On Crimes and Punishments

Author: Cesare Beccaria
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 9780915145973
Format: PDF, ePub
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This edition includes a translator's preface, note on the text, and suggestions for further reading.

On Crimes and Punishments and Other Writings

Author: Cesare Beccaria
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442691050
Format: PDF, ePub
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Published in 1764, On Crimes and Punishments by Cesare Beccaria (1738?1794) courted both success and controversy in Europe and North America. Enlightenment luminaries and enlightened monarchs alike lauded the text and looked to it for ideas that might help guide the various reform projects of the day. The equality of every citizen before the law, the right to a fair trial, the abolition of the death penalty, the elimination of the use of torture in criminal interrogations?these are but a few of the vital arguments articulated by Beccaria. This volume offers a new English translation of On Crimes and Punishment alongside writings by a number of Beccaria?s contemporaries. Of particular interest is Voltaire?s commentary on the text, which is included in its entirety. The supplementary materials testify not only to the power and significance of Beccaria?s ideas, but to the controversial reception of his book. At the same time that philosophes proclaimed that it contained principles of enduring importance to any society grappling with matters of political and criminal justice, allies of the ancien régime roundly denounced it, fearing that the book?s attack on feudal privileges and its call to separate law from religion (and thus crime from sin) would undermine their longstanding privileges and powers. Long appreciated as a foundational text in criminology, Beccaria?s arguments have become central in debates over capital punishment. This new edition presents Beccaria?s On Crimes and Punishments as an important and influential work of Enlightenment political theory.

Notes from the Underground

Author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Publisher: BookRix
ISBN: 3736802579
Format: PDF, ePub
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Notes from the Underground is a novella by Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Notes is considered by many to be the first existentialist novel. It presents itself as an excerpt from the rambling memoirs of a bitter, isolated, unnamed narrator (generally referred to by critics as the Underground Man) who is a retired civil servant living in St. Petersburg. The first part of the story is told in monologue form, or the underground man's diary, and attacks emerging Western philosophy, especially Nikolay Chernyshevsky's What Is to Be Done?. The second part of the book is called "Àpropos of the Wet Snow", and describes certain events that, it seems, are destroying and sometimes renewing the underground man, who acts as a first person, unreliable narrator. Dostoyevsky again confronts the concept of free will and constructs a negative argument to validate free will against determinism in the character Kirillov's suicide in his novel The Demons. Notes from Underground marks the starting point of Dostoyevsky's move from psychological and sociological themed novels to novels based on existential and general human experience in crisis. War is described as people's rebellion against the assumption that everything needs to happen for a purpose, because humans do things without purpose, and this is what determines human history. The philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche called Dostoevsky "the only psychologist, incidentally, from whom I had anything to learn."

Crime and Punishment

Author: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101142318
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Dostoyevsky’s epic masterpiece, unabridged, with an afterword by Robin Feuer Miller One of the world’s greatest novels, Crime and Punishment is the story of a murder and its consequences—an unparalleled tale of suspense set in the midst of nineteenth-century Russia’s troubled transition to the modern age. In the slums of czarist St. Petersburg lives young Raskolnikov, a sensitive, intellectual student. The poverty he has always known drives him to believe that he is exempt from moral law. But when he puts this belief to the test, he suffers unbearably. Crime and punishment, the novel reminds us, grow from the same seed. “No other novelist,” wrote Irving Howe of Dostoyevsky, “has dramatized so powerfully the values and dangers, the uses and corruptions of systematized thought.” And Friedrich Nietzsche called him “the only psychologist I have anything to learn from.” With an Introduction by Leonard J. Stanton and James D. Hardy Jr. and an Afterword by Robin Feuer Miller From the Paperback edition.

The Natural History of Religion

Author: David Hume
Publisher: Charles River Editors via PublishDrive
ISBN: 1531258603
Format: PDF, Mobi
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David Hume was a prominent Scottish philosopher and historian in the 18th century. Hume’s works are still influential today as they feature his ideology of empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism. This edition of The Natural History of Religion includes a table of contents.

Crime Types

Author: Dean A. Dabney
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 1454828455
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Blending original text with research, Crime Types: A Text Reader provides a conceptually driven examination of the major types of modern crime: homicide and assault; violent sex crimes; robbery, burglary, and property crime; public order crime; and crimes within complex organizations. The author, known for his publications as well as his scholarship, uses engaging original text to introduce and conclude chapters as well as headnotes to highlight major themes, findings, and links to the broader framework. This innovative conceptual framework helps students understand the behavioral, cognitive, cultural, and social facets of different types of crime. Twenty-five selected readings from diverse voices bring the concepts to life and provide in-depth applications of the text's material. Features: full description and dynamic readings on the crime types of most concern to society homicide and assault violent sex crimes robbery, burglary, property crime public order crime crimes within complex organization provocative conceptual framework for understanding of patterns of offending, victimization, crime settings, and societal responses diverse voices and compelling writing add real-life immediacy and authenticity to the study of the dominant social, behavioral, cognitive, and cultural dimensions of crime headnotes to each reading highlight major conceptual themes, findings, and links to the broader framework discussion questions engage readers in broader questions of cause, response, and prevention key terms included for each chapter wide-ranging references to major resources for further reading and research stellar authorship widely published and highly regarded scholar special interests in criminal justice, organizational culture within law enforcement agencies, forms of deviance and criminal behaviors in organizational settings, and qualitative research methods

A Tale of Two Murders

Author: James R. Farr
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 082238714X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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As scandalous as any modern-day celebrity murder trial, the “Giroux affair” was a maelstrom of intrigue, encompassing daggers, poison, adultery, archenemies, servants, royalty, and legal proceedings that reached the pinnacle of seventeenth-century French society. In 1638 Philippe Giroux, a judge in the highest royal court of Burgundy, allegedly murdered his equally powerful cousin, Pierre Baillet, and Baillet’s valet, Philibert Neugot. The murders were all the more shocking because they were surrounded by accusations (particularly that Giroux had been carrying on a passionate affair with Baillet’s wife), conspiracy theories (including allegations that Giroux tried to poison his mother-in-law), and unexplained deaths (Giroux’s wife and her physician died under suspicious circumstances). The trial lasted from 1639 until 1643 and came to involve many of the most distinguished and influential men in France, among them the prince of Condé, Henri II Bourbon; the prime minister, Cardinal Richelieu; and King Louis XIII. James R. Farr reveals the Giroux affair not only as a riveting murder mystery but also as an illuminating point of entry into the dynamics of power, justice, and law in seventeenth-century France. Drawing on the voluminous trial records, Farr uses Giroux’s experience in the court system to trace the mechanisms of power—both the formal power vested by law in judicial officials and the informal power exerted by the nobility through patron-client relationships. He does not take a position on Giroux’s guilt or innocence. Instead, he allows readers to draw their own conclusions about who did what to whom on that ill-fated evening in 1638.

Live from Death Row

Author: Mumia Abu-Jamal
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0380727668
Format: PDF, Docs
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Once a prominent radio reporter, Mumia Abu-Jamal is now in a Pennsylvania prison awaiting his state-sactioned execution. In 1982 he was convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of Philadelphia police officer Daniel Faulkner after a trial many have criticized as profoundly biased. Live From Death Row is a collection of his prison writings--an impassioned yet unflinching account of the brutalities and humiliations of prison life. It is also a scathing indictment of racism and political bias in the American judicial system that is certain to fuel the controversy surrounding the death penalty and freedom of speech.

Crime in Medieval Europe

Author: Trevor Dean
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131788177X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What is the difference between a stabbing in a tavern in London and one in a hostelry in the South of France? What happens when a spinster living in Paris finds knight in her bedroom wanting to marry her? Why was there a crime wave following the Black Death? From Aberdeen to Cracow and from Stockholm to Sardinia, Trevor Dean ranges widely throughout medieval Europe in this exiting and innovative history of lawlessness and criminal justice. Drawing on the real-life stories of ordinary men and women who often found themselves at the sharp end of the law, he shows how it was often one rule for the rich and another for the poor in a tangled web of judicial corruption.