Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

Author: Ann M. Coulston
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128029471
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease, Fourth Edition, is a compilation of current knowledge in clinical nutrition and an overview of the rationale and science base of its application to practice in the prevention and treatment of disease. In its fourth edition, this text continues the tradition of incorporating new discoveries and methods related to this important area of research Generating and analyzing data that summarize dietary intake and its association with disease are valuable tasks in treating disease and developing disease prevention strategies. Well-founded medical nutrition therapies can minimize disease development and related complications. Providing scientifically sound, creative, and effective nutrition interventions is both challenging and rewarding. Two new chapters on metabolomics and translational research, which have come to be used in nutrition research in recent years. The new areas of study are discussed with the perspective that the application of the scientific method is by definition an evolutionary process. A new chapter on Genetics and Diabetes which reviews the latest research on causal genetic variants and biological mechanisms responsible for the disease, and explores potential interactions with environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. Includes all major "omics" – the exposome, metabolomics, genomics, and the gut microbiome. Expands the microbiota portions to reflect complexity of diet on gut microbial ecology, metabolism and health

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease

Author: Carol J. Boushey
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080497543
Format: PDF, ePub
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As we enter the 21st century, a new era of nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease emerges. Clinical nutrition involves the integration of diet, genetics, environment, and behavior promoting health and well being throughout life. Expertly edited, Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease provides overall perspective and current scientifically supported evidence through in-depth reviews, key citations, discussions, limitations, and interpretations of research findings. This comprehensive reference integrates basic principles and concepts across disciplines and areas of research and practice, while detailing how to apply this knowledge in new creative ways. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease is an essential part of the tool chest for clinical nutritionists, physicians, nurse practitioners, and dieticians in this new era of practice. This book prepares the clinical nutrition investigator or practitioner for a life-long commitment to learning. CONTAINS INFORMATION ON: * Diet assessment methodologies * Strategies for diet modification * Clinical status of herbals, botanicals, and modified food products * Preventing common diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and breast cancer through nutrition * The Importance of genetic factors * Understanding of cultural and socio-economic influences on eating and exercise behaviors and integrating that knowledge with biological or functional markers of disease

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124079342
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity focuses on the important roles that exercise, dietary changes, and foods play in promoting as well as reducing visceral fat. Nutritionists, dieticians, and healthcare providers seeking to address the abdominal obesity epidemic will use this comprehensive resource as a tool in their long-term goal of preventing chronic diseases, especially heart, vascular, and diabetic diseases. Experts from a broad range of disciplines are involved in dealing with the consequences of excessive abdominal fat: cardiology, diabetes research, studies of lipids, endocrinology and metabolism, nutrition, obesity, and exercise physiology. They have contributed chapters that define a range of dietary approaches to reducing risk and associated chronic diseases. They begin by defining visceral obesity and its major outcomes; they also discuss the importance and the challenges of dietary approaches to reduce abdominal obesity, as compared to clinical approaches, with major costs and risks. Offers detailed, well-documented reviews outlining the various dietary approaches to visceral obesity with their benefits and failures Includes chapters on types of foods, exercise, and supplements in reducing obesity and its chronic clinical companions, especially diabetes and cardiovascular disease Helps nutritionists, dieticians, and healthcare providers approach patients in making decision about nutritional therapies and clinical treatments for abdominal obesity, from an evidence-based perspective

Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124186866
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults focuses on the ways in which food and dietary supplements affect the major health problems of aging adults. Researchers in nutrition, diet, epidemiology, and aging studies, as well as healthcare providers who work with elderly patients will use this comprehensive resource as a tool in their long-term goal of preventing and treating chronic disease within the elderly. This book brings together a broad range of experts working on the different aspects of foods and dietary supplements (vitamins, herbs, plant extracts, etc.) in health promotion and disease prevention. They have contributed chapters which define a range of ways in which foods, nutriceuticals, and dietary supplements prevent disease and promote health in older adults. They begin by reviewing the medicinal role of foods, herbal, and dietary supplements in health promotion in older adults, as well as some of the most commonly used supplements in elder "self-medication." They review the most recent studies of how foods, herbal, and dietary supplements are effective in the prevention and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other obesity associated diseases in older adults. Then they consider alcohol, other drugs, and plant based drugs of abuse which can adversely affect the health of older adults. Lastly, they consider foods and dietary supplements in gene regulation in older adults. Investigates the important nutritional requirements of the aging population in health and in relation to various acute and chronic diseases Explores the nutritional effects of botanical extracts and components that can have important health promotion benefits, and risks, to ensure safe consumption Reviews studies of common diseases within the aging population including cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and infectious diseases that can alter the intake of foods, supplements, and/or requirements for various nutrients Investigates the mechanisms of action of components of foods and dietary supplements, in particular gene activation and epigenetics

Nutrition and Heart Disease

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203507629
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Heart disease is the primary cause of death and disability in Western countries. Research indicates that nutrition and diet play key roles in both preventing and causing many types of heart damage and dysfunction. By understanding the complex relationship between diet and disease, new prevention measures can be established and millions of lives can be saved. Featuring the most current knowledge from authoritative sources, Diet and Heart Disease: Causation and Prevention reviews the impact of nutrition and diet in the prevention and treatment of heart disease. The book explains how dietary agents such as fats and alcohol can increase as well as reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, discusses the effects of various nutrients, and presents information on special diets that have been known to affect cardiac health in populations around the world. Providing insight into myriad dietary factors related to cardiovascular disease, the text also addresses the ways that nutrition intervention and treatment directly influence heart health. This comprehensive desk reference will benefit nutrition and cardiovascular researchers, primary care physicians, and dietitians in the race to reduce this deadly disease.

Pediatric Nutrition in Chronic Diseases and Developmental Disorders

Author: Shirley Walberg Ekvall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199771592
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This much-needed resource comprehensively reviews the current status of research on nutrition in chronic diseases and developmental disorders of children and helps translate this research into clinical practice. It provides a wealth of information on the nutritional implications of diseases' states; how nutrition can affect brain development, learning child behavior and how to impove the health status of pediatric patients through nutritional measures. Assessment, prevention, and treatment are all covered. The chapters focus on biochemical and clinical abnormalities, techniques for evaluating nutrition including behavior, nutritional management, and follow-up procedures. Well-organized and user-friendly, the book will continue to be of great value to pediatricians, nutritionists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, family practitioners, and dietitians as well as students and residents in those fields. The Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and includes new chapters on botanicals, genetics and nutritional aspects of birth defects, vegetarianism, obesity/eating disorders, autism, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, among other topics. Also available from the author is a Self-Study Guide with multiple choice questions and a few case studies 35 CPE/CME credits are available until 2015. For more information contact Dr. Ekvall at [email protected] or [email protected] or call 513-522-1403.

Nutritional Management of Renal Disease

Author: Joel D. Kopple
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123919355
Format: PDF
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This translational text offers in-depth reviews of the metabolic and nutritional disorders that are prevalent in patients with renal disease. Chapter topics address the growing epidemic of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Each chapter integrates basic and clinical approaches, from cell biology and genetics to diagnosis, patient management and treatment. Chapters in sections 4-7 include new illustrative case reports, and all chapters emphasize key concepts with chapter-ending summaries. New features also include the latest National Kidney Foundation Clinical Practice Guidelines on Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure, the most recent scientific discoveries and the latest techniques for assessing nutritional status in renal disease, and literature reviews on patients who receive continuous veno-venous hemofiltration with or without dialysis. Provides a common language for nephrologists, nutritionists, endocrinologists, and other interested physicians to discuss the underlying research and translation of best practices for the nutritional management and prevention of renal disease Saves clinicians and researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on nutritional practice as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles Correct diagnosis (and therefore correct treatment) of renal, metabolic, and nutritional disorders depends on a strong understanding of the molecular basis for the disease - both nephrologists and nutritionists will benefit Nephrologists and nutritionists will gain insight into which treatments, medications, and diets to use based on the history, progression, and genetic make-up of a patient Case Reports will offer an added resource for fellows, nutritionists, and dieticians who need a refresher course

Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124046045
Format: PDF, Docs
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Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health reviews the wide range of studies focusing on the health benefits and disease prevention associated with the consumption of wheat and rice, the two most widely consumed whole grains. This book provides researchers, clinicians, and students with a comprehensive, definitive, and up-to-date compendium on the diverse basic and translational aspects of whole grain consumption and its protective effects across human health and disease. It serves as both a resource for current researchers as well as a guide to assist those in related disciplines to enter the realm of whole grain and nutrition research. Overall, studies have shown that a decrease in the amount of whole grains in the modern diet is related to a corresponding increase in health problems that are attributed to this all-too-common dietary imbalance. The resulting health issues associated with an over-processed diet, which provides inadequate levels of nutrients from whole grains, may include obesity, diabetes, high blood lipids, chronic inflammatory states, and an excess of oxidative stress. Strength and endurance may also suffer as a result of these nutrient deficiencies, followed by declines in energy and immunity. Saves researchers and clinicians time in quickly accessing the latest details on a broad range of nutritional and epidemiological issues Provides a common language for nutritionists, nutrition researchers, epidemiologists, and dietitians to discuss how the action of wheat and rice protect against disease and modify human health Preclinical, clinical, and population studies help nutritionists, dieticians, and clinicians map out key areas for research and further clinical recommendations

Nutritional Modulators of Pain in the Aging Population

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128053364
Format: PDF, ePub
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Nutritional Modulators of Pain in the Aging Population provides an overview on the role of foods, dietary supplements, obesity, and nutrients in the prevention and amelioration of pain in various diseases in the aging population. Headaches, fibromyalgia, joint pain, arthritis pain, back pain, and stomach pain are discussed. In addition, the potential health risks of using foods to reduce symptoms is evaluated. Each chapter reviews pain causing conditions before reviewing the role of food or exercise. Both researchers and physicians will learn about dietary approaches that may benefit or harm people with various types of pain. Chapters include current research on the actions of nutrients in pain treatment, the effects of lifestyle and exercise on pain management, and discussions of dietary supplements that provide pain relief from chronic conditions like arthritis. Presents a comprehensive overview that details the role of nutrition in pain management for the aging population Written for researchers and clinicians in neurology, pain, and food and nutrition Reviews the pain symptoms and role of food and/or exercise associated with each disease

Nutrition and Lifestyle in Neurological Autoimmune Diseases

Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128054441
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Nutrition and Lifestyle in Neurological Autoimmune Diseases: Multiple Sclerosis discusses important discoveries relating to the types of, and efficacy of, nutritional and lifestyle responses to symptoms and reoccurrence of MS. Each chapter defines a new approach to use in foods, dietary supplements, exercise, behavior, and/or lifestyle in health promotion and symptoms management for MS. This book presents the role of non-pharmaceutical approaches and is essential reading for neurologists, physicians, nurses, nutritionists, dietitians, healthcare professionals, research scientists, biochemists, and general practitioners. Presents a comprehensive overview that details the role of nutrition and exercise in Multiple Sclerosis Written for researchers and clinicians in neurology, neuroscience, and exercise and nutrition Defines a new approach that focuses on foods, dietary supplements, exercise, behavior, and lifestyle in health promotion and symptoms management for MS