Nonviolence

Author: Mark Kurlansky
Publisher: Modern Library
ISBN: 0307497100
Format: PDF, Docs
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In this timely, highly original, and controversial narrative, New York Times bestselling author Mark Kurlansky discusses nonviolence as a distinct entity, a course of action, rather than a mere state of mind. Nonviolence can and should be a technique for overcoming social injustice and ending wars, he asserts, which is why it is the preferred method of those who speak truth to power. Nonviolence is a sweeping yet concise history that moves from ancient Hindu times to present-day conflicts raging in the Middle East and elsewhere. Kurlansky also brings into focus just why nonviolence is a “dangerous” idea, and asks such provocative questions as: Is there such a thing as a “just war”? Could nonviolence have worked against even the most evil regimes in history? Kurlansky draws from history twenty-five provocative lessons on the subject that we can use to effect change today. He shows how, time and again, violence is used to suppress nonviolence and its practitioners–Gandhi and Martin Luther King, for example; that the stated deterrence value of standing national armies and huge weapons arsenals is, at best, negligible; and, encouragingly, that much of the hard work necessary to begin a movement to end war is already complete. It simply needs to be embraced and accelerated. Engaging, scholarly, and brilliantly reasoned, Nonviolence is a work that compels readers to look at history in an entirely new way. This is not just a manifesto for our times but a trailblazing book whose time has come. From the Hardcover edition.

International Night

Author: Mark Kurlansky
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1620400553
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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From celebrated food writer Mark Kurlansky, a savory trip across the globe for parents and kids, with delicious and accessible recipes and tidbits both cultural and historical. Once a week in the Kurlansky home, Mark spins a globe, and wherever his daughter's finger lands becomes the theme of that Friday night's dinner. Their tradition of International Night has afforded Mark an opportunity to share with his daughter, Talia--and now the readers of International Night--the recipes, stories, and insights he's collected over more than thirty years of traveling the world writing about food, culture, and history, and his charming pen-and-ink drawings, which appear throughout the book. International Night is brimming with recipes for fifty-two special meals--appetizers, a main course, side dishes, and dessert for each--one for every week of the year. Some are old favorites from Mark's repertoire, and others have been gleaned from research. Always, they are his own version, drawn from techniques he learned as a professional chef and from many years of talking to chefs, producers, and household cooks around the world. Despite these insights, every recipe is designed to be carried out--easily--by any amateur chef, and to be completed with the assistance of children. Mark and Talia invite you and your family into their kitchen, outfitted with overflowing packets of exotic spices and aromas of delicacies from Tanzania and Kazakhstan to Cuba and Norway. From there, recipes and toothsome morsels of cultural and historical information will fill your bellies and your minds, and transport you to countries all around the world.

Gandhi on Non Violence

Author: Mahatma Gandhi
Publisher: New Directions Publishing
ISBN: 0811220125
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An essential compendium for understanding Gandhi's profound legacy. "One has to speak out and stand up for one's convictions. Inaction at a time of conflagration is inexcusable."—Mahatma Gandhi The basic principles of Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and non-violent action (Satyagraha) were chosen by Thomas Merton for this volume in 1965. In his challenging Introduction, "Gandhi and the One-Eyed Giant," Merton emphasizes the importance of action rather than mere pacifism as a central component of non-violence, and illustrates how the foundations of Gandhi's universal truths are linked to traditional Hindu Dharma, the Greek philosophers, and the teachings of Christ and Thomas Aquinas. Educated as a Westerner in South Africa, it was Gandhi's desire to set aside the caste system as well as his political struggles in India which led him to discover the dynamic power of non-cooperation. But, non-violence for Gandhi "was not simply a political tactic," as Merton observes: "the spirit of non-violence sprang from an inner realization of spiritual unity in himself." Gandhi's politics of spiritual integrity have influenced generations of people around the world, as well as civil rights leaders from Martin Luther King, Jr. and Steve Biko to Václav Havel and Aung San Suu Kyi. Mark Kurlansky has written an insightful preface for this edition that touches upon the history of non-violence and reflects the core of Gandhi's spiritual and ethical doctrine in the context of current global conflicts.

Speaking of Violence

Author: Sara B. Cobb
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019982620X
Format: PDF
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In the context of ongoing or historical violence, people tell stories about what happened, who did what to whom and why. Yet frequently, the speaking of violence reproduces the social fractures and delegitimizes, again, those that struggle against their own marginalization. This speaking of violence deepens conflict and all too often perpetuates cycles of violence. Alternatively, sometimes people do not speak of the violence and it is erased, buried with the bodies that bear it witness. This reduces the capacity of the public to address issues emerging in the aftermath of violence and repression. This book takes the notion of "narrative" as foundational to conflict analysis and resolution. Distinct from conflict theories that rely on accounts of attitudes or perceptions in the heads of individuals, this narrative perspective presumes that meaning, structured and organized as narrative processes, is the location for both analysis of conflict, as well as intervention. But meaning is political, in that not all stories can be told, or the way they are told delegitimizes and erases others. Thus, the critical narrative theory outlined in this book offers a normative approach to narrative assessment and intervention. It provides a way of evaluating narrative and designing "better-formed" stories: "better" in that they are generative of sustainable relations, creating legitimacy for all parties. In so doing, they function aesthetically and ethically to support the emergence of new histories and new futures. Indeed, critical narrative theory offers a new lens for enabling people to speak of violence in ways that undermine the intractability of conflict

Why Civil Resistance Works

Author: Erica Chenoweth
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231156839
Format: PDF, Docs
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For more than a century, from 1900 to 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts in achieving their stated goals. By attracting impressive support from citizens, whose activism takes the form of protests, boycotts, civil disobedience, and other forms of nonviolent noncooperation, these efforts help separate regimes from their main sources of power and produce remarkable results, even in Iran, Burma, the Philippines, and the Palestinian Territories. Combining statistical analysis with case studies of specific countries and territories, Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan detail the factors enabling such campaigns to succeed and, sometimes, causing them to fail. They find that nonviolent resistance presents fewer obstacles to moral and physical involvement and commitment, and that higher levels of participation contribute to enhanced resilience, greater opportunities for tactical innovation and civic disruption (and therefore less incentive for a regime to maintain its status quo), and shifts in loyalty among opponents' erstwhile supporters, including members of the military establishment. Chenoweth and Stephan conclude that successful nonviolent resistance ushers in more durable and internally peaceful democracies, which are less likely to regress into civil war. Presenting a rich, evidentiary argument, they originally and systematically compare violent and nonviolent outcomes in different historical periods and geographical contexts, debunking the myth that violence occurs because of structural and environmental factors and that it is necessary to achieve certain political goals. Instead, the authors discover, violent insurgency is rarely justifiable on strategic grounds.

After Gandhi

Author: Anne Sibley O'Brien
Publisher: Charlesbridge
ISBN: 1607341360
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the last century brave people across the world have taken a stand against violence and oppression. Against all odds their actions have toppled governments, challenged unjust laws, and rebuilt societies. This is the power of nonviolent resistance, the legacy of Mahatma Gandhi. From individuals like Muhammad Ali, whose refusal to be drafted helped galvanize American resistance to the Vietnam War, to movements such as Argentina's Mothers of the Disappeared, whose courageous vigils for their missing children contributed to the fall of the military government responsible for the kidnappings, After Gandhi profiles some of the major figures of nonviolent resistance from around the world.

Thomas Jefferson Inquiry History for Daring Delvers

Author: Esther Franklin
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1477127089
Format: PDF
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Thomas Jefferson: Inquiry History for Daring Delvers contains multiple questions which are reactions to presentations the author has made about The Others At Monticello. The new work reflects a continuation of extensive reading and other pertinent research. Esther Franklin is a retired educator who taught from kindergarten to university. Early in her career she wrote Understanding World Neighbors in the Elementary Classroom which was predictive of her long interest and involvement in earth citizenship education. More recently she wrote script and worked with university students on the CD, "Are You A Global Citizen?" For those of us in the field of education who study the past to understand the present, this book guides the way to Thomas Jefferson's contributions to our thinking and institutions. Pertinent quotes lead the reader to explore the most fruitful research literature. This is extremely useful for teachers who look for ways to direct and support their students' research – especially those who seek answers about Jefferson's beliefs on their own. The many questions posed by this author are designed to expand the thinking and direction of the Delvers and, consequently, make the search for Jefferson's views on education even more enticing. Sharon Alexander, PhD Professor Emeritus California State University Sacramento Book ID 99970 In Chapter Eight of her newest book, Esther Franklin spells out how Jefferson was unsuccessful in his effort to promote the idea of a "National Library." Subsequently, when the British burned our Capitol during the War of 1812, he immediately offered his personal collection at Monticello - 6,487 volumes - and our nation's library arose from the ashes. The political machinations behind the scenes, the lengthy historical infighting in the Congress, and the overview of our fledgling government struggling with little money and large ambitions all come together. Few of us have learned in "traditional" history classes about the breadth of Jefferson's collection - from literary classics to garden equipment - or do they know the extent to which he was in debt. Students (maybe their professor's?) will learn about the sale. It was not a gift? This is "must" reading for all individuals who continue to use - in multiple ways - today's amazing Library of Congress. Donald Junkins Professor Emeritus University of Massachusetts, Amherst If you are interested in medicine and healthy living, Chapter 11 is for you. Or you could be musician - even an aspiring musician, Jefferson's story is an inspiration as well as a resource. If you are a writer, the discussion of Jefferson's many writings, including his 20,000 letters will illuminate the era. Finally, did Jefferson live up to his title of "Founder of the Nation" or was he just another flawed human being? You decide. Pat Geyer California Council for the Social Studies Board, California Retired Teachers Association Author, CCSS: The History and the People Who Made It

Hablando de violencia

Author: Sara Cobb
Publisher: Editorial GEDISA
ISBN: 8416572038
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Este libro constituye una valiosa aportación para la investigación y la práctica sobre análisis y resolución de conflictos desde una perspectiva narrativa. Se basa en tres ideas fundamentales: la teoría narrativa crítica, la teoría de la transformación narrativa y la ética estética. El objetivo que la autora propone, en un proceso de la resolución de conflictos, es el paso desde una narrativa conflictiva (conflict story) hacia una historia mejor construida (better-formed story), a través de la consecución de momentos críticos (critical moments) y giros (turning points), tomando en cuenta la propia subjetividad y el testimonio de sufrimiento del Otro, así como dándoles voz y teniendo en cuenta el espacio donde se haga el proceso. Por lo tanto, el libro de Sara Cobb proporciona bases filosóficas sólidas para la resolución de conflictos a nivel local, nacional e internacional. Retoma autores como: Arendt, Levinas, Rancière, Foucault, Ricoeur, Lyotard y Derrida, entre otros.

Signs of Life in the USA

Author: Sonia Maasik
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 031264700X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Signs of Life in the USA teaches students to read and write critically about popular culture by giving them a conceptual framework to do it: semiotics, a field of critical theory developed specifically for the interpretation of culture and its signs. Written by a prominent semiotician and an experienced writing instructor, the text’s high-interest themes feature provocative and current reading selections that ask students to think analytically about America’s impressive popular culture: How is TV’s Mad Men a lightning rod for America’s polarized political climate? Has the nature of personal identity changed in an era when we spend so much of our lives online? Signs of Life bridges the transition to college writing by providing students with academic language to talk about our common, everyday cultural experience. Read the preface. Order Multimodal Readings for Signs of Life in the USA packaged with Signs of Life in the USA, Seventh Edition using ISBN-13: 978-1-4576-1989-2.