Noncommutative Geometry and Particle Physics

Author: Walter D. van Suijlekom
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401791627
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and presents a number of its recent applications to particle physics. It is intended for graduate students in mathematics/theoretical physics who are new to the field of noncommutative geometry, as well as for researchers in mathematics/theoretical physics with an interest in the physical applications of noncommutative geometry. In the first part, we introduce the main concepts and techniques by studying finite noncommutative spaces, providing a “light” approach to noncommutative geometry. We then proceed with the general framework by defining and analyzing noncommutative spin manifolds and deriving some main results on them, such as the local index formula. In the second part, we show how noncommutative spin manifolds naturally give rise to gauge theories, applying this principle to specific examples. We subsequently geometrically derive abelian and non-abelian Yang-Mills gauge theories, and eventually the full Standard Model of particle physics, and conclude by explaining how noncommutative geometry might indicate how to proceed beyond the Standard Model.

Distributionen Und Hilbertraumoperatoren

Author: Philippe Blanchard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783211825075
Format: PDF, ePub
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Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die zum Studium der Theoretischen Physik notwendigen mathematischen Grundlagen. Der erste Teil des Buches beschäftigt sich mit der Theorie der Distributionen und vermittelt daneben einige Grundbegriffe der linearen Funktionalanalysis. Der zweite Teil baut darauf auf und gibt eine auf das Wesentliche beschränkte Einführung in die Theorie der linearen Operatoren in Hilbert-Räumen. Beide Teile werden von je einer Übersicht begleitet, die die zentralen Ideen und Begriffe knapp erläutert und den Inhalt kurz beschreibt. In den Anhängen werden einige grundlegende Konstruktionen und Konzepte der Funktionalanalysis dargestellt und wichtige Konsequenzen entwickelt.

The Interface of mathematics and particle physics

Author: Daniel G. Quillen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This comprehensive volume provides an exciting and up-to-date survey of the current research and advances in particle physics, with an emphasis on the crucial interaction between theoretical physics and mathematics. Internationally known experts including A. Connes, R. Penrose, Peter Goddard, and Alice Rogers give readers the latest information on quantum groups, instantons in Yang-Mills theories, conformal algebras, gauge theories, cyclic cohomology, rational conformal field theories, string theory, and twistors. Their contributions show how questions in physics have stimulated important advances in mathematics, which in turn have facilitated further theoretical progress in physics. The wide scope of the book makes it an invaluable collection for anyone working in either field.

Noncommutative Geometry and Optimal Transport

Author: Pierre Martinetti
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 1470422972
Format: PDF
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The distance formula in noncommutative geometry was introduced by Connes at the end of the 1980s. It is a generalization of Riemannian geodesic distance that makes sense in a noncommutative setting, and provides an original tool to study the geometry of the space of states on an algebra. It also has an intriguing echo in physics, for it yields a metric interpretation for the Higgs field. In the 1990s, Rieffel noticed that this distance is a noncommutative version of the Wasserstein distance of order 1 in the theory of optimal transport. More exactly, this is a noncommutative generalization of Kantorovich dual formula of the Wasserstein distance. Connes distance thus offers an unexpected connection between an ancient mathematical problem and the most recent discovery in high energy physics. The meaning of this connection is far from clear. Yet, Rieffel's observation suggests that Connes distance may provide an interesting starting point for a theory of optimal transport in noncommutative geometry. This volume contains several review papers that will give the reader an extensive introduction to the metric aspect of noncommutative geometry and its possible interpretation as a Wasserstein distance on a quantum space, as well as several topic papers.

Noncommutative Geometry

Author: Igor V. Nikolaev
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311054525X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book covers the basics of noncommutative geometry (NCG) and its applications in topology, algebraic geometry, and number theory. The author takes up the practical side of NCG and its value for other areas of mathematics. A brief survey of the main parts of NCG with historical remarks, bibliography, and a list of exercises is included. The presentation is intended for graduate students and researchers with interests in NCG, but will also serve nonexperts in the field. Contents Part I: Basics Model examples Categories and functors C∗-algebras Part II: Noncommutative invariants Topology Algebraic geometry Number theory Part III: Brief survey of NCG Finite geometries Continuous geometries Connes geometries Index theory Jones polynomials Quantum groups Noncommutative algebraic geometry Trends in noncommutative geometry

Quantum Isometry Groups

Author: Debashish Goswami
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 813223667X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book offers an up-to-date overview of the recently proposed theory of quantum isometry groups. Written by the founders, it is the first book to present the research on the “quantum isometry group”, highlighting the interaction of noncommutative geometry and quantum groups, which is a noncommutative generalization of the notion of group of isometry of a classical Riemannian manifold. The motivation for this generalization is the importance of isometry groups in both mathematics and physics. The framework consists of Alain Connes’ “noncommutative geometry” and the operator-algebraic theory of “quantum groups”. The authors prove the existence of quantum isometry group for noncommutative manifolds given by spectral triples under mild conditions and discuss a number of methods for computing them. One of the most striking and profound findings is the non-existence of non-classical quantum isometry groups for arbitrary classical connected compact manifolds and, by using this, the authors explicitly describe quantum isometry groups of most of the noncommutative manifolds studied in the literature. Some physical motivations and possible applications are also discussed.

An Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry

Author: Joseph C. Várilly
Publisher: European Mathematical Society
ISBN: 9783037190241
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Noncommutative geometry, inspired by quantum physics, describes singular spaces by their noncommutative coordinate algebras and metric structures by Dirac-like operators. Such metric geometries are described mathematically by Connes' theory of spectral triples. These lectures, delivered at an EMS Summer School on noncommutative geometry and its applications, provide an overview of spectral triples based on examples. This introduction is aimed at graduate students of both mathematics and theoretical physics. It deals with Dirac operators on spin manifolds, noncommutative tori, Moyal quantization and tangent groupoids, action functionals, and isospectral deformations. The structural framework is the concept of a noncommutative spin geometry; the conditions on spectral triples which determine this concept are developed in detail. The emphasis throughout is on gaining understanding by computing the details of specific examples. The book provides a middle ground between a comprehensive text and a narrowly focused research monograph. It is intended for self-study, enabling the reader to gain access to the essentials of noncommutative geometry. New features since the original course are an expanded bibliography and a survey of more recent examples and applications of spectral triples.

Issues in Applied Mathematics 2013 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1490108556
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Issues in Applied Mathematics / 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Mathematical Physics. The editors have built Issues in Applied Mathematics: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Mathematical Physics in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Applied Mathematics: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Noncommutative Structures in Mathematics and Physics

Author: S. Duplij
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401008361
Format: PDF, Docs
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A presentation of outstanding achievements and ideas, of both eastern and western scientists, both mathematicians and physicists. Their presentations of recent work on quantum field theory, supergravity, M-theory, black holes and quantum gravity, together with research into noncommutative geometry, Hopf algebras, representation theory, categories and quantum groups, take the reader to the forefront of the latest developments. Other topics covered include supergravity and branes, supersymmetric quantum mechanics and superparticles, (super) black holes, superalgebra representations, and SUSY GUT phenomenology. Essential reading for workers in the modern methods of theoretical and mathematical physics.

An Invitation to Noncommutative Geometry

Author: Matilde Marcolli
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812814337
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is the first existing volume that collects lectures on this important and fast developing subject in mathematics. The lectures are given by leading experts in the field and the range of topics is kept as broad as possible by including both the algebraic and the differential aspects of noncommutative geometry as well as recent applications to theoretical physics and number theory. Sample Chapter(s). A Walk in the Noncommutative Garden (1,639 KB). Contents: A Walk in the Noncommutative Garden (A Connes & M Marcolli); Renormalization of Noncommutative Quantum Field Theory (H Grosse & R Wulkenhaar); Lectures on Noncommutative Geometry (M Khalkhali); Noncommutative Bundles and Instantons in Tehran (G Landi & W D van Suijlekom); Lecture Notes on Noncommutative Algebraic Geometry and Noncommutative Tori (S Mahanta); Lectures on Derived and Triangulated Categories (B Noohi); Examples of Noncommutative Manifolds: Complex Tori and Spherical Manifolds (J Plazas); D-Branes in Noncommutative Field Theory (R J Szabo). Readership: Researchers in mathematical and theoretical physics, geometry and topology, algebra and number theory.