Newton s Gravity

Author: Douglas W. MacDougal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461454441
Format: PDF, Docs
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“Newton’s Gravity” conveys the power of simple mathematics to tell the fundamental truth about nature. Many people, for example, know the tides are caused by the pull of the Moon and to a lesser extent the Sun. But very few can explain exactly how and why that happens. Fewer still can calculate the actual pulls of the Moon and Sun on the oceans. This book shows in clear detail how to do this with simple tools. It uniquely crosses disciplines – history, astronomy, physics and mathematics – and takes pains to explain things frequently passed over or taken for granted in other books. Using a problem-based approach, “Newton’s Gravity” explores the surprisingly basic mathematics behind gravity, the most fundamental force that governs the movements of satellites, planets, and the stars. Author Douglas W. MacDougal uses actual problems from the history of astronomy, as well as original examples, to deepen understanding of how discoveries were made and what they mean. “Newton’s Gravity” concentrates strongly on the development of the science of orbital motion, beginning with Galileo, Kepler, and Newton, each of whom is prominently represented. Quotes and problems from Galileo’s Dialogs Concerning Two New Sciences and particularly Newton’s Principia help the reader get inside the mind of those thinkers and see the problems as they saw them, and experience their concise and typically eloquent writing. This book enables students and curious minds to explore the mysteries of celestial motion without having to know advanced mathematics. It will whet the reader’s curiosity to explore further and provide him or her the tools (mathematical or physical) to do so.

Invitation To Generalized Empirical Method In Philosophy And Science

Author: Quinn Terrance J
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813208457
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Bernard Lonergan identified the need and possibility of what he called "generalized empirical method" in science and philosophy. Implementation will be a future community achievement. The book enters into details of a selection of examples in the sciences and philosophy of science. These are provided not to engage in, or blend the present aim with traditional philosophical debate, but as points of entry to help reveal the possibility and need of balanced empirical method. Taking words of Lonergan: "(Q)uestions of method are practical. So my purpose in these (chapters) is not to demonstrate what is necessary. It is not to forecast what is probable. It is ... to invite you to share in the exploration of a proposal" (Bernard Lonergan, A Third Collection (1985), 114). The main examples are drawn from biochemistry and biology, although heuristics envisioned will include all sciences.

Vom Universum zu den Elementarteilchen

Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662466465
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Buch stellt die Grundlagen der modernen Elementarteilchenphysik und Kosmologie, sowie die aktuellen offenen Fragen bis zur Stringtheorie dar. Es enthält elementare Einführungen in die spezielle und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, die klassische und Quanten-Feldtheorie. Die wesentlichen Aspekte dieser Konzepte und viele Phänomene werden mit Hilfe einfacher Rechnungen verstanden, wobei keine höheren mathematischen oder physikalischen Kenntnisse vorausgesetzt werden. Ebenfalls behandelt werden unter anderem der Big Bang, dunkle Materie und dunkle Energie, sowie die Funktionsweise des Beschleunigers LHC. Neu in dieser dritten Auflage ist die Beschreibung der Entdeckung des Higgs-Bosons und dessen Produktions- und Zerfallsprozesse.

Gravity from the Ground Up

Author: Bernard Schutz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521455060
Format: PDF, Mobi
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An accessible introduction to astronomy and general relativity, requiring only high-school level mathematics.

A Student s Guide Through the Great Physics Texts

Author: Kerry Kuehn
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493913603
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides a chronological introduction to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology based on the reading and analysis of significant selections from classic texts, such as Ptolemy’s The Almagest, Kepler’s Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, Shapley’s Galaxies and Lemaître’s The Primeval Atom. Each chapter begins with a short introduction followed by a reading selection. Carefully crafted study questions draw out key points in the text and focus the reader’s attention on the author’s methods, analysis, and conclusions. Numerical and observational exercises at the end of each chapter test the reader’s ability to understand and apply key concepts from the text. The Heavens and the Earth is the first of four volumes in A Student’s Guide Through the Great Physics Texts. This book grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to encourage a critical and circumspect approach to natural science, while at the same time preparing students for advanced coursework in physics. This book is particularly suitable as a college-level textbook for students of the natural sciences, history or philosophy. It also serves as a textbook for advanced high-school students, or as a thematically-organized source-book for scholars and motivated lay-readers. In studying the classic scientific texts included herein, the reader will be drawn toward a lifetime of contemplation.

Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell

Author: A. Zee
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400847451
Format: PDF
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This unique textbook provides an accessible introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity, a subject of breathtaking beauty and supreme importance in physics. With his trademark blend of wit and incisiveness, A. Zee guides readers from the fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics to the most exciting frontiers of research today, including de Sitter and anti-de Sitter spacetimes, Kaluza-Klein theory, and brane worlds. Unlike other books on Einstein gravity, this book emphasizes the action principle and group theory as guides in constructing physical theories. Zee treats various topics in a spiral style that is easy on beginners, and includes anecdotes from the history of physics that will appeal to students and experts alike. He takes a friendly approach to the required mathematics, yet does not shy away from more advanced mathematical topics such as differential forms. The extensive discussion of black holes includes rotating and extremal black holes and Hawking radiation. The ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate students, Einstein Gravity in a Nutshell also provides an essential resource for professional physicists and is accessible to anyone familiar with classical mechanics and electromagnetism. It features numerous exercises as well as detailed appendices covering a multitude of topics not readily found elsewhere. Provides an accessible introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity Guides readers from Newtonian mechanics to the frontiers of modern research Emphasizes symmetry and the Einstein-Hilbert action Covers topics not found in standard textbooks on Einstein gravity Includes interesting historical asides Features numerous exercises and detailed appendices Ideal for students, physicists, and scientifically minded lay readers Solutions manual (available only to teachers)

Introduction to Methods of Approximation in Physics and Astronomy

Author: Maurice H. P. M. van Putten
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811029326
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This textbook provides students with a solid introduction to the techniques of approximation commonly used in data analysis across physics and astronomy. The choice of methods included is based on their usefulness and educational value, their applicability to a broad range of problems and their utility in highlighting key mathematical concepts. Modern astronomy reveals an evolving universe rife with transient sources, mostly discovered - few predicted - in multi-wavelength observations. Our window of observations now includes electromagnetic radiation, gravitational waves and neutrinos. For the practicing astronomer, these are highly interdisciplinary developments that pose a novel challenge to be well-versed in astroparticle physics and data-analysis. The book is organized to be largely self-contained, starting from basic concepts and techniques in the formulation of problems and methods of approximation commonly used in computation and numerical analysis. This includes root finding, integration, signal detection algorithms involving the Fourier transform and examples of numerical integration of ordinary differential equations and some illustrative aspects of modern computational implementation. Some of the topics highlighted introduce the reader to selected problems with comments on numerical methods and implementation on modern platforms including CPU-GPU computing. Developed from lectures on mathematical physics in astronomy to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, this book will be a valuable guide for students and a useful reference for practicing researchers. To aid understanding, exercises are included at the end of each chapter. Furthermore, some of the exercises are tailored to introduce modern symbolic computation.

Halliday Physik

Author: David Halliday
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527812598
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Noch bessere Didaktik, noch mehr Beispiele, noch mehr Aufgaben, noch mehr Spaß - die Neuauflage des "Halliday" erfüllt alle Wünsche an ein zeitgemäßes Lehrbuch der Physik! Das Lehrbuch bietet den gesamten Stoff der einführenden Experimentalphysik-Vorlesungen für Hauptfachstudenten. Mehrere Kapitel wurden im Sinne der besseren Verständlichkeit komplett umgeschrieben, etwa zum Gauß'schen Satz und zum elektrischen Potential. Die Kapitel zur Quantenmechanik sind deutlich umfangreicher und behandeln nun die Schrödinger-Gleichung ausführlicher bis hin zur Reflexion von Materiewellen an Potentialstufen und der Schwarzkörperstrahlung. Doch für die dritte Auflage wurden die Kapitel nicht nur überarbeitet, sondern didaktisch neu strukturiert: die Lerninhalte sind nun in Modulen organisiert, wobei jede Einheit die Lernziele explizit aufführt und die Schlüsselkonzepte zusammenfasst. So können Studentinnen und Studenten zielgerichtet lernen und den Lernerfolg nach der Lektüre selbst überprüfen. Das selbstständige Lernen wird unterstützt durch rund 300 im Text durchgerechnete Beispiele, 250 Verständnis-Checks, mehr als 650 konzeptionelle Fragen sowie mehr als 2500 Aufgaben unterschiedlichen Schwierigkeitsgrads.