Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles

Author: Andreas Trügler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319250744
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book introduces the fascinating world of plasmonics and physics at the nanoscale, with a focus on simulations and the theoretical aspects of optics and nanotechnology. A research field with numerous applications, plasmonics bridges the gap between the micrometer length scale of light and the secrets of the nanoworld. This is achieved by binding light to charge density oscillations of metallic nanostructures, so-called surface plasmons, which allow electromagnetic radiation to be focussed down to spots as small as a few nanometers. The book is a snapshot of recent and ongoing research and at the same time outlines our present understanding of the optical properties of metallic nanoparticles, ranging from the tunability of plasmonic resonances to the ultrafast dynamics of light-matter interaction. Beginning with a gentle introduction that highlights the basics of plasmonic interactions and plasmon imaging, the author then presents a suitable theoretical framework for the description of metallic nanostructures. This model based on this framework is first solved analytically for simple systems, and subsequently through numerical simulations for more general cases where, for example, surface roughness, nonlinear and nonlocal effects or metamaterials are investigated.

Metal Nanoparticles and Clusters

Author: Francis Leonard Deepak
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319680536
Format: PDF
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​This book covers the continually expanding field of metal nanoparticles and clusters, in particular their size-dependent properties and quantum phenomena. The approaches to the organization of atoms that form clusters and nanoparticles have been advancing rapidly in recent times. These advancements are described through a combination of experimental and computational approaches and are covered in detail by the authors. Recent highlights of the various emerging properties and applications ranging from plasmonics to catalysis are showcased.

Morphology Control of Materials and Nanoparticles

Author: Yoshio Waseda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540009580
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is the first major compilation of new advances covering the current status and topics related to the processing and production of precisely controlled materials. It provides a unique source of information and guidance for specialists and non-specialists alike. This book represents an extended introductory treatise on the fundamental aspects, new methods for the precise control of morphology (size, shape, composition, structure etc.) and accurate materials characterization, from both the basic science and the applied engineering viewpoints.

Polymer Films with Embedded Metal Nanoparticles

Author: Andreas Heilmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540431510
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents an overview of nanostructure determination and ways to find relationships to the electronic and optical properties. The methods described can be applied to a large number of other granular metal-insulator systems and used as a guideline for characterisation and modelling. In addition, the book describes the manufacture of artificially structured nanomaterials using laser or electron-beam irradiation.

Understanding Biophotonics

Author: Kevin Tsia
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411787
Format: PDF
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Biophotonics involves understanding how light interacts with biological matter, from molecules and cells, to tissues and even whole organisms. Light can be used to probe biomolecular events, such as gene expression and protein–protein interaction, with impressively high sensitivity and specificity. The spatial and temporal distribution of biochemical constituents can also be visualized with light and, thus, the corresponding physiological dynamics in living cells, tissues, and organisms in real time. Light can also be used to alter the properties and behaviors of biological matter, such as to damage cancerous cells by laser surgery or therapy, and manipulate the neuronal signaling in a brain network. Fueled by the innovations in photonic technologies in the past half century, biophotonics continues to play a ubiquitous role in revolutionizing basic life science studies as well as biomedical diagnostics and therapies. Advancements in biophotonics in the past few decades can be seen not only in biochemistry and cell/molecular biology, but also in numerous preclinical applications. Researchers around the world are searching for ways to bring biophotonic technologies into real clinical practices, particularly cellular and molecular optical imaging. Meanwhile, emerging technologies, such as laser nanosurgery and nanoplasmonics, have created new insights for understanding, monitoring, and even curing diseases on a molecular basis. This book presents the essential basics of optics and biophotonics to newcomers (senior undergraduates or postgraduate researchers) who are interested in this multidisciplinary research field. With stellar contributions from leading experts, the book highlights the major advancements in preclinical diagnostics using optical microscopy and spectroscopy, including multiphoton microscopy, super-resolution microscopy, and endomicroscopy. It also introduces a number of emerging techniques and toolsets for biophotonics applications, such as nanoplasmonics, microresonators for molecular detection, and subcellular optical nanosurgery.

Nanophysik und Nanotechnologie

Author: Edward L. Wolf
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527687386
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Noch hat das Motto "Alles muss kleiner werden" nicht an Faszination verloren. Physikern, Ingenieuren und Medizinern erschlie?t sich mit der Nanotechnologie eine neue Welt mit faszinierenden Anwendungen. E.L. Wolf, Physik-Professor in Brooklyn, N.Y., schrieb das erste einf?hrende Lehrbuch zu diesem Thema, in dem er die physikalischen Grundlagen ebenso wie die Anwendungsm?glichkeiten der Nanotechnologie diskutiert. Mittlerweile ist es in der 3. Auflage erschienen und liegt jetzt endlich auch auf Deutsch vor. Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine einzigartige, in sich geschlossene Einf?hrung in die physikalischen Grundlagen und Konzepte der Nanowissenschaften sowie Anwendungen von Nanosystemen. Das Themenspektrum reicht von Nanosystemen ?ber Quanteneffekte und sich selbst organisierende Strukturen bis hin zu Rastersondenmethoden. Besonders die Vorstellung von Nanomaschinen f?r medizinische Anwendungen ist faszinierend, wenn auch bislang noch nicht praktisch umgesetzt. Der dritten Auflage, auf der diese ?bersetzung beruht, wurde ein neuer Abschnitt ?ber Graphen zugef?gt. Die Diskussion m?glicher Anwendungen in der Energietechnik, Nanoelektronik und Medizin wurde auf neuesten Stand gebracht und wieder aktuelle Beispiele herangezogen, um wichtige Konzepte und Forschungsinstrumente zu illustrieren. Der Autor f?hrt mit diesem Lehrbuch Studenten der Physik, Chemie sowie Ingenieurwissenschaften von den Grundlagen bis auf den Stand der aktuellen Forschung. Die leicht zu lesende Einf?hrung in dieses faszinierende Forschungsgebie ist geeignet f?r fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Masterstudenten mit Vorkenntnissen in Physik und Chemie. "Zusammenfassend ist festzustellen, dass Edward L. Wolf trotz der reichlich vorhandenen Literatur zur Nanotechnologie ein individuell gestaltetes einf?hrendes Lehrbuch gelungen ist. Es eignet sich - nicht zuletzt dank der enthaltenen ?bungsaufgaben - bestens zur Vorlesungsbegleitung f?r Studierende der Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften sowie auch spezieller nanotechnologisch orientierter Studieng?nge." Physik Journal "...eine sehr kompakte, lesenswerte und gut verst?ndliche Einf?hrung in die Quantenmechanik sowie ihre Auswirkungen auf die Materialwissenschaften..." Chemie Ingenieur Technik

Into The Nano Era

Author: Howard Huff
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540745599
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Even as we tentatively enter the nanotechnology era, we are now encountering the 50th anniversary of the invention of the IC. Will silicon continue to be the pre-eminent material and will Moore’s Law continue unabated, albeit in a broader economic venue, in the nanotechnology era? This monograph addresses these issues by a re-examination of the scientific and technological foundations of the micro-electronics era. It also features two visionary articles of Nobel laureates.

Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics

Author: Mark L. Brongersma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1402043333
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book discusses a new class of photonic devices, known as surface plasmon nanophotonic structures. The book highlights several exciting new discoveries, while providing a clear discussion of the underlying physics, the nanofabrication issues, and the materials considerations involved in designing plasmonic devices with new functionality. Chapters written by the leaders in the field of plasmonics provide a solid background to each topic.

Nano Optics

Author: Satoshi Kawata
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540418290
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Nano-optics is a new optical science dealing with evanescent photons confined in a nanometer scale volume smaller than the spot size determined by clas sical diffraction theory. Such photons can be manipulated with a nanoprobe located in the optical near field of structures. High-density data storage can be performed with nano-optics for microscope imaging with nanometric res olution, and also for high-resolution photofabrication, single-molecule detec tion, and local spectral analysis, This book contains the latest results of the development of imaging theories, both electromagnetic and quantum optics, and discussions on instrumentation both aperture probes and scattering ones. Applications of nano-optics to chemistry, quantum device physics, and bio logical science are also shown. The authors were selected from the members of the Japanese National Project "Near-Field Nano-Optics," funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan from 1997 to 2000 with 70 professors and scientists in Japan. Osaka, Satoshi Kawata February 2002 Motoichi Ohtsu Masahiro lrie Contents 1 Quantum Theory for Near-Field Nano-Optics K. Cho, H. Hori, K. Kitahara. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 Resonant N ear-Field Optics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1.1 Outline of Microscopic N onlocal Response Theory . . . . . . . . 5 1.1.2 Resonant SNOM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1.1.3 Coupling of Cavity Modes and Matter Excitation. . .. . . .. . 11 1.2 Quantization of Evanescent Waves and Optical Near-Rield Interaction of Atoms. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 13 . . . 1.2.1 State of Vector Fields. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 14 . . . . . . ."

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design Das Original mit bersetzungshilfen

Author: Michael F. Ashby
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783827417626
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das englischsprachige, weltweit anerkannte Standardwerk zur Werkstoffauswahl - als neuer Buchtyp speziell für die Bedürfnisse deutschsprachiger Leser angepasst! Der Zusatznutzen, den dieses Buch bietet ist das Lesen und Lernen im englischen Original zu erleichtern und gleichzeitig in die spezielle Fachterminologie einzuführen und zwar durch: - Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte zur Fachterminologie und zu schwierigen normalsprachlichen Ausdrücken - Ein zweisprachiges Fachwörterbuch zum raschen Nachschlagen