Participatory Research Methodologies

Author: Alpaslan Özerdem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317083806
Format: PDF, Docs
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Participatory research methodologies have been used since the 1970s as a tool to garner accurate information about communities in which development practitioners operate. Their usefulness as a collection of research techniques has been evident in academic disciplines such as politics, sociology, anthropology and economics, among others. This informative text assesses the use of participatory methods as a research tool in the contexts of development and reconstruction after conflict and disasters by identifying cross-cutting themes and establishing a comparative lessons-learned framework that can help inform future uses of them, both for practitioners and researchers. More importantly, rather than adopting a prescriptive perspective, this book provides a critical analysis of such methodologies. Specifically, the reader will benefit from the collation of the experiences of those who utilize participatory research methods in different countries and contexts, and from different academic and practitioner perspectives.

Alternative and bottom up peace indicators

Author: Roger Mac Ginty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317644301
Format: PDF, ePub
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There is widespread dissatisfaction with the current suite of evaluation and monitoring tools available to peacebuilders and those responding to conflict. Yet, despite this dissatisfaction, there are few concrete moves to investigate alternative methods of gauging the success or failure of peace initiatives. This volume explores alternative methods of assessing peace. These methods tend to be bottom-up and people-centric and are interested in many aspects of conflict societies that orthodox top-down indicators often miss. The methods explored in this work chime with the contemporary interest in critical approaches to peace and conflict studies, and approaches that are interested in local perspectives. The volume also connects with a growing interest in civic epistemology, or the co-production of data whereby research ‘subjects’ participate in the research and have a chance of understanding the relevance of research. All of the contributors to the volume have significant field experience in conflict-affected areas and their work is informed by an engagement with the everyday challenges and opportunities facing people in war zones. This bookw as published as a special issue of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.

Human Security in Turkey

Author: Alpaslan Özerdem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136658106
Format: PDF, Docs
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This edited volume explores human security challenges in the context of Turkey. Turkey occupies a critical geopolitical position between Europe, the Middle East and the Caucasus. It is an important peace-broker in regional conflicts and a leading country in peacekeeping operations, and has been a generous donor for disaster response around the world. However, Turkey is also facing a number of fundamental sociocultural and development challenges and its internal stability is affected by a protracted armed conflict based on Kurdish separatism. In other words, Turkey is at a crossroads in its transformation from a state-centred security perspective to one based on human security. To explore selected human security challenges within a wider context of peace and development, this volume focuses on a number of key issues in relation to democratization and social cohesion, before going on to investigate the role of Turkey as an agent of peace in the international context. Written by academics from the fields of peace studies, international relations, politics and development studies, the discussions examine and highlight the issues that Turkey must overcome if it is to successfully strengthen its human security trajectories in the near future. This book will be of much interest to students of human security, Turkish politics, conflict management, peace studies and IR in general.

Child Soldiers From Recruitment to Reintegration

Author: Alpaslan Özerdem
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230342922
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book examines the complex and under-researched relationship between recruitment experiences and reintegration outcomes for child soldiers. It looks at time spent in the group, issues of cohesion, identification, affiliation, membership and the post demobilization experience of return, and resettlement.

Gender Conflict and Development

Author: Tsjeard Bouta
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821359686
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This publication focuses on the gender dimensions of intrastate conflicts (civil wars), organised around eight key themes of gender and warfare, sexual violence, formal and informal peace processes, post-conflict legal frameworks, work issues, rehabilitation of social services and community-driven development. For each theme, the authors examine the impact on gender roles of conflict situations, the development challenges involved, and the policy options available to help build more inclusive and gender balanced post-conflict societies.

Reconstructing Conflict

Author: Dr Colin Flint
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409490114
Format: PDF, ePub
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Reconstruction - the rebuilding of state, economy, culture and society in the wake of war - is a powerful idea, and a profoundly transformative one. From the refashioning of new landscapes in bombed-out cities and towns to the reframing of national identities to accommodate changed historical narratives, the term has become synonymous with notions of "post-conflict" society; it draws much of its rhetorical power from the neat demarcation, both spatially and temporally, between war and peace. The reality is far more complex. In this volume, reconstruction is identified as a process of conflict and of militarized power, not something that clearly demarcates a post-war period of peace. Kirsch and Flint bring together an internationally diverse range of studies by leading scholars to examine how periods of war and other forms of political violence have been justified as processes of necessary and valid reconstruction as well as the role of war in catalyzing the construction of new political institutions and destroying old regimes. Challenging the false dichotomy between war and peace, this book explores instead the ways that war and peace are mutually constituted in the creation of historically specific geographies and geographical knowledges.

Conflict and Development

Author: Roger Mac Ginty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317499840
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In the five years since the first edition of Conflict and Development was published the awareness of the relationship between conflicts and development has grown exponentially. Developmental factors can act as a trigger for violence, as well as for ending violence and for triggering post-conflict reconstruction. The book explores the complexity of the links between violent conflict (usually civil wars) and development, under-development and uneven development. The second edition incorporates significant changes in the field including the G7+ initiative, the New Deal on Fragile States, World Trade talks, major policy documents from the UNDP and World Bank and updates on the Afghanistan and Iraq wars.

Strengthening Resilience in Post Disaster Situations

Author: Julian Gonsalves
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 8171889042
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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To mitigate, develop, and improve the lives of those vulnerable to intense natural disasters, climate change, and food insecurity, many agencies are funding and implementing diverse activities from reconstruction to rehabilitation, and this book presents the lessons and impacts from a collection of these projects. It describes concepts, strategies, processes, and tools in such a way that they can be easily replicated and shared with a wider audience. This study explains that mid- to long-term interventions, strategies, and practical approaches in particular are being designed and adopted to build the resilience of the poor. It describes valuable practical experiences and lessons from the field, capturing a range of interventions from implementing agencies involved in post-disaster rehabilitation. It is comprised of 79 papers grouped into four sections: coastal threats and challenges in South Asia; disaster risk reduction and the combining of resilience, mitigation, and adaptation; pathways for building the capacity of vulnerable communities to withstand and rebuild from natural disasters; and real-life postdisaster rehabilitation and resilience-building projects that have led to positive change at the community level. This is an exceptional resource for anyone concerned with disaster management and rehabilitation work, including students, researchers, policymakers, and members of nongovernmental organizations.

Gender in Transitional Justice

Author: S. Buckley-Zistel
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230348610
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Based on original empirical research, this book explores retributive and gender justice, the potentials and limits of agency, and the correlation of transitional justice and social change through case studies of current dynamics in post-violence countries such Rwanda, South Africa, Cambodia, East Timor, Columbia, Chile and Germany.