Neuroinflammatory Mechanisms in Alzheimer s Disease

Author: Joseph Rogers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764360740
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There has been an increasing appreciation of the economic and human toll that age-related disorders take throughout the world. Unprecedented research efforts have followed, aiming at the understanding and treatment of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in particular, and this effort has finally begun to bear fruit - sometimes in surprising ways: Twenty years ago, the idea that AD involved any sort of inflammatory or immune component seemed implausible, if considered at all. Now, there are hundreds of laboratories world-wide that are pursuing basic research in this area, and multi-site clinical trials are underway to test the therapeutic potential of common anti-inflammatory drugs in AD. How this dramatic sea-change came about is made clear in this book, both through overviews of the field and through focused papers on specific topics of recent interest. Complement, cytokines and the complex host of other acute phase reactants are covered, as are summaries of many epidemiologic and clinical-pathological findings...

Neuroinflammation

Author: Paul Wood
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 159259297X
Format: PDF
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In this thoroughly updated and revised edition of his much praised book, Paul L. Wood and a panel of leading researchers capture these new developments in a masterful synthesis of what is known today about the inflammatory mediators and cells involved in neurodegenerative diseases. This second edition contains extensive updates on the mediators produced by microglia and their role in neuroinflammatory-induced neuronal lysis. There is also increased coverage of the animal models used in the study of neuroinflammatory mechanisms, of the new imaging methods that allow the noninvasive evaluation of microglial activation in human neurodegernerative disorders, and of the role of neuroinflammation in amyloid-dependent neuronal lysis.

Neuronal Cytoskeleton

Author: Hirokawa
Publisher: CRC-Press
ISBN: 9780849377419
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book discusses the primary functions of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) such as MAP2 and tau in neuronal morphogenesis, as well as relationships between neuronal differentiation and the expression of neuronal intermediate filaments (nestin, alpha internexin, and neurofilament triplet proteins). It emphasizes the importance of several cytoskeletal proteins for neuronal differentiation and morphogenesis, organelle transport, and synaptic functions. The book considers the involvement of tau MAPs in the formation of paired helical filaments in Alzheimer's disease, and it examines the mechanisms of organelle transports and molecular motors such as kinesin, braindynein, and kinesin superfamily proteins. Cytoskeletal proteins involved in synaptic formation and transmitter release and new synaptic junctional-associated proteins are explored as well.

Neuroinflammation and Neurodegeneration

Author: Phillip K. Peterson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 149391071X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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State of the art reviews by experts in the fields of neuroscience, immunology, microbiology/infectious diseases and pharmacology addressing the convergence of the immune system (neuroinflammation) and the loss of neurons (neurodegeneration). Many of the diseases that are discussed in the book are of epidemic proportion, e.g., Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, viral encephalitides and substance abuse. In addition to discussions of the involvement of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in these disorders, scientific reviews are presented on the cells and mediators that participate in defense of and damage to the nervous system. With rare exception, no or inadequate treatment exists for the diseases discussed in this book. An underlying premise of the book is that understanding of their shared pathogenic mechanisms will lead to improved therapies. Given the rapid evolution of the field of Neuroimmune Pharmacology, readers will find this book to be the most timely and authoritative reference on the subject of each of its chapters.

Pharmacological Mechanisms in Alzheimer s Therapeutics

Author: Claudio Cuello
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387715223
Format: PDF, Docs
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The need for effective therapy to treat Alzheimer’s disease is greater than ever, but there is still no drug therapy that can stop or reverse the progression of the disease. There is, however, a great deal of anticipation over the imminent development of effective therapies as a result of the identification of promising targets for drug development. This book investigates these targets and examines ongoing strategies to develop effective therapies for this devastating neurodegenerative condition.

The CB2 Cannabinoid System A New Strategy in Neurodegenerative Disorder and Neuroinflammation

Author: Marialessandra Contino
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889452239
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease (PD) or Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are the most common forms of dementia and no pharmacological treatments are to date available for these diseases. Indeed, the only used drugs are symptomatic and no useful to block the progression of the diseases. The lack of a therapeutic approach is also due to a lack of an early diagnosis. This Research Topic describes a new target that is involved in the firs step of these disorders and that can be useful for the treatment and the diagnosis of such pathologies: the cannabinoid receptor subtype 2 or CB2R. Indeed, CB2R is overexpressed in reactive microglia and activated astrocytes during neuroinflammation and thus their detection by PET probes can be an easily strategy for an early diagnosis of neurodegeneration. Moreover, CB2 agonists and inverse agonists displayed neuroprotective effects and they so can be candidated as new therapeutich drugs for the treatment of these pathologies. Therefore, the aim of this Research Topic is to show the great potential of CB2R ligands for the development of new tools/drugs for both the therapy and the diagnosis of neurodegeneration.

Recent Progress in Alzheimer s and Parkinson s Diseases

Author: Israel Hanin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 020302835X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book brings together the proceedings of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases: New Perspectives, the Sixth International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Parkinson's Disease, held recently in Seville, Spain, and discusses the latest developments in the basic science and therapy of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases by leading specialists on the topic. Areas discussed include: mechanisms of degeneration of Parkinson's Disease; the interrelationships between gait and cognitive function; advances in gene transfer and pharmacological regulation of protein aggregation in the treatment of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases; Alzheimer pathology and ER stress; and stem cell strategies for Alzheimer's Disease.

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ISBN: 1614998760
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Acetylsalicylic Acid

Author: Karsten Schrör
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352762600X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Written by a leading expert on Aspirin-related research, this is the first comprehensive treaty of the history, pharmacological effects and clinical applications of one of the most successful drugs ever. The text is written with a wide audience in mind and to be readily understandable for clinicians as well as biomedical researchers and pharmacologists alike. The content is up to date and includes the latest results of clinical and academic research, with a balanced view on the disputed properties of this famous drug.