Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics

Author: Dale R. Durran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441964120
Format: PDF
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This scholarly text provides an introduction to the numerical methods used to model partial differential equations, with focus on atmospheric and oceanic flows. The book covers both the essentials of building a numerical model and the more sophisticated techniques that are now available. Finite difference methods, spectral methods, finite element method, flux-corrected methods and TVC schemes are all discussed. Throughout, the author keeps to a middle ground between the theorem-proof formalism of a mathematical text and the highly empirical approach found in some engineering publications. The book establishes a concrete link between theory and practice using an extensive range of test problems to illustrate the theoretically derived properties of various methods. From the reviews: "...the books unquestionable advantage is the clarity and simplicity in presenting virtually all basic ideas and methods of numerical analysis currently actively used in geophysical fluid dynamics." Physics of Atmosphere and Ocean

Numerical Methods for Wave Equations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Author: Dale R. Durran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475730810
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Covering a wide range of techniques, this book describes methods for the solution of partial differential equations which govern wave propagation and are used in modeling atmospheric and oceanic flows. The presentation establishes a concrete link between theory and practice.

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

Author: J. Pedlosky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468400711
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The content of this book is based, largely, on the core curriculum in geophys ical fluid dynamics which I and my colleagues in the Department of Geophysical Sciences at The University of Chicago have taught for the past decade. Our purpose in developing a core curriculum was to provide to advanced undergraduates and entering graduate students a coherent and systematic introduction to the theory of geophysical fluid dynamics. The curriculum and the outline of this book were devised to form a sequence of courses of roughly one and a half academic years (five academic quarters) in length. The goal of the sequence is to help the student rapidly advance to the point where independent study and research are practical expectations. It quickly became apparent that several topics (e. g. , some aspects of potential theory) usually thought of as forming the foundations of a fluid-dynamics curriculum were merely classical rather than essential and could be, however sadly, dispensed with for our purposes. At the same time, the diversity of interests of our students is so great that no curriculum can truly be exhaust ive in such a curriculum period. It seems to me that the best that can be achieved as a compromise is a systematic introduction to some important segment of the total scope of geophysical fluid dynamics which is illustrative of its most fruitful methods.

The Handbook of Fluid Dynamics

Author: Richard W. Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540646129
Format: PDF, Docs
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Providing professionals in the field with a comprehensive guide and resource, this book balances three traditional areas of fluid mechanics - theoretical, computational, and experimental - and expounds on basic science and engineering techniques. Each chapter discusses the primary issues related to the topic in question, outlines expert approaches, and supplies references for further information.

Semi Lagrangian Approximation Schemes for Linear and Hamilton Jacobi Equations

Author: Maurizio Falcone
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 161197304X
Format: PDF, ePub
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This largely self-contained book provides a unified framework of semi-Lagrangian strategy for the approximation of hyperbolic PDEs, with a special focus on Hamilton-Jacobi equations. The authors provide a rigorous discussion of the theory of viscosity solutions and the concepts underlying the construction and analysis of difference schemes; they then proceed to high-order semi-Lagrangian schemes and their applications to problems in fluid dynamics, front propagation, optimal control, and image processing. The developments covered in the text and the references come from a wide range of literature.

Physical Oceanography

Author: Reza Malek-Madani
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439898294
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Accessible to advanced undergraduate students, Physical Oceanography: A Mathematical Introduction with MATLAB® demonstrates how to use the basic tenets of multivariate calculus to derive the governing equations of fluid dynamics in a rotating frame. It also explains how to use linear algebra and partial differential equations (PDEs) to solve basic initial-boundary value problems that have become the hallmark of physical oceanography. The book makes the most of MATLAB’s matrix algebraic functions, differential equation solvers, and visualization capabilities. Focusing on the interplay between applied mathematics and geophysical fluid dynamics, the text presents fundamental analytical and computational tools necessary for modeling ocean currents. In physical oceanography, the fluid flows of interest occur on a planet that rotates; this rotation can balance the forces acting on the fluid particles in such a delicate fashion to produce exquisite phenomena, such as the Gulf Stream, the Jet Stream, and internal waves. It is precisely because of the role that rotation plays in oceanography that the field is fundamentally different from the rectilinear fluid flows typically observed and measured in laboratories. Much of this text discusses how the existence of the Gulf Stream can be explained by the proper balance among the Coriolis force, wind stress, and molecular frictional forces. Through the use of MATLAB, the author takes a fresh look at advanced topics and fundamental problems that define physical oceanography today. The projects in each chapter incorporate a significant component of MATLAB programming. These projects can be used as capstone projects or honors theses for students inclined to pursue a special project in applied mathematics.

Fluid Mechanics

Author: Franz Durst
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540713425
Format: PDF
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Fluid mechanics embraces engineering, science, and medicine. This book’s logical organization begins with an introductory chapter summarizing the history of fluid mechanics and then moves on to the essential mathematics and physics needed to understand and work in fluid mechanics. Analytical treatments are based on the Navier-Stokes equations. The book also fully addresses the numerical and experimental methods applied to flows. This text is specifically written to meet the needs of students in engineering and science. Overall, readers get a sound introduction to fluid mechanics.

Geometric Theory of Incompressible Flows with Applications to Fluid Dynamics

Author: Tian Ma
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821836935
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents a geometric theory for incompressible flow and its applications to fluid dynamics. The main objective is to study the stability and transitions of the structure of incompressible flows, and applications to fluid dynamics and geophysical fluid dynamics. The development of the theory and its applications has gone well beyond the original motivation, which was the study of oceanic dynamics. One such development is a rigorous theory for boundary layer separation of incompressible fluid flows. This study of incompressible flows has two major parts, which are interconnected. The first is the development of a global geometric theory of divergence-free fields on general two-dimensional compact manifolds. The second is the study of the structure of velocity fields for two-dimensional incompressible fluid flows governed by the Navier-Stokes equations or the Euler equations. Motivated by the study of problems in geophysical fluid dynamics, the program of research in this book seeks to develop a new mathematical theory, maintaining close links to physics along the way. In return, the theory is applied to physical problems, with more problems yet to be explored.

Hydrobiological Modelling

Author: Brian J. Williams
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1847289606
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book describes models of aquatic ecosystems, ranging from lakes to estuaries to the deep ocean. It provides a background in the physical and biological processes, numerical methods and elementary ecosystem models. It describes two of the most widely used hydrodynamic models and presents a number of case studies. The practice of modelling in management is discussed.

Special Functions of Mathematical Geo Physics

Author: Willi Freeden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034805632
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Special functions enable us to formulate a scientific problem by reduction such that a new, more concrete problem can be attacked within a well-structured framework, usually in the context of differential equations. A good understanding of special functions provides the capacity to recognize the causality between the abstractness of the mathematical concept and both the impact on and cross-sectional importance to the scientific reality. The special functions to be discussed in this monograph vary greatly, depending on the measurement parameters examined (gravitation, electric and magnetic fields, deformation, climate observables, fluid flow, etc.) and on the respective field characteristic (potential field, diffusion field, wave field). The differential equation under consideration determines the type of special functions that are needed in the desired reduction process. Each chapter closes with exercises that reflect significant topics, mostly in computational applications. As a result, readers are not only directly confronted with the specific contents of each chapter, but also with additional knowledge on mathematical fields of research, where special functions are essential to application. All in all, the book is an equally valuable resource for education in geomathematics and the study of applied and harmonic analysis. Students who wish to continue with further studies should consult the literature given as supplements for each topic covered in the exercises.