Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain

Author: Michael Petrides
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124059317
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Many studies of the neural bases of language processes are now conducted with functional and structural neuroimaging. Research is often compromised because of difficulties in identifying the core structures in the face of the complex morphology of these regions of the brain. Although there are many books on the cognitive aspects of language and also on neurolinguistics and aphasiology, Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain is the first anatomical atlas that focuses on the core regions of the cerebral cortex involved in language processing. This atlas is a richly illustrated guide for scientists interested in the gross morphology of the sulci and gyri of the core language regions, in the cytoarchitecture of the relevant cortical areas, and in the connectivity of these areas. Data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity are integrated iwth critical experimental anatomical data about homologous areas in the macaque monkey to provide the latest information on the connectivity of the language-relevant cortical areas of the brain. Although the anatomical connectivity data from studies on the macaque monkey provide the most detailed information, they are often neglected because of difficulties in interpreting the terminology used and in making the monkey-to-human comparison. This atlas helps investigators interpret this important source of information. Neuroanatomy of Language Regions of the Human Brain will assist investigators of the neural bases of language in increasing the anatomical sophistication of their research adn in evaluating studies of language and the brain. Abundantly illustrated with photographs, 3-D MRI reconstructions, and sections to represent the morphology of the sulci and gyri in the frontal, temporal, and parietal regions involved in language processing Photomicrographs showing the cytoarchitecture of cortical areas involved in language processing Series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections identifying the sulci and gyri to assist language investigators using structural and functional neuroimaging techniques All images accompanied by brief commentaries to help users navigate the complexities of the anatomy Integration of data from diffusion MRI and resting-state connectivity with critical experimental anatomical data on the connectivity of homologous areas in the macaque monkey

Human Brain Function

Author: Karl J. Friston
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080472959
Format: PDF, Docs
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This updated second edition provides the state of the art perspective of the theory, practice and application of modern non-invasive imaging methods employed in exploring the structural and functional architecture of the normal and diseased human brain. Like the successful first edition, it is written by members of the Functional Imaging Laboratory - the Wellcome Trust funded London lab that has contributed much to the development of brain imaging methods and their application in the last decade. This book should excite and intrigue anyone interested in the new facts about the brain gained from neuroimaging and also those who wish to participate in this area of brain science. * Represents an almost entirely new book from 1st edition, covering the rapid advances in methods and in understanding of how human brains are organized * Reviews major advances in cognition, perception, emotion and action * Introduces novel experimental designs and analytical techniques made possible with fMRI, including event-related designs and non-linear analysis

Human Neuroanatomy

Author: James R. Augustine
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0120682516
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Human Neuroanatomy provides a thorough and comprehensive overview of the human brain and spinal cord for medical and graduate students as well as residents in the clinical neurosciences. Standing on the shoulders of training from outstanding scientist-teacher mentors and based on more than 30 years of experience teaching about the brain and spinal cord to medical and graduate students, this single authored text presents everything the reader would need as they begin their study of the nervous system. At the same time the experienced neuroscientist will find much useful and valuable information in these pages that is based almost exclusively on studies in experimental primates and observations in humans. Every effort has been made to present the complexities of the nervous system as simply and clearly as possible. The careful reader will discover a clarity and depth of coverage that makes the reading both instructional and enjoyable. Topics are presented logically and the text in an easy-to-read style. The accompanying line drawings emphasize important concepts in a clear and uncluttered manner. Topics presented: Neurons, glial cells, degeneration, regeneration, axonal transport Review of the development of the human nervous system Overview of the anatomy of the spinal cord, brain stem and forebrain General sensory paths (pain, temperature, touch, pressure, proprioception) Special sensory systems (auditory, vestibular, visual, olfactory and gustatory) Eye movements and visual reflexes Comprehensive presentation of the regions involved in motor activity including the clinical manifestation of injuries to these motor areas Limbic system, hypothalamus and the autonomic nervous system Lobes of the brain, clinically important cortical areas and the results of lesions in these areas Blood supply to the spinal cord, brain stem, and brain including classical brain stem syndromes The meninges and the ventricular system Numerous helpful clinical correlations that emphasize the practical application of basic anatomical information Presents the complexities of the nervous system as simply and clearly as possible Written with a clarity and depth of coverage that makes the reading both instructional and enjoyable Includes numerous illustrations emphasizing important concepts

Broca s Region

Author: Yosef Grodzinsky
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195177649
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Paul Broca, the discoverer of Broca's region, was one of the first scientists to equate a significant piece of behaviour - articulated language - with a piece of neural tissue. This text creates a coherent, novel picture of the state of contemporary knowledge on the structure and function of the region.

The Human Cerebral Cortex

Author: Michael Petrides
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123869388
Format: PDF
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The atlas provides nearly 200 photographs of 3D reconstructions of human brains in a standard series of coronal, sagittal, and horizontal sections. It illustrates in detail and labels 95% of the cortex sulci and gyri, and images are presented in the MNI stereotaxic space. In addition to the standard brain and its sections are numerous examples of brains that exhibit patterns of deviating sulci and gyri. Examples of these variants are presented next to the standard illustration, accompanied by brief commentary aimed at helping users identify these variants and use them in their own work."--pub. desc.

Neuroanatomy to Color and Study

Author: Ray Poritsky
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781560535508
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides a simple and direct method of learning the essentials of neuroanatomy by illustrating the brain, spinal cord, and other anatomical structures in easy-to-understand, three-dimensional drawings. It allows the reader to learn the pathways and parts of the nervous system by reading about them and coloring and labeling them at the same time. Carefully thought-out black and white drawings explain and depict the basic structure of the brain and spinal cord and their major components. The illustrations of the structure of the eye and ear are comprehensive and reveal their ultra-structure in exceptional detail. Presents a simple, direct, and interactive method of learning the essentials of neuroanatomy All key microanatomical and gross anatomical structures are presented with emphasis on pathways The reader identifies, labels, and colors each section, thereby learning or reinforcing anatomic knowledge and aiding the memory The anatomist-artist author has a flair for creating clear and interesting anatomical depictions Witty cartoons describe word origins in humorous and memorable fashion (anatomic terms are often cumbersome and somewhat complex, making them difficult to remember) Recent discoveries about the functions of the brain and spinal cord are represented Features over 50 new anatomical plates, including 10 new drawings of the cerebellum Serotonin and adrenergic pathways are new additions

Human Neuroanatomy

Author: J. Edward Bruni
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195371429
Format: PDF, ePub
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Human Neuroanatomy: A Text, Brain Atlas, and Laboratory Dissection Guide has been substantially changed and updated from a previous edition entitled The Human Brain in Dissection published in 1988 and accordingly has been re-titled. The last 20 years have seen a significant shift in the way anatomy and its sub-disciplines like neuroanatomy are taught in both undergraduate and graduate neuroscience courses; not only has the time allocated for these courses been reduced, but the teaching methodologies have become more focused and specific due to time constraints. As reported by Drake et. al., "Medical education in the anatomical sciences: the winds of change continue to blow" (Anat. Sci. Educ., 2: 253-259, 2009), we have seen an overall drop in the total number of lecture hours and laboratory hours since the last survey done of medical curricula in 2002. Human Neuroanatomy has been reconstructed to appeal to just these changes: courses with a lab/dissection component as well as those without will find this guide the perfect teaching tool to understand human neuroanatomy. With these limitations in mind and to better meet current requirements the authors have expanded the textural content in this new edition and separated it entirely from the dissection instructions which have been retained. The "Laboratory Exercise" as it is now designated stands alone in a highlighted box in each chapter. It outlines what is to be accomplished during a given session using pre-dissected specimens and/or appropriate models or by exposing them in a dissection. Clear step by step procedural instructions are provided and important structures to be seen are highlighted. The dissection sequence laid out in the chapters is a progressive one requiring only a single wet specimen and ideally completed in two hour periods. Students who do not have the opportunity to dissect, however may simply skip these paragraphs. In this 3rd edition of the book many new illustrations have been added to better depict the salient features of the brain at various stages of dissection and to facilitate understanding the subject matter. Labeling of some illustrations has changed and others have been replaced. All are amply referenced to the text and to the laboratory exercises and are intended to assist with or be used in lieu of dissection. New also in this edition is a section of clinically-relevant notes as well as USMLE type multiple-choice questions added in separate sections at the end of each chapter. These quiz type questions provide students with a means of assessing their understanding of the subject matter in each chapter and an indication of how their knowledge might be tested. And finally, an atlas of 62 labelled brain sections in four different planes, at the end of the book, has been retained. CT scans and M.R. images that correspond as closely as possible to the anatomic section are included. Comprehensive and concise Human Neuroanatomy: A Text, Brain Atlas, and Laboratory Dissection Guide is an invaluable guide to assist medical, dental and allied health science students understand nervous system structure, function and disease.

Structure of the Human Brain

Author: Stephen J. DeArmond
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195043570
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"The most complete and most profusely illustrated human brain atlas currently available. The atlas contains not only a basic core of information concerning the gross and sectional anatomy of the brain, but also material on the cytoarchitectural and vascular organization of the brain....The index is extensive and very usable." --Contemporary Psychology

Neurobiology of Language

Author: Gregory Hickok
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124078621
Format: PDF, ePub
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Neurobiology of Language explores the study of language, a field that has seen tremendous progress in the last two decades. Key to this progress is the accelerating trend toward integration of neurobiological approaches with the more established understanding of language within cognitive psychology, computer science, and linguistics. This volume serves as the definitive reference on the neurobiology of language, bringing these various advances together into a single volume of 100 concise entries. The organization includes sections on the field's major subfields, with each section covering both empirical data and theoretical perspectives. "Foundational" neurobiological coverage is also provided, including neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, genetics, linguistic, and psycholinguistic data, and models. Foundational reference for the current state of the field of the neurobiology of language Enables brain and language researchers and students to remain up-to-date in this fast-moving field that crosses many disciplinary and subdisciplinary boundaries Provides an accessible entry point for other scientists interested in the area, but not actively working in it – e.g., speech therapists, neurologists, and cognitive psychologists Chapters authored by world leaders in the field – the broadest, most expert coverage available