemical Society (ECS), carried out in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, from May 31 to June 5, 2009.