Numbers and Nerves

Author: Scott Slovic
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780870717765
Format: PDF
Download Now
We live in the age of Big Data, awash in a sea of ever-expanding information--a constant deluge of facts, statistics, models, and projections. The human mind is quickly desensitized by information presented in the form of numbers, and yet many important social and environmental phenomena, ranging from genocide to global climate change, require quantitative description. The essays and interviews in Numbers and Nerves explore the quandary of our cognitive responses to quantitative information, while also offering compelling strategies for overcoming insensitivity to the meaning of such information. With contributions by journalists, literary critics, psychologists, naturalists, activists, and others, this book represents a unique convergence of psychological research, discourse analysis, and visual and narrative communication. At a time of unprecedented access to information, our society is frequently stymied in its efforts to react to the world's massive problems. Many of these problems are systemic, deeply rooted in seemingly intransigent cultural patterns and lifestyles. In order to sense the significance of these issues and begin to confront them, we must first understand the psychological tendencies that enable and restrict our processing of numerical information. Numbers and Nerves explores a wide range of psychological phenomena and communication strategies--fast and slow thinking, psychic numbing, pseudoinefficacy, the prominence effect, the asymmetry of trust, contextualized anecdotes, multifaceted mosaics of prose, and experimental digital compositions, among others--and places these in real-world contexts. In the past two decades, cognitive science has increasingly come to understand that we, as a species, think best when we allow numbers and nerves, abstract information and experiential discourse, to work together. This book provides a roadmap to guide that collaboration. It will be invaluable to scholars, educators, professional communicators, and anyone who struggles to grasp the meaning behind the numbers.

News Numbers and Public Opinion in a Data Driven World

Author: An Nguyen
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1501330373
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
From the quality of the air we breathe to the national leaders we choose, data and statistics are a pervasive feature of daily life and daily news. But how do news, numbers and public opinion interact with each other – and with what impacts on society at large? Featuring an international roster of established and emerging scholars, this book is the first comprehensive collection of research into the little understood processes underpinning the uses/misuses of statistical information in journalism and their socio-psychological and political effects. Moving beyond the hype around "data journalism," News, Numbers and Public Opinion delves into a range of more latent, fundamental questions such as: · Is it true that most citizens and journalists do not have the necessary skills and resources to critically process and assess numbers? · How do/should journalists make sense of the increasingly data-driven world? · What strategies, formats and frames do journalists use to gather and represent different types of statistical data in their stories? · What are the socio-psychological and political effects of such data gathering and representation routines, formats and frames on the way people acquire knowledge and form attitudes? · What skills and resources do journalists and publics need to deal effectively with the influx of numbers into in daily work and life – and how can newsrooms and journalism schools meet that need? The book is a must-read for not only journalists, journalism and media scholars, statisticians and data scientists but also anybody interested in the interplay between journalism, statistics and society.

Risk Technology and Moral Emotions

Author: Sabine Roeser
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317239121
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Risks arising from technologies raise important ethical issues. Although technologies such as nanotechnology, biotechnology, ICT, and nuclear energy can improve human well-being, they may also convey risks for our well-being due to, for example, abuse, unintended side-effects, accidents, and pollution. As a consequence, technologies can trigger emotions, including fear and indignation, which often leads to conflicts between stakeholders. How should we deal with such emotions in decision making about risky technologies? This book offers a new philosophical theory of risk emotions, arguing why and how moral emotions should play an important role in decisions surrounding risky technologies. Emotions are usually met with suspicion in debates about risky technologies because they are seen as contrary to rational decision making. However, Roeser argues that moral emotions can play an important role in judging ethical aspects of technological risks, such as justice, fairness, and autonomy. This book provides a novel theoretical approach while at the same time offering concrete recommendations for decision making about risky technologies. It will be of interest to those working in different areas of philosophy—such as ethics, decision theory, philosophy of science, and philosophy of technology—as well as scholars in the fields of psychology, public policy, science and technology studies, environmental ethics, and bioethics.

Routledge Handbook of Religion and Ecology

Author: Willis J. Jenkins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317655338
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The moral values and interpretive systems of religions are crucially involved in how people imagine the challenges of sustainability and how societies mobilize to enhance ecosystem resilience and human well-being. The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Ecology provides the most comprehensive and authoritative overview of the field. It encourages both appreciative and critical angles regarding religious traditions, communities, attitude, and practices. It presents contrasting ways of thinking about "religion" and about "ecology" and about ways of connecting the two terms. Written by a team of leading international experts, the Handbook discusses dynamics of change within religious traditions as well as their roles in responding to global challenges such as climate change, water, conservation, food and population. It explores the interpretations of indigenous traditions regarding modern environmental problems drawing on such concepts as lifeway and indigenous knowledge. This volume uniquely intersects the field of religion and ecology with new directions within the humanities and the sciences. This interdisciplinary volume is an essential reference for scholars and students across the social sciences and humanities and for all those looking to understand the significance of religion in environmental studies and policy.

Handbook of Ecocriticism and Cultural Ecology

Author: Hubert Zapf
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110314592
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Ecocriticism has emerged as one of the most fascinating and rapidly growing fields of recent literary and cultural studies. The volume maps some of the most important developments within contemporary Ecocriticism from a variety of different angles, approaches, areas, and perspectives. It introduces relevant theoretical concepts and demonstrates their relevance for the analysis of texts and other cultural phenomena.

The Ecophobia Hypothesis

Author: Simon C. Estok
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351384937
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The Ecophobia Hypothesis grows out of the sense that while the theory of biophilia has productively addressed ideal human affinities with nature, the capacity of “the biophilia hypothesis” as an explanatory model of human/ environment relations is limited. The biophilia hypothesis cannot adequately account for the kinds of things that are going on in the world, things so extraordinary that we are increasingly coming to understand the current age as “the Anthropocene.” Building on the usefulness of the biophilia hypothesis, this book argues that biophilia exists on a broader spectrum that has not been adequately theorized. The Ecophobia Hypothesis claims that in order to contextualize biophilia (literally, the “love of life”) and the spectrum on which it sits, it is necessary to theorize how very un-philic human uses of the natural world are. This volume offers a rich tapestry of connected, comparative discussions about the new material turn and the urgent need to address the agency of genes, about the complexities of 21st century representations of ecophobia, and about how imagining terror interpenetrates the imagining of an increasingly oppositional natural environment. Furthermore, this book proposes that ecophobia is one root cause that explains why ecomedia—a veritably thriving industry—is having so little measurable impact in transforming our adaptive capacities. The ecophobia hypothesis offers an equation that determines the variable spectrums of the Anthropocene by measuring the ecophobic implications and inequalities of speciesism and the entanglement of environmental ethics with the writing of literary madness and pain. This work also investigates how current ecophobic perspectives systemically institutionalize the infrastructures of industrial agriculture and waste management. This is a book about revealing ecophobia and prompting transformational change.

Ecocriticism of the Global South

Author: Scott Slovic
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739189115
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Using the rubric of the “Global South,” this volume allows scholars from underrepresented regions to offer commentary on the ecological conditions and environmental cultures in the developing world.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 141297464X
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Author: Jeff VanderMeer
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600359830
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Μια τετραμελής ομάδα –μια ψυχολόγος, μια βιολόγος, μια ανθρωπολόγος και μια χωρομέτρης– στέλνεται να εξερευνήσει την αποκλεισμένη, μυστηριώδη Περιοχή Χ (είναι η δωδέκατη αποστολή που αναλαμβάνει τούτη την εξερεύνηση). Εκεί, μες στην παρθένα ερημιά, όπου δεν απομένουν παρά μόνο τα χαλάσματα ενός εγκαταλειμμένου χωριού, τα τέσσερα μέλη βρίσκουν έναν μυστηριώδη πύργο βυθισμένο στη γη, που στους τοίχους του ξετυλίγεται μια παράξενη γραφή φτιαγμένη από μύκητες, και στην άλλη άκρη της Περιοχής Χ ένα φάρο με ίχνη, μέσα, ενός τρομερού μακελειού. Πατώντας στέρεα στη λογοτεχνία του Χ. Φ. Λάβκραφτ και του Τζ. Γκ. Μπάλαρντ, μα και στο Σολάρις, ίσως, του Στάνισλαβ Λεμ, και στην αίσθηση που δίνει μια ταινία όπως το Στάλκερ του Αντρέι Ταρκόφσκι, ο Τζεφ Βάντερμιερ στον Αφανισμό (βραβευμένο με το Βραβείο Nebula το 2014), το πρώτο μυθιστόρημα της Τριλογίας της Νότιας Ζώνης, πλάθει μια εφιαλτική και συνάμα μαγευτική μα εντελώς μοναδική ιστορία επιστημονικής φαντασίας, ένα από εκείνα τα σπάνια βιβλία που εντέλει, και παρά τις όποιες ομοιότητες και αναφορές, στέκουν μόνα τους, δίχως στην πραγματικότητα να έχουν όμοιό τους.

Engineering Applications of Bio Inspired Artificial Neural Networks

Author: Jose Mira
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540660682
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This book constitutes, together with its compagnion LNCS 1606, the refereed proceedings of the International Work-Conference on Artificial and Neural Networks, IWANN'99, held in Alicante, Spain in June 1999. The 91 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. This volume is devoted to applications of biologically inspired artificial neural networks in various engineering disciplines. The papers are organized in parts on artificial neural nets simulation and implementation, image processing, and engineering applications.