Neutron Scattering

Author: G. Kostorz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483218244
Format: PDF
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Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 15: Neutron Scattering shows how neutron scattering methods can be used to obtain important information on materials. The book discusses the general principles of neutron scattering; the techniques used in neutron crystallography; and the applications of nuclear and magnetic scattering. The text also describes the measurement of phonons, their role in phase transformations, and their behavior in the presence of crystal defects; and quasi-elastic scattering, with its special merits in the study of microscopic dynamical phenomena in solids and liquids. Special materials problems in neutron devices are also considered. Materials scientists, solid state physicists, physical chemists, and metallurgists will find the book invaluable.

Neutron Scattering

Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080860084
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This work covers in some detail the application of neutron scattering to different fields of physics, materials science, chemistry, biology, the earth sciences and engineering. Its goal is to enable researchers in a particular area to identify aspects of their work in which neutron scattering techniques might contribute, conceive the important experiments to be done, assess what is required to carry them out, write a successful proposal for one of the major user facilities, and perform the experiments under the guidance of the appropriate instrument scientist. The authors of the various chapters take account of the advances in experimental techniques over the past 25 years--for example, neutron reflectivity and spin-echo spectroscopy and techniques for probing the dynamics of complex materials and biological systems. Furthermore, with the third-generation spallation sources recently constructed in the United States and Japan and in the advanced planning stage in Europe, there is an increasing interest in time-of-flight techniques and short wavelengths. Correspondingly, the improved performance of cold moderators at both reactors and spallation sources has extended the long-wavelength capabilities. Chapter authors are pre-eminent in their field Seminal experiments are presented as examples Provides guidance on how to plan, execute and analyse experiments

Spektroskopie amorpher und kristalliner Festk rper

Author: Dietrich Haarer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642578713
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die verschiedenen Spektroskopiearten werden von den Grundlagen bis hin zu den aktuellen Entwicklungen umfassend behandelt. Das weite Anwendungspotential verdeutlichen anschauliche Beispiele.

Handbook of Advanced Materials Testing

Author: Louise Ferrante
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482277611
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This work discusses techniques for developing new engineering materials such as elastomers, plastic blends, composites, ceramics and high-temperature alloys. Instrumentation for evaluating their properties and identifying potential end uses are presented.;The book is intended for materials, manufacturing, mechanical, chemical and metallurgical engineers; ceramists; product development specialists; materials scientists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology

Author: Herbert Herman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323149456
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 20: Ultrarapid Quenching of Liquid Alloys investigates the relationship between the science and utility of materials, with emphasis on the ultrarapid quenching of liquid alloys. Topics covered range from rapid solidification of non-metals and crystalline iron-base alloys to corrosion behavior of amorphous alloys. Experimental methods in rapid quenching from the melt are also discussed. This volume is comprised of nine chapters and begins with a historical overview of various methods that have evolved for producing rapidly solidified materials. The criteria for the formation of highly metastable states and how these relate to experiment are described. Subsequent chapters explore rapid solidification of non-metals; the industrial implications of rapid solidification of iron-based alloys by means of plasma spraying; annealing effects in metallic glasses; and the corrosion behavior of amorphous alloys. The mechanical properties of metallic glasses are also considered, along with the electrical properties of rapidly solidified materials. This book should be of interest to materials scientists and engineers as well as metallurgists, researchers, and students.

Industrial and technological applications of neutrons

Author: M. Fontana
Publisher: North Holland
ISBN: 9780444898371
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Owing to the construction of intense neutron sources and to the remarkable progress in acquisition and elaboration equipment, neutron scattering techniques have been employed more and more not only in basic research, but also in technological areas and for the solution of specific industrial problems. This is shown by the saturation of neutron beam time available at the main European sources and by an analysis of the users' distribibution. Furthermore, the condensed-matter scientific community uses neutron scattering much more often now as a reference method and as an irreplaceable complement to other already well-established investigation techniques. The aim of this Enrico Fermi course, on which the book is based, is to provide an up-to-date picture of the main results obtained (or obtainable) by means of neutron techniques in applied research. Emphasis is placed on the information and help these techniques can offer in some major areas of condensed-matter physics and materials science and to their possible developments in the near future. The volume is basically organised in topical subjects: for each one a brief introduction to the fundamentals is given, followed by examples of the concrete or potential applications. The first half deals mainly with applications of neutron scattering to materials science (metallurgy, magnetic materials, superconductors), while the second half mainly deals with polymers, micellar fluids, interfaces and liquid crystals.