Oil and the Future of Energy

Author: Editors of Scientific American Magazine
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1461749913
Format: PDF, Docs
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Oil and the Future of Energy brings together the most important and accessible science writing on a topic of intense public interest and concern. In addition to oil, writers cover carbon and climate change, hydrogen, nuclear power, conservation, renewable resources, transitional strategies, and visionaries in the field today. With their impeccable reputation for top science reporting, the editors of Scientific American present influential research and thinking from the most important scientists working with these burning global issues today. This one volume is an unparalleled resource for businesspeople, investors, and individuals who care about the planet.

Green Building with Concrete

Author: Gajanan M. Sabnis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498704115
Format: PDF, ePub
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Illustrates the Global Relevance of Sustainability Applicable to roads, bridges, and other elements of the infrastructure, Green Building with Concrete: Sustainable Design and Construction, Second Edition provides an overview of all available information on the role of concrete in green building. A handbook offering viewpoints from worldwide experts on the global nature of the sustainability movement, it highlights research on economic analysis, in particular the International Organization for Standardization, Environmental Management—Life Cycle Assessment—Principles and Framework application of life cycle costing, to provide a full picture of the economic benefits of concrete in green building. Outlines the Variety of Ways That Concrete Is Easily and Affordably Reused With an emphasis on environmental impact and occupational and consumer health and safety, the text clearly outlines how to make the most of concrete in sustainable design. It explores the benefits of thermal mass, increased water supply, and improving water quality; reducing urban heat island effects; reducing construction waste; and the use of supplementary cementitious materials. The authors include an in-depth evaluation of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other emissions associated with the manufacture of cement. They also highlight the attributes that concrete has to offer the green building movement and the effect that emerging life cycle analysis has on concrete’s role in this important revolution in the building industry. Readers gain a better understanding of how concrete can contribute to sustainable construction, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), and the green building movement overall. Green Building with Concrete: Sustainable Design and Construction, Second Edition presents the most recent information about concrete’s role in the green building movement, state-of-the-art methodologies, and best practices, and provides readers with diverse viewpoints on global sustainability.

Ultra Low Power Bioelectronics

Author: Rahul Sarpeshkar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139485237
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides, for the first time, a broad and deep treatment of the fields of both ultra low power electronics and bioelectronics. It discusses fundamental principles and circuits for ultra low power electronic design and their applications in biomedical systems. It also discusses how ultra energy efficient cellular and neural systems in biology can inspire revolutionary low power architectures in mixed-signal and RF electronics. The book presents a unique, unifying view of ultra low power analog and digital electronics and emphasizes the use of the ultra energy efficient subthreshold regime of transistor operation in both. Chapters on batteries, energy harvesting, and the future of energy provide an understanding of fundamental relationships between energy use and energy generation at small scales and at large scales. A wealth of insights and examples from brain implants, cochlear implants, bio-molecular sensing, cardiac devices, and bio-inspired systems make the book useful and engaging for students and practicing engineers.

Energy Autonomy

Author: Hermann Scheer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136567216
Format: PDF, Docs
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For 200 years industrial civilization has relied on the combustion of abundant and cheap carbon fuels. But continued reliance has had perilous consequences. On the one hand there is the insecurity of relying on the world's most unstable region - the Middle East - compounded by the imminence of peak oil, growing scarcity and mounting prices. On the other, the potentially cataclysmic consequences of continuing to burn fossil fuels, as the evidence of accelerating climate change shows. Yet there is a solution: to make the transition to renewable sources of energy and distributed, decentralized energy generation. It is a model that has been proven, technologically, commercially and politically, as Scheer comprehensively demonstrates here. The alternative of a return to nuclear power - again being widely advocated - he shows to be compromised and illusory. The advantages of renewable energy are so clear and so overwhelming that resistance to them needs diagnosis - which Scheer also provides, showing why and how entrenched interests and one-dimensional structures of thinking oppose the transition, and what must be done to overcome these obstacles. The new book from the award-winning author of THE SOLAR ECONOMY and A SOLAR MANIFESTO demonstrates why the transition to renewable energy is essential and how it can be done.

Powering the Future

Author: Robert B. Laughlin
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465027946
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In Powering the Future, Nobel laureate Robert B. Laughlin transports us two centuries into the future, when we’ve ceased to use carbon from the ground—either because humans have banned carbon burning or because fuel has simply run out. Boldly, Laughlin predicts no earth-shattering transformations will have taken place. Six generations from now, there will still be soccer moms, shopping malls, and business trips. Firesides will still be snug and warm. How will we do it? Not by discovering a magic bullet to slay our energy problems, but through a slew of fascinating technologies, drawing on wind, water, and fire. Powering the Future is an objective yet optimistic tour through alternative fuel sources, set in a world where we’ve burned every last drop of petroleum and every last shovelful of coal. The Predictable: Fossil fuels will run out. The present flow of crude oil out of the ground equals in one day the average flow of the Mississippi River past New Orleans in thirteen minutes. If you add the energy equivalents of gas and coal, it’s thirty-six minutes. At the present rate of consumption, we’ll be out of fossil fuels in two centuries’ time. We always choose the cheapest gas. From the nineteenth-century consolidation of the oil business to the California energy crisis of 2000-2001, the energy business has shown, time and again, how low prices dominate market share. Market forces—not green technology—will be the driver of energy innovation in the next 200 years. The laws of physics remain fixed. Energy will still be conserved, degrade entropically with use, and have to be disposed of as waste heat into outer space. How much energy a fuel can pack away in a given space is fixed by quantum mechanics—and if we want to keep flying jet planes, we will need carbon-based fuels. The Potential: Animal waste.If dried and burned, the world’s agricultural manure would supply about one-third as much energy as all the coal we presently consume. Trash. The United States disposes of 88 million tons of carbon in its trash per year. While the incineration of waste trash is not enough to contribute meaningfully to the global demand for energy, it will constrain fuel prices by providing a cheap supply of carbon. Solar energy.The power used to light all the cities around the world is only one-millionth of the total power of sunlight pouring down on earth’s daytime side. And the amount of hydropump storage required to store the world’s daily electrical surge is equal to only eight times the volume of Lake Mead. PRAISE FOR ROBERT B. LAUGHLIN “Perhaps the most brilliant theoretical physicist since Richard Feynman”—George Chapline, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory “Powerful but controversial.”— Financial Times “[Laughlin’s] company … is inspirational.” —New Scientist

Our Renewable Future

Author: Richard Heinberg
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610917790
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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"Over the next few decades, we will see a profound energy transformation as society shifts from fossil fuels to renewable resources like solar, wind, biomass. But what might a one hundred percent renewable future actually look like, and what obstacles will we face in this transition? Authors explore the practical challenges and opportunities presented by the shift to renewable energy."--Page 4 of cover.

Renewable Energy

Author: Anne E. Maczulak
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 0816072035
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Presents an introduction to renewable energy resouces, discussing how they are being developed and utilized and covering such energy alternatives as biofuels, wind, solar, geothermal, nuclear, and hydroelectricity.

Energy for a Sustainable World

Author: Vincenzo Balzani
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527633618
Format: PDF, Docs
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An easy read, balancing the pros and cons, this book surveys the energy issue from a broad scientific perspective while considering environmental, economic, and social factors. It explains the basic concepts, provides a historical overview of energy resources, assesses our unsustainable energy system based on fossil fuels, and shows that the energy crisis is not only a tough challenge, but also an unprecedented opportunity to become more concerned about the world in which we live and the society we have built up. By outlining the alternatives for today and the future, it gives an extensive overview on nuclear energy, solar thermal and photovoltaics, solar fuels, wind power, ocean energies and other renewables, highlighting the increasing importance of electricity and the long-term perspectives of a hydrogen-based economy. An excellent source of updated and carefully documented information on the entangled aspects of the energy issue, this book is a guide for scientists, students and teachers looking for ways out of the energy and climate crisis, and the problems and disparities generated during the fossil fuel era.

Sustainable Energy without the Hot Air

Author: David J. C. MacKay
Publisher: Uit Cambridge Limited
ISBN: 9780954452933
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Provides an overview of the sustainable energy crisis that is threatening the world's natural resources, explaining how energy consumption is estimated and how those numbers have been skewed by various factors and discussing alternate forms of energy that can and should be used.