Neuroimaging

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Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080478593
Format: PDF
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Consisting of two separate volumes, Neuroimaging provides a state-of-the-art review of a broad range of neuroimaging techniques applied to both clinical and research settings. The breadth of the methods covered is matched by the depth of description of the theoretical background. Part A focuses on the cutting edge of research methodologies, providing a foundation for both established and evolving techniques. These include voxel-based morphometry using structural MRI, functional MRI, perfusion MRI, diffusion tensor imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy and the technique of combining EEG and fMRI studies. Two chapters are devoted to describing methods for studying brain responses and neural models, focusing on functional connectivity, effective connectivity, dynamic causal modeling, and large-scale neural models. The important role played by brain atlases in facilitating the study of normal and diseased brain populations is described in one chapter, and the concept of neuroimaging data bases as a future resource for scientific discovery is elucidated in another. The two parts of Neuroimaging complement each other providing in-depth information on a broad range of routine and cutting edge techniques that is not available in any other text. This book is superbly written and beautifully illustrated by contributors working at the top of their chosen specialty. * Serves as an up-to-date review of cutting-edge neuroimaging techniques * Exquisitely illustrated * Authoritatively written by leading researchers

Handbook of Biomedical Imaging

Author: Nikos Paragios
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 038709749X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book offers a unique guide to the entire chain of biomedical imaging, explaining how image formation is done, and how the most appropriate algorithms are used to address demands and diagnoses. It is an exceptional tool for radiologists, research scientists, senior undergraduate and graduate students in health sciences and engineering, and university professors.

Advances in the Neurochemistry and Neuropharmacology of Tourette Syndrome

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Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124115616
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume of International Review of Neurobiology brings together cutting-edge research on advances in the neurochemistry and neuropharmacology of Tourette syndrome. It reviews current knowledge and understanding, provides a starting point for researchers and practitioners entering the field, and includes important topics regards tics, neurotransmitters, pharmacology and emerging treatments. This volume of brings together research on tourettes synrdrome. It reviews current knowledge and understanding on the neurochemistry and neuropharmacology of tourettes syndrome

Neuroimaging Genetics

Author: Kristin L. Bigos
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199920222
Format: PDF
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The field of neuroimaging genetics has grown exponentially over the past decade. To date there are more than 10,000 published papers involving MRI, PET, MEG and genetics. Neuroimaging Genetics: Principles and Practices is the comprehensive volume edited by Drs. Bigos, Hariri, and Weinberger and co-authored by the preeminent scholars in the field. This text reviews the basic principles of neuroimaging techniques and their application to neuroimaging genetics. The work presented in this volume elaborates on the explosive interest from diverse research areas in psychiatry and neurology in the use of imaging genetics as a unique tool to establish and identify mechanisms of risk, establish biological significance, and extend statistical evidence of genetic associations. Examples throughout highlight the application of imaging genetics to understand neurochemical systems and pathways, explore relationships between genetics and the structural and functional connectivity in human brain, and provide insight into mechanisms of risk for psychiatric and neurologic illness.

Sex Lies and Brain Scans

Author: Barbara J. Sahakian
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198752881
Format: PDF
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The recent explosion of neuroscience techniques has proved to be game changing in terms of understanding the healthy brain, and in the development of neuropsychiatric treatments. One of the key techniques available to us is functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which allows us to examine the human brain non-invasively, and observe brain activity in real time. Through fMRI, we are beginning to build a deeper understanding of our thoughts, motivations, and behaviours. Recent reports that some patients who have all indications of being in a persistent vegetative state show conscious awareness, and were able to communicate with researchers, demonstrate perhaps the most remarkable and dramatic use of fMRI. But this is just the most striking of a number of areas in which fMRI is being used to 'read minds', albeit in a very limited way. As neuroscientists unravel the regions of the brain involved in reward and motivation, and in romantic love, we are likely to develop the capacity to influence responses such as love using drugs. fMRI studies have also been used to indicate that many people who would not regard themselves as racist show a racial bias in their emotional responses to faces of another racial group. Meanwhile, the reliability of fMRI as a lie detector in murder cases is being debated - what if the individual simply believes, falsely, that he or she committed a murder? Sex, Lies, and fMRI takes readers beyond the media headlines. Barbara Sahakian and Julia Gottwald consider what the technique of fMRI entails, and what information it can give us, showing which applications are possible today, and which ones are science fiction. They also consider the important ethical questions these techniques raise. Should individuals applying for jobs as teachers or judges be screened for unconscious racial bias? What if the manipulation of love using 'love potions' was misused for economic or military ends? How far will we allow neuroscience to go? It is time to make up our minds.

Social Exclusion

Author: Paolo Riva
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319330330
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From ostracism on the playground to romantic rejection, bullying at work, and social disregard for the aged, individuals are at constant risk of experiencing instances of social exclusion, including ostracism, rejection, dehumanization, and discrimination. These phenomena have a powerful impact as testified by their immediate influence on people’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Social Exclusion: Psychological Approaches to Understanding and Reducing Its Impact investigates different psychological approaches, across multiple psychological subdisciplines, to understanding the causes and consequences of social exclusion and possible ways to reduce or buffer against its negative effects. The purpose of this volume is threefold. First, it lays the groundwork for the understanding of social exclusion research; reviewing the different instances of social exclusion in everyday life and methods to experimentally investigate them. Second, this volume brings together different psychological approaches to the topic of social exclusion. Leading scholars from around the world contribute perspectives from social psychology, social neuroscience, developmental psychology, educational psychology, work and organizational psychology, clinical psychology, and social gerontology to provide a comprehensive overview of social exclusion research in different psychological subdisciplines. Taken together, these chapters are conducive to the important development of new and more integrative research models on social exclusion. Finally, this volume discusses psychological strategies such as emotion regulation, psychological resources, and brain mechanisms that can reduce or buffer against the negative consequences of social exclusion. From school shootings to domestic violence, from cognitive impairment to suicide attempts, the negative impact of social exclusion has been widely documented. Thus, from an applied perspective, knowing potential ways to mitigate the negative effects of social exclusion can have a significant positive influence on people’s—and society’s—well-being. Overall, this book provides the reader with the knowledge to understand the impact of social exclusion and with tools to address it across many different contexts. Importantly, Social Exclusion: Psychological Approaches to Understanding and Reducing Its Impact aims to bridge the gap between the approaches of different psychological subdisciplines to this topic, working towards a comprehensive, integrative model of social exclusion.

Brainwashed

Author: Sally Satel
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465018777
Format: PDF, Docs
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Demonstrates how the explanatory power of brain scans in particular and neuroscience more generally has been overestimated, arguing that the overzealous application of brain science has undermined notions of free will and responsibility.

Electrical Neuroimaging

Author: Christoph M. Michel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521879795
Format: PDF
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An authoritative reference giving a systematic overview of new electrical imaging methods. Provides a comprehensive and sound introduction to the basics of multichannel recording of EEG and event-related potential (ERP) data, as well as spatio-temporal analysis of the potential fields. Chapters include practical examples of illustrative studies and approaches.

Nonmotor Parkinson s The Hidden Face

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Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128126043
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Non-motor Parkinson's: The Hidden Face-Management and the Hidden Face of Related Disorders, Volume 134, the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series, is an up-to-date and comprehensive textbook addressing non-motor aspects of Parkinson’s disease, a key unmet need. Specific chapters in this updated release include Therapeutics and NMS in PD, Non-motor effects of conventional and transdermal therapies in PD, Infusion therapy, CDD and NMS in PD, DBS and NMS in PD, TMS and implications for NMS in PD, Botulinum toxin therapy and NMS in PD, and Nutrition and NMS in PD, amongst others. Including practical tips for non-specialists and clinical algorithms, the book contains contributions from over 40 opinion leaders in the field of movement disorders. It provides practitioners and researchers with a laboratory, to bedside, to caregiver perspective. Presents a comprehensive textbook on the non motor aspects of Parkinson’s disease Includes practical tips and clinical algorithms, and is the only textbook to bring a holistic approach Contains contributions from over 40 global opinion leaders in the field of movement disorders Provides special chapters on exercise, personalized medicine, osteoporosis, genetics, treatment aspects and nutrition