Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R

Author: John Kloke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498787274
Format: PDF, ePub
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A Practical Guide to Implementing Nonparametric and Rank-Based Procedures Nonparametric Statistical Methods Using R covers traditional nonparametric methods and rank-based analyses, including estimation and inference for models ranging from simple location models to general linear and nonlinear models for uncorrelated and correlated responses. The authors emphasize applications and statistical computation. They illustrate the methods with many real and simulated data examples using R, including the packages Rfit and npsm. The book first gives an overview of the R language and basic statistical concepts before discussing nonparametrics. It presents rank-based methods for one- and two-sample problems, procedures for regression models, computation for general fixed-effects ANOVA and ANCOVA models, and time-to-event analyses. The last two chapters cover more advanced material, including high breakdown fits for general regression models and rank-based inference for cluster correlated data. The book can be used as a primary text or supplement in a course on applied nonparametric or robust procedures and as a reference for researchers who need to implement nonparametric and rank-based methods in practice. Through numerous examples, it shows readers how to apply these methods using R.

Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics for the Biological Sciences Using R

Author: Thomas W. MacFarland
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319306340
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book contains a rich set of tools for nonparametric analyses, and the purpose of this supplemental text is to provide guidance to students and professional researchers on how R is used for nonparametric data analysis in the biological sciences: To introduce when nonparametric approaches to data analysis are appropriate To introduce the leading nonparametric tests commonly used in biostatistics and how R is used to generate appropriate statistics for each test To introduce common figures typically associated with nonparametric data analysis and how R is used to generate appropriate figures in support of each data set The book focuses on how R is used to distinguish between data that could be classified as nonparametric as opposed to data that could be classified as parametric, with both approaches to data classification covered extensively. Following an introductory lesson on nonparametric statistics for the biological sciences, the book is organized into eight self-contained lessons on various analyses and tests using R to broadly compare differences between data sets and statistical approach. This supplemental text is intended for: Upper-level undergraduate and graduate students majoring in the biological sciences, specifically those in agriculture, biology, and health science - both students in lecture-type courses and also those engaged in research projects, such as a master's thesis or a doctoral dissertation And biological researchers at the professional level without a nonparametric statistics background but who regularly work with data more suitable to a nonparametric approach to data analysis

Robust Nonparametric Statistical Methods Second Edition

Author: Thomas P. Hettmansperger
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439809097
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Presenting an extensive set of tools and methods for data analysis, Robust Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Second Edition covers univariate tests and estimates with extensions to linear models, multivariate models, times series models, experimental designs, and mixed models. It follows the approach of the first edition by developing rank-based methods from the unifying theme of geometry. This edition, however, includes more models and methods and significantly extends the possible analyses based on ranks. New to the Second Edition A new section on rank procedures for nonlinear models A new chapter on models with dependent error structure, covering rank methods for mixed models, general estimating equations, and time series New material on the development of computationally efficient affine invariant/equivariant sign methods based on transform-retransform techniques in multivariate models Taking a comprehensive, unified approach to statistical analysis, the book continues to describe one- and two-sample problems, the basic development of rank methods in the linear model, and fixed effects experimental designs. It also explores models with dependent error structure and multivariate models. The authors illustrate the implementation of the methods using many real-world examples and R. More information about the data sets and R packages can be found at www.crcpress.com

Robust Rank Based and Nonparametric Methods

Author: Regina Y. Liu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319390651
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The contributors to this volume include many of the distinguished researchers in this area. Many of these scholars have collaborated with Joseph McKean to develop underlying theory for these methods, obtain small sample corrections, and develop efficient algorithms for their computation. The papers cover the scope of the area, including robust nonparametric rank-based procedures through Bayesian and big data rank-based analyses. Areas of application include biostatistics and spatial areas. Over the last 30 years, robust rank-based and nonparametric methods have developed considerably. These procedures generalize traditional Wilcoxon-type methods for one- and two-sample location problems. Research into these procedures has culminated in complete analyses for many of the models used in practice including linear, generalized linear, mixed, and nonlinear models. Settings are both multivariate and univariate. With the development of R packages in these areas, computation of these procedures is easily shared with readers and implemented. This book is developed from the International Conference on Robust Rank-Based and Nonparametric Methods, held at Western Michigan University in April 2015.

Statistics in Toxicology Using R

Author: Ludwig A. Hothorn
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498701280
Format: PDF, ePub
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The apparent contradiction between statistical significance and biological relevance has diminished the value of statistical methods as a whole in toxicology. Moreover, recommendations for statistical analysis are imprecise in most toxicological guidelines. Addressing these dilemmas, Statistics in Toxicology Using R explains the statistical analysis of selected experimental data in toxicology and presents assay-specific suggestions, such as for the in vitro micronucleus assay. Mostly focusing on hypothesis testing, the book covers standardized bioassays for chemicals, drugs, and environmental pollutants. It is organized according to selected toxicological assays, including: Short-term repeated toxicity studies Long-term carcinogenicity assays Studies on reproductive toxicity Mutagenicity assays Toxicokinetic studies The book also discusses proof of safety (particularly in ecotoxicological assays), toxicogenomics, the analysis of interlaboratory studies and the modeling of dose-response relationships for risk assessment. For each toxicological problem, the author describes the statistics involved, matching data example, R code, and outcomes and their interpretation. This approach allows you to select a certain bioassay, identify the specific data structure, run the R code with the data example, understand the test outcome and interpretation, and replace the data set with your own data and run again.

Nonparametric Statistical Methods

Author: Myles Hollander
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118553292
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Praise for the Second Edition “This book should be an essential part of the personal library of every practicing statistician.”—Technometrics Thoroughly revised and updated, the new edition of Nonparametric Statistical Methods includes additional modern topics and procedures, more practical data sets, and new problems from real-life situations. The book continues to emphasize the importance of nonparametric methods as a significant branch of modern statistics and equips readers with the conceptual and technical skills necessary to select and apply the appropriate procedures for any given situation. Written by leading statisticians, Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Third Edition provides readers with crucial nonparametric techniques in a variety of settings, emphasizing the assumptions underlying the methods. The book provides an extensive array of examples that clearly illustrate how to use nonparametric approaches for handling one- or two-sample location and dispersion problems, dichotomous data, and one-way and two-way layout problems. In addition, the Third Edition features: The use of the freely available R software to aid in computation and simulation, including many new R programs written explicitly for this new edition New chapters that address density estimation, wavelets, smoothing, ranked set sampling, and Bayesian nonparametrics Problems that illustrate examples from agricultural science, astronomy, biology, criminology, education, engineering, environmental science, geology, home economics, medicine, oceanography, physics, psychology, sociology, and space science Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Third Edition is an excellent reference for applied statisticians and practitioners who seek a review of nonparametric methods and their relevant applications. The book is also an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in applied nonparametric statistics.

Applied Nonparametric Statistics in Reliability

Author: M. Luz Gámiz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780857291189
Format: PDF
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Nonparametric statistics has probably become the leading methodology for researchers performing data analysis. It is nevertheless true that, whereas these methods have already proved highly effective in other applied areas of knowledge such as biostatistics or social sciences, nonparametric analyses in reliability currently form an interesting area of study that has not yet been fully explored. Applied Nonparametric Statistics in Reliability is focused on the use of modern statistical methods for the estimation of dependability measures of reliability systems that operate under different conditions. The scope of the book includes: smooth estimation of the reliability function and hazard rate of non-repairable systems; study of stochastic processes for modelling the time evolution of systems when imperfect repairs are performed; nonparametric analysis of discrete and continuous time semi-Markov processes; isotonic regression analysis of the structure function of a reliability system, and lifetime regression analysis. Besides the explanation of the mathematical background, several numerical computations or simulations are presented as illustrative examples. The corresponding computer-based methods have been implemented using R and MATLAB®. A concrete modelling scheme is chosen for each practical situation and, in consequence, a nonparametric inference procedure is conducted. Applied Nonparametric Statistics in Reliability will serve the practical needs of scientists (statisticians and engineers) working on applied reliability subjects.

Modern Statistical Methods for Astronomy

Author: Eric D. Feigelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052176727X
Format: PDF
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"Modern astronomical research is beset with a vast range of statistical challenges, ranging from reducing data from megadatasets to characterizing an amazing variety of variable celestial objects or testing astrophysical theory. Yet most astronomers still use a narrow suite of traditional statistical methods. Linking astronomy to the world of modern statistics, this volume is a unique resource, introducing astronomers to advanced statistics through ready-to-use code in the public-domain R statistical software environment"--

Methodology in Robust and Nonparametric Statistics

Author: Jana Jurečková
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840687
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Robust and nonparametric statistical methods have their foundation in fields ranging from agricultural science to astronomy, from biomedical sciences to the public health disciplines, and, more recently, in genomics, bioinformatics, and financial statistics. These disciplines are presently nourished by data mining and high-level computer-based algorithms, but to work actively with robust and nonparametric procedures, practitioners need to understand their background. Explaining the underpinnings of robust methods and recent theoretical developments, Methodology in Robust and Nonparametric Statistics provides a profound mathematically rigorous explanation of the methodology of robust and nonparametric statistical procedures. Thoroughly up-to-date, this book Presents multivariate robust and nonparametric estimation with special emphasis on affine-equivariant procedures, followed by hypotheses testing and confidence sets Keeps mathematical abstractions at bay while remaining largely theoretical Provides a pool of basic mathematical tools used throughout the book in derivations of main results The methodology presented, with due emphasis on asymptotics and interrelations, will pave the way for further developments on robust statistical procedures in more complex models. Using examples to illustrate the methods, the text highlights applications in the fields of biomedical science, bioinformatics, finance, and engineering. In addition, the authors provide exercises in the text.