Neurobiology of Chemical Communication

Author: Carla Mucignat-Caretta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466553421
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Intraspecific communication involves the activation of chemoreceptors and subsequent activation of different central areas that coordinate the responses of the entire organism—ranging from behavioral modification to modulation of hormones release. Animals emit intraspecific chemical signals, often referred to as pheromones, to advertise their presence to members of the same species and to regulate interactions aimed at establishing and regulating social and reproductive bonds. In the last two decades, scientists have developed a greater understanding of the neural processing of these chemical signals. Neurobiology of Chemical Communication explores the role of the chemical senses in mediating intraspecific communication. Providing an up-to-date outline of the most recent advances in the field, it presents data from laboratory and wild species, ranging from invertebrates to vertebrates, from insects to humans. The book examines the structure, anatomy, electrophysiology, and molecular biology of pheromones. It discusses how chemical signals work on different mammalian and non-mammalian species and includes chapters on insects, Drosophila, honey bees, amphibians, mice, tigers, and cattle. It also explores the controversial topic of human pheromones. An essential reference for students and researchers in the field of pheromones, this is also an ideal resource for those working on behavioral phenotyping of animal models and persons interested in the biology/ecology of wild and domestic species.

Life Chemistry Research

Author: Roman Joswik
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498700004
Format: PDF, Docs
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This volume contains a collection of topical chapters that promote interdisciplinary approaches to biological systems, focusing on fundamental and relevant connections between chemistry and life. Included are studies and experiments as well as invited lectures and notes by prominent leaders on a wide variety of topics in biology and biochemistry. By describing the complementary nature of chemistry and biology, the book presents the biological processes in detailed chemical terms, providing a fascinating look into the emerging field of chemical biology.

Grundlagen zur Neuroinformatik und Neurobiologie

Author: Patricia S. Churchland
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322868214
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Computational Brain, das außergewöhnliche Buch über vergleichende Forschung in den Bereichen von menschlichem Gehirn und neuesten Möglichkeiten der Computertechnologie, liegt hiermit erstmals in deutscher Sprache vor. Geschrieben von einem führenden Forscherteam in den USA, ist es eine Fundgrube für alle, die wissen wollen, was der Stand der Wissenschaft auf diesem Gebiet ist. Die Autoren führen die Bereiche der Neuroinformatik und Neurobiologie mit gut ausgesuchten Beispielen und der gebotenen Hintergrundinformation gekonnt zusammen. Das Buch wird somit nicht nur dem Fachwissenschaftler sondern auch dem interdisziplinären Interesse des Informatikers und des Biologen auf eine hervorragende Weise gerecht. Übersetzt wurde das Buch von Prof. Dr. Steffen Hölldobler und Dipl.-Biol. Claudia Hölldobler, einem Informatiker und einer Biologin. Rezension in Spektrum der Wissenschaft nr. 10, S. 122 f. im Oktober 1997 (...) Die 1992 erschienene amerikanische Originalausgabe des vorliegenden Werkes ist so erfolgreich, daß man bereits von einem Klassiker reden kann. (...) (...) ....ist das Buch sehr zu empfehlen. In Verbindung von Neurobiologie und Neuroinformatik konkurrenzlos, vermittelt es einiges von der Faszination theoretischer Hirnforschung, die auch in Deutschland zunehmend mehr Wissenschaftler in ihren Bann schlägt. Rezension erschienen in: Computer Spektrum 3/1997, S. 2 (...)Das Buch wird somit nicht nur dem Fachwissenschaftler, sondern auch den interdisziplinären Interesse des Informatikers und des Biologen auf eine hervorragende Weise gerecht(...)

Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Author: Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191066214
Format: PDF, Docs
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The nervous system is particularly fascinating for many biologists because it controls animal characteristics such as movement, behavior, and coordinated thinking. Invertebrate neurobiology has traditionally been studied in specific model organisms, whilst knowledge of the broad diversity of nervous system architecture and its evolution among metazoan animals has received less attention. This is the first major reference work in the field for 50 years, bringing together many leading evolutionary neurobiologists to review the most recent research on the structure of invertebrate nervous systems and provide a comprehensive and authoritative overview for a new generation of researchers. Presented in full colour throughout, Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems synthesizes and illustrates the numerous new findings that have been made possible with light and electron microscopy. These include the recent introduction of new molecular and optical techniques such as immunohistochemical staining of neuron-specific antigens and fluorescence in-situ-hybridization, combined with visualization by confocal laser scanning microscopy. New approaches to analysing the structure of the nervous system are also included such as micro-computational tomography, cryo-soft X-ray tomography, and various 3-D visualization techniques. The book follows a systematic and phylogenetic structure, covering a broad range of taxa, interspersed with chapters focusing on selected topics in nervous system functioning which are presented as research highlights and perspectives. This comprehensive reference work will be an essential companion for graduate students and researchers alike in the fields of metazoan neurobiology, morphology, zoology, phylogeny and evolution.

Warum wir vergessen

Author: Monika Pritzel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662541378
Format: PDF, ePub
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Ist Vergessen ein psychisch gesunder oder ein krankhafter Prozess? Fest steht, es gibt kein normales Leben ohne Vergessen und kein normales Leben ohne Erinnerung. Diese Dichotomie steht im Zentrum des Buches und wird aus ganz unterschiedlichen Perspektiven beleuchtet – unter anderem aus individualpsychologischer, neurowissenschaftlicher, sozialer und kultureller Sicht. Dieses Fachbuch beleuchtet und analysiert den Nutzen und die Risiken eines Alltagsphänomens. Leicht verständlich eröffnet sich dem Leser ein integrativer Zugang zu einer zentralen kognitiven Erscheinung menschlichen (und tierischen) Lebens. Das Buch zu lesen erfordert über weite Teile keine speziellen Vorkenntnisse, ist aber dennoch hochgradig wissenschaftlich fundiert. Kulturspezifische Aspekte des Vergessens im europäischen wie außereuropäischen Raum werden ebenso erfasst wie zelluläre, systemische, genetische und epigenetische Grundlagen, die die Hirnforschung gerade in neuerer Zeit zunehmend intensiv diskutiert. Damit bietet es einen einmaligen Inhalt für den interessierten Laien wie für den Experten.

Frontiers of Neurology

Author: Donald J. Reis
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume comprises contributions by former trainees of Dr. Fred Plum and present faculty in his Department of Neurology and Neuroscience at Cornell University and Medical College, all of whom have achieved prominence in clinical neurology and/or neuroscience. The proceedings focus on recent research in the field, including developmental, molecular, cellular, and systems neuroscience relevant to stroke, demyelinating and degenerative diseases (notably, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer's), pain epilepsy, neuro-oncology, neuro-imaging, sensory processing, disorders of skeletal muscle, cerebrovascular regulation, and cognition.

Frontiers in Sensing

Author: Friedrich G. Barth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211997490
Format: PDF, ePub
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Biological sensory systems, fine-tuned to their specific tasks with remarkable perfection, have an enormous potential for technical, industrial, and medical applications. This applies to sensors specialized for a wide range of energy forms such as optical, mechanical, electrical, and magnetic, to name just a few. This book brings together first-hand knowledge from the frontiers of different fields of research in sensing. It aims to promote the interaction between biologists, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians and to pave the way for innovative lines of research and cross-disciplinary approaches. The topics presented cover a broad spectrum ranging from energy transformation and transduction processes in animal sensing systems to the fabrication and application of bio-inspired synthetic sensor arrays. The various contributions are linked by the similarity of what sensing has to accomplish in both biology and engineering.