New Physics at the Large Hadron Collider

Author: Harald Fritzsch
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981314551X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Standard Theory of Particle Physics describes successfully the observed strong and electroweak interactions, but it is not a final theory of physics, since many aspects are not understood: (1) How can gravity be introduced in the Standard Theory? (2) How can we understand the observed masses of the leptons and quarks as well as the flavor mixing angles? (3) Why are the masses of the neutrinos much smaller than the masses of the charged leptons? (4) Is the new boson, discovered at CERN, the Higgs boson of the Standard Theory or an excited weak boson? (5) Are there new symmetries at very high energy, e.g. a broken supersymmetry? (6) Are the leptons and quarks point-like or composite particles? (7) Are the leptons and quarks at very small distances one-dimensional objects, e.g. superstrings? This proceedings volume comprises papers written by the invited speakers discussing the many important issues of the new physics to be discovered at the Large Hadron Collider. Contents:PrefaceAccelerator Considerations of Large Circular Colliders (Alex Chao)Physics Potential and Motivations for a Muon Collider (Mario Greco)Pentaquarks and Possible Anomalies at LHCb (George Lafferty)Neutrino Masses and SO10 Unification (P Minkowski)Neutrino Experiments: Hierarchy, CP, CPT (Manmohan Gupta, Monika Randhawa and Mandip Singh)Constraining the Texture Mass Matrices (Gulsheen Ahuja)Rare B-Meson Decays at the Crossroads (Ahmed Ali)Exploring the Standard Model at the LHC (Brigitte Vachon)Meson/Baryon/Tetraquark Supersymmetry from Superconformal Algebra and Light-Front Holography (Stanley J Brodsky, Guy F de Téramond, Hans Günter Dosch and Cédric Lorcé)The Spin-Charge-Family Theory (Norma Susana Mankoč Borstnik)Search for Direct CP Violation in Baryonic b-Hadron Decays (C Q Geng and Y K Hsiao)New Physics and Astrophysical Neutrinos in IceCube (Atsushi Watanabe)The 750 GeV Diphoton Excess and SUSY (S Heinemeyer)Constraints on the ωπ Form Factor from Analyticity and Unitarity (B Ananthanarayan, Irinel Caprini and Bastian Kubis)Dynamical Tuning of the Initial Condition in Small Field Inflations — Can We Testify the CW Mechanism in the Universe (Satoshi Iso)Physics of Higgs Boson Family (Ngee-Pong Chang)On the Breaking of μ-τ Flavor Symmetry (Zhen-Hua Zhao)Neutrino Mass Ordering in Future Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Experiments (Jue Zhang)Predicting the CP-Phase for Neutrinos (Eiichi Takasugi)Sum Rules for Leptons (Martin Spinrath)Composite Weak Bosons at the Large Hadron Collider (Harald Fritzsch)Searching for Composite Higgs Models at the LHC (Thomas Flacke)Gauge-Higgs EW and Grand Unification (Yutaka Hosotani)Colour Octet Extension of 2HDM (German Valencia)New Physics/Resonances in Vector Boson Scattering at the LHC (Jürgen Reuter, Wolfgang Kilian, Thorsten Ohl and Marco Sekulla)Dimensional Regularization is Generic (Kazuo Fujikawa)A De-gauging Approach to Physics Beyond the Standard Model (Chi Xiong)Extension of Standard Model in Multi-spinor Field Formalism — Visible and Dark Sectors (Ikuo S Sogami)Aspects of String Phenomenology and New Physics (I Antoniadis)Cosmological Constant vis-à-vis Dynamical Vacuum: Bold Challenging the ΛCDM (Joan Solà) Readership: Graduates and researchers in high energy physics.

Physics at the Large Hadron Collider

Author: Amitava Datta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9788184892956
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In an epoch when particle physics is awaiting a major step forward, the Large Hydron Collider (LHC) at CERN, Geneva will soon be operational. It will collide a beam of high energy protons with another similar beam circulation in the same 27 km tunnel but in the opposite direction, resulting in the production of many elementary particles some never created in the laboratory before. It is widely expected that the LHC will discover the Higgs boson, the particle which supposedly lends masses to all other fundamental particles. In addition, the question as to whether there is some new law of physics at such high energy is likely to be answered through this experiment. The present volume contains a collection of articles written by international experts, both theoreticians and experimentalists, from India and abroad, which aims to acquaint a non-specialist with some basic issues related to the LHC. At the same time, it is expected to be a useful, rudimentary companion of introductory exposition and technical expertise alike, and it is hoped to become unique in its kind. The fact that there is substantial Indian involvement in the entire LHC endeavour, at all levels including fabrication, physics analysis procedures as well as theoretical studies, is also amply brought out in the collection.

Who Cares about Particle Physics

Author: Pauline Gagnon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191086002
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than the known, regular matter. How do we know this mysterious dark matter exists and is there a chance it will be discovered soon? About sixty countries contributed to the construction of the gigantic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its immense detectors. Dive in to discover how international teams of researchers work together to push scientific knowledge forward. Here is a book written for every person who wishes to learn a little more about particle physics, without requiring prior scientific knowledge. It starts from the basics to build a solid understanding of current research in particle physics. A good dose of curiosity is all one will need to discover a whole world that spans from the infinitesimally small and stretches to the infinitely large, and where imminent discoveries could mark the dawn of a huge revolution in the current conception of the material world.

The Large Hadron Collider

Author: Don Lincoln
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421413515
Format: PDF, Docs
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Details the history of the Large Hadron Collider and the scientific breakthroughs it helped to discover, including the Higgs boson.

Inside Cern s Large Hadron Collider From The Proton To The Higgs Boson

Author: Campanelli Mario
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814656674
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book aims to explain the historical development of particle physics, with special emphasis on CERN and collider physics. It describes in detail the LHC accelerator and its detectors, describing the science involved as well as the sociology of big collaborations, culminating with the discovery of the Higgs boson. Readers are led step-by-step to understanding why we do particle physics, as well as the tools and problems involved in the field. It provides an insider's view on the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.

Large Hadron Collider Phenomenology

Author: M. Kramer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420034080
Format: PDF, ePub
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With the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) under construction and due to come online in 2007, it is appropriate to engage in a focused review on LHC phenomenology. At a time when most of the experimental effort is centered on detector construction and software development, it is vitally important to direct the experimental community and, in particular, new researchers on the physics phenomena expected from the LHC. Large Hadron Collider Phenomenology covers the capabilities of LHC, from searches for the Higgs boson and physics beyond the standard model to detailed studies of quantum chromodynamics, the B-physics sectors, and the properties of hadronic matter at high energy density as realized in heavy-ion collisions. Written by experienced researchers and experimentalists, this reference examines the basic properties and potentials of the machine, detectors, and software required for physics analyses. The book starts with a basic introduction to the standard model and its applications to the phenomena observed at high energy collisions. Later chapters describe the key technological challenges facing the construction of the LHC machine, the operating detectors of the LHC, and the vast computing grid needed to analyze the data. In the final sections, the contributors discuss the quark-gluon plasma (QGP), explore questions and predictions for the LHC program, and examine the physics opportunities of the LHC using information from the forward region. By surveying the difficult challenges of the LHC development while also assessing the novel processes that the LHC will perform, Large Hadron Collider Phenomenology aids less seasoned physicists as well as existing researchers in discovering the numerous possibilities of the LHC.

LHC Physics

Author: T. Binoth
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439837708
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Exploring the phenomenology of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, LHC Physics focuses on the first years of data collected at the LHC as well as the experimental and theoretical tools involved. It discusses a broad spectrum of experimental and theoretical activity in particle physics, from the searches for the Higgs boson and physics beyond the Standard Model to studies of quantum chromodynamics, the B-physics sector, and the properties of dense hadronic matter in heavy-ion collisions. Covering the topics in a pedagogical manner, the book introduces the theoretical and phenomenological framework of hadron collisions and presents the current theoretical models of frontier physics. It offers overviews of the main detector components, the initial calibration procedures, and search strategies. The authors also provide explicit examples of physics analyses drawn from the recently shut down Tevatron. In the coming years, or perhaps even sooner, the LHC experiments may reveal the Higgs boson and offer insight beyond the Standard Model. Written by some of the most prominent and active researchers in particle physics, this volume equips new physicists with the theory and tools needed to understand the various LHC experiments and prepares them to make future contributions to the field.

The Large Hadron Collider

Author: Thomas Schörner-Sadenius
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319150014
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This comprehensive volume summarizes and structures the multitude of results obtained at the LHC in its first running period and draws the grand picture of today’s physics at a hadron collider. Topics covered are Standard Model measurements, Higgs and top-quark physics, flavour physics, heavy-ion physics, and searches for supersymmetry and other extensions of the Standard Model. Emphasis is placed on overview and presentation of the lessons learned. Chapters on detectors and the LHC machine and a thorough outlook into the future complement the book. The individual chapters are written by teams of expert authors working at the forefront of LHC research.

The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider

Author: Oliver Brüning
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814675474
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides a broad introduction to the physics and technology of the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC). This new configuration of the LHC is one of the major accelerator projects for the next 20 years and will give new life to the LHC after its first 15-year operation. Not only will it allow more precise measurements of the Higgs boson and of any new particles that might be discovered in the next LHC run, but also extend the mass limit reach for detecting new particles. The HL-LHC is based on the innovative accelerator magnet technologies capable of generating 11–13 Tesla fields, with effectiveness enhanced by use of the new Achromatic Telescopic Squeezing scheme, and other state-of-the-art accelerator technologies, such as superconducting compact RF crab cavities, advanced collimation concepts, and novel power technology based on high temperature superconducting links. The book consists of a series of chapters touching on all issues of technology and design, and each chapter can be read independently. The first few chapters give a summary of the whole project, of the physics motivation and of the accelerator challenges. The subsequent chapters cover the novel technologies, the new configurations of LHC and of its injectors as well as the expected operational implications. Altogether, the book brings the reader to the heart of technologies for the leading edge accelerator and gives insights into next generation hadron colliders.

Knocking on Heaven s Door

Author: Lisa Randall
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062096893
Format: PDF
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“Science has a battle for hearts and minds on its hands….How good it feels to have Lisa Randall’s unusual blend of top flight science, clarity, and charm on our side.” —Richard Dawkins “Dazzling ideas….Read this book today to understand the science of tomorrow.” —Steven Pinker The bestselling author of Warped Passages, one of Time magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World,” and one of Esquire’s “75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century,” Lisa Randall gives us an exhilarating overview of the latest ideas in physics and offers a rousing defense of the role of science in our lives. Featuring fascinating insights into our scientific future born from the author’s provocative conversations with Nate Silver, David Chang, and Scott Derrickson, Knocking on Heaven’s Door is eminently readable, one of the most important popular science books of this or any year. It is a necessary volume for all who admire the work of Stephen Hawking, Michio Kaku, Brian Greene, Simon Singh, and Carl Sagan; for anyone curious about the workings and aims of the Large Hadron Collider, the biggest and most expensive machine ever built by mankind; for those who firmly believe in the importance of science and rational thought; and for anyone interested in how the Universe began…and how it might ultimately end.