Native Speakerism in Japan

Author: Stephanie Ann Houghton
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847698719
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The relative status of native and non-native speaker language teachers within educational institutions has long been an issue worldwide but until recently, the voices of teachers articulating their own concerns have been rare. Existing work has tended to focus upon the position of non-native teachers and their struggle against unfavourable comparisons with their native-speaker counterparts. However, more recently, native-speaker language teachers have also been placed in the academic spotlight as interest grows in language-based forms of prejudice such as ‘native-speakerism’ – a dominant ideology prevalent within the Japanese context of English language education. This innovative volume explores wide-ranging issues related to native-speakerism as it manifests itself in the Japanese and Italian educational contexts to show how native-speaker teachers can also be the targets of multifarious forms of prejudice and discrimination in the workplace.

Towards Post Native Speakerism

Author: Stephanie Ann Houghton
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811071624
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book probes for a post-native-speakerist future. It explores the nature of (English and Japanese) native-speakerism in the Japanese context, and possible grounds on which language teachers could be employed if native-speakerism is rejected (i.e., what are the language teachers of the future expected to do, and be, in practice?). It reveals the problems presented by the native-speaker model in foreign language education by exploring individual teacher-researcher narratives related to workplace experience and language-based inclusion/exclusion, as well as Japanese native-speakerism in the teaching of Japanese as a foreign language. It then seeks solutions to the problems by examining the concept of post-native-speakerism in relation to multilingual perspectives and globalisation generally, with a specific focus on education.

Beyond Native Speakerism

Author: Stephanie Ann Houghton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317286502
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Despite unsubstantiated claims of best practice, the division of language-teaching professionals on the basis of their categorization as ‘native-speakers’ or ‘non-native speakers’ continues to cascade throughout the academic literature. It has become normative, under the rhetorical guise of acting to correct prejudice and/or discrimination, to see native-speakerism as having a single beneficiary – the ‘native-speaker’ – and a single victim – the ‘non-native’ speaker. However, this unidirectional perspective fails to deal with the more veiled systems through which those labeled as native-speakers and non-native speakers are both cast as casualties of this questionable bifurcation. This volume documents such complexities and aims to fill the void currently observable within mainstream academic literature in the teaching of both English, and Japanese, foreign language education. By identifying how the construct of Japanese native-speaker mirrors that of the ‘native-speaker’ of English, the volume presents a revealing insight into language teaching in Japan. Further, taking a problem-solving approach, this volume explores possible grounds on which language teachers could be employed if native-speakerism is rejected according to experts in the fields of intercultural communicative competence, English as a Lingua Franca and World Englishes, all of which aim to replace the ‘native-speaker’ model with something new.

En Countering Native speakerism

Author: Adrian Holliday
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137463503
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The book addresses the issue of native-speakerism, an ideology based on the assumption that 'native speakers' of English have a special claim to the language itself, through critical qualitative studies of the lived experiences of practising teachers and students in a range of scenarios.

Challenging the Native Speakerism

Author: Masakazu Mishima
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783639207941
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book examines hiring practices that assume that native English-speakers are superior to non-native speakers as teachers of English.

Ideology Agency and Intercultural Communicative Competence

Author: Jeremie Bouchard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811039267
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Associated with an important epistemological shift from language proficiency to language criticality in applied linguistic research, this book provides a sociological perspective on foreign language education in Japan. By employing ethnographic methods to investigate the relationship between three core analytical elements – foreign language education geared towards the development of learners’ intercultural communicative competence; nihonjinron and native-speakerism as potentially constraining ideological forces; and EFL practices observed at four Japanese junior high schools – the author not only shares valuable insights into how English is taught and learned in a stratum of the Japanese EFL system which has received limited attention from researchers over the years, but also clarifies the fundamental and complex changes currently taking place in the Japanese EFL landscape. This multi-faceted book also calls for greater consideration in postmodern ideology critique for the stratified nature of social processes as well as the material conditions and underlying generative mechanisms involved in the production and consumption of (including resistance to) ideological discourse. Accordingly, it outlines several challenges shaping ideology research in educational settings, and responds by developing a realist-oriented theoretical and methodological approach to address these challenges. This book serves as a unique point of reference for the study of parallel nationalist discourses embedded in foreign language education systems around the world.

The Pedagogy of English as an International Language

Author: Roby Marlina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319061275
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume offers insights in current theoretical discussions, observations, and reflections from internationally and regionally celebrated scholars on the theory and practice of teaching English informed by a new school of thought, English as an International Language (EIL). This volume provides readers (scholars, teachers, teacher-educators, researchers in the relevant fields) with: Knowledge of the changing paradigm and attitudes towards English language teaching from teaching a single variety of English to teaching intercultural communication and English language variation. Current thoughts on the theory of teaching English as an international language by internationally-celebrated established scholars and emergent scholars. Scholarly descriptions and discussions of how English language educators and teacher-educators translate the paradigm of English as an International Language into their existing teaching. Delineation of how this newly emerged paradigm is received or responded to by English language educators and students when it is implemented. Readers have a unique opportunity to observe and read the tensions and dilemmas that educators and students are likely to experience in teaching and learning EIL.

Sprache und Politik

Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783865721235
Format: PDF
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Noam Chomsky, der weltbekannte Sprachtheoretiker und streitbare Gesellschaftskritiker wurde am 7. Dezember 1998 siebzig Jahre alt. Zu diesem Anlass hat der Philo Verlag einen Gratulationsband herausgebracht, der das Spannungsfeld von Chomskys Denken zwischen Sprache und Politik anhand seiner eigenen Arbeiten ausloten will. Der Band umfast exemplarische und bisher nicht übersetzte Arbeiten Chomskys von Ende der 60er Jahre bis heute (u.a. den berühmten Aufsatz "Some tasks for the left" von 1969). Damit wird die Vielfalt und der Antrieb seines Denkens auch all jenen zugänglich gemacht, die den Linguisten, aber nicht den politischen Philosophen, den libertären Sozialisten, aber nicht den scharfsinnigen Analytiker abendländischer Staatsmacht kennen. Der Autor: Noam Chomsky, geb. 1928; Professor für Linguistik und Philosophie am Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Begründer der generativen Transformationsgrammatik. Neben sprachwissenschaftlichen Problemen setzt sich Chomsky immer wieder kritisch mit aktuellen wirtschafts- und medienpolitischen Fragestellungen auseinander. 1998 erschien von Noam Chomsky bei Philo "Haben und Nichthaben"

Discourses of De Legitimization

Author: Andrew S. Ross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351263862
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume provides a comprehensive analysis of the ways in which digital communication facilitate and inform discourses of legitimization and delegitimization in contemporary participatory cultures. The book draws on multiple theoretical traditions from critical discourse analysis to allow for a greater critical engagement of the ways in which values are either justified or criticized on social media platforms across a variety of social milieus, including the personal, political, religious, corporate, and commercial. The volume highlights data from across ten national contexts and a range of online platforms to demonstrate how these discursive practices manifest themselves differently across a range of settings. Taken together, the seventeen chapters in this book offer a more informed understanding of how these discursive spaces help us to interpret the manner in which digital communication can be used to legitimize or delegitimize, making this book an ideal resource for students and scholars in discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, new media, and media production.