PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy

Author: Nicola J. Curtin
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 3319141511
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy provides a comprehensive overview of the role of PARP in cancer therapy. The volume covers the history of the discovery of PARP (poly ADP ribose polymerase) and its role in DNA repair. In addition, a description of discovery of the PARP family, and other DNA maintenance-associated PARPs will also be discussed. The volume also features a section on accessible chemistry behind the development of inhibitors. PARP inhibitors are a group of pharmacological inhibitors that are a particularly good target for cancer therapy. PARP plays a pivotal role in DNA repair and may contribute to the therapeutic resistance to DNA damaging agents used to treat cancer. Researchers have learned a tremendous amount about the biology of PARP and how tumour-specific defects in DNA repair can be exploited by PARPi. The “synthetic lethality” of PARPi is an exciting concept for cancer therapy and has led to a heightened activity in this area.

Targeting the DNA Damage Response for Anti Cancer Therapy

Author: John Pollard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319758365
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Over the past decade a complex role for DNA damage response (DDR) in tumorigenesis has emerged. A proficient DDR has been shown to be a primary cause for cellular resistance to the very many DNA damaging drugs, and IR, that are widely used as standard-of-care across multiple cancer types. It has also been shown that defects in this network, predominantly within the ATM mediated signaling pathway, are commonly observed in cancers and may be a primary event during tumorigenesis. Such defects may promote a genomically unstable environment, facilitating the persistence of mutations, any of which may provide a growth or survival advantage to the developing tumor. In addition, these somatic defects provide opportunities to exploit a reliance on remaining repair pathways for survival, a process which has been termed synthetic lethality. As a result of all these observations there has been a great interest in targeting the DDR to provide anti-cancer agents that may have benefit as monotherapy in cancers with high background DNA damage levels or as a means to increase the efficacy of DNA damaging drugs and IR. In this book we will review a series of important topics that are of great interest to a broad range of academic, industrial and clinical researchers, including the basic science of the DDR, its role in tumorigenesis and in dictating response to DNA damaging drugs and IR. Additionally, we will focus on the several proteins that have been targeted in attempts to provide drug candidates, each of which appear to have quite distinct profiles and could represent very different opportunities to provide patient benefit.

Abeloff s Clinical Oncology E Book

Author: John E. Niederhuber
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455728810
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Practical and clinically focused, Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology is a trusted medical reference book designed to capture the latest scientific discoveries and their implications for cancer diagnosis and management of cancer in the most accessible manner possible. Abeloff’s equips everyone involved - from radiologists and oncologists to surgeons and nurses - to collaborate effectively and provide the best possible cancer care. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Select the most appropriate tests and imaging studies for cancer diagnosis and staging of each type of cancer, and manage your patients in the most effective way possible by using all of the latest techniques and approaches in oncology. Enhance your understanding of complex concepts with a color art program that highlights key points and illustrates relevant scientific and clinical problems. Stay at the forefront of the latest developments in cancer pharmacology, oncology and healthcare policy, survivorship in cancer, and many other timely topics. See how the most recent cancer research applies to practice through an increased emphasis on the relevance of new scientific discoveries and modalities within disease chapters. Streamline clinical decision making with abundant new treatment and diagnostic algorithms as well as concrete management recommendations. Take advantage of the collective wisdom of preeminent multidisciplinary experts in the field of oncology, including previous Abeloff’s editors John E. Niederhuber, James O. Armitage, and Michael B. Kastan as well as new editors James H. Doroshow from the National Cancer Institute and Joel E. Tepper of Gunderson & Tepper: Clinical Radiation Oncology. Quickly and effortlessly access the key information you need with the help of an even more user-friendly, streamlined format. Access the complete contents anytime, anywhere at Expert Consult, and test your mastery of the latest knowledge with 500 online multiple-choice review questions.

Phase I Cancer Clinical Trials

Author: Elizabeth A. Eisenhauer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359032
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Phase I trials are a critical first step in the study of novel cancer therapeutic approaches. Their primary goals are to identify the recommended dose, schedule and pharmacologic behavior of new agents or new combinations of agents and to describe the adverse effects of treatment. In cancer therapeutics, such studies have particular challenges. Due to the nature of the effects of treatment, most such studies are conducted in patients with advanced malignancy, rather than in healthy volunteers. Further, the endpoints of these trials are usually measures adverse effects rather than molecular target or anti-tumor effects. These factors render the design, conduct, analysis and ethical aspects of phase I cancer trials unique. As the only comprehensive book on this topic, Phase I Cancer Clinical Trials is a useful resource for oncology trainees or specialists interested in understanding cancer drug development. New to this edition are chapters on Phase 0 Trials and Immunotherapeutics, and updated information on the process, pitfalls, and logistics of Phase I Trials

Advances in DNA Repair in Cancer Therapy

Author: Lawrence Panasci
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461447410
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
​A comprehensive review of the recent developments in DNA repair research that have potential for translational applications. The book explains in detail the various biological mechanisms by which cancer cells can circumvent anticancer therapy and limits its usefulness in patients. They also review the impact of such novel inhibitors of DNA repair mechanisms as methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase. Also examined are inhibitors of other DNA repair enzymes such as PARP and DNA-PK. The book captures-for both cancer researchers and oncologists dealing with hallmark "relapse" or "drug resistance" phenomena on a daily basis-the many exciting new uses of DNA repair inhibitors, either alone or in combination with anticancer therapies.​

DNA Repair in Cancer Therapy

Author: Lawrence C. Panasci
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592597351
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
A comprehensive review of the recent developments in DNA repair that have potential for translational and clinical applications. The authors explain in detail the various mechanisms by which cancer cells can circumvent anticancer therapy and limits its usefulness in patients. They also review the clinical impact of such novel inhibitors of DNA repair mechanisms as methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase. Also examined are inhibitors of other DNA repair enzymes such as PARP and DNA-PK, now under development and close to clinical trials. The book captures-for both cancer researchers and practicing oncologists dealing with hallmark "relapse" or "drug resistance" phenomena on a daily basis-the many exciting new uses of DNA repair inhibitors, either alone or in combination with anticancer therapies.

The Molecular Basis of Human Cancer

Author: William B. Coleman
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 1597454583
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
This book covers the concepts of molecular medicine and personalized medicine. Subsequent chapters cover the topics of genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, and proteomics, as the tools of molecular pathology and foundations of molecular medicine. These chapters are followed by a series of chapters that provide overviews of molecular medicine as applied broadly to neoplastic, genetic, and infectious diseases, as well as a chapter on molecular diagnostics. The volume concludes with a chapter that delves into the promise of molecular medicine in the personalized treatment of patients with complex diseases, along with a discussion of the challenges and obstacles to personalized patient care. The Molecular Basis of Human Cancer, Second Edition, is a valuable resource for oncologists, researchers, and all medical professionals who work with cancer.

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery

Author: Stephen Neidle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123972280
Format: PDF
Download Now
Cancer Drug Design and Discovery, Second Edition is an important reference on the underlying principles for the design and subsequent development of new anticancer small molecule agents. New chapters have been added to this edition on areas of particular interest and therapeutic promise, including cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents and more. This book includes several sections on the basic and applied science of cancer drug discovery and features those drugs that are now approved for human use and are in the marketplace, as well as those that are still under development. By highlighting some of the general principles involved in taking molecules through basic science to clinical development, this book offers a complete and authoritative reference on the design and discovery of anticancer drugs for translational scientists and clinicians involved in cancer research. Provides a clinical perspective on the development of new molecularly targeted anticancer agents with the latest and most promising chemotherapeutic approaches Offers a broad view of where the field is going, what tools drug discovery is using to produce new agents and how they are evaluated in the laboratory and clinic Features 6 new chapters devoted to advances in technology and successful anticancer therapies, such as cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents, B-Raf inhibitors and more Each chapter includes extensive references to the primary and review literature, as well as to relevant web-based sources

Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy

Author: Eudocia Quant Lee, MD, MPH
Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing
ISBN: 1617050199
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Neurologic side effects of cancer therapy can inhibit treatment, can be dose-limiting and can diminish quality-of-life. Neurotoxicity related to cancer therapy is a common problem in oncology practice and in clinical neurology. Recognition of neurologic complications of anticancer therapy is necessary due to potential confusion with metastatic disease, paraneoplastic syndromes or comorbid neurologic disorders that do not require reduction or discontinuation of therapy. Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy provides comprehensive coverage of the recognition and management of neurologic symptoms related to cancer therapy. The book includes sections on systemic therapy discussed by both agent and adverse event. The section on adverse events is particularly valuable to clinicians, allowing them to consult by symptom in cases where multiple agents have been administered and the source of the complication is uncertain. The systemic therapy section includes coverage of immunologic agents, biologics, and targeted therapies. The book also features sections on the complications of radiation therapy, complications of surgery and high-dose chemotherapy, and stem cell transplantation. Neurologic Complications of Cancer Therapy Features: A widely recognized team of editors Systemic therapy covered by therapeutic agent and by adverse event, enabling a "problem-oriented" approach for the clinician Coverage of newer modalities including immunologic agents, biologics, and targeted therapies Complete sections on complications of radiation therapy, surgery, high-dose chemotherapy, and stem-call transplantion