Noble Metal Noble Value

Author: Xiao-Feng Wu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783269251
Format: PDF, Docs
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Heterocyclic chemistry constitutes the largest branch of chemistry, covering almost two-thirds of literature in the field. In addition, around 90% of naturally-occurring molecules have heterocycles as their core structure. Therefore, as a central part of organic chemistry, the discovery of new methodologies in synthesizing heterocyclic compounds is essential to their continued application and development. Transition metal catalysts offer a low cost and often low toxicity pathway for heterocycles synthesis, while the use of noble metals represents an alternative form of experimentation which is discussed in the book. Noble Metals, Noble Value provides the first comprehensive analysis of the applications of the noble metals of ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh) and palladium (Pd) catalysts in heterocycles synthesis. Pairs of chapters are dedicated to summarizing each of the metals when applied to either five- or six-membered heterocyclic syntheses. An introduction to the importance of heterocycles and possible procedures for the preparation of heterocyclic compounds is also given. With up to date research and findings, this review is excellently suited to academics and professionals in the field of chemistry, with a particular focus on the specialities of biological, catalytic and organic chemistry. Contents:Ru-Catalyzed Five-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisRuthenium Catalysis in the Synthesis of Six-Membered HeterocyclesRh-Catalyzed Five-Membered Heterocycle SynthesisRh-Catalyzed Six-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisPalladium-Catalyzed Synthesis of Five-Membered HeterocyclesPd-Catalyzed Six-Membered Heterocycles SynthesisPd-Catalyzed Synthesis of Sulfur- and Phosphorus-Containing Heterocycles via C-H ActivationPd-Catalyzed Heterocycles Synthesis in Ionic Liquids Readership: Academics and professionals in the field of chemistry, with a particular focus on the specialities of biological, catalytic and organic chemistry.

Hydroprocessing Catalysts And Processes The Challenges For Biofuels Production

Author: Seddon Duncan
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1786344858
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The demand for hydroprocessing catalysts has shown an increasing trend, because of their applications in refining of petroleum and biofuels, in order to comply with strict environmental regulations controlling emissions from transportation vehicles. Transport fuel is dominated by fossil fuels with carbon emission intensive production methods. If we are to move away from these sources, the alternative is to produce liquid fuels from agricultural stocks -- crops, crop waste, forestry waste or algae. Converting these feedstocks into high quality fuels is a considerable challenge. By describing the current status in processing agricultural feedstock into high quality liquid transport fuels, the authors set out the means to develop better chemistry and catalysis for the necessary conversion processes. This book offers an intriguing insight into the mechanisms and protocols involved in new hydroprocessing catalysts and processes, and covers the methods for upgrading these liquids to modern transport vehicles suitable for operation in modern gasoline and diesel engines. It provides an introduction to the mechanism of hydroprocessing reactions, application of different metals in hydroprocessing, the effect of catalyst supports, applications in refining new feedstock, renewable fuels standards, the management of spent hydroprocessing catalysts, and hydrogen production. Hydroprocessing Catalysts and Processes will prove useful for both researchers in academe and industry concerned with future fuels development and treatment to produce current and future liquid transport fuels. Contents: Preface Hydroprocessing and the Chemistry Stabilization of Bio-Oil to Enable Its Hydrotreating to Produce Bio-Fuels Hydroprocessing Catalysts: Inexpensive Ni Based Non-Sulfided Catalysts Catalytic Upgrading of Pinewood Pyrolysis Bio-Oil Over Carbon-Encapsulated Bimetallic Co-Mo Carbides and Sulfides Catalysts Hydroprocessing Catalysts for Algal Biofuels Effects of Catalyst Support on Hydroprocessing Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-Feedstock Renewable Fuels and Fuel Regulations and Standards Spent Hydroprocessing Catalysts Management Hydrogen Production Readership: Graduate students in catalysis, refinery feedstock operations and planners, fuel technologists. Keywords: Hydrodesulfurization;Hydrodenitrogenation;Hydrodeoxygenation;Hydrogenation;Hydrocracking;Hydrodemetallization;Hydroprocessing Catalyst Model;Bio-Oil Stabilization;Ni Based Catalysts;Cobalt-Molybdenum Carbide Catalysts;Algal Biofuels;Support Effect;Commercial Hydroprocessing Processes for Bio-feedstock;Neste MY;BP;Ecofining;ENI;Honeywell-UOP;Bio-Synfining;Vegan;HydroFlex;Renewable Fuels Standards;Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst;Hydrogen ProductionReview: Key Features: Most recent books related to hydroprocessing catalysts were published over 8 years ago New challenges in biorefining and petroleum refining have required development of entirely new catalyst formulations and improvements of currently used catalysts It is anticipated that the consumption of hydroprocessing catalysts will show a significant increase in the near future

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

Author: Steven L Suib
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444538836
Format: PDF, Mobi
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New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. This volume presents a complete picture of all carbon dioxide (CO2) sources, outlines the environmental concerns regarding CO2, and critically reviews all current CO2 activation processes. Furthermore, the volume discusses all future developments and gives a critical economic analysis of the various processes. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Iron Catalysis

Author: Bernd Plietker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642146694
Format: PDF, Docs
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Juan I. Padrón and Víctor S. Martín: Catalysis by means of Fe-based Lewis acids; Hiroshi Nakazawa*, Masumi Itazaki: Fe–H Complexes in Catalysis; Kristin Schröder, Kathrin Junge, Bianca Bitterlich, and Matthias Beller: Fe-catalyzed Oxidation Reactions of Olefins, Alkanes and Alcohols: Involvement of Oxo- and Peroxo Complexes; Chi-Ming Che, Cong-Ying Zhou, Ella Lai-Ming Wong: Catalysis by Fe=X Complexes (X=NR, CR2); René Peters, Daniel F. Fischer and Sascha Jautze: Ferrocene and Half Sandwich Complexes as Catalysts with Iron Participation; Markus Jegelka, Bernd Plietker: Catalysis by Means of Complex Ferrates.

Applications of Transition Metal Catalysis in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Matthew L. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118309839
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book focuses on the drug discovery and development applications of transition metal catalyzed processes, which can efficiently create preclinical and clinical drug candidates as well as marketed drugs. The authors pay particular attention to the challenges of transitioning academically-developed reactions into scalable industrial processes. Additionally, the book lays the groundwork for how continued development of transition metal catalyzed processes can deliver new drug candidates. This work provides a unique perspective on the applications of transition metal catalysis in drug discovery and development – it is a guide, a historical prospective, a practical compendium, and a source of future direction for the field.

Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Author: Huazhang Liu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814518808
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation

Isocyanide Chemistry

Author: V. Nenajdenko
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527652558
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The efficacy of isocyanide reactions in the synthesis of natural or naturallike products has resulted in a renaissance of isocyanide chemistry. Now isocyanides are widely used in different branches of organic, inorganic, coordination, combinatorial and medicinal chemistry. This invaluable reference is the only book to cover the topic in such depth, presenting all aspects of synthetic isonitrile chemistry. The highly experienced and internationally renowned editor has brought together an equally distinguished team of authors who cover multicomponent reactions, isonitriles in total synthesis, isonitriles in polymer chemistry and much more.

Principles and Methods for Accelerated Catalyst Design and Testing

Author: E.G. Derouane
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401005540
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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High throughput experimentation has met great success in drug design but it has, so far, been scarcely used in the field ofcatalysis. We present in this book the outcome of a NATO ASI meeting that was held in Vilamoura, Portugal, between July 15 and 28, 2001, with the objective of delineating and consolidating the principles and methods underpinning accelerated catalyst design, evaluation, and development. There is a need to make the underlying principles of this new methodology more widely understood and to make it available in a coherent and integrated format. The latter objective is particularly important to the young scientists who will constitute the new catalysis researchers generation. Indeed, this field which is at the frontier offundamental science and may be a renaissance for catalysis, is one which is much more complex than classical catalysis itself. It implies a close collaboration between scientists from many disciplines (chemistry, physics, chemical and mechanical engineering, automation, robotics, and scientific computing in general). In addition, this emerging area of science is also of paramount industrial importance, as progress in this area would collapse the time necessary to discover new catalysts or improve existing ones.

Catalytic Carbonylation Reactions

Author: Matthias Beller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354033002X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Carbonylation reactions are of major importance in both organic and industrial chemistry. Due to the availability, price and reactivity pattern, carbon monoxide is becoming a more and more important building block for fine and bulk chemicals. The major reaction types of carbon monoxide are comprehensively discussed by leading experts from academia and industry. The authors highlight important carbonylation reactions such as hydroformylation, alkoxy-carbonylations, co/olefin-copolymerization, Pauson-Khand reactions and others. They illustrate applications in organic synthesis and give industrial examples. This volume is designed to provide graduate students and researchers with essential information on the use of carbon monoxide in organic synthesis. Therefore, the reader will get a balanced view of this developing and complex subject.