NOBILITY AND CIVILITY

Author: William Theodore De Bary
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674030672
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Globalization has become an inescapable fact of contemporary life. Some leaders, in both the East and the West, believe that human rights are culture-bound and that liberal democracy is essentially Western, inapplicable to the non-Western world. How can civilized life be preserved and issues of human rights and civil society be addressed if the material forces dominating world affairs are allowed to run blindly, uncontrolled by any cross-cultural consensus on how human values can be given effective expression and direction? In a thoughtful meditation ranging widely over several civilizations and historical eras, Wm. Theodore de Bary argues that the concepts of leadership and public morality in the major Asian traditions offer a valuable perspective on humanizing the globalization process. Turning to the classic ideals of the Buddhist, Hindu, Confucian, and Japanese traditions, he investigates the nature of true leadership and its relation to learning, virtue, and education in human governance; the role in society of the public intellectual; and the responsibilities of those in power in creating and maintaining civil society. De Bary recognizes that throughout history ideals have always come up against messy human complications. Still, he finds in the exploration and affirmation of common values a worthy attempt to grapple with persistent human dilemmas across the globe.

Mencius

Author: Mencius
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231520581
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Known throughout East Asia as Mengzi, or "Master Meng," Mencius (391-308 B.C.E.) was a Chinese philosopher of the late Zhou dynasty, an instrumental figure in the spread of the Confucian tradition, and a brilliant illuminator of its ideas. Mencius was active during the Warring States Period (403-221 B.C.E.), in which competing powers sought to control the declining Zhou empire. Like Confucius, Mencius journeyed to one feudal court after another, searching for a proper lord who could put his teachings into practice. Only a leader who possessed the moral qualities of a true king could unify China, Mencius believed, and in his defense of Zhou rule and Confucian philosophy, he developed an innovative and highly nuanced approach to understanding politics, self-cultivation, and human nature, profoundly influencing the course of Confucian thought and East Asian culture. Mencius is a record of the philosopher's conversations with warring lords, disciples, and adversaries of the Way, as well as a collection of pronouncements on government, human nature, and a variety of other philosophical and political subjects. Mencius is largely concerned with the motivations of human actors and their capacity for mutual respect. He builds on the Confucian idea of ren, or humaneness, and places it alongside the complementary principle of yi, or rightness, advancing a complex notion of what is right for certain individuals as they perform distinct roles in specific situations. Consequently, Mencius's impact was felt not only in the thought of the intellectual and social elite but also in the value and belief systems of all Chinese people.

Eine Frage der H flichkeit

Author: Amor Towles
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843713677
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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New York, Neujahr 1937: Die beiden Freundinnen Kate und Eve – zwei Provinzschönheiten, die die Welt erobern wollen – gabeln in einer Jazzkneipe den charmanten Tinker Grey auf. Er trägt Kaschmir und scheint Single zu sein – ein Sechser im Lotto. Eine turbulente Freundschaft à trois beginnt. Die beiden jungen Frauen weisen Tinker in die geheime Kunst des Schnorrens ein, und Tinker revanchiert sich, indem er sie in die feinsten Clubs der City ausführt. Erst als das beschwingte Dauerabenteuer jäh durch einen Unfall beendet wird, stellt sich für Kate die Frage, wer eigentlich in wen verliebt ist – und was das Leben wirklich ausmacht.

Society in Early Modern England

Author: Phil Withington
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745641296
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries have traditionally been regarded by historians as a period of intense and formative historical change, so much so that they have often been described as early modern′ – an epoch separate from the medieval′ and the modern′. Paying particular attention to England, this book reflects on the implications of this categorization for contemporary debates about the nature of modernity and society. The book traces the forgotten history of the phrase ′early modern′ to its coinage as a category of historical analysis by the Victorians and considers when and why words like ′modern′ and ′society′ were first introduced into English in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In so doing it unpicks the connections between linguistic and social change and how the consequences of those processes still resonate today. A major contribution to our understanding of European history before 1700 and its resonance for social thought today, the book will interest anybody concerned with the historical antecedents of contemporary culture and the interconnections between the past and the present.

Savagism and Civility

Author: Bernard Sheehan
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521297233
Format: PDF, Kindle
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When the English settlers arrived in Virginia in 1607 they carried with them a fully developed mythology about native Indian cultures. This mythology was built around the body of English writing about America that began to appear in the 1550s, prior to any significant contact between the English and the native groups, and was founded upon the assumption of the savagism of the Indian and the civility of European culture. Professor Sheehan argues that English commitment to this myth was at the root of the violence that broke out almost immediately between the settlers and the Indians. On the one hand, the Indians were seen as noble savages, free from and innocent of the deficiencies of European society. But as ignoble savages they were seen as immature, even bestial, lacking the civilising and ordering social structure that characterised European culture. Whichever perspective was adopted, this mythology was a product of the white man's world, developed without accurate information about Indian culture. This mythology justified both the exploitation that came to characterise settler-native relations and the inevitability of the violence that culminated in the massacre of 1622.

Law Society and Community

Author: Professor David Schiff
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472409841
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This collection of socio-legal studies, written by leading theorists and researchers from around the world, offers original, perceptive and critical contributions to ideas and theories that have been expounded by Roger Cotterrell over a long and distinguished career. Engaging with many classic issues and theories of the sociology of law, the contributions are likely to become classics themselves as they tackle some of the most significant challenges that modern law faces. They do not shy away from what one of the contributors describes as the complexity and multiplicity of our contemporary legal world. The book is organized in three parts: socio-legal themes; methodological and jurisprudential themes; globalization, cultural and comparative law themes. Starting with a chapter that re-engages with the need to interpret legal ideas sociologically, and ending with one that explores the global significance of modern fascination with the idea of the rule of law, this selection offers important additions to the oeuvre of Roger Cotterrell (a list of whose academic writings is included in the book).

Becoming a French Aristocrat

Author: Mark Edward Motley
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400861225
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Focusing on the highest-ranking segment of the nobility, Mark Motley examines why a social group whose very essence was based on hereditary status would need or seek instruction and training for its young. As the "warrior nobility" adopted the courtly life epitomized by Versailles--with its code of etiquette and sensitivity to language and demeanor--education became more than a vehicle for professional training. Education, Motley argues, played both the conservative role of promoting assertions of "natural" superiority appropriate to a hereditary aristocracy, and the more dynamic role of fostering cultural changes that helped it maintain its power in a changing world. Based on such sources as family papers and correspondence, memoirs, and pedagogical treatises, this book explores education as it took place in the household, in secondary schools and riding academies, and at court and in the army. It shows how such education combined deference and solidarity, language and knowledge, and ceremonial behavior and festive disorder. In so doing, this work contends that education was an integral part of the aristocracy's response to absolutism in the French monarchy. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Saying No and Letting Go

Author: Rabbi Edwin Goldberg, Dhl
Publisher: Jewish Lights Publishing
ISBN: 1580236707
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Draws on ancient and modern sources of Jewish wisdom to to help identify and hold onto the things that matter most in life while learning to let go of unimportant worries, activities, and conflicts.

Ein Gentleman in Moskau

Author: Amor Towles
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843716196
Format: PDF
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Moskau, 1922. Der genussfreudige Lebemann Graf Rostov wird verhaftet und zu lebenslangem Hausarrest verurteilt, ausgerechnet im Hotel Metropol, dem ersten Haus am Platz. Er muss alle bisher genossenen Privilegien aufgeben und eine Arbeit als Hilfskellner annehmen. Rostov mit seinen 30 Jahren ist ein äußerst liebenswürdiger, immer optimistischer Gentleman. Trotz seiner eingeschränkten Umstände lebt er ganz seine Überzeugung, dass selbst kleine gute Taten einer chaotischen Welt Sinn verleihen. Aber ihm bleibt nur der Blick aus dem Fenster, während draußen Russland stürmische Dekaden durchlebt. Seine Stunde kommt, als eine alte Freundin ihm ihre kleine Tochter anvertraut. Das Kind ändert Rostovs Leben von Grund auf. Für das Mädchen und sein Leben wächst der Graf über sich hinaus. "Towles ist ein Meistererzähler" New York Times Book Review "Eine charmante Erinnerung an die Bedeutung von gutem Stil" Washington Post "Elegant, dabei gleichzeitig filigran und üppig wie ein Schmuckei von Fabergé" O, the Oprah Magazine

Modern Social Imaginaries

Author: Charles Taylor
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822332930
Format: PDF, Kindle
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DIVAn accounting of the varying forms of social imaginary that have underpinned the rise of Western modernity./div