Nanostructure Science and Technology

Author: Richard W. Siegel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401591857
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Timely information on scientific and engineering developments occurring in laboratories around the world provides critical input to maintaining the economic and technological strength of the United States. Moreover, sharing this information quickly with other countries can greatly enhance the productivity of scientists and engineers. These are some of the reasons why the National Science Foundation (NSF) has been involved in funding science and technology assessments comparing the United States and foreign countries since the early 1980s. A substantial number of these studies have been conducted by the World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) managed by Loyola College through a cooperative agreement with NSF. The National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), Committee on Technology's Interagency Working Group on NanoScience, Engineering and Technology (CT/IWGN) worked with WTEC to develop the scope of this Nanostucture Science and Technology report in an effort to develop a baseline of understanding for how to strategically make Federal nanoscale R&D investments in the coming years. The purpose of the NSTC/WTEC activity is to assess R&D efforts in other countries in specific areas of technology, to compare these efforts and their results to U. S. research in the same areas, and to identify opportunities for international collaboration in precompetitive research. Many U. S. organizations support substantial data gathering and analysis efforts focusing on nations such as Japan. But often the results of these studies are not widely available. At the same time, government and privately sponsored studies that are in the public domain tend to be "input" studies.

Nanotechnology Standards

Author: Vladimir Murashov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441978530
Format: PDF, Docs
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Written by a team of experts, Nanotechnology Standards provides the first comprehensive, state-of-the-art reviews of nanotechnology standards development, both in the field of standards development and in specific areas of nanotechnology. It also describes global standards-developing processes for nanotechnology, which can be extended to other emerging technologies. For topics related to nanotechnology, the reviews summarize active areas of standards development, supporting knowledge and future directions in easy-to-understand language aimed at a broad technical audience. This unique book is also an excellent resource for up-to-date information on the growing base of knowledge supporting the introduction of nanotechnology standards and applications into the market. Praise for this volume: “This book provides a valuable and detailed overview of current activities and issues relevant to the area as well as a useful summary of the short history of standardization for nanotechnologies and the somewhat longer history of standardization in general. I have no hesitation in recommending this book to anyone with an interest in nanotechnologies whether it is from a technical or societal perspective.” --Dr. Peter Hatto, Director of Research, IonBond Limited, Durham, UK

A Research Strategy for Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

Author: Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309253292
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The nanotechnology sector, which generated about $225 billion in product sales in 2009, is predicted to expand rapidly over the next decade with the development of new technologies that have new capabilities. The increasing production and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) may lead to greater exposures of workers, consumers, and the environment, and the unique scale-specific and novel properties of the materials raise questions about their potential effects on human health and the environment. Over the last decade, government agencies, academic institutions, industry, and others have conducted many assessments of the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) aspects of nanotechnology. The results of those efforts have helped to direct research on the EHS aspects of ENMs. However, despite the progress in assessing research needs and despite the research that has been funded and conducted, developers, regulators, and consumers of nanotechnology-enabled products remain uncertain about the types and quantities of nanomaterials in commerce or in development, their possible applications, and their associated risks. A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials presents a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential EHS risks of ENMs. The report summarizes the current state of the science and high-priority data gaps on the potential EHS risks posed by ENMs and describes the fundamental tools and approaches needed to pursue an EHS risk research strategy. The report also presents a proposed research agenda, short-term and long-term research priorities, and estimates of needed resources and concludes by focusing on implementation of the research strategy and evaluation of its progress, elements that the committee considered integral to its charge.

Nanotechnology

Author: Jurgen Schulte
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470854006
Format: PDF
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The rapid growth of miniaturisation to meet the demand forincreasingly smart devices is driving global investment in a widerange of industries such as IT, electronics, energy, biotechnologyand materials science. Nanotechnology: Global Strategies, Industry Trends andApplications, written by experts from Asia, Europe and the USA,gives a comprehensive and important global perspective onnanotechnology. The book is divided into 3 parts: National Nanotechnology Initiatives in Asia, Europe and theUSAexplores the current status of nanotechnology in China,Korea, Europe and the USA. Investing in Nanotechnology provides practicalinformation about the opportunities and risks involved innanotechnology and predictions for future growth. Frontiers of Nanotechnology discusses futureapplications of the technology and the real-world issuessurrounding these. Outlining developing trends, emerging opportunities, associatedrisks and future applications, this book is essential reading forprofessionals, prospective investors and policy makers who need anaccessible introduction to the topic.

Handbook of Nanoscience Engineering and Technology

Author: William A. Goddard III
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420007848
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The ability to study and manipulate matter at the nanoscale is the defining feature of 21st-century science. The first edition of the standard-setting Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology saw the field through its infancy. Reassembling the preeminent team of leading scientists and researchers from all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology along with several new pioneers, this second edition will guide the field through its burgeoning adolescence. The phenomenal growth and staggering variety of applications of nanotechnology prevent any reference from providing a complete picture of the field. Instead, this edition surveys the most important areas, the most promising technologies, and the fastest-growing developments of current interest. In particular, it discusses fundamental theory of molecular and nanoelectronics, advanced fabrication technologies, modeling and simulation results, and novel molecular and nanoelectronic devices. New chapters in the Second Edition explore... The story of how the National Nanotechnology Initiative was born, where it is now, and where it is going Molecular computing and processing platforms Spin field effect transistors Moletronics and spintronics Nanoarchitectonics Molecular machines Magnetic manipulation applications in biomedical science Biological- and chemical-mediated self-assembly Nanomanufacturing Nanotextile technologies Nanofluidics for cell biology Carbon nanostructures and nanocomposites Accelerated design tools for nanophotonic devices Nanoparticles for drug delivery Remaining the definitive reference for nano researchers around the world, the Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Second Edition provides the signposts for blazers of the nano trail.

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology

Author: Sanjay Mathur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470196378
Format: PDF
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Papers from The American Ceramic Society's 31st International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, held in Daytona Beach, Florida, January 21-26, 2007. Topics include synthesis, fictionalization, processing, and characterization of nanomaterials; structure-property correlations at nanometer length scales; bio- and magnetic nanomaterials; fundamentals in nanoscale systems and processes; nanostructured materials for chemical mechanical planarization, display, health and cosmetic applications; nanotubes and nanowires, nanolithography, and industrial development of nanomaterials.

Nanomedicine

Author: Yi Ge
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1461421403
Format: PDF, ePub
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Increasing demand for and awareness of the applications of nanotechnology in medicine has resulted in the emergence of a new fast-growing multidisciplinary area - nanomedicine. This book offers comprehensive knowledge of and diverse perspectives on nanomedicine through two independent volumes. It aims to bridge the gap between nanotechnology and medicine through contributions by world-renowned experts from wide range of backgrounds including academia, industry, professional consultancy, and government agencies. Each contribution integrates knowledge from a wide range of areas to present the fundamentals of new applications and products of nanomedicine, as well as an outlook for the future. This book can well serve as a reference and guide for students, academics, researchers, scientists, engineers, clinicians, government researchers, and healthcare professionals.

Die Intelligenz der Evolution

Author: Ray Kurzweil
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462316184
Format: PDF
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Der Visionär, der bislang richtig lag Beschleunigung ist das Gesetz der Zeit. Der entfesselte Fortschritt reißt alle Grenzen nieder. Computer überflügeln den Menschen in allen Belangen der Intelligenz und entwickeln Bewusstsein. Der Mensch »verbessert« seine natürliche Ausstattung mittels Gentechnik und Neuro-Implantaten. Ein neuer Evolutionssprung kündigt sich an. Der Computerpionier Ray Kurzweil hat unser Informationszeitalter mitgeprägt. Nun beschreibt er die digitale Revolution unseres Jahrhunderts. Seine Prognosen für die ersten beiden Jahrzehnte des 21. Jahrhunderts sind erstaunlich präzise. Um das Jahr 2029 kann das menschliche Gehirn »gescannt« und in einem Computer dupliziert werden. Die Debatte über das Bewusstsein und die Würde der Maschinen setzt ein ... Eine atemberaubende Vision, die weitreichende ethische und philosophische Fragen aufwirft. Im Vorwort schreibt Ranga Yogeshwar: »Dieses Zukunftsbuch ist ein Beleg für Kurzweils großartigen Instinkt. Es strahlt noch immer eine besondere Frische aus.«

Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology

Author: Elisabeth Mansfield
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527340394
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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For the promotion of global trading and the reduction of potential risks, the role of international standardization of nanotechnologies has become more and more important. This book gives an overview of the current status of nanotechnology including the importance of metrology and characterization at the nanoscale, international standardization of nanotechnology, and industrial innovation of nano-enabled products. First the field of nanometrology, nanomaterial standardization and nanomaterial innovation is introduced. Second, major concepts in analytical measurements are given in order to provide a basis for the reliable and reproducible characterization of nanomaterials. The role of standards organizations are presented and finally, an overview of risk management and the commercial impact of metrology and standardization for industrial innovations.