Natural Religion and the Nature of Religion

Author: Peter Byrne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135979847
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This study offers students of religion and philosophy introductory chapters concerning the concept of natural religion. It holds that we can’t engage in useful discussion about the present concept of religion without a knowledge of the philosophical history that has shaped that concept. This is discussed with reference to the notion of natural religion to illustrate certain aspects of deism and its legacy. Originally published in 1989.

Invocation and Assent

Author: Jason E. Vickers
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802862691
Format: PDF, Docs
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The adoption of a new rule of faith in the seventeenth century significantly changed the way English-speaking Protestants perceive the doctrine of the Trinity. Having been the proper personal name by which Christians came to know and love their God, the Trinity became primarily a rational construct and as such no longer clearly mattered for salvation. In Invocation and Assent Jason Vickers charts this crucial theological shift, illuminating the origins of indifference to the Trinity found in many quarters of Christianity today.

The Reality of the Mind

Author: Ludger Hölscher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134049072
Format: PDF, Docs
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Among the various approaches to the question of the nature of the mind (or soul), Augustine’s philosophical arguments for the existence of an incorporeal and spiritual substance in man and against materialism are here thoroughly examined on their merits as a source of insight for contemporary discussion. This book, originally published in 1986, employs Augustine’s method of introspection, and argues that, as a philosopher, Augustine can teach the modern mind how to detect the reality of such a spiritual subject in and through basic human acts and faculties, such as imagination, memory, knowledge, free-will and self-knowledge. It presents a critical dialogue with various materialistic anthropologies directly addressed by Augustine himself, or those which have arisen at later periods, including epiphenomenalism, mind-brain identity theory, Marxism and others.

Like Parchment in the Fire

Author: Prasanta Chakravarty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135511195
Format: PDF
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This book examines the literary, religious, and political aspects of the radical movements and various sects of the English Civil War. Featuring a chapter on John Milton, this book also addresses the legal problems that engaged the early modern radical reformers, the issue of radical religion as a negotiating tool and the limits of radical liberal thought.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy Cabanis Destutt de Tracy

Author: Donald M. Borchert
Publisher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA
ISBN: 9780028657820
Format: PDF
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Containing material from hundreds of highly distinguished contributors representing the world's top universities and institutions, the second edition has a truly global perspective. It contains more than 2,100 entries -- including more than 450 new articles. Among the many topics covered are African, Islamic, Jewish, Russian, Chinese, and Buddhist philosophies; bioethics and biomedical ethics; art and aesthetics; epistemology; metaphysics; peace and war; social and political philosophy; the Holocaust; feminist thought; and much more. Additionally, the second edition also features 1,000 biographical entries on major figures in philosophical thought throughout history.

Kant Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

Author: Immanuel Kant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521599641
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics not often treated by philosophers, including such traditional theological concepts as original sin and the salvation or 'justification' of a sinner, and the idea of the proper role of a church. This volume presents it and three short essays that illuminate it in new translations by Allen Wood and George di Giovanni, with an introduction by Robert Merrihew Adams that locates it in its historical and philosophical context.

The History of Science and Religion in the Western Tradition

Author: Gary B. Ferngren
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780815316565
Format: PDF, Kindle
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While thought of as primarily a locus of contention, the relationship of science and religion in the West has been varied and multifaceted, with religion oftentimes nurturing and encouraging scientific progress. This relationship, which has gone on in some form perhaps since the dawn of history itself, is chronicled in this book through intellectual movements, Western religious traditions, and the evolving manifestations of science. Reaching back to fifth century Greece and proceeding to the late 20th century, this volume describes the relationship of science and religion throughout history. From ancient cosmology and medieval occult sciences to modern physics and psychology, every major intellectual movement and discipline of study is covered. There is also comprehensive coverage of the foundational aspects of the study of science and religion, with, for example, detailed discussions of the demarcation of science and religion, of epistemology, and of causation.

Saving and Secular Faith

Author: Brian Albert Gerrish
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishing
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What does it mean to live by faith? Answers are more elusive than ever. Beginning with a rich discussion of the Reformation legacy, historian-theologian B.A. Gerrish responds that if we release our thinking from sectarian, partisan lenses, we find that faith denotes a multitude of impulses—trust, doubt, fidelity, and confidence—and is a fundamental human posture. It undergirds not only "saving" faith but also "secular" varieties in other religious traditions—and even outside religions. We all literally live by faith in every phase of our lives. Gerrish's prolegomenon to theology goes on to ask what then is the use of belief? How, in fact, do we come to faith? And how are religious and secular faith related, especially in relation to Jesus Christ? Gerrish opens up the notion of faith to encompass the "discovery of personal meaning in one's existence" and the theological drive to articulate the deepest drives of the human self.