Nation States and the Multinational Corporation

Author: Nathan M. Jensen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837373
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What makes a country attractive to foreign investors? To what extent do conditions of governance and politics matter? This book provides the most systematic exploration to date of these crucial questions at the nexus of politics and economics. Using quantitative data and interviews with investment promotion agencies, investment location consultants, political risk insurers, and decision makers at multinational corporations, Nathan Jensen arrives at a surprising conclusion: Countries may be competing for international capital, but government fiscal policy--both taxation and spending--has little impact on multinationals' investment decisions. Although government policy has a limited ability to determine patterns of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, political institutions are central to explaining why some countries are more successful in attracting international capital. First, democratic institutions lower political risks for multinational corporations. Indeed, they lead to massive amounts of foreign direct investment. Second, politically federal institutions, in contrast to fiscally federal institutions, lower political risks for multinationals and allow host countries to attract higher levels of FDI inflows. Third, the International Monetary Fund, often cited as a catalyst for promoting foreign investment, actually deters multinationals from investment in countries under IMF programs. Even after controlling for the factors that lead countries to seek IMF support, IMF agreements are associated with much lower levels of FDI inflows.

Nation states and the Multinational Corporation

Author: Nathan Michael Jensen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691122229
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Attracting the investment of multinational corporations, foreign direct investment, has become a central economic development strategy of developed and developing countries. Jensen explores how government policies and political institutions affect patterns of FDI by utilising quantitative FDI data.

U S power and the multinational corporation

Author: Robert Gilpin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780465089512
Format: PDF, Kindle
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An examination of multinational corporations and foreign investment, their interactions with and impact on domestic and international politics, and the attendant costs and benefits to the United States

Politics and Foreign Direct Investment

Author: Nathan Jensen
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472028375
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For decades, free trade was advocated as the vehicle for peace, prosperity, and democracy in an increasingly globalized market. More recently, the proliferation of foreign direct investment has raised questions about its impact upon local economies and politics. Here, seven scholars bring together their wide-ranging expertise to investigate the factors that determine the attractiveness of a locale to investors and the extent of their political power. Multinational corporations prefer to invest where legal and political institutions support the rule of law, protections for property rights, and democratic processes. Corporate influence on local institutions, in turn, depends upon the relative power of other players and the types of policies at issue.

Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment

Author: Stephen D. Cohen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198039853
Format: PDF, Docs
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Foreign direct investment (FDI) and multinational corporations (MNCs)--for better and worse--play a large and growing role in shaping our world. The integrating thesis of this book is the inevitability of heterogeneity in FDI and MNCs and, accordingly, the imperative of disaggregation. Large companies doing business on a global basis increasingly dominate the production and marketing of the world's goods and services. The importance of these companies continues to grow while the debate about their nature and effects remains mired in a long-standing stalemate couched in strong black and white terms. Stephen D. Cohen seeks to reconcile this impasse by analyzing multinational corporations and foreign direct investment in an eclectic, nuanced manner. The core thesis is that an accurate understanding of the nature and impact of these phenomena comes from acknowledging the dominance of heterogeneity, perceptions, and ambiguity and the paucity of universal truths. This approach should contribute significantly to both a better academic understanding and a more productive policy debate of an increasingly important element of the world economy.

Global Trade

Author: Greg Buckman
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1848136927
Format: PDF, Docs
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Trade, along with the free movement of capital, is at the heart of today's international economy. But international trade is an intensely political and contested subject. In this book, Greg Buckman details possible future directions in global energy supplies and balance-of-payments imbalances. He argues that, just as current trading arrangements have been the product of past decisions emerging out of apparently unrelated considerations, so factors like future fossil fuel costs, global warming, and the economic imbalances between North and South are likely to impel a radical reshaping of the WTO and the principles enshrined in its agreements as well as the global trading system in general. A key contribution to thinking about possible trade policy reforms are the reforms and alternatives - themselves not always agreed or sufficiently thought through -- advocated by the global justice movement. This book outlines these diverse proposals to make global trade more sustainable in some detail. This book has been written to be both informative and empowering. It is an important contribution to clearer thinking, more effective campaigning, and fundamental policy reform in the field of international trade.

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States Benefits Suspicions and Risks with Special Attention to FDI from China

Author: Theodore H. Moran
Publisher: Peterson Institute for International Economics
ISBN: 0881326615
Format: PDF, ePub
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Americans have long been ambivalent toward foreign direct investment in the United States. Foreign multinational corporations may be a source of capital, technology, and jobs. But what are the implications for US workers, firms, communities, and consumers as the United States remains the most popular destination for foreign multinational investment? Theodore H. Moran and Lindsay Oldenski find that foreign multinational firms that invest in the United States are, alongside US-headquartered American multinationals, the most productive and highest-paying segment of the US economy. These firms conduct more research and development, provide more value added to US domestic inputs, and export more goods and services than other firms in the US economy. The superior technology and management techniques they employ spill over horizontally and vertically to improve the performance of local firms and workers. As the United States wants not only to expand employment but also create well-paying jobs that reverse the falling earnings that many US workers and middle class families have suffered in recent decades, it is more important than ever to enhance the United States as a destination for multinational investors

Human Rights and International Political Economy in Third World Nations

Author: William H. Meyer
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: 9780275961725
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This work examines the effects that American foreign aid, investment, and multinational corporations have on human rights in Third World countries. Quantitative analyses employing a sample of more than 50 developing nations specify the international linkages between human rights, MNC investment, and US economic and military aid. Case studies move to a level detailing particular human rights abused by particular MNCs.

Incentives to Pander

Author: Nathan M. Jensen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108311423
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Policies targeting individual companies for economic development incentives, such as tax holidays and abatements, are generally seen as inefficient, economically costly, and distortionary. Despite this evidence, politicians still choose to use these policies to claim credit for attracting investment. Thus, while fiscal incentives are economically inefficient, they pose an effective pandering strategy for politicians. Using original surveys of voters in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom as well as data on incentive use by politicians in the US, Vietnam and Russia, this book provides compelling evidence for the use of fiscal incentives for political gain and shows how such pandering appears to be associated with growing economic inequality. As national and subnational governments surrender valuable tax revenue to attract businesses in the vain hope of long-term economic growth, they are left with fiscal shortfalls that have been filled through regressive sales taxes, police fines and penalties, and cuts to public education.