Numbers and Geometry

Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461206871
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
A beautiful and relatively elementary account of a part of mathematics where three main fields - algebra, analysis and geometry - meet. The book provides a broad view of these subjects at the level of calculus, without being a calculus book. Its roots are in arithmetic and geometry, the two opposite poles of mathematics, and the source of historic conceptual conflict. The resolution of this conflict, and its role in the development of mathematics, is one of the main stories in the book. Stillwell has chosen an array of exciting and worthwhile topics and elegantly combines mathematical history with mathematics. He covers the main ideas of Euclid, but with 2000 years of extra insights attached. Presupposing only high school algebra, it can be read by any well prepared student entering university. Moreover, this book will be popular with graduate students and researchers in mathematics due to its attractive and unusual treatment of fundamental topics. A set of well-written exercises at the end of each section allows new ideas to be instantly tested and reinforced.

Complex Numbers and Geometry

Author: Liang-shin Hahn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780883855102
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The purpose of this book is to demonstrate that complex numbers and geometry can be blended together beautifully. This results in easy proofs and natural generalizations of many theorems in plane geometry, such as the Napoleon theorem, the Ptolemy-Euler theorem, the Simson theorem, and the Morley theorem. The book is self-contained - no background in complex numbers is assumed - and can be covered at a leisurely pace in a one-semester course. Many of the chapters can be read independently. Over 100 exercises are included. The book would be suitable as a text for a geometry course, or for a problem solving seminar, or as enrichment for the student who wants to know more.

Geometry of Complex Numbers

Author: Hans Schwerdtfeger
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486135861
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Illuminating, widely praised book on analytic geometry of circles, the Moebius transformation, and 2-dimensional non-Euclidean geometries.

Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam

Author: J. L. Berggren
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540766889
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Die Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam hatte großen Einfluss auf die allgemeine Entwicklung des Faches. Der Autor beschreibt diese Periode der Geschichte der Mathematik und bezieht sich dabei auf die arabischsprachigen Quellen. Zu den behandelten Themen gehören Dezimalrechnen, Geometrie, ebene und sphärische Trigonometrie, Algebra sowie die Approximation von Wurzeln von Gleichungen. Das Buch wendet sich an Mathematikhistoriker und -studenten, aber auch an alle Interessierten mit Mathematikkenntnissen der weiterführenden Schule.

Complex Numbers in Geometry

Author: I. M. Yaglom
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 148326663X
Format: PDF
Download Now
Complex Numbers in Geometry focuses on the principles, interrelations, and applications of geometry and algebra. The book first offers information on the types and geometrical interpretation of complex numbers. Topics include interpretation of ordinary complex numbers in the Lobachevskii plane; double numbers as oriented lines of the Lobachevskii plane; dual numbers as oriented lines of a plane; most general complex numbers; and double, hypercomplex, and dual numbers. The text then takes a look at circular transformations and circular geometry, including ordinary circular transformations, axial circular transformations of the Lobachevskii plane, circular transformations of the Lobachevskii plane, axial circular transformations, and ordinary circular transformations. The manuscript is intended for pupils in high schools and students in the mathematics departments of universities and teachers' colleges. The publication is also useful in the work of mathematical societies and teachers of mathematics in junior high and high schools.

The Geometry of Numbers

Author: C. D. Olds
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780883856437
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
A self-contained introduction to the geometry of numbers.

Geometry of Numbers

Author: C. G. Lekkerkerker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483259277
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Bibliotheca Mathematica: A Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume VIII: Geometry of Numbers focuses on bodies and lattices in the n-dimensional euclidean space. The text first discusses convex bodies and lattice points and the covering constant and inhomogeneous determinant of a set. Topics include the inhomogeneous determinant of a set, covering constant of a set, theorem of Minkowski-Hlawka, packing of convex bodies, successive minima and determinant of a set, successive minima of a convex body, extremal bodies, and polar reciprocal convex bodies. The publication ponders on star bodies, as well as points of critical lattices on the boundary, reducible, and irreducible star bodies and reduction of automorphic star bodies. The manuscript reviews homogeneous and inhomogeneous s forms and some methods. Discussions focus on asymmetric inequalities, inhomogeneous forms in more variables, indefinite binary quadratic forms, diophantine approximation, sums of powers of linear forms, spheres and quadratic forms, and a method of Blichfeldt and Mordell. The text is a dependable reference for researchers and mathematicians interested in bodies and lattices in the n-dimensional euclidean space.

Lectures on the Geometry of Numbers

Author: Carl Ludwig Siegel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 366208287X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Carl Ludwig Siegel gave a course of lectures on the Geometry of Numbers at New York University during the academic year 1945-46, when there were hardly any books on the subject other than Minkowski's original one. This volume stems from Siegel's requirements of accuracy in detail, both in the text and in the illustrations, but involving no changes in the structure and style of the lectures as originally delivered. This book is an enticing introduction to Minkowski's great work. It also reveals the workings of a remarkable mind, such as Siegel's with its precision and power and aesthetic charm. It is of interest to the aspiring as well as the established mathematician, with its unique blend of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and analysis, and its easy readability.

Elements of Algebra

Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475739761
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Algebra is abstract mathematics - let us make no bones about it - yet it is also applied mathematics in its best and purest form. It is not abstraction for its own sake, but abstraction for the sake of efficiency, power and insight. Algebra emerged from the struggle to solve concrete, physical problems in geometry, and succeeded after 2000 years of failure by other forms of mathematics. It did this by exposing the mathematical structure of geometry, and by providing the tools to analyse it. This is typical of the way algebra is applied; it is the best and purest form of application because it reveals the simplest and most universal mathematical structures. The present book aims to foster a proper appreciation of algebra by showing abstraction at work on concrete problems, the classical problems of construction by straightedge and compass. These problems originated in the time of Euclid, when geometry and number theory were paramount, and were not solved until th the 19 century, with the advent of abstract algebra. As we now know, alge bra brings about a unification of geometry, number theory and indeed most branches of mathematics. This is not really surprising when one has a historical understanding of the subject, which I also hope to impart.

An Introduction to the Geometry of Numbers

Author: J.W.S. Cassels
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642620353
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
From the reviews: "A well-written, very thorough account ... Among the topics are lattices, reduction, Minkowskis Theorem, distance functions, packings, and automorphs; some applications to number theory; excellent bibliographical references." The American Mathematical Monthly