Neural Stem Cells in Health and Disease

Author: Ashok K Shetty
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814623199
Format: PDF
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This book is a comprehensive guide on neural stem cell behavior in health and disease. The book confers the altered behavior of endogenous neural stem cells in neurodegenerative disease conditions and the prospects of neural stem cell therapy for alleviating brain dysfunction in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders. Neural stem cell activity and neurogenesis in the adult brain is now confirmed in virtually all mammalian species including humans. Hence, a series of chapters in the first half of the book discusses the current knowledge on mechanisms of neural stem cell activity, the extent and functional significance of neurogenesis in the adult brain under normal, aged and disease environments, the susceptibility of neural stem cells and the plasticity of neurogenesis to alcohol, drugs of abuse and anesthetic agents, and advanced techniques that trigger neurogenesis in non-neurogenic regions. A second series of chapters in this book are focused on discussing the promise and efficacy of grafting of neural stem cells and/or other stem cells for treating neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, stroke, temporal lobe epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease and spinal cord injury. The final chapter confers on advances that are made in manufacturing a variety of neural cell types from human pluripotent stem cells that can be used as donor cells for cell transplantation.

Stem Cell Biology in Health and Disease

Author: Thomas Dittmar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048130405
Format: PDF
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Stem Cell Biology in Health and Disease presents an up-to-date overview about the dual role of stem cells in health and disease. The Editors have drawn together an international team of experts providing chapters which, in this fully-illustrated volume, discuss: - the controversial debate on the great expectations concerning stem cell based regeneration therapies raised by the pluripotency of various stem cells. - the advantages and concerns about embryonic stem cells (ES cells), induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) and adult stem cells, such as bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMDCs). - the type of stem cells, which has become of interest in the past decade, namely so-called cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs are now in the focus of cancer research since the eradication of tumour initiating cells would raise the changes of definitely cure cancer. Professor Dittmar and Professor Zänker have edited a must-read book for researchers and professionals working in the field of regenerative medicine and/or cancer.

Stem Cells Current Challenges and New Directions

Author: Kursad Turksen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461480663
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This volume looks at the state-of-the-science in stem cells, discusses the current challenges, and examines the new directions the field is taking. Dr. Turksen, editor-in-chief of the journal "Stem Cell Reviews and Reports," has assembled a volume of internationally-known scientists who cover topics that are both clinically and research-oriented. The contents range from sources of stem cells through their physiological role in health and disease, therapeutic applications in regenerative medicine, and ethics and society. An initial overview and a final summary bookend the contents into a cohesive and invaluable volume.

Insulin Like Growth Factors in Health and Disease An Issue of Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics E Book

Author: Claire M. Perks
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455742775
Format: PDF, ePub
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This issue of Endocrinology Clinics, authored by experts worldwide, provides essential updates about insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). The physiology is examined, including the latest in what we have learned from animal models as well as humans. The issue also covers IGFs and IGF system in the following: growth disorders; adipogenesis and obesity; muscle function and disease; bone; cancer; cardiac function and disease; normal and diseased kidney; peripheral nervous systems; gastrointestinal diseases; diabetes and metabolism; and IGF-1 central/degenerative diseases.

Lymphocyte Trafficking in Health and Disease

Author: Raffaele Badolato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 376437442X
Format: PDF
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This book deals with the description of the role of chemokines in immune response and underlines potential targets of therapeutical intervention. It offers a series of international contributions of the most challenging aspects of lymphocyte migration in homeostasis and in disease, and has a special focus on diseases and targets of therapeutical intervention. The book will interest researchers and clinicians from inflammation research.

Handbook of Hair in Health and Disease

Author: Victor R. Preedy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9086867286
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Hair is a major component of the body's tissue system that contributes to the individual's make up and confers a large degree of personal identity. Apart from its visible façade, hair also has a functional role. It has an unique structure and complex molecular development. The very nature of hair makes it a suitable marker for the prognosis of disease. Hair can also be used to screen for toxins and changes in the diet. However, there are currently no suitable publications available that describe hair in a rational scientific context. This handbook provides an academic approach to hair in health and disease. Divided into five sections the Handbook of Hair in Health and Disease provides an insight into hair growth and loss, molecular and cellular biology of hair, dietary toxicity and pathological history, diseases and treatments of hair, as well as shampoos and conditioners. Unique features of each chapter in this volume include relevant and useful 'Key facts' which highlight interesting or important findings of the specific subjects and 'Summary points' that will give a clear overview of the subjects treated in each chapter. The Handbook of Hair in Health and Disease will be essential to a variety of users, such as trichologists, doctors and nurses and all those interested or working within the area of hair health. This includes nutritionists and dieticians, scientific beauticians, health workers and practitioners, college and university lecturers and undergraduate and graduate students.

Glycosaminoglycans in Development Health and Disease

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123812834
Format: PDF, ePub
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Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are a family of linear polysaccharides that are found in all animal tissues. Several are used as biomaterials, including heparin, heparin sulfate, keratan sulfate, dermatan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate. This volume discusses the role of GAGs in development, health and disease. This series provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas Contributions from leading scholars and industry experts Reference guide for researchers involved in molecular biology and related fields

Robbins Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease E Book

Author: Vinay Kumar
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437720153
Format: PDF, Docs
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One of the best-selling medical textbooks of all time, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease is the one book that nearly all medical students purchase, and is also widely used by physicians worldwide. A "who's who" of pathology experts delivers the most dependable, current, and complete coverage of today's essential pathology knowledge. At the same time, masterful editing and a practical organization make mastering every concept remarkably easy. The result remains the ideal source for an optimal understanding of pathology. Offers the most authoritative and comprehensive, yet readable coverage available in any pathology textbook, making it ideal for USMLE or specialty board preparation as well as for course work. Delivers a state-of-the-art understanding of the pathologic basis of disease through completely updated coverage, including the latest cellular and molecular biology. Demonstrates every concept visually with over 1,600 full-color photomicrographs and conceptual diagrams - many revised for even better quality. Facilitates learning with an outstanding full-color, highly user-friendly design.

Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease Professional Edition E Book

Author: Vinay Kumar
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437721826
Format: PDF
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One of the best-selling medical textbooks of all time, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease is the one book you likely purchased as a medical student that still provides answers now that you're in practice. The new PROFESSIONAL EDITION is the same "who's who" of pathology experts that delivers the most dependable, current, and complete coverage of today's essential pathology knowledge, now enhanced with PERKS DESIGNED SPECIALLY FOR YOU AS A PRACTITIONER. Masterful editing and a practical organization make learning or reinforcing every concept remarkably easy. The result remains the ideal source for an optimal understanding of pathology at its core. Offers the most authoritative and comprehensive, yet readable coverage available in any pathology textbook, making it ideal for USMLE or specialty board preparation as well as for course work

Brain Extracellular Matrix in Health and Disease

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444634940
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the central nervous system, extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules, including hyaluronic acid, chondroitin and heparan sulfate proteoglycans, tenascins, reelin and agrin, along with their remodelling enzymes, such as neurotrypsin, neuropsin, plasminogen activators, and metalloproteinases, are secreted by neural and non-neural cells into the extracellular space to form the ECM and signal via ECM receptors. Despite recent advances in the ECM field, the importance of neural ECM for physiological and pathological processes is currently less widely recognized than that of other CNS elements. This book will enlighten recent progress in our understanding of mechanisms by which neural ECM, its receptors and activity-dependent ECM remodeling regulate neural development, synaptic plasticity, and contribute to pathological changes in the brain. In the first part, the roles of ECM signaling and proteolytic modification of ECM in neurogenesis, neural migration, axonal pathfinding, synaptogenesis, synaptic and homeostatic plasticity will be discussed. The second part will focus on the emerging ECM-dependent mechanisms associated with CNS injury, epilepsy, neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases. For further development of neural ECM field, a very important contribution is the third part of the book, which is devoted to neural ECM-targeting tools and therapeutics. The concluding fourth part will highlight advances in development of artificial ECM and ECM-based systems suitable for multisite recording and stimulation of neural cells. Authors are the leading experts in the field of brain extracellular matrix in health and disease Book covers the most important aspects of brain extracellular matrix in health and disease Interesting for both scientists and clinicians