Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles

Author: Andreas Trügler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319250744
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book introduces the fascinating world of plasmonics and physics at the nanoscale, with a focus on simulations and the theoretical aspects of optics and nanotechnology. A research field with numerous applications, plasmonics bridges the gap between the micrometer length scale of light and the secrets of the nanoworld. This is achieved by binding light to charge density oscillations of metallic nanostructures, so-called surface plasmons, which allow electromagnetic radiation to be focussed down to spots as small as a few nanometers. The book is a snapshot of recent and ongoing research and at the same time outlines our present understanding of the optical properties of metallic nanoparticles, ranging from the tunability of plasmonic resonances to the ultrafast dynamics of light-matter interaction. Beginning with a gentle introduction that highlights the basics of plasmonic interactions and plasmon imaging, the author then presents a suitable theoretical framework for the description of metallic nanostructures. This model based on this framework is first solved analytically for simple systems, and subsequently through numerical simulations for more general cases where, for example, surface roughness, nonlinear and nonlocal effects or metamaterials are investigated.

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 3

Author: Wolfgang Nolting
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540350764
Format: PDF, Docs
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Der beliebte Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in sieben Bänden alle für das Diplom maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt gut durchdacht das im jeweiligen Semester nötige theoretische-physikalische Rüstzeug. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffes.

UV VIS and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization

Author: Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364227594X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Second volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy for the characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry in the related fields.

Metallic Nanoparticles

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080559698
Format: PDF, Docs
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Metallic nanoparticles display fascinating properties that are quite different from those of individual atoms, surfaces or bulk rmaterials. They are a focus of interest for fundamental science and, because of their huge potential in nanotechnology, they are the subject of intense research effort in a range of disciplines. Applications, or potential applications, are diverse and interdisciplinary. They include, for example, use in biochemistry, in catalysis and as chemical and biological sensors, as systems for nanoelectronics and nanostructured magnetism (e.g. data storage devices), where the drive for further miniaturization provides tremendous technological challenges and, in medicine, there is interest in their potential as agents for drug delivery. The book describes the structure of metallic nanoparticles, the experimental and theoretical techniques by which this is determined, and the models employed to facilitate understanding. The various methods for the production of nanoparticles are outlined. It surveys the properties of clusters and the methods of characterisation, such as photoionization, optical spectroscopy, chemical reactivity and magnetic behaviour, and discusses element-specific information that can be extracted by synchrotron-based techniques such as EXAFS, XMCD and XMLD. The properties of clusters can vary depending on whether they are free, deposited on a surface or embedded in a matrix of another material; these issues are explored. Clusters on a surface can be formed by the diffusion and aggregation of atoms; ways of modelling these processes are described. Finally we look at nanotechnology and examine the science behind the potential of metallic nanoparticles in chemical synthesis, catalysis, the magnetic separation of biomolecules, the detection of DNA, the controlled release of molecules and their relevance to data storage. The book addresses a wide audience. There was a huge development of the subject beginning in the mid-1980s where researchers began to study the properties of free nanoparticle and models were developed to describe the observations. The newcomer is introduced to the established models and techniques of the field without the need to refer to other sources to make the material accessible. It then takes the reader through to the latest research and provides a comprehensive list of references for those who wish to pursue particular aspects in more detail. It will also be an invaluable handbook for the expert in a particular aspect of nanoscale research who wishes to acquire knowledge of other areas. The authors are specialists in different aspects of the subject with expertise in physics and chemistry, experimental techniques and computational modelling, and in interdisciplinary research. They have collaborated in research. They have also collaborated in writing this book, with the aim from the outset of making it is a coherent whole rather than a series of independent loosely connected articles. * Appeals to a wide audience * Provides an introduction to established models and techniques in the field * Comprehensive list of references

Optical Properties of Nanostructured Metallic Systems

Author: Sergio G. Rodrigo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642230851
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The common belief is that light is completely reflected by metals. In reality they also exhibit an amazing property that is not so widely known: under some conditions light flows along a metallic surface as if it were glued to it. Physical phenomena related to these light waves, which are called Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP), have given rise to the research field of plasmonics. This thesis explores four interesting topics within plasmonics: extraordinary optical transmission, negative refractive index metamaterials, plasmonic devices for controlling SPPs, and field enhancement phenomena near metal nanoparticles.

Metal Nanoparticles

Author: Daniel L. Fedlheim
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780585404394
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A state-of-the-art reference, Metal Nanoparticles offers the latest research on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanoparticles. Following an introduction of structural, optical, electronic, and electrochemical properties of nanoparticles, the book elaborates on nanoclusters, hyper-Raleigh scattering, nanoarrays, and several applications including single electron devices, chemical sensors, biomolecule sensors, and DNA detection. The text emphasizes how size, shape, and surface chemistry affect particle performance throughout. Topics include synthesis and formation of nanoclusters, nanosphere lithography, modeling of nanoparticle optical properties, and biomolecule sensors.

Complex shaped Metal Nanoparticles

Author: Tapan K. Sau
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527330771
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Recent years have witnessed the development of non-spherical metal nanoparticles with complex morphologies, such as polyhedra, plates, prisms, rods, wires, nanoboxes, nanocages or dumbbells, that offer tremendous potential in materials science, biochemistry and medicine. Covering all important aspects and techniques of preparation and characterization of nanoparticles with controlled morphology and architecture, this book provides a sound overview -- from the basics right up to recent developments. Renowned research scientists from all over the world present our existing knowledge of the field."--Provided by publisher.

Nanoparticles

Author: Vincent M. Rotello
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306482878
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"The book presents a distinctly chemical approach to nanoparticle research. Nanoparticles: Building Blocks for Nanotechnology integrates synthesis, methods and applications to provide an exciting view of nanoparticle science for researchers in the areas of: inorganic, organic, biological, and physical chemistry; materials science; electrical engineering; physics; polymer science; colloid science. It should also appeal to material scientists and physicists who realize the need and benefit of contributions to further develop this field."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved