PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy

Author: Nicola Curtin
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 3319141511
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy provides a comprehensive overview of the role of PARP in cancer therapy. The volume covers the history of the discovery of PARP (poly ADP ribose polymerase) and its role in DNA repair. In addition, a description of discovery of the PARP family, and other DNA maintenance-associated PARPs will also be discussed. The volume also features a section on accessible chemistry behind the development of inhibitors. PARP inhibitors are a group of pharmacological inhibitors that are a particularly good target for cancer therapy. PARP plays a pivotal role in DNA repair and may contribute to the therapeutic resistance to DNA damaging agents used to treat cancer. Researchers have learned a tremendous amount about the biology of PARP and how tumour-specific defects in DNA repair can be exploited by PARPi. The “synthetic lethality” of PARPi is an exciting concept for cancer therapy and has led to a heightened activity in this area.

Targeting the DNA Damage Response for Anti Cancer Therapy

Author: John Pollard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319758365
Format: PDF, Docs
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Over the past decade a complex role for DNA damage response (DDR) in tumorigenesis has emerged. A proficient DDR has been shown to be a primary cause for cellular resistance to the very many DNA damaging drugs, and IR, that are widely used as standard-of-care across multiple cancer types. It has also been shown that defects in this network, predominantly within the ATM mediated signaling pathway, are commonly observed in cancers and may be a primary event during tumorigenesis. Such defects may promote a genomically unstable environment, facilitating the persistence of mutations, any of which may provide a growth or survival advantage to the developing tumor. In addition, these somatic defects provide opportunities to exploit a reliance on remaining repair pathways for survival, a process which has been termed synthetic lethality. As a result of all these observations there has been a great interest in targeting the DDR to provide anti-cancer agents that may have benefit as monotherapy in cancers with high background DNA damage levels or as a means to increase the efficacy of DNA damaging drugs and IR. In this book we will review a series of important topics that are of great interest to a broad range of academic, industrial and clinical researchers, including the basic science of the DDR, its role in tumorigenesis and in dictating response to DNA damaging drugs and IR. Additionally, we will focus on the several proteins that have been targeted in attempts to provide drug candidates, each of which appear to have quite distinct profiles and could represent very different opportunities to provide patient benefit.

Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors in Cancer Therapy

Author: Neil J. Clendeninn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 159259011X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Cutting-edge investigators review the current status of the entire field, from the biology of MMPs through the current clinical studies. The authors include many leading scientists from pharmaceutical companies who present all the latest concepts and results on the preferred design strategies for MMP inhibitors, their molecular mechanisms, and their substrates. In addition, they fully describe their personal research on specific MMP inhibitors, detailing vanguard design strategies, their in vitro activity, the outcome of animal model studies and, where available, their toxicology, safety, efficacy in human clinical trials. Comprehensive and state-of-the-art, Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors in Cancer Therapy offers basic and clinical investigators alike a richly informative summary of all the latest research on these powerful new drugs, and their high promise as emerging cancer therapeutics.

DNA Repair in Cancer Therapy

Author: Mark R. Kelley
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128035994
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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DNA Repair and Cancer Therapy: Molecular Targets and Clinical Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and timely reference that focuses on the translational and clinical use of DNA repair as a target area for the development of diagnostic biomarkers and the enhancement of cancer treatment. Experts on DNA repair proteins from all areas of cancer biology research take readers from bench research to new therapeutic approaches. This book provides a detailed discussion of combination therapies, in other words, how the inhibition of repair pathways can be coupled with chemotherapy, radiation, or DNA damaging drugs. Newer areas in this edition include the role of DNA repair in chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy, radiation DNA damage, Fanconi anemia cross-link repair, translesion DNA polymerases, BRCA1-BRCA2 pathway for HR and synthetic lethality, and mechanisms of resistance to clinical PARP inhibitors. Provides a comprehensive overview of the basic and translational research in DNA repair as a cancer therapeutic target Includes timely updates from the earlier edition, including Fanconi Anemia cross-link repair, translesion DNA polymerases, chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy, and many other new areas within DNA repair and cancer therapy Saves academic, medical, and pharma researchers time by allowing them to quickly access the very latest details on DNA repair and cancer therapy Assists researchers and research clinicians in understanding the importance of the breakthroughs that are contributing to advances in disease-specific research

Advances in DNA Repair in Cancer Therapy

Author: Lawrence Panasci
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461447410
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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​A comprehensive review of the recent developments in DNA repair research that have potential for translational applications. The book explains in detail the various biological mechanisms by which cancer cells can circumvent anticancer therapy and limits its usefulness in patients. They also review the impact of such novel inhibitors of DNA repair mechanisms as methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase. Also examined are inhibitors of other DNA repair enzymes such as PARP and DNA-PK. The book captures-for both cancer researchers and oncologists dealing with hallmark "relapse" or "drug resistance" phenomena on a daily basis-the many exciting new uses of DNA repair inhibitors, either alone or in combination with anticancer therapies.​

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery

Author: Stephen Neidle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123972280
Format: PDF, Docs
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Cancer Drug Design and Discovery, Second Edition is an important reference on the underlying principles for the design and subsequent development of new anticancer small molecule agents. New chapters have been added to this edition on areas of particular interest and therapeutic promise, including cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents and more. This book includes several sections on the basic and applied science of cancer drug discovery and features those drugs that are now approved for human use and are in the marketplace, as well as those that are still under development. By highlighting some of the general principles involved in taking molecules through basic science to clinical development, this book offers a complete and authoritative reference on the design and discovery of anticancer drugs for translational scientists and clinicians involved in cancer research. Provides a clinical perspective on the development of new molecularly targeted anticancer agents with the latest and most promising chemotherapeutic approaches Offers a broad view of where the field is going, what tools drug discovery is using to produce new agents and how they are evaluated in the laboratory and clinic Features 6 new chapters devoted to advances in technology and successful anticancer therapies, such as cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents, B-Raf inhibitors and more Each chapter includes extensive references to the primary and review literature, as well as to relevant web-based sources

Neuroanatomy and Pathology of Sporadic Alzheimer s Disease

Author: Heiko Braak
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319126792
Format: PDF, Mobi
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As indicated by its title, this monograph deals chiefly with morphologically recognizable deviations from the normal anatomical condition of the human CNS. The AD-associated pathology is illustrated from its beginnings (sometimes even in childhood) to its final form, which is reached late in life. The AD process commences much earlier than the clinically recognizable phase of the disorder, and its timeline includes an extended preclinical phase. The further the pendulum swings away from the symptomatic final stages towards the early pathology, the more obvious the lesions become, although from a standpoint of severity they are more unremarkable and thus frequently overlooked during routine neuropathological assessment. For this reason, the authors deal with the hallmark lesions in the early phases of the AD process in considerable detail

Ticks of Europe and North Africa

Author: Agustín Estrada-Peña
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319637606
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book includes descriptive keys for identifying every stage of all the species of ticks reported in Europe and northern Africa. It includes descriptive texts on the ecology and prominent features of each species, together with ink illustrations and distribution maps of more than 60 species of hard and soft ticks. The text for each species was prepared by specialists, the illustrations were made especially for this book and the maps were compiled on the basis of more than 40 years of records. This book is the first to offer keys for more than 60 species of ticks (both immature and adult) in the target territory. It also includes supplementary information with bibliographical details for each species. This book is based upon work from COST Action TD1303, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)

Translational Advances in Gynecologic Cancers

Author: Michael Birrer
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128037989
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Translational Advances in Gynecologic Cancers straddles the bench and bed divide by highlighting important and interesting research that is translatable to the clinic. The contents of this book cover the entire spectrum, from promising laboratory based research, to clinical trial efforts. Further, new therapeutic indications based upon randomized phase III trials are also included. Clinicians will learn about lab-based science that is about to enter the clinic, along with the rationale behind translational endpoints in trials. Researchers will be able to identify and understand the clinical needs of patients with these types of tumors to improve their research focus. Provides a comprehensive description of all evolving translational gynecologic cancer research for clinicians Identifies knowledge gaps to inform the next research direction Ties together clinical research and patient needs to help both the researcher and clinician Addresses genomics, new target therapies, novel tools, and more for ovarian, endometrial, and cervical cancer

PI3K mTOR in Cancer and Cancer Therapy

Author: Nandini Dey
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 3319342118
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the post human-genome project era, cancer specific genomic maps are redesigning tumor taxonomy by evolving from histopathology to molecular pathology. The success of a cancer drug today is fundamentally based on the success in identifying target genes that control beneficial pathways. The overwhelming power of genomics and proteomics has enlightened researchers about the fact that the PI3K-mTOR pathway is the most commonly up-regulated signal transduction pathway in various cancers, either by virtue of its activation downstream of many cell surface growth factor receptors or by virtue of its collateral and compensatory circuitry with RAS-MAPK pathway. Oncogenic signaling in the majority of solid tumors is sustained via the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway. Because of its prominent role in many cancer types, the PI3K-mTOR pathway has become a major therapeutic target. The volume includes two complementary parts which address the problem of etiology and disease progression and is intended to portray the very basic mechanisms of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway’s involvement in various facets of the cancer, including stem cell renewal, cell metabolism, angiogenesis, genetic instability, and drug resistance. Significant progress has been made in recent years elucidating the molecular mechanism of cancer cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and drug-resistance in relation to the PI3K-mTOR pathway and this volume provides an in-depth overview of recent developments made in this area.​