Neutron Scattering

Author: G. Kostorz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483218244
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 15: Neutron Scattering shows how neutron scattering methods can be used to obtain important information on materials. The book discusses the general principles of neutron scattering; the techniques used in neutron crystallography; and the applications of nuclear and magnetic scattering. The text also describes the measurement of phonons, their role in phase transformations, and their behavior in the presence of crystal defects; and quasi-elastic scattering, with its special merits in the study of microscopic dynamical phenomena in solids and liquids. Special materials problems in neutron devices are also considered. Materials scientists, solid state physicists, physical chemists, and metallurgists will find the book invaluable.

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology

Author: Herbert Herman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483218139
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 4 covers the fundamental properties and characterization of materials, ranging from simple solids to complex heterophase systems. The book covers articles on advanced techniques by which thin films may be characterized; on diffusion in substitutional alloys; and on solid solution strengthening in face-centered cubic alloys. The text also includes articles on the thermodynamics of binary ordered intermetallic phases; and the major aspects of metal powder processing. Professional scientists and engineers, as well as graduate students in materials science and associated fields will find the book invaluable.

Handbook of Advanced Materials Testing

Author: Louise Ferrante
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482277611
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This work discusses techniques for developing new engineering materials such as elastomers, plastic blends, composites, ceramics and high-temperature alloys. Instrumentation for evaluating their properties and identifying potential end uses are presented.;The book is intended for materials, manufacturing, mechanical, chemical and metallurgical engineers; ceramists; product development specialists; materials scientists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Chemistry Physics of Carbon

Author: Peter A. Thrower
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824793685
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"Volume 25 introduces methods for the preparation of carbyne and addresses theoretical issues; discusses carbyne properties, spectroscopy, and chemical and crystal structure; explains the use of x-ray and neutron scattering for the structural evaluation of carbonaceous materials; and more."

Neutron Scattering Fundamentals

Author: Jeffrey Penfold
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128066512
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Large-scale structures encompass a broad area of science involving soft matter, biomaterials, and nanotechnology, defined by relatively weak interactions and length scales that extend from nanometer to micrometer. The key features of such systems that require characterization and quantification are surfaces and interfaces, adsorption, thin films, and self-assembly and hierarchical structures in solution and the solid phase. The neutron scattering techniques of neutron reflectivity and small-angle neutron scattering have emerged over the past two decades as important probes of these characteristic features of large-scale structures. In this chapter, the fundamentals of the two techniques are described in detail and the important experimental aspects summarized. Their application over a broad range of science is presented, in a way that highlights their unique properties and their important contribution to the field.

Industrial and technological applications of neutrons

Author: M. Fontana
Publisher: North Holland
ISBN: 9780444898371
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Owing to the construction of intense neutron sources and to the remarkable progress in acquisition and elaboration equipment, neutron scattering techniques have been employed more and more not only in basic research, but also in technological areas and for the solution of specific industrial problems. This is shown by the saturation of neutron beam time available at the main European sources and by an analysis of the users' distribibution. Furthermore, the condensed-matter scientific community uses neutron scattering much more often now as a reference method and as an irreplaceable complement to other already well-established investigation techniques. The aim of this Enrico Fermi course, on which the book is based, is to provide an up-to-date picture of the main results obtained (or obtainable) by means of neutron techniques in applied research. Emphasis is placed on the information and help these techniques can offer in some major areas of condensed-matter physics and materials science and to their possible developments in the near future. The volume is basically organised in topical subjects: for each one a brief introduction to the fundamentals is given, followed by examples of the concrete or potential applications. The first half deals mainly with applications of neutron scattering to materials science (metallurgy, magnetic materials, superconductors), while the second half mainly deals with polymers, micellar fluids, interfaces and liquid crystals.